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His son John has had the misfortune to be captured in the present

war.

One book, “The Day's Work,” deserves particular mention, as it contains some of his best stories, such as “The Brushwood Boy,” and exhibits especially the three cardinal points of his philosophy of life — “Work,” “ Don't whine,” and “Don't be afraid.”

REFERENCES Biography

CLEMENS: A Ken of Kipling.

KNOWLES: A Kipling Primer.
Criticism

LE GALLIENNE: Rudyard Kipling, A Criticism.
Falls: Rudyard Kipling, A Critical Study.
HOOKER: The Later Work of Rudyard Kipling, North Ameri-

can Review, May, 1911.

NOTES TO “WEE WILLIE WINKIE”

PAGE 196. Wee Willie Winkie: the name is taken from the Scotch poem of William Miller (1810–1872). Below is given Whittier's familiar version of the poem : Wee Willie Winkie

Anything but sleep, you rogue ! Runs through the town,

Glowering like the moon;
L'pstairs and downstairs, Rattling in an iron jug
In his nightgown!

With an iron spoon;
Tapping at the window,

Rumbling, tumbling all about, Crying at the lock,

Crowing like a cock, “ Are the weans in their bed, Screaming like I don't know what,

For it's now ten o'clock ? " Waking sleeping folk. “Hey, Willie Winkie,

· Hey, Willie Winkie, Are you coming then ?

Can't you keep him still? The cat's singing purrie

Wriggling off a body's knee
To the sleeping hen;

Like a very eel;
The dog is lying on the floor Pulling at the cat's ear,
And doesn't even peep;

As she drowsy hums;
But here's a wakeful laddie Heigh, Willie Winkie!
That will not fall asleep.”

See! there he comes !”

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Wearied is the mother

That has a restless wean,
A wee stumpy bairnie,

Heard whene'er he's seen-
That has a battle aye with sleep

Before he'll close his e'e;
But a kiss from off his rosy lips

Gives strength anew to me.

“An officer, etc.”: this quotation refers to the time when the holders of military rank also held social position. ayah : AngloIndian for “ nurse." Baba : Oriental title of respect. subaltern : a commissioned officer of lower rank than captain, i.e. lieutenant. compound : an enclosure, in the East, for a residence.

197. Commissioner : a civilian official having charge of a department. Station : a military post. mess : a group of officers who eat together, hence the officers. rank and file: the noncommissioned officers and privates.

198. Afghan and Egyptian medals: it is customary for medals to be struck off in commemoration of campaigns and for them to be called after the places in which the campaigns occurred.

199. Hut jao: native expression equivalent to “go away at

once.

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200. Bell, Butcha: dogs' names. Butcha butcher.

201. Old Adam: it is a religious belief that Adam, supposedly the first man, committed sin, the tendency to which he handed down to all men as his descendantsHence when one does wrong it is said that the Old Adam comes out. quarters : house or rooms of an officer.

202. Bad Men: childish name for hostile natives. broke his arrest: an officer under arrest is his own keeper. Sahib : a term of respect, equivalent to Mister, used by East Indians toward Europeans.

203. twelve-two : the unit of measurement of the height of a horse is called a hand, which is equal to four inches. Hence twelvetwo means twelve hands and two inches. Waler: a horse from New South Wales.

205. Pushto : sometimes Pushtu, the language of the Afghans.

206. Sahib Bahadur : Sahib = Mister. Bahadur, title of respect equivalent to "gallant officer.”

207. Spoil-five : a game of cards. Color Sergeant: in the British army, he is a non-commissioned officer who ranks higher and receives better pay than an ordinary sergeant, and, in addition to discharging the usual duties of a sergeant, attends the colors (the flag) in the field or near headquarters. Pathans : (pronounced Pay-tán) an Afghan race settled in Hindustan ‘and in eastern Afghanistan. double : to increase the pace to twice the ordinary; double-quick.

208. cantonment: (in India pronounced can-tóne-ment) part of a town assigned to soldiers. pulton : native expression equivalent to “ troops."

209. pukka : native expression meaning “real,” “ thorough.”

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LOAN DEPT. This book is due on the last date stamped below, or

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