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"The leading facts of astronomy up to the present time are ac lisher of Philadelphia, a son-in-law of Judge Bouvier, curately and clearly stated: and in the selection of materials, the

With this

took charge of a portion of another volume. Arrangement and style, the work appears to be the best elementary berk i have seen.”—Lord Rosse, the owner of the great kosse exception, the whole of this Herculean task devolved upon Tdesmp,

our indefatigable author, who completed it in the intervals ** Iuftbis list we must not omit mention of a remarkable Ameri- of business in only four years ! kan woman, who has achieved signal success in the science of

“ Among other improvements, he prepared the first index it ever Astronomy,—who, in fact, may justly be termed the Mary Somer

had, for each volume, and a general one for the whole. A single ville of the United States."— TRÜBNER : Bibliographical Guide, sentence as to the character of this work, as it came from his hands, new ed. 1858.

would be entirely superfluous.” See Bacon, MATTHEW. Bouvier, John, 1787–1851, Recorder of the City of Philadelphia, Associate Judge of the Court of Criminal the gratitude of the profession, by the laborious zeal with

Judge Bouvier had now earned a substantial claim to Sessions in the same city, and an eminent legal writer, which he had endeavoured to provide for the student a was a native of the village of Codognan in the department clue through the apparently interminable labyrinth of of Gard, in the south of France. Having been a resident of America since his 15th year, and identifying his name

statute and common law. But he had long felt the need with American and English jurisprudence, we need make

of a compendious, yet easily comprehensible, summary of

American law, which should at once serve as a guide to Do apology for enrolling the name of Judge Bouvier in a bst of British and American authors. The first indication ledge, perhaps acquired in earlier years, but now partially

the youthful student, and as a convenient digest of know. which John Bouvier exhibited of that remarkable power forgotten, by the " Gamaliels of the profession."

The of analysis which eminently distinguished his mind, was the production of an abridgment of Blackstone's Commen

mind of no man can be guaranteed as “marble to retain,"

and between that which we never knew, and that which taries, the fruit of his leisure bours whilst preparing for

we know not wben we need it, there is for practical pur. In 1839 be pub. a work, which, admission to the bar. with all the rest of his useful and laborious compilations,

poses but little difference. bas attained great and deserved popularity :

The analytical system of Pothier was held by our author A Law Dictionary, adapted to the Constitution and

in great admiration. His mind was essentially of the same Laws of the United States of America, and of the several cast--delighting in rigid analysis of subject

, scrupulous States of the American Union; with References to the

care in classification, and severe accuracy in definition Civil and other Systems of Foreign Law. Phila., 2 vols.

and terminology. It is well known that the compilers of 4th edit. revised, improved, and greatly enlarged, Phils.,

the Code Napoleon owe much of the credit which has re1853, 2 vols. r. 8vo. The following excellent mottoes,

warded their labours to the Pandectæ Justinianeæ, and than which nothing better could have been chosen, appear undertake a compend of American law, based upon the

other works of Pothier. Judge Bouvier determined to on the title-page : - Ignorantis terminis ignorantur et ars."--Co. LITT, 2 a.

method of Pothier. Finding his own views as to the sys*Je sais que chaque science et chaque art a ses termes propres,

tematical arrangement of legal subjects confirmed by so inconnu au commun des hommes."'-FLEURY.

eminent an authority, he was strengthened by that enA layman's commendation of a profound professional couragement which mental assimilation always conferg work very properly carries with it but little weight. For upon men of remarkable grasp of intellect.

When conthis cause, and other obvious reasons, we have always templating "enterprises of great pith and moment," it is preferred, in our Encyclopædia, to adduce the opinions of a great satisfaction to the adventurer to find that others eminent authorities upon works respecting which similar have been inflamed by the same zeal, and buoyed up under pursuits had authorized a judgment at once intelligent and difficulties by a like hope. The sailor who “ hugs the er cathedra.

coast,” cares little for companionship; but he who en. "Immediately on its appearance. this work received the entire counters a fellow-mariner on the wide waste of waters feols and cordial approval of our most eminent jurists su.h as Story and the consolations of sympathy and continues his voyage Kent. Greenleaf, Randall, and Baldwin, and was received with equal approbation in other lands. Joy, the distinguished, Irish under-estimation of labours of which we must necessarily

with renewed courage. That we may not be suspected of writer of Laterem L-gal Filucutim in England inil lieluind.' not only commended it in his volume as a work of a most elaborate be an incompetent judge, we shall strengthen our position ehararter as compared with English works of a similar nature,' by some brief extracts from some of the most learned "opi. but in a private letter to its author expressed his sense of his bich nions” of which the American bench and bar can boast. reputation. To this work the Judze had devoted the most unremitting labour for ten years: and during the remainder of his life

The Institutes of American Law was pub. in 18.51, in 4 be spent much time on its improvement. Many of its articles

vols. Svo. The author may be said to have "died in the were rewritten. and large additions made to it, so that the fourth edt harness :" in two months after he had the gratification of tion may be said to ho the work of nearly a quarter of a rentury.” seeing the result of his arduous labours given to the world, - Prran the Natimol Portrait Gallery of Dirlingni heil Americuns. * Bouvier's Law Dictionary is the best book of the kind in use

he was gathered to the “house appointed for all living." for the American lawyer. It contains sufficient reference to Eng. order and arrangement of the subjects of which it treats, could

“It is a work of urry great value. ... The general plan, and the lish and foreign law, with a very full synopsis of such portions of American jurisprudence as require elucidation. In the second

not. I think, be improved. And I may say the same thing of the edition the author recast many of the titles, and added about a

manner in which the plan is carrid into execution. For every tbousand new ones. By means of correspondence with members

pinciple and rule is stated with brevity and perspicuity, and sup of the bar in different states, and by a careful examination of local ported by proper reference."--Hox. Roger B. TANET, Chirf Justice treat ises, the author has produced not only a good American Law of the United States, Dictionary, but one sufficiently local for all practical purposes."

I know of no work which shows so much research, and which Mirein's Legal Bibliography, p. 138.

embodies so generally the elementary principles of American Law,

as the Institutes of Mr. Bouvier. Extract of a Letter to Judge Bourier from Chief Justice Stry:

Ilis name is most favourably - A very important and most useful addition to our judicial mistaken if his Insti: utes shall not add to his hich reputation as

known to the prof.ssion by his previous works: and I am greatly literature. It supplies a defect in our libraries, where the small

an ahle and learned law-writer. The Institutes ought not only to dictionaries are so brief as to convey little information of an accu.

be found in th hands of every student of law, but on the shelf rate nature to students, and the large ones are rather compendiums of the law, than explanatory statements of terms. Yours

of every lawyer."-|I N. JOHN McLean, Associate Judge of the Subas the grat advantage ré an intermediate character. It defines

preme Court of the United Sut 8.

"It forms a valuable addition to legal science, and is well calcu terms, and occasionally explains subjects, so as to furnish students

lated to become a text-book for students.”-llox. Joux M. READ. at once the means and the outlines of knowledge. I will feel greatly honoured by the dedication of the work to me, &c. With

Judges Wayne, Greenleaf, Green, Grier, Irwin, and Kane, the highest respect, truly your obliged friend, JOSEPH STORY.", add their testimony to the high authorities quoted above.

- I bare run over almost every article in it, and beg leare to add, Bovet, Richard. Pandæmonium, or the Devil s Cloy.
chat I have been deeply impressed with the evidences throughout ster; being a Further Blow to Modern Sadduceism, proving
the volumes, of the industry, skill, learning, and judgment with
which the work has been compiled.”-CHANCELLOR KENT.

the Existence of Witches and Spirits, Lon., 1684, 8vo. ** Not only the best which has been published, but in itself a

Bovyer, R. G. Education for the Infant Poor, 1811, valuable acquisition to the bar and bench, hy which both will Bowack, John. Antiquities of Middlesex: Parts 1 profit."--HON. JUDGE BALDWIN, U. S. Supreme Court.

and 2, all pub., Lon., 1705, fol.
- One of the most useful works of the kind in print."—Hox. Bowater, John, Sermon, Lon., 1694, 8vo.
JUDGE RANDALL, U. S. District Court.
- For extent of research, clearness of definitions and illustration,

Bowber, Thonias. Sermon, 1805, 4to.
variety of matter and exactness of learning, it is not surpassed by

Bowchier,Josh. Hæreticus Triumphatus,Oxon.,1719. any in use, and, on every account, I think, is preferable to them Bowchier, Richard. Sermon, Lon., 1892, 4to. all." _Hon. JUXE GREENLEAF.

Bowden, A. Treatise on the Dry Rot, Lon., 1815, 8vo. In 1841 Judge Bouvier undertook the laborious task of Bowden, James. Covenant-Right of Infants as to the preparation of a new edition of Bacon's Abridgment Baptism, Lon., 12mo. Family Conversations, 12mo. Hisof the Law, in 10 r. 8vo volumes, including about 8,000 tory of the Society of Friends in America, p. 8vo. Relipages.

One of these volumes was edited by Judge Ran-gious Education Enforced, 12mo. lall; and Mr. Robert E. Peterson, the well-known pub- Bowden, John. Epitaph-Writer; containing 600

16

Epitaphs, Moral, Admonitory, Humorous, and Satirical, expected to have originated—or, at least, to have been carried into

execution—in that quarter. The first volume only has as yet Lon., 1791, 12mo.

reached us; and when we consider the great difficulty of printing Bowden, John. Serm., 1704, '15?

works of this nature, to say nothing of the heavy and probably Bowden, John, D.D., d. 1817, aged 65, Professor of unremunerated expense, we are not surprised at the delay of the Belles-Lettres and Moral Philosophy in Columbia College, second. Meanwhile, the part actually completed (which contains New York, was an Episcopal clergyman for more than forty the first two books of Laplace's work) is, with few and slight ex.

ceptions, just what we could have wished to see an exact and years. In 1787, he was rector of Norwalk. He was elected

careful translation into very good English-exceedingly well Bishop of Connecticut, but, as he declined, Dr. Jarvis was printed, and accompanied with notes appended to each page, which appointed. Dr. B. pub. A Letter to E. Styles, 1787, and leave no step in the text of moment unsupplied, and hardly any The Apostolic Origin of Episcopacy, in a series of Letters material difficulty either of conception or reasoning unelucidated.

To the student of Celestial Mechanism' such a work must be into Dr. Miller, 2 vols. 8vo, 1808.

valuable."--Lan, Quarterly Rericw, vol. xlvii. 1832. Bowden, John William. The Life and Pontificate

See Review by B. Peirce in N. American Review, xlviii. of Gregory VII., (Hildebrand,] 2 vols. 8ro, Loa, 1840. See

143: also notices of Bowditch, in American Jour. of a review in Brit. Critic, xxix. 280. Bowden, Joseph. Serms., Lon., 1804, 8vo. Prayers 228; Amer. Quar. Reg., xi. 309; Oration by Mr. Pickering

Science, xxxv. 1; Hunt's Mag., i. 33; Am. Almanac, 1836, and Discourses for the Use of Families, 1816, 8vo.

before the American Academy; Discourse by Judge Whito; “The subjects of these Sermons are of a practical nature, and the preacher discourses on them with calmness and simplicity."

Private Memoir by N. I. Bowditch, Bost., 1839. Lon. Month. Rev.

Bowditch, Nathaniel Ingersoll, eldest son of the Bowden, Thomas. The Fariaer's Director; or, Com- preceding, b. in Salem, Mass., removed to Boston, 1823. 1. pendium of English Husbandry, Lon., 8vo. Donaldson Memoir of Nathaniel Bowditch, prefixed to Mécanique Cé. (in Agricult. Biog.) places this work under 1803 and also leste, 1839; 2d ed., 1840, 4to. 2. History of the Massaunder 1809.

chusetts General Hospital, 1851, 8vo. 3. Suffolk Surnames, Bowdich, Thomas Edward, 1790-1824, a native Bost., 1857; 2d ed., enlarged, 1858, 8vo. of Bristol. 1. Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, Bowditch, Samuel. Con. to Phil. Trans., 1713. Lon., 1819, 4to.

Bowdler, Miss E. Sermons on the Doctrine and “A work of considerable importance, from the account it gives Duties of Christianity, Lon., 1828, 12mo. Of these serus of a people hitherto almost entirely unknown, and from the

inou8, 43 editions had been sold in 1836. Bishop Porteus light which the very diligent and laborious inqnirics of Mr. Bow

admired them so highly that he directed the publisher to dich have thrown upon the geography of Africa."--Edin. Rev.

2. Trans. Mollien's Travels to the Sources of the Senegal inform their clerical author that he would provide him and Gambia. 3. British and French Expedition to Teembo. with “ a living” in his gift. Poems and Essays, &c. 4. Account of the Discoveries of the Portuguese in Angola the Revelation of St. John; 2d edit., Bath, 1800, 12w0.

Bowdler, Mrs. H. M. Practical Observations on and Mozambique, 1824, 8vo. and Porto Santo, &c., 1825, 4to. This was pub. by his Designed for those who have not leisure or inclination to

examine the prophetical meaning of the Apocalypse. widow. Three works, illustrated, on Mammalia, Birds,

Many such readers will doubtless be found; and whoever and Shells. Other works and essays.

takes up the book with a serious mind, will be edified by the good Bowditch, Nathaniel, LL.D., 1773–1838, a native

sense, piety, and modesty of the writer."-Brit. Critic, O. S. vol. xvi. of Salem, Massachusetts, has won ap enduring reputation Pen Tamar, or the History of an Old Maid, Lon., 8vo. by bis translation of, accompanied with a commentary on, Written with great simplicity." Lon. Monthly Review. the Mécanique Céleste of La Place, pub. in 4 large 4to

Other works. vols., Boston, 1829, '32, '34, '38. The example of Bowditch Bowdler, John. Reform or Ruin, Lon., 1779, 8vo. should operate as a stimulus to the ambition of every un- Bowdler, John, Jr., barrister. Select Pieces in educated youth who desires to supply the defects of earlier Prose and Verse, Lon., 1818, 2 vols. 8vo. years. The son of a cooper, he was taken from school at ** The peculiar value of these volumes is the combination of the age of ten years, and apprenticed to a ship-chandler. talent, of taste, and of piety which they exbibit.”—Lon. Q. Rev. On attaining bis majority, he went to sea as an inferior

Theological Tracts, 1818, 12mo.

* An able writer."--BICKERSTETU. officer in a merchant vessel. So great was his thirst for

Bowdler, Thomas, 1782-1857. Serms, on the Nature, knowledge, and so accurate his powers of observation, ofices, and Character of Jesus Christ, Lon., 2 vols. Svo. that he had arranged an Almanac, complete in all its parts, Other works. at the age of 15. His first publication was The Practical

Bowdler, Thos., 1754-1825. Letters from Holland, Navigator.

Lon., 1788, 8vo. Life of General Villettes, &c., 1815, 8vo. " Scarcely surpassed in usefulness by any of the time, and immediately driving all others of the same class out of circulation." Liberty, Civil and Religious, 1816, 8vo. The Family -N. American Review,

Shakspeare; in which nothing is added to the original The English edit. of this work, edited by Kirby, was Text; but those words and Expressions are omitted which pub. in London by Mr. Hardy, 1802, 8vo. By accident he cannot with Propriety be read aloud in a Family, Lon., obtained a copy of Newton's Principia, and taught himself 8 vols. 8vo, £4 148. 6d.; and 10 vols. r. 18mo, £3 38. Latin that he might read the work, and he made a transla

* We are of cpinion, that it requires nothing more than a notice,

to bring this very meritorious publication into general circulation. tion of the whole.

It is quite undeniable, that there are many passages, in Shaks He made four voyages to the East Indies, and one to peare, which a father could not read aloud to his children ; a bro Europe, and at the age of 30 became President of an In- iher to his sister; or a gentleman to a lady. Mr. Bowdler has surance Company in his native town. This office he held only effaced those gross indeconcies which every one must have

felt as blemishes, and by the removal of which no imaginable ex for twenty years, when he was transferred to the place of

cellence can be affected. So far from being missed on their ra Actuary of the Massachusetts Life Insurance Company, moval, the work generally appears more natural and harmonious which post he held for the rest of his life. He lived to without them." - Edin. Rer., No. 71. See Athen. 1858, Pt. 2, 233. xuperintend through the press the whole of his translation

Family Gibbon; reprinted from the Original Text, with of La Place, with the exception of the pages post 1000 of the careful Omission of all Passages of an irreligious or vol. iv. The expense of publication was estimated at immoral Tendency, 5 vols. 8vo, £3 38. $10,000, (which it exceeded,) and although the American

Bowdoin, James, 1727-1790, Governor of MassaAcademy of Arts and Sciences and some of his personal chusetts, was author of a poetic Paraphrase of the Econofriends offered to issue the work at their own cost, be de

my of Human Life, 1759. He also pub. a philosophical clined their liberal proposal, and determined, with the discourse, addressed to the American Academy of Arts consent of his family, to undertake it himself. Their and Sciences in Boston, 1780—the year in which he bedecision as to whether he should expend one-third of came president of the Institution. This, and several other his fortune in this enterprise deserves to be recorded. papers of bis, will be found in the first vol. of the Society's His wife, without whose encouragement Bowditch often Memoirs. declared tis great work would never bave seen the light, * These productions manifest no crimon taste and talents in urged him to give the result of his labours to the world, astronomical inquiries." and promised to make any sacrifice which would facilitate Bowdoin, James, 1752-1811, son of the preceding, his plans. His children urged him to go on : “We value minister of the United States to Spain, pub, a trans. of your reputation more than your money," was their noble Dauberton's Advice to Shepherds; Opinions respecting response. The work was most favourably received. the Commercial Intercourse between the United States

The idea of undertaking a translation of the whole Mécanique and Great Britain, (anon.)
Céleste, accompanied throughout with a copious running comment-

Bowen, Mrs. Kenilworth Castle, and other Poems, ary, is one which savours, at first sight, of the gigantesque, and is certainly one which, from what we hare hitherto had reason to

Lon., 8vo. Ystradffin ; a Descriptive Poem, 8vo. conceive of the popularity and diffusion of mathematical know.

Bowen, Captain. A Statement of Facts, 1791, 8vo. lodge on the opposite shores of the Atlantic, we should nerer have Bowen, Eli, b. 1824, in Lancaster co., Penn. 1. Coal BOW

Regions of Pennsylvania, sro. 2. The U.S. Post-Office Whilst living with Lord Aylmer, he undertook the charge System, 8vo. 3. Pictorial Sketch-Book of Pennsylvania, of the Historia Literaria; or an Exact and Early Account 870. 4. Rambles in the Path of the Steam-Horse, 8vn, of the most Valuable Books published in the several Parta

Bowen, Emanuel. English Atlas, Lon., 1747, 2 of Europe: pub. monthly, 1730-34, 4 vols. 8vo. He wrote vols. fol. A Complete Atlas, Lon., 1752, fol.

the preface to this work, and several of the articles in Bowen, Francis, b. Sept. 8, 1811, at Charlestown, Italian, being as yet unskilled in the English language. Mass.; grad. at Harvard Coll., 1833; Alford Prof. of Na- See Review of Reviews, by the author of this Dictionary, in tural Religion, Moral Philosophy, and Civil Polity in Har- Putnam's Monthly Mag., New York, vol. i. and ii., 1853-54. vard Coll.; editor of the N. Amer. Rev., 1843-54. Essays From 1734 to 1744 he was employed by the proprietors on Speculative Philosophy, Bost., 1842, 12mo: see notice in of the Universal History, in writing for that work the Eclec. Mag., v. 215. Virgil, with English Notes, Bost., 8vo. Roman History, which Psalmanazar (who wrote most of Lowell Lectures on the Application of Metaphysical and the other portions of the Ancient IIistory in that collec. Ethical Science to the Evidences of Religion, Bost.,1849, 8vo. tion) declares that he did very ill. See Psalmanazar's Bee notices in Chris. Exam., xlviii. 88; Chris. Rev., xv. 78. Life, p. 308. Bower also edited the second edition of the

* Mr. Bowen's Lectures were received with very great satisfaction, Universal History, and received £200 for doing very little, as they were delivered before auditors fit, and yet not few. Now and that done so badly as to require careful revision. Th that they are in print, we believe that they will be regarded as ex- value of this extensive series, 1749–66, bound in 65 vols. bibiting signal ability, and as possessing very high merits, by sometimes in a fewer number, is not to be disputed. those who, not having been hearers, shall give them a careful pe rusal. We shall be disappointed if his volume is not received

“I generally consult the Universal History, a work of great As a most valuable contribution to speculative philosophy, not

merit,and perhaps not sufficiently valued."-Butler's Horæ Biblicæ. merely by men of the conservative and cautious schools, but by find, either in the text or references,

every historical

information

- Consult the volumes of the Universal History, where you will the mass of those deliberate and unprejudiced readers who know not that they belong to any party. We commend this volume,

which can well be required.”—Prof. Smyth's Lect.om Modern Hist Arst of all, because it is written in the vernacular tongue, in

Warburton refers to “the infamous rhapsody, called the good, wholesome English. It is free from barbarisms, Ger Universal History-miserable trash,” but of all Literary manisms, and all affectations. The author knew what he wished Bull Dogs, perhaps the bosom friend of Pope was the most to say, and he said it in a way to let us know what it was.”- dogmatic. Gibbon's opinion draws a just discrimination : Christian Examiner.

• The excellence of the first part of the Universal History is ge To Mr. Bowen we are indebted for an edition, revised nerally admitted. The History of the Macedonians is executed and corrected, with an addition of a History of the U. with much erudition, taste, and judgment. The history would be States, of Dr. Weber's Outlines of Universal History, invaluable; were all its parts of the same merit.”—Miscell. Wirks.

Mr. Swinton gave Dr. Johnson a list of the authors, which Boston, r. 8vo.

Documents of the Constitution of England and America will be found in a note from the doctor to Nichols, Dec. 6, from Magna Charta to the Federal Constitution of 1789, tion to the publication of a History of the Popes, a portion

1784. (Boswell's Johnson.) Bower now turned his attencompiled and edited, with Notes, Cambridge, 1854, 8vo. Dugald Stewart's Elements of the Philosophy of the work was pub. at intervals from 1748–66, 7 vols. 4to. In

of which he says he had prepared whilst at Rome. This Human Mind; revised and abridged, with Critical and the year in which his lst vol. appeared, he was appointed Explanatory Notes, for the Use of Colleges and Schools, Librarian to Queen Caroline. This history led to a warm Bost. and Camb., 12mo, 1854. Principles of Political Economy Applied to the Condition, Resources, and Insti- worthy of credit, and sufficient evidence was produced to

controversy. His character was attacked as entirely untutions of the American People, Bost., 1856, 8vo. See favourable reviews in Christian Examiner, and North ing his exculpatory pamphlets, (pub. 1756-61.) His tried

ruin his reputation with the public at large, notwithstandAmerican Review, April, 1856.

* Francis Bowen is a clear, forcible, independent thinker, and friend, Lord Lyttelton, however, refused to credit any has much precision and energy of style. His contributions on

thing against Bower : metaphysical subjects, and on the principles of law and govern.

“ The merit of the work will bear it up against all these attacks; ment, are of a very high character. He is a man of large acquire and as to the ridiculous story of my having discarded him, the inments both in literature and philosophy.”—Griswold's Prose-Wri- timate friendship in which we continue to live will be a sufficient ters of America.

answer to that, and better than any testimony formally given."Bowen, James, Surgeon. Con. to Med. Com., 1785. Lord Lyttelton to Dr. Doddridge, Oci. 1751. Bowen, Malcom. Construction of Sails of Ships, tory of the Popes was pub. in French, at Amsterdam. An

In 1757 an abridgment of the first four vols. of the His. 1805, 4to. Bowen, Pardon, M.D., 1757-1826, R.I., pub. an

idea of the incompetency of the author for the production elaborate account of the Yellow Fever of Providence, in of a great historical work, may be inferred from the fact Hosack's Med. Reg., vol. iv. See Thacher's Med. Biog.

that he compresses the eventful history of the Church from Bowen, Samuel. Sermon on Ps. xviii. 46, Svo.

1600 to 1758 into 26 pages ! Bowen, T.J. Central Africa: Adventures and Missionary Labors in Several Countries in the Interior of Africa give him credence; where his assertions only are in court, from 1849 to 1856, Charleston, S.C., 1857, 12mo.

we give the accused the benefit of the doubt. See the "On the whole, we can commend the book as fit and seasonable."

Rev. Henry Temple's strictures, entitled Bower Detected -Im. Athenæum, July 4, 1857.

as an Historian; or, His Many Essential Omissions and Bowen, Thomas. Thoughts on the Necessity of More Essential Perversions of Facts in Favour of Popery Moral Discipline in Prisons as Preliminary to the Reli- Demonstrated, Lon., 1758, 8vo; also see Douglass, gious Instruction of Offenders, Lon., 1777–98, 8vo. Ser- | BISHOP. mons, 1798–99, 4to. Bethlehem Hospital, 1783, 4to. Bower, Edward. Dr. Lamb Revived, &c. : 2 tracts

Bower, Alex. An Account of the Life of James upon Witchcraft, Lon., 1653, 4to. Beattie, LL.D, in which are occasionally given Characters Bower, John. Con. to Annals of Med., 1802. of the Principal Literary Men and a Sketch of the State Bower, John, Jr. Abbey of Melrose, 1813, 8vo. of Literature in Scotland during the last century, 1804. 8vo. Bower, Thomas, M.D. Con. to Phil. Trans., 1717.

"This narrative will be perused with pleasure by those who are Bower, Walter. Prologues in John Fordun's Scoti satisfied with plain facts recorded in plain language.”- London Chron., edit. Tho. Hearne: see FORDUN, J. On Fordun's Monthly Reriew, 1805. The Life • f Luther; with an Account of the Early Pro. work much of the early history of Scotland is founded.

Bower, William. Miscell. Tracts, Lon., 1788, 4to, gress of the Reformation, 8vo. History of the University of Edinburgh, 3 vols. 8vo.

Bowerbank, John, Journal on the Bellerophon, 1815. Bower, Archibald, 1686–1766, a native of Dundee, distinguished naturalist. Contrib. valuable papers to the

Bowerbank, John Scott, b. 1797, in London, a Scotland, was educated at the Scots College. Douay, re- Entomological Mag., Trans. Microscopical Soc., (princimoved to Rome in 1706, and became a Jesuit in 1712. In 1726 he came to England, having fled from the Inquisition pally on the Sponges,) Trans. Geol. Soc., Trans. Palæonat Macerata, of which he was an officer, and about 1732 tographical Soc.,- which he founded in 1948,--and to he conformed to the Church of England. He was read- Mag. of Nat. Hist.. History of the Fossil Fruits and mitted into the order of the Jesuits about 1744, after Seeds of the London Clay, 1840, r. 8vo. which he again became a Protestant. His wife declared

Bowerbank, T. F., M.D. A Sermon, 1815, 8vo. that he died in the Protestant faith ; bis will contains no

Bowers, Thomas, Bp. of Chichester. Serm. 1722,8vo declaration as to his final religious opinions. It is difficult Apology for the French Reformed or Evangel. Christians,

Bowes, Sir Jerome. Trans. from the French of an to tell what degree of credit to allow either to his repre. Lon., 1579, 8vo. sentations or to the charges of his enemies, but there is encugh doubt upon the subject to prevent his

being very of Elizabeth, 1682, fol.

Bowes, Paul. Journal of Parliament in the Reign zealously claimed by either the Church of England or that of Rom.

Bowes, Thomas. Trans. of the Second part cf Primaudaye's Frenche Academie, Lon., 1994, 4to.

is
. 1°When Bower team contem' his position by history, wo

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Bowick, William. Sermon, 1716, 8vo.

Fourteen Sonnets, 1789, 4to. Verses to John Howard Bowle, John. Concio ad Clerum Cantuariensem, 1789, 4to. Grave of Howard; a Poem, Lon., 1790, 4to. Lon., 1612, 4to.

Verses, 1790, 4to. Monody, 1791, 4to. Elegiac Verses, Bowle, John, 1725–1788, known by his friends as 1796, 4to. Hope, 1796, 4to. Coombe Ellew, 1798, 4tv. Don Bowle, from his attachment to Spanish literature, St. Michael's Mount, 1798, 4to. Poems, 1798-1809, 4 rols, was educated at Oriel College, Oxford. Entering into holý 8vo. The Battle of the Nile; a Poem, 1799, 4to.A Dis. orders, he was presented to the vicarage of Idmeston, course, 1799, 4to. A Sermon, 1801, 4to. The Sorrows of Wilts, where he continued until his death. He was a man Switzerland; a Poem, 1801, 4to. The Picture; a Poem, of great erudition, and was the principal detector of Lau- 1804, 4to. The Spirit of Discovery, or the Conquest of der's forgeries. See LAUDER, WILLIAM.

the Ocean; a Poem, 1805, 8vo. Bowden Hill, 1815, 4to. Miscell. Pieces of English Ancient Poesie, 1765. A The Missionary of the Andes, 1822. The Grave of the Letter to Dr. Percy, respecting a new and classical edition Last Saxon, 1823. Ellen Gray, 1828. Days Departed, of Don Quixote, 1777. He pub. his edit. of Don Quixote in 1832. St. John in Patmos, or the Last Apostle, 1832; 2d 1781, in 6 vols. 4to! The first 4 contain the text, the 5th edit. 1833, with a revised selection of some of his earlier is composed of annotations, and the 6th gives a copious pieces. His last poetical compositions were contained in index. The subscription price was three guineas. This å volume entitled, Scenes and Shadows of Days, a Varraenorras enterprise proved a failure. However, let the tive; accompanied with Poems of Youth, and some other lover of Spanish lore fail not to secure a copy if he can. Poems of Melancholy and Fancy, in the Journey of Life So resolved that odd antiquary, Rev. Michael Tyson : from Youth to Age, 1837, 12mo. Little Villagers' Vorse

“ Is Bowle's Don Quixote published, or not? Though I did not Book. chuse to seem to be acquainted with the Editor by appearing “One of the sweetest and best little publications in the English amongst the Subscribers, yet I like Cervantes so much that I language.”- Lon. Literury Gazette. must make a swop, or truck, with Tom Payne for the book."- "Since the time of Dr. Watts nothing has been published at once Tyson to Gough: Nichols's Literary Anecdotés, vol. vili.; and see so simple and so useful."--Lon. Spirit of the Age. vol. vi. for an interesting notice of Bowlo, and his edition of Don Quixote, &c.

A Sermon, 1804. Ten Parochial Sermons, 1814, 8vo. He pub. a number of articles in defence of this work, The Plain Bible, and the Protestant Church in England, relative to Warton's History of English Poetry, &c., in 1818, 8vo.

A Voice from St. Peter's and St. Paul's, 1823,

8vo. Gentleman's Mag. ; contributed to the Archæologia, vols.

Paulus Parochialis, 1826, 8vo. Further observa. vi. and vii., 1782–85; to Granger's History, and io John- tions on report Ch. Commiss., 1837. St. Paul at Athens, son's and Steevens's Shakspeare.

1838. A Final Defence of the Rights of Patronage in * I am not the Translator of Don Quixote. I have too much con.

Deans and Chapters, 1839. In 1807 Mr. B. edited the ceiving of the merit of the original of Cervantes ever to think of works of Alexander Pope, in 10 vols. 8vo, for which he appearing in that character. The diffculties of a translator must received £300. The editor criticized bis author, and hence rise in proportion to his knowledge of the original. . . . A desire arose an animated controversy. Campbell and Byron atto impart that pleasure to others, which I almost solely possessed, impelled me to the hazardous work of printing; in which if I have

tacked the positions of Mr. B., and especially his dogma erred once, I may be easily credited, I shall never be guilty of a

that "all images drawn from what is beautiful or sublime like offence again.” See Gent. Mag., vols. liv., lv.

in the works of nature, are more beautiful and sublime We cannot forbear pleasing the lover of the Knight of than any images drawn from art; and that they are therethe Rueful Countenance by transcribing the delicious Bill fore per se more poetical.” To this Byron responded, not of Fare for Quixotic epicures, exhibited by Mr. Bowle in very poetically, that “a ship in the wind," with all sail his prospectus :

set, is a more poetical object than a “hog in the wind," • À Letter to the Rev. Dr. Percy, concerning a new and classical though the bog is all nature, and the ship all art. This edition of Historia del valoroso Cavallero Don Quixote de la Mancha; to be illustrated by Annotations and Extracts from the Historians, might have rejoined that the supposed porker, however

was the Reductio ad absurdum, indeed : although Bowles Poets, and Romances of Spain and Italy, and other writers, ancient and modern; with a Glossary and Indexes, in which are oc- respectable, could hardly be considered either “sublime or casionally interspersed some Reflections on the learning and Go beautiful.” This controversy lasted for many years. In nius of the author, with a Map of Spain adapted to the History, 1825 Bowles published his Final Appeal to the Literary and to every Translator of it."

Public relative to Pope, elicited by Roscoe's edit. of Pope, What a glorious prospect is here! Yet the work, as we already said, was a failure. In the words of a cold blooded Criticism to William Roscoe, &c., F. R. S., in answer to

in 1825, and in 1826 the last gun was fired by Lessons in critic :

his Letter to the Rev. W. L. Bowles on the Character and ** The public sentiment seemed to be that annotations on Cer Poetry of Pope, 8vo. In 1818 he pub. Vindiciæ Wykevantes were not quite so necessary as on Shakspeare "

The enthusiastic Don Bowle, disgusted with such heart- hamicæ, in reply to Mr. Brougham, and addressed Two lessness, renounced the press, and left the stupid "public"

Letters to him when he became Lord Chancellor, on the to their downward course of ignorance and fatuity! That

Position and Incomes of the Cathedral Clergy. In 1826 any sane man, woman, or child could really be indifferent he pub. The Parochial History of Brembill, and in 1830to the least word, wink, and gesture of the Knight of the 31, The Life of Thomas Ken, D.D. The Annals and An. Sorrowful Countenance, and the philosophic apothegmatist tiquities of Lacock Abbey appeared in 1835. Mr. B. also Sancho Panza, was hard to believe, but if such were the pub. Letters to Lord Mountcashell and Sir James Mackin. stolidity of that thick-skulled generation,-so let it be!

tosh, and had a controversy with the Rev. Edward Duke, IIe had discharged his duty; therefore he washed his

in the Gen. Mag., relative to the antiquities of Wiltshire. hands, shook the dust from his feet, locked his library Mr. Bowles's reputation as a poet is deservedly great. door, and was soon entranced in the fields of La Mancha,

In his Literary Biography, Mr. Coleridge expresses in the persevering revolutions of the Windmills, the lustre of glowing terms the delight he received from the early peruMambrino's helmet, and the substantial charms of Dulci. sal of Mr. Bowles's sonnets, and the effect which they proDea del Toboso,

duced on his own poetry. Bowles. New London Guide, Lon., 1787, 8vo.

** We have ourselves heard from Mr. Wordsworth's own lips, that Bowles, Caroline Anne.

he got possession of the same sonnets (pub. in 1793) one morning See SOUTHEY, Mrs.

when he was setting out with some friends on a pedestrian tour Bowles, Edward. Theolog. treatises, Lon., 1643– from London; and that so captivated was he with their beauty, 48, 4to.

that he retreated into one of the recesses in Westminster Bridge, Bowles, John, Barrister-at-Law. This gentleman

and could not be induced to rejoin his companions till be had pub. many political and other tracts, Lon., 1791–1807.

finished them."-Lon. Gent. Mag., 1550. Bowles, Oliver, d. 1674, a Fellow in Queen's College,

Mr. Southey freely acknowledges his obligations to our Camb., and Rector of Sutton. Tractatus de Pastore Evan

author: he tells Bedford,

* My poetical taste was much meliorated by Bowles." - 04.1,1795. gelico, Lon., 1649, 4to; 1655,12 mo; Groninga, 1739, sm.8vo. “This morning I received your St. John in Patmos. I have just

-- Liber ob utilia ac pia præcepta, in eo pro ministris ecclesiæ read the poem through, and with much pleasure. Yours I should proposita, laudatur."-WALCH.

have known it to have been by the sweet and unsophisticated style A good translation would be generally useful."-BICKERSTETI, upon which I endeavoured, now almost forty years ago, to forn Sermon on John ii. 17, Lon., 1613, 4to.

my own."--Southey to Binoles, July 30, 1832. Bowles, Thomas, D.D. Vicar of Brackley, North- ** The sonnets of Bow les may be reckoned among the first fruits amptonshire. Sermons, 1728-41, 4to.

of a new era in poetry. They came in an age when a commonplave Bowles, Rev. William Lisle, 1762-1850, was de

facility in rhyming on the one hand, and an almost nonsensical

affectation in a new school on the other. had lowered tbe standard scended from the Bowleses of Burcombe, in Wiltshire. He so much, that critical judges spoke of English poetry as of some was born at King's Sutton; placed at Winchester, 1776 ; thing nearly extinct, and disdained to read what they were sure elected a scholar of Trinity College, Oxford, 1781) Vicar to disapprove. In these sonnets there was ohserved a grace of ex. of Chicklade, 1792; Rector of Dumbleton, 1797 ; Vicar of

pression, a musical versification, and especially an air of melanBreinhill, and Prebendary of Salisbury, 1804 ; Canon Re.

choly tenderness, so congenial to the poetical temperament, wbicb

still. after sixty years of a more propitious period than that which sidentiary, 1828. Mr. Bowles was a voluminous writer. | immediately preceded their publication, preserves for heir authur

203

335, q.t.

Pp. 32.

his pen.

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A highly respectable position among our poets. The subsequent “ By readers of all classes the record of Sir John Bowring's wan
poems of Mr. Bowles did not belie the promise of his youth."- derings will be perused with satisfaction."-Lon. Alluit., 1967
HENET HALLAX : Address before the Royal Society of Literature.

"Breathes not the man with a more poetic temperament than
Bowles! No wonder that his eyes love all they look on," for they China, then first published,) Nov. 17, 1855.

See also 345, and same periodical, (for a letter on

See also possess the sacred gift of beautifying creation by shedding over it the charm of melancholy. .

... His human sensibilities are so fine Bowring, Cobden, and China, a Memoir, 1857, p. 8vo, as to be of themselves poetical; and his poetical aspirations so

In 1825 he became the editor of the Westminster delicate as to be always human."—PROFESSOR WILSON: Blackwood's Review; and many of the articles in that periodical on Mag. Sopi, 1831,

* Bowles was deficient in the passion and imagination which political reforms and the principles of free trade are from command great things, but he was, notwithstanding, a true poet.

He was a disciple of Jeremy Bentham, was his He had a fine eye for the beautiful and the true: and, although his literary executor, edited bis works, 1838, 22 vols. r. 8vo, (see enthusiasm was tempered, we never miss a cordial sympathy with BENTHAM, JEREMY, ante,) and wrote a sketch of his life. is batever is pure. noble, and generous,- for his heart was in the Bowtell, John, D.D. Theol. treatises, 1710–11, 8vo. right place.” — Moir's Puet. Lit. A Life of Mr. Bowles, by a relative and Alaric Watts,

Bowyer, George, M.P., D.C.L., an eminent law.

writer. bas been for some time promised, (1858.)

1. Dissert. on the Statutes of the Cities of Italy, Bowles, W. R. Trans. of Letters from a Portuguese fence of Beatrice Cenci in this volume is a remarkable

&c., Lon., 1838, 8vo. The argument of Faripacio in deNun, 1808–12. Trans. of Elizabeth, by M. Cottin, 1814, 8vo.

Bowles, William. Works on Nat. History, Madrid, piece of pleading. 2. A Popular Commentary on the Con1775, 4to ; Paris, 1776, 8vo; Parma, 1783, 2 vols. 4to. Constitutional Law of England, 1811, 12mo; 2d ed., 1846, to Phil. Trans., 1766.

r. 8vo. This is a collection, with expositions and conBowles, William. The Natural Hist, of Merino tinuation, of such of Blackstone's Commentaries as pertain

to constitutional law. It is an excellent work. 3. Com. Sheep. Lon., 1811, 8vo.

Bowling, W.K., M.D., b. 1808, in Virginia. Founder mentaries on the Modern Civil Law, 1848, r. 8vo. 4. The of, and principal contributor to, the Nashville Jour. Med. Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster and the New Hierand Surg.

archy; 3d ed., 1850, 8vo. 5. Two Readings delivered in Bowlker, Charles. Art of Angling, Worcester, 1746, the Hon. Society of the Middle Temple in 1850 on Canon

the Middle Temple Hall, 1850, 8vo. 6. Readings before 12mo.

Bowman. Hist., &o. Con to Archæol., vol. i. p. 100- Law, 1851, r. 8vo. 7. Commentaries on Universal Public
112, 1770.

Law, 1854, r. 8vo.
Bowman, Henry. The Ecclesiastical Architecture

“ Mr. Bowyer has laboriously won his reputation as a profound of Great Britain, from the Conquest to the Reformation, foreign and European law. ... The author's industry appears to

civilian, a critical canonist, and an industrious investigator of
by H. Bowman and James Hadfield, Lon., 1845, r. 4to. have spread itself over every province of modern and ancient law.”
The Churches of the Middle Ages, by H. Bowman and J. --Lon. M. Chronicle, April 15, 1854.
8. Crowther, Lon., imp. fol., 2 vols., £10 108. See Ecclesiog. Bowyer, Sir George. R. Catholic Question, 1813,8vo.

Bowman, Hildebrand. Travels into Carnovirria, Bowyer, R. G. Sermons, 1803, '04, '11.
Taupincera, Olfactoria, and Auditante, in New Zealand; Bowyer, Thomas. Tbeolog. treatises, 1734, '35, '37.
in the Island of Bonhommica, and in the Powerful King- Bowyer, William, 1699-1777, will long be remem-
dom of Luxo-Volupta, on the Great Southern Continent, bered as the most learned English printer of whom we
Lon., 1778, 8vo. This is an imitation of Gulliver's Travels. have any account. The names of Stephens, of Aldus, of

Bowman, John E. Introduction to Practical Che- Bowyer, and such men, may ever be pointed to with com-
mistry; 2d ed., Lon., fp. 8vo. Commended by Lon. Athen. mendable pride by the superintendent of the type and ma-
Practical Hand-Book to Medical Chemistry; 2d ed., fp. 8vo. trice. Bowyer's father and grandfather were printers, so
Commended by Lon. Medical Gazette.

that he may be said to have inherited the noble art. Wil. Bowman, Thomas. Theolog. treatises, 1762-91. liam was born in Dogwell Court, White Fryars, London, Bowman, William. Sermons, &c., Lon., 1731. December 18th. He studied for a time under the cele

Bowman, William, F.R.S., Professor of Physio- brated AMBROSE BonwickE, (q. v.,) and in 1716 was adlogy and Anatomy in King's College, London. Lectures mitted as a sizar at St. John's College, Cambridge. He on Operations on the Eye, Lon., 8vo.

remained here till June, 1722, during which time he ob“A most valuable contribution to ophthalmological science."- tained Roper's exhibition, and wrote in 1719 what he Med.-Chirurg. Rev. See also Jour. Med. Sci.

styled Epistola pro Sodalitio à rev. viro F. Roper mihi leBownd, Nic., D.D. Theolog. treatises, 1604-06. gato. It does not appear that he took his degree of B.A. Bowneus, Peter. Pseudo-Medico. Anat., 1624, 4to. In 1722 he entered into the printing business as a partner

Bowrey, Thomas. Dictionary, English and Malayo, with his father. From this time until his death Mr. Bow. de., Lon., 1701, 4to. Dictionary of the Hudson's Bay yer was engaged in superintending his press, and contriLanguage, 1701, fol. In 1800, Lon., 4to, was pub. Gram- buting to various learned works in the way of corrections, mar of the Malay Tongue, from Bowrey's Dict., &c. prefaces, annotations, &c. The learned men of the day

Bowring, Edgar Alfred. Schiller's Poems com- found it a great advantage to have in the person of their plete, including all his Early Suppressed Pieces, attempted printer a scholar whose erudition and classical taste could in English, 1851, 12mo. Commended by the Cologne Gaz. rectify their errors and improve their lucubrations. A co

Bowring, Sir John, K.C.B., LL.D., b. 1792, Exeter, pious account of Mr. B.'s editorial labour of this description Eng., knighted 1854, has distinguished himself as a philo- will be found in that most delightful of books of the class loger, poet, political writer, translator, reviewer, member Nichols's LITERARY ANECDOTES OF THE 18TH CENTURY, of Parliament, and (appointed 1854) Governor of Hong- 9 vols., 1812–15; continue as ILLUSTRATIONS OF LITERARY Kong. His publications have been numerous. 1. Speci- History, 1817-48, 7 vols. The foundation of this work mens of the Russian Poets, Lon., 1821-23, 2 vols. 1200 : was a pamphlet of 52 pages, 1778, entitled Biographical Metee Lon. Month. Rev., xcvi., 1821. 2. Matins and Vespers, moirs of Mr. Bowyer; enlarged to a 4to vol. in 1782; still with Hymns; 3d ed., 1841, 18mo; 4th ed., 1851, 18mo: further enlarged as above. See Nichols, Jons. A v&ke Lon. Month. Rev., ci., 1823, and Lon. Chris. Examiner. Juable account of Bowyer will be found, also, in Chalmere's 3. In conjunction with H. S. Van Dyk, Batavian Anthology, Biog. Dict. In 1763 Mr. Bowyer pub. his celebrated edi. 1824, 12mo. 4. Ancient Poetry and Romances of Spain, tion of the Greek Testament, 2 vols. 12mo, containing his 1924, p. 8vo. 5. Specimens of the Polish Poets, 1827, Conjectural Emendations. A second edit. of the Emenda12mo. 6. Servian Popular Poetry, 1827, 12mo. 7. Poetry tions was pub. separately in 1772, 8vo, under the following of the Magyars, 1830, p. 8vo. 8. Cheskian Anthology; title: Conjectures on the New Testament, collected from being a Hist. of the Poet. Lit. of Bohemia, 1832, 12mo. various Authors, as well in regard to Words as Pointing, 9. Minor Morals for Young People, 3 Pts., 1834–35–39: , with the reasons on which both are founded. A third edit. see Lon. Athen. 10. Reports on the Commercial Rela- appeared in 1782, 4to, and a fourth in 1812, 4to. The tions between France and G. Britain, 1835–36, 2 vols. fol.: great merits of this work were conceded from the first. see Lon. Athen. 11. Reports on the Statistics of Tuscany,

“I must not omit to return my thanks for your notes upon the &c., 1837. 12. Observations on the Oriental Plague and on

Greek Testament, and particularly for the excellent Preface before Quarantines, &c., Edin., 1839. 13. First Lessons in Theo

them. They have been of great use to me and others on several

occasions, and I wish we had more such collections by equally logy; for Children, Lon., 1839, 18mo. 14. Manuscript of the able hands.” — ARCHDEACON BLACKBURNE, in 1766; the celebrated Queen's Court, with other Ancient Bohemian Poems; trans. author of the Confessional, v. the name. 1843. 15. Decimal Coinage, with Illustrations of Coins,

"I would also recommend a look into a Greek Testament lately 1854, p. 8vo. 16. Decimal System in Numbers, Coins, published by Mr. Bowyer, a printer, whose erudition not only sets

him on a par with the best scholars among the early printers, but and Accounts, 1854, cr. 8vo. 17. The Kingdom and

would do credit to persons of high rank even in the learned pro People of Siam; with a Narrative of the Mission to that fessions."Two Grammatical Essays, de., 1769. Country in 1855, 2 vols. 8vo, 1857.

“ This Work cannot but be acceptable to every Critical Rea ler

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