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The Retrospective Review, in comparing Beaumont's at last, like Belzoni, fell a victim to dysentery, Oct 15, Psyche with some of Bunyan's characters, remarks, 1817, when making preparations to commence his long.
“As an allegory, Psyche is exceedingly mengro and inartificial: delayed journey to Fezzan, to explore the source of the the heroine herself is a vague, featureless personification, and her Niger. His Journal and Memoranda, which he had parattendants, Logos and Thelema, (the reason and the will,) are poor tially prepared for publication, fortunately were preserved, and lifeless compared with the bustling and dramatic personages and transmitted to the African Association, and were pub. of our old friend Bunyan in the siege of Mansoul, -My Lord Will in the following order: 1. Travels in Nubia, and in the be Will, Mr. Recorder Conscience, and the rest."--Vol. xii. The same excellent periodical considers that there are Interior of North-Eastern Africa, performed in 1813; Lon.,
2. Travels in Syria and the Holy Land, 1822, good reasons for the conjecture that Bunyan's Pilgrim's 1819, 4to.
4. Notes on the Progress was suggested by John Carthemy's Voyage of 4to. 3. Travels in Arabia, 1829, 4to. the Wandering Knight, translated by Goodyeare some
Bedouins and Wahabys, 1830, 4to.
** Whether we consider its views of Arab manners, customs, in years before Bunyan's imprisonment in Bedford jail. We stitutions, and other particulars, or its exhibition of the remark. sball only remark that, if a supposed or even real simi- able Mohammedan sectaries, the Wahabys, from their earliest ap larity between the productions of the human mind is to be pearance as reformers, to almost the present time, we find abuvaccepted as a proof of derivation, then--to use a favourite dance of matter to gratify curiosity, and entertain and inform the phrase of Dr. Johnson-of such conjectures " there will be reader. It is the best account of the Arab trives we have over Do end.” There is, however, a striking resemblance be- "It throws new light on a race, which has long stood single tween some of the adventures of the Wandering Knight among the nations, retaining from age to age a character in while and those of Bunyan's Pilgrim. See Retrosp. Rev., i. 250. lofty virtues and odious vices are strangely combined. ... Burela Bunyon, C. J. Law of Life Assurance, Lon., 8vo.
bardt has done much towards elucidating the manners of the Burbury, Mrs. Collects, Epistles, and Gospels Ex- that extraordinary people. . . . This work has thrown new lighten
Arabians, and communicating an idea of the real condition of plained, Lon., 12mo. Florence Sackville or, Self-De- the subject of Bedouin love, courtship, and marriage."-- Edin. Rer. pendence, 1851, 3 vols. p. 8vo. Other works.
5. Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians il. “Mrs. Burbury possesses a clear appreciation of bumour and lustrated from their Proverbial Sayings current at Cairo, pathos, a firın hand in noting down the boundary lines and salient 1830, 4to. He bequeathed his collection of Oriental MSS. features of character, and a constancy to the leading plan and pur. pose of her story. The story of poor Milly--the pathos of which
to the University of Cambridge. is fearful-would alone justify us in placing Mrs. Burbury high
Burckhardt combined some of the most essential qualifi. among modern novelists."-Lon. Athenrum."
cations for the life which he adopted. Had he lived a few Burbury, John. History of Christianna Alessandra, years longer-he was cut off at the early age of 33—we Lon., 1658, 12mo. Relation of a Journoy of Lord Henry should have possessed invaluable contributions to the stock Howard (afterwards Duke of Norfolk) from London to of knowledge of a deeply-interesting character. Vienna, and thence to Constantinople, Lon., 1671, 12mo. Burd, Richard, D.D. Sermons, 1684, 1704, 4to.
Burch, Thomas. The Free Grace of God Displayed Burd, William, Surgeon. Con to Ann. of Med., 1797. in the Salvation of Men; two Essays, 1756, 8vo.
Burde, Andrew. See Borde. * At the request of the worthy Author of the following Essays, I Burden, or Burdin, J., M.D. A Course of Medical have perused them; and olsserve nothing in them but what is agree Studies; trans, from the French, Lon., 1803, 3 vols. 8vo. able to the sacred Scriptures, to the form of sound Words, to the analogy of Faith, and the doctrine of the Gospel."-DR. Gill.
Burden, W. Poetry for Children ; selected, 1805. Burchall, James. Con. to Med. Obs. & Inq., iii. 106.
Burder, George, 1752-1832, b. in London, minister Burchell, Joseph. Digest of the Laws in the King's of the Independent Chapel, Fetter Lane, London. BunBench and Common Pleas from 1756 to 1794, inclusive, yan’s Pilgrim's Progress; a new edit., with Notes, 1786, Lon., 1796, 8vo. Other legal works, &c., 1801, '02. '08.
Evangelical Truth Defended, 1788, 8vo. Burchell, William J. Travels in the Interior of edit., with Notes, 1803, 8vo. Supplement to Watts's
Welsh Indians, 1797, 8vo. Bunyan's Holy War; a new Southern Africa, Lon., 1822-24, 2 vols. 4to.
“The enterprising and successful exertions of Burchell have Psalms and Hymns, which passed through probably forty tau ht us that there are scarcely any assignable limits to human
editions. Mr. B. pub. several other works, the best-known vura ce and enthusiasm. ... These travels were undertaken with of which is the Collection of Village Sermons, 1799-1812, the intention of exploring the unknown countries lying between 6 vols. 8vo, and several editions since; in 1838 they wero the Cape of Good liopy and the Portuguese Settlements on the pub. in 8 vols. in 4; 1 vol. 12mo, 1838; do., 1840 ; do., ed. The author, after penetrating into the heart of the Continent to by J. Cobbin, 1852, 12mo. the depth of nearly eleven hundred miles, to a country never be
"Burder's Village Sermons are highly and deservedly popular, fore described. met with obstacles which it was found im possible and very useful." -Lowndes; BICKERSTETII. to surmount, and which compelled him to alter the original plan Burder, Henry Forster. Funeral Sermon, 1811, of his route. : . . His researches have embraced that variety of 8vo. Discourses on the Divine Attributes, 1822, 8vo. subjects which a journey over ground never before trodden by
"Its attractive composition, the clearness of its statements, and European foot, and through the strange and unknown regions of the decided character of its evangelical instructions, render it a Africa, might be expected to afford."— Dibdin's Lib. Cimpinion. raluable and sure guide in the earliest stages of religious inquiry."
Burches, George. The Doctrine of Original Sin -omgregational Mug.
Lectures on the Pleasures of Religion, 1823, 8vo. Burchett, Josiah, Secretary of the Admiralty. Me.
"We do not recollect any work that we could more cont dently moirs of Transactions at Sea, during the War with France, put into the hands of intelligent and ingenuous youth than this 1688-97, Lon., 1703, 8vo; 1720, fol. This elicited col interesting statement of the pleasures of a reli zinus life." — Ibil.
Lectures on the Essentials of Religion, 1825, 8vo. Luke Lillington's Reflections on Mr. Burchell's Memoirs,
"We are decidedly of opinion that this volume, compared with &c., Lon., 1704, 8vo. Mr. B. responded in a Justification all the other productions of the author, is the chefui'aurre, in of his Naval Memoirs, in answer to Col. L.'s Reflections, point of thouzht and illustration,”—Ibid. 1704, 8vo. Complete History of the most remarkablo Four Lectures on the Law of the Sabbath, 1831, 8vo, Transactions at Sea, from the earliest accounts of Time, to 5. Dr. Burder's lecturer present with great perspicuity and con. the conclusion of the last war with France, Lon., 1720, fol. ciseness the outlines of the argument, in a form adapted for popu
lar circulation."-LOWNTES. ** The great progenitor of all those ponderous tomes of verbosity, fallacy, and blundurs, which for a century have been palined up in
Psalms and Hymns, Lon., 1826, 12mo: of these, 313 the public as standard authorities' in naval history and paral are from Dr. Watts. The Eclectic Review considers it thu biography."
best of all the selections from Watts. Notes on the ProFor an account of this work_" the first British author- phecies of the Apocalypse, 1849, p. 8vo. ity which sought to achieve the bold and perilous under- "For the majority of readers Dr. Burder has gone far enon taking of chronicling occurrences afloat from the earliest
into his theme.... To devotional readers the treatise will be very secounts of time"_see The Naval Sketch Book.
acceptable." - Brit. Quarterly Revinne. Burchett, M. The Ark; a Poem, in imitation of Du lectual and Moral Habits. Addressed particularly to Stu.
Mental Discipline: Hints on the Cultivation of Intel. Bartas, Lon., 1714, 4to.
dents in Theology, and Young Preachers. 5th edit., to Burchyer, Henry. Authenticity of the wori Sterliogorum or Sterling. See Hearne's Collections, ii.321,1771. Rev. Justin Edwards, Lon.. 1846, fp. 8vo.
which is appended an address on Pulpit Eloquence, by the Burckhardt, John Ludwig, 1784-1817, a native
* As a well-arranged and clearly expressed exposition of the of Lausanne, Switzerland, arrived in London, July, 1806, author's readings and reflections on mental and moral discipline, with a letter from the celebrated Blumenbach to Sir Joseph it will richly repay the attentivo prerusal of the important classes Banks. In May, 1908, he was engaged by the African for whom it is especially prepared."--Lon. Biblical Reriew. Association to make an attempt to penetrate into the in- Serms. preached at St. Thomas's Square Chapel, Hack. terior of Africa from the North. He sailed from Ports-ney, 1854, 8vo. racuth in March, 1809, and was engaged until the time of Burder, John. Elementary Discourses, Stroudw, his death in making arrangements for prosecuting the ob- 1819, 12mo. Lectures on Religion, Holdsw., 1826, 81:. ject of his mission. He oncountered great hardships, and “A work of great utility.”-Congreg. Mag.
A Memoir of Thomas Harrison Burder, M.D., 1844, 12mo. Observations on the Supreme Appellate Jurisdiction of " Mr. Burder has executed his task-by no means an easy one Great Britain, Lon., 1841, 8vo. Commentaries on Cois. with prudence and good taste."-Christian Examiner,
nial and Foreign Laws generally, and in their conflict Burder, Samuel, late of Clare Hall, Cambridge, and with each other and with the Law of England, Lon., 1833, Lecturer of Christ Church, Newgate street, and St. Leo- 4 vols. 8vo; new edit. in course of preparation. nard's, Foster Lane, London. The Moral Law, Lon., 1795,
This work should stand on the same shelf with Mr. Jus12mo. Christian Directory, 1800, 12mo. Owen's Display tice Story's Treatise upon the Conflict of Laws. This emi. of Arninianist & new edit., revised and corrected.
nent author thus refers to Burge's work : Oriental Customs; or an Illustration of the Sacred Scrip
“It exhibits great learning and research, and as its merits are tures, &c., Lon., 1802–07, 2 vols. Svo; several edits.; 1839, not as yet generally known to the profession on this side of the 8vo; much improved since first pub.
Atlantic, I have made many references to it, with the view of en“ Á useful abridgment of Harmer's Observations, with many abling the profession to obtain many more illustrations of the docvaluable additions from recent voyagers and travellers, arranged
trines than my own brief text would suggest, and also fully to in the order of the Books, Chapters, and Verses of the Bible."--T. appreciate his learned labours." H. Horne,
Restoration and Repairs of the Temple Church, 1843, Trans. into German (with corrections and additions, 8vo. The Choral Service of the Anglo-Catholic Church since incorporated in Burder's work) by Rosenmüller, 1844, 8vo. Leips., 1819, 4 vols. 8vo.
Burges. The Pope's Deadly Wound. “Mr. Burder's work has not only been composed with consider- Burges, Francis. Some Observations on the Use able labour, but this labour will be productive of much utility and Original of the Noble Art and Mystery of Printing, The arrangement of the observations according to the order of Scripture will render the work an acceptable book of reference to Norwich, 1701, 8vo. This is often called the first book Divines and Biblical Scholars.”—Lon. Monthly Review.
printed at Norwich; but this is an error. “It leaves out much that is valuable in Harmer." -Orme's Bibl. B. Burges, G. H. Plato;-Four Dialogues: Crito, Greater
Oriental Literature applied to the Illustration of the Hippias, Second Alcibiades, and Sisyphus; with English Sacred Scriptures, 1822, 2 vols. 8vo.
Notes, original and selected. In this edition, Bekker's “ Had Mr. Burder been a profound Oriental scholar, this might Text is adopted, and the whole of Heindorf's Notes are have been made a very interesting book. . . . But mere compila
translated. tions of this nature, however faithfully executed, cannot deeply interest the Biblical scholar. The real and most formidable diffi
“It is owing to the erudition and research of the editor that culties of Scriptural expression and allusion are never met by these dialogues may now be pronounced no longer a sealed book, them."-ORME.
which none but great scholars could ever hope even imperfectly Oriental Customs, Lon., 1831, sm. 8vo, 4th edit., Lon., to understand.”- New Monthly Mag. 1847, fp. 8vo. This volume contains a selection from the
Burges, George. Remarks on Mr. Wakefield's In
A Letmore popular articles contained in the two preceding works, quiry relative to Public Worship, Lon., 1792, 8vo. with additions from recent publications.
ter to Thomas Paine, 1794, 8vo. Euripides Troades, Memoirs of eminently pious British Women; new edit., 1807, 8vo. Euripides Phænissæ ; Cum Notulis, 1810, 8vo. 1815, 3 vols. 8vo; and 1823, 3 vols. 12mo. The Scripture
Other works. Expositor, 1809, 2 vols. 4to. This work also illustrates
Burges, James. Inoculation, 2d ed., 1754, Lon., 8vo. Scripture by the assistance of Eastern Customs. Of the
Burges, Sir James Bland. Heroic Epistle from value of such illustrations there can be no question.
Sergeant Bradshaw, in the Shades, to John Dunning, Esq., “The manners of the East, amidst all the changes of govern
1788. Law of Insolvency, 1783, 8vo. Alfred's Letters, ment and religion, are still the saine: they are living impressions 1792, 8vo. The Birth and Triumph of Love; a Poem, from an original mould; and at every step some object, some 1796, 4to. Richard the First, an Epic Poem, 1801, 2 vols. idiom. some dress, or some custom of common life, reminds the
8vo. Riches, a Play, 1810, 8vo. Reasons in favour of a traveller of ancient times, and confirms, above all, the beauty, the accuracy, and the propriety of the language and the history of the
new trans. of the Holy Scriptures, Lon., 1819, 8vo. Bible." - Morier's Second Journey through Persia.
“ This work, though designed as a defence of Mr. Bellamy's Burder, William. Religious Ceremonies and Cus- strange performance, in reply to the Quarterly Review of that
work, is worth consulting, though the reader will not be likely to toms, Lon., 1841, 8vo. Formed on the basis of Picart's adopt all the learned Baronet's reasons or reasonings, in their sup work, and contains much instructive matter.
port."--ORME: Bibl. Brit. Burdett, Charles. Sermon, 1724, 4to.
Sir James pub. some other works. Burdett, Charles. Sermon, 1760, 4to. Pilgrim's Burges, Samuel. Ordination sermon, 1707, 8vo. Progress Versified, 1804.
Burgess, Mrs. The Oaks, or the Beauties of CanBurdett, Charles, b. 1815 in the city of New York. terbury; a Comedy, 1780, 8vo. Emma; or the Lost Found. Adopted Child. Trials and Burgess, or Burges, Anthony, a Nonconformist Triumphs. Never too late. Chances and Changes. Ma- clergyman, was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, rion Desmond. The Gambler, &c. Editor of Barring- and afterwards became a Fellow of Emmanuel College. In ton's Physical Geography. Contrib. to many periodicals. 1635 he obtained the living of Sutton-Colfield, Warwick.
Burdett, Sir Francis, M.P. for Westmin. Speeches, shire, but submitted to ejectment after the Restoration. 1802, '04, '09, '12. Addresses to Constituents, 1810.
Vindiciæ Legis, Lon., 1546, 4to. 155 Sermons on the 17tb Burdett, Mrs. Walter Hamilton, Lon., 3 vols. p. 8vo. Chapter of St. John, Lon., 1616, '56, '61, fol. Burdin. See BURDEN.
“Full of sound doctrine, methodically arranged, and closely ap Burdon, Miss. 1. All Classes, Lon., 3 volg. p. 8vo. plied in very plain language." --DR. E. WILLIAMS.
" Spiritual and experimental."-BICKERSTETH. 2. Forrester's Daughter, 3 vols. p. 8vo. 3. Friends of Fon- The True Doctrine of Justification asserted and vindi. tainebleau, 3 vols. p. 8vo. 4. Lost Evidence, 3 vols. p. 8vo. cated, 1648, 4to. Treatise on Justification, 1654, 4to. 5. The Pope and the Actor, 3 vols. p. 8vo. 6. Seymour of " This work is a great favourite with those who hold the doctrine Sudley, 3 vols. p. 8vo. 7. Thirst for Gold, 3 vols. p. 8vo. of Christ's imputed righteousness.”—LOWXDES. 8. Ward of the Crown, 3 vols. p. 8vo.
Commentaries on the 1st and 21 Corinthians, 1661, Burdon, William. Pocket Farrier, 1730, '45, 8vo. 2 vols, fol. Burdon, William. Three Letters to the Bishop of
* This deserves the same character as his work on John," Llandaff, 1795, 8vo. On the Pursuits of Literature, 1799- DR. E. WILLIAMS. 1800, 8vo. Politics, Morality, and Literature, 1800, 8vo.
Other theological works. Bishop Hacket used to say that Materials for Thinking, 1803–10, 2 vols. 8vo; 3d 'edit., Burgess was fit for a Professor's Chair in the University. 1814, 2 vols. 8vo. Advice, 1803. Other literary and poli-nent preacher, and a sound and orthodox divine." —DR. Joux War
“A pious, learned, and able scholar, a good disputant, an emt tical works.
LIS, a pupil of Burgess. Burwood, Jane. Faith and Patience, Lon., 1693. Burdy, Samuel. Life of Philip Skelton, 1792, 8vo. formist divine, d. 1665, was entered at Oxford in 1611.
Burgess, or Burges, Cornelius, D.D., a Noncon. History of Ireland from the earliest ages to the Union, On taking holy orders he obtained the rectory of St. Mag1817, 8vo.
nus, London-bridge, and in 1618 he was presented to the Bureau, James. Medical Essays, Lon., 1777, '89, '92. living of Watford in Hertfordshire. He was chaplain in Burford, John, of King's College, Cambridge. In- ordinary to Charles I., and a zealous friend to the Church stitutionem Metaphysicarum, lib. ii., Lon., 1654, 8vo. In- in the earlier part of his life, but, as Wood alleges, from stitutiones Metaphysicæ, Oxf., 1675, 12mo. Institutiones disappointment, he afterwards sided with the ParliamenLogicæ, Camb., 1680, 8vo. Burford, Samuel. Ordination Sermon, 1765, 4to.
tary party, and after the murder of the king shared
largely in the spoils; purchasing Church lands, and writ Burge, William, Queen's Counsel, d. 1850, aged 63. ing a book to justify such speculations, entitled No Sacri Commentaries on the Law of Suretyship, last edit., Lon., lege nor Sinne to Aliene or Purchase the Lands of Bishops, 1849, 8vo; 1st Amer. edit., Boston, 1847, 8vo. This work or others, whose Offices are Abolished, 2d edit., Lon., 1659, will be found of great use to the American lawyer as well 8vo, (3d édit., abbreviated, 1660, 4to.) 28 to the members of the English Bar.
“This second impression, as I apprehended, was wrote upon a 286
prospe f of the King's coming in, and danger of losing all; for it the most powerful instrumentality for the subversion of
error and establishment of truth-the SUNDAY-SCHOOL The king did “come in,” and Burgess's speculations system. The bishop was a very voluminous writer; his proved rather unprofitable :
“ He was bid for his purchase, not long before the King's return, biographer, J. S. Harford, enumerates nearly 100 publicaabout £20,000, but refus'd it. And the King unexpectedly (to him)
tions of his. To this biography, 2d edit., pub. Lon., 1841, returning in the year 1660, and bishops and deans being restored, 12mo, we refer the reader. We notice a few of his works: he lost all bis purchas'd lands, and became so poor (ingens justitise Burton's Pentalogia, with an Appendix, and a few expladivinæ documentum) that he had not bread to eat, as it appears natory Notes, 1780, 2 vols. 8vo. Dawes's Miscellanea in his own letter to Sir Richard Browne.”—Dr. Barlow, in Athen. Critica Iterum edita, 1781, 8vo; reprinted at Leipsic, 1800. Ozon.
He pub. several other theological tracts, among them, An Essay on the Study of Antiquities, 2d edit., Oxf., 1782,
8vo. Considerations on the Abolition of Slavery, 1789, “An unsatisfactory work."--BICKERSTETA.
8vo: recommending gradual emancipation. The Divinity Burgess, Daniel, 1645–1712, a Dissenting divine, of Christ proved from his own Assertions, &c.; a sermon, was entered at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 1660. In 1667 1790, 4to; of this doctrine the bishop was a zealous de. the Earl of Orrery appointed him master of a school at fender. He pub., 1814-20, a number of tracts on the Charleville, Ireland. In 1685 he took charge of a congre- Trinity, &c., which were collected into one volumo in gation in Brydges Street, Covent Garden, London, after- 1820; and in 1822 and 1824 he pub. Annotationes Millii, wards in Carey Street. Sermon on Eccles. xii. 1, Lon., &c., and a selection of Tracts and Observations on John 1660, fol. 18 Directions for saving Conversion to God, v. 7, and wrote some treatises upon this question. The 1691, 8vo. Causa Dei; or, Counsel to the Rich, Lon., zeal of the bishop whilst espousing the genuineness of 1697, 8vo. The Golden Snuffers, a sermon on Exod. this verse drew him into a controversy with Professor xxxvii. 23, 1697. Other theolog. treatises. Burgess was Turton, who defended Porson against a charge made by celebrated for a random wit which sometimes forgot the the prelate. Elementary Evidences of the Truth of Chrispropriety of times and seasons and startled the pulpit tianity, in a series of Easter Catechisms. This valuablo with unseemly levity. Yet he had many occasional hearers work has been frequently reprinted. Reasons why a new from the theatre in his vicinity, and his lively zeal for Translation of the Bible should not be published, 1816, souls made him ready to “become all things to all men."
8vo. Initia Paulina, 1804, 12mo. Perhaps the most unsatisfactory and reckless of the pupils Paul's Epistles, that can be offered to the attention of the student.”
“ Some of the most valuable illustrations of the style of St.
are valuable assistants to the student. A Letter to the
** He resembled an ancient father of the church in simplicity tor of Christ Church, Hartford, 1834-1847; consecrated and holiness, and was distinguished alike for extensive learning Bishop of Maine, Oct. 31, 1847, and became, at the same
and unwearied industry, and the unruftled calm of a meditative
mind." - DR. PEARSON, time, Rector of Christ Church, Gardiner. He has pub.
“ Bishop Burgess deserves well of the Christian public for the several sermons and two academic poems. The Book of varied encourageinents which he has presented to the cultivation Psalms in English Verse, N.Y., 12mo. Pages from the Of Biblical literature."-Orme's Bibl. Bib. Ecelesiastical History of New England, 12mo. The Last Burgess, Tristam. The Battle of Lake Erie, with Enemy Conquering and Conquered, Phila., 1850, 12mo. notice of Commodore Elliott's Conduct in that engageSermons on the Christian Life, 1854, 12mo.
ment, 1839, 12mo. Speeches,&c. “Remarkable for comprebension of thought, beauty and sim
Burgess, Wm. Funeral Sermon, Colches., 1831, 8vo. plicity of style, and for the profit and interest with which they Burgesse, John. Theolog. treatises, Lon., 1709, '28.
Burgh, A. or R. 1. Saored History. 2. Music,
Burgh, or Burghe, Benedict. Cato trans. into
Burghe's performance is too jejune for transcription; and, I Burgess, J. Beelzebub Driven and Drowning his suspect, would not have afforded a single splendid extract, bad Hogs; a sermon on Mark v. 12, 13, 1670, 8vo.
even the Latin possessed any sparks of poetry."- Wurton's Eng. Burgess, John. The Lawfulness of Kneeling in re
Burgh, James, 1714-1775, a native of Madderty, ceiving the Lord's Supper, Lon., 1631, 4to. answer to a Reply to Dr. Morton's Defence of those nocent Robertson the historian.
Contains an Perthshire, Scotland, was a cousin, by the mother's side, of Ceremonies.
He was educated at the Univer. Burgess, John Cart. Flower Painting, Lon., 1811. | business in the linen trade, in which he lost all of his pro
sity of St. Andrew's, and on leaving college commenced Useful Hints on Drawing and Painting, 1818, etc. Burgess, Richard. Topography and Antiquities of press in Bowyer's printing office, which he left in 1746 for
perty. Returning to London, he became corrector of the Rome, 1831, 2 vols. 8vo. Greece and the Levant, or Diary the purpose of becoming assistant in a grammar school at of a Summer's Excursion in 1834, '35, 2 vols. 12mo. "These little volumes are valuable as guides for tourists, and
Marlow, in Buckinghamshire. In 1747 he established a pleasingly describe the most interesting portions of Greece, Tur school at Stoke Newington, (removed to Newington-Green key, and Western Asia.” -- Lm. Athenæum.
in 1750,) Middlesex, which was very successful. He laLectures on the Insufficiency of Unrevealed Religion, boured in this useful occupation until 1771, when he reand on the succeeding Influence of Christianity, 1839, 8vo. tired, and settled at Islington, where he resided until bis
"Considerable interest attaches to these Lectures from the fact death. Britain's Remembrancer, Lon., 1745: 5 edits. in
America. Thoughts on Education, 1747. A Hymn to the hurch. The Lectures themselves are a valuable addition to the
Creator of the World, &c.; 2d edit., 1750, 8vo. A Warnarious treatises on the evidences of revealed religion.”- Lon. ing to Dram Drinkers, 1751, 12mo. Had this warning Christian Remembrancer.
been effectual in his own day and succeeding times, what The Circus, and Circensian Games, p. 8vo.
an amount of poverty, misery, crime, and moral and spi. Burgess, Richard. Observations on an Appeal to ritual death had been prevented! The Free Inquirer, pub. mmbers of the Society for P. C. K., Lon., 1844, 8vo. in The General Evening Post, 1753, 4to. Dignity of HuBurgess, Thomas, D.D., 1756–1837, a native of
man Nature, 1754, 4to. The Art of Speaking, 1762, 8vo. Odiham, Hampshire, educated at Winchester School, and An Account of the Cessares; a people of S. America, at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he obtained a 1764, 8vo. Crito; or Essays on Various Subjects, 1766, scholarship in 1775, and a fellowship in 1783. He became 77, 3 vols. 12mó. The Constitutionalist; pub. in The Bishop of St. David's in 1803, translated to Salisbury in Gazetteer, 1770. Political Disquisitions, 1774, '75, 3 vols. 1825. He was distinguished for industry as an author, 8vo. This work is on a very comprehensive plan. The and zeal in the discharge of ministerial duties. Whilst author intended to carry it further, had he lived. The chaplain to Dr. Shute Barrington, his predecessor in the Colonist's Advocate in The Gazetteer; afterwards pub. by bishopric of Salisbury, he laboured assiduously in the pro- a bookseller under the title of Youth's Friendly Monitor. motion of tbat Christian charity-next to the ministry “He was a man of great piets, integrity, and benevolence. H,
bad a warmth of heart which engaged him to enter ardently into' rows of Edith, 1796, 2 vols. 12mo. Adela Nerthington, the prosecution of any valuable design, and his temper was com- 1796, 3 vols. 12mo. The Secret of the Cavern, 1805, 2 municative and cheerful."
vols. 12mo. Elliott, or Vicissitudes of Early Life, 1800, See Biog. Brit.; Nichols's Lit. Anecdotes. Burgh, Sydenham. Sermon, 1723, 8vo.
2 vols. 12mo. The ungallant Monthly Reviewers notica Burgh, Thomas. Right-lined Figures, Dub.,1724,4to. this work in the following—not very complimentaryBurgh, William, LL.D., M.P., 1741-1808, a native
style: of Ireland. Scriptural Confutations of the Arguments successive events, without requiring any accordancy with nature
* To those who can roceive pleasure from the mere narration of produced by Mr. Theop. Lindsay against the One Godhead and probability; and who can read the tale of thwarted love and of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, Lon., 1773, and An In- suffering virtue without regarding poverty of diction or faults of quiry, &c., being a sequel to the above work, 1778, 8vo. style; the history of Elliott may prove an interesting production." “A masterly work, highly commended by Bishop Hard, Mr.
-Lom. Monthly Reriew, 1801. Toplady, and other clergy men."-LOWNDES.
Burke, Aedanus, d. 1802, agod 59, a native of Gal. For this work the University of Oxford awarded to the way, Ireland, emigrated to America, where he became a author the honour of a doctor's degree.
Judge in South Carolina, and a member of Congress. AdBurgh, William, of Trinity College, Dublin. Ex- dress to the Freemen of South Carolina, by Cassins, 1783. position of the Book of Revelation ; 3d. edit., Dubl., 1834, Considerations upon the Order of Cincinnati, 1783. 12mo.
Burke, Sir Bernard, Ulster King-of-Arms. See “An attempt to set aside all preceding expositions of this book BURKE, John. on very unsatisfactory and insufficient grounds; yet with practi- Burke, B. W. A Compendium of the Anatomy, Phycal and useful remarks."-BICKERSTETH.
siology, and Pathology of the Horso, 1806, 12mo. Six Discourses on the Nature and Influence of Faith, Dubl., 1835, sm. 8vo.
Burke, E. P. An Historical Essay on the Laws and
Government of Rome, designed as an Introduction to the “This work is perfectly sound upon the essential points of Christianity,—but it is often peculiar in its mode of stating them, Study of the Civil Law; 2d edit., Cambridge, 1830, 850. and states new views upon minor points.”—Presbyt. Review.
“ The best historical view of the Roman Constitution that has yet Lectures on the Second Advent of Christ, and Connected appeared from the hands of any English civilian or historian, anlex. Events, &c. ; 2d edit. enlarged, Dubl., 1835, 12mo.
ceeded by few, if any, of the continental essays on the same subject."" See a review of this work in the Dublin Christian Ex- the
sons of men, was a'native of Dublin. Mr. Prior agrees
Burke, Edmund, 1728--1737, one of the greatest of aminer. “This was answered by Mr. Cunninghame (with too much
with other authorities in assigning January 1, 1730. as thy sharpness, but ably) in his Church of Rome, the Apostasy."- date of his birth, but we adopt the decision recorded in the BICKERSTETH.
last edition of his works, (Lon., 1852, 8 vols. r. 8vo,) al. Other theological works.
though his sister Juliana was baptized in this year. The Burghley, Lord. See CeciL, SIR WILLIAM.
family is descended from the Norman Burghs, or De Burghs, Burghope, George. Sermons, &c., 1695, '97, 1704. (of which Burke or Bourke-for it is even now spelt both Burghope, M. Sermon, 1701, 4to.
ways—is a corruption,) who emigrated to Ireland under Burgon, John William. Petra, a Poem, Lon., 20. Strongbow, temp. Henry II. His father, Richard Burke, ed., 1846, p. 8vo. Life, Times, and Contemporaries of Sir was an attorney, first in Limerick, and afterwards in Dube Thomas Gresham, 2 vols. 8vo.
lin. About 1725 he married Miss Mary Nagle, of the an. “ These are two magnificent volumes in regard to size, illustration, and typography. Nor are their literary contents unworthy Roche, county of Cork.
cient family of that Dame, still existing near Castletown their external splendour, or the fame of the distinguished mer.
Of their fourteen or fifteen chil. chant to whose biography they are devoted.”—United Service Mag. dren, all died young except Garret, Edmund, Richard, and Burgoyne, John, Lieut. General, M.P., d. 1792, was
Juliana. In 1741 the three brothers were placed at a school engaged in military service in several parts of the world, at Ballitore, conducted by an excellent master named Abraand obtained considerable distinction as an author. He ham Shackleton, a Quaker. With this gentleman and his married the daughter of the Earl of Derby. Letter to his son Richard, bis successor, Burke kept up the most friendly Constituents upon his late Resignation, 1779, 8vo.
Sub- relations until the death of the son in 1792. As a boy, stance of his Speeches upon M. Vyner's Motion, 1778, 8vo. Edmund was distinguished for that devoted application to State of the Expedition from Canada, 1780, 8vo. The the acquisition of knowledge, and remarkable powers of Lord of the Manor; Comic Opera, 1781, 8vo. This piece comprehension and retention, which accompanied him contains the beautiful lines commencing
through life. “When we were at play,” remarked bis “Encompassed in an Angel's Frame."
brother Richard, "he was always at work." In 1744 he The Heiress; a Comedy, 1786, 8vo.
entered Trinity College, Dublin, as a pensioner. In 1746 "Every reader of the Heiress will mark the striking parallel- he was elected a scholar of the house; commenced A.B., isms between many passages in it and the School for Scandal."
Feb. 23, 1747-48, and proceeded A.M., 1751. Goldsmitt, He contributed The Westminster Guide to the celebrated who was his fellow-student, tells us that he was not distinProbationary Odes. His Dramatic and Poetical Works, guished for any remarkable superiority of talents; bu: the with Memoir of the Author, appeared in 1808, 2 volg. 12mo. truth seems to be that he was zealously employed ia laying
“The various offerings to the Muses, which were presented by in those stores of useful rather than brilliant knowledge, an accomplished gentleman and a brave and skilful officer.”— which afterwards proved of such service to bim in the pracLon. Monthly Review,
Burgoyne, Montagu. Polit. Letters and Speeches, tical business of life. Yet he did not scorn the blandish. 1807, '10, '11.
monts of the muse: for be composed very creditable poetry, Burhill, or Burghill, Robert, 1572–1641, a native and studied with delight the poems of Shakspeare, Spenser, of Dymock, Gloucestershire, was admitted at 15 scholar Milton, and YoungHaving determined to adopt the Law of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and probationer Fellow
as his profession, he was entered of the Middle Temple, in 1584. He was presented to the living of Northwold in April 23, 1747, and early in 1750 arrived in London to keep Norfolk, and was made Canon residentiary of Hereford. He changed his views, however, for at the espiration of the
the customary terms previous to being called to the Bar. Invitatorius panegyricus, ad Regem Optimum de Eliza- usual time he was not called. In 1752 or 1753 he offered bethæ nuper Reginæ posteriore ad Oxoniam Adventu, &c., himself as candidate for the Professorship of Logic in ti e Oxon., 1603, 4to. De Potestate Regia et Usurpati ine Pa University of Glasgow, but, fortunately for the world ani pali, &c., Oxon., 1613, 8vo. Other works, for a notice of which see Athen. Oxon. Burhill rendered valuable assist- he withdrew his application when informed that arranue
his future fame, was unsuccessful. It is said, indeed, that ance to Sir Walter Raleigh when he was composing his IIistory of the World, in “criticisms and the reading of
ments had already been made by those interested which Greek and Hebrew authors.” Wood gives him a high cha- precluded any hope of his election. Mr. James Clow was
elected to the vacant chair. Having much leisure upon * He was a person of great reading and profound judgment, his hands, Burke devoted it to assiduous study, occasionally was well vers d in the fathers and schoolmen, right learned and amusing himself by original compositions. Some of his well grounded in the llebrew tongue, an exact disputant, and in pieces were published, but it is impossible at this time to his younger years a noted Latin poet."- Athen. Oxon.
know what they were. One of the first, Arthur Murphy Burk, or Burke, John. The History of Virginia, believed to be a poem, or poetical translation from the Lafrom its first Settlement to the Present Time; commenced tin. His first avowed publication, the Vindication of Natahy John Burk, and continued by Shelton Jones, and Louis ral Society, by a late Noble Writer, which appeared in the Rue Girardin, 1804–16: seldom found complete, as almost spring of 1756, 8vo, pp. 166, was a most successful innitavll the copies of vol. iv., by Girardin, pub. in 1816, were tion of the style, language, and thought of Lord Boling. wycidentally destroyed. Perhaps 20 or 30 copies of vol. broke. The object was a most praiseworthy one. His iv. may be in existence.
lordship's philosophical (infidel) works had appeared in Burke, Mrs. Ela; a Talo, 1787, 12mo. The Sor. 1751, pub. by David Mullet, and ex sited much attentinn.
Barke laboured to show that if the abuses of, or evils some- fortunate, and the most weakly supported. There is no phflosophy times connected with, religion, invalidate its authenticity, in the doctrine; and the fundamental assiimption is in every way authority, or usefulness, then every institution, however ation of the fibres in the perception of beauty, and there is no beneficial, must be abandoned.
pleasure in the relaxation of the fibres. If there were, it would " His object was to expose his lordship's mode of reasoning, by follow that a warm bath would be by far the most beautiful thing running it out into its legitimate consequences. He therefore ap- in the world, and that the brilliant lights and bracing airs of a plied it to civil society. Ile undertook, in the person of Boling fine autumn morning would be the very reverse of beautiful. Ao broke. and with the closest imitation of his impetuous and over cordingly, though the treatise alluded to will always be valuable bearing eloquence, to expose the crimes and wretchedness which on account of the many fine and just remarks it contains, we are have prevailed under every form of government, and thus to show not aware that there is any accurate inquirer into the subject, that society is itself an evil, and the savage state the only one fa- (with the exception perhaps of Mr. Price, in whose hands, however, vourable to virtue and happiness. In this pamphlet he gave the the doctrine assumes a new character,) by whom the fundamental most perfect specimen which the world has ever seen of the art of principles of the theory has not been explicitly abandoned.”imitating the style and manner of another. He went beyond the Article " Beauty' in Encyc. Brit.; Jeffrey's Miscellanies. mere choice of words, the structure of sentences, and the cast of iinagery, into the deepest recesses of thought; and so completely
Whatever may be thought of the correctness of Mr. had be imbued himself with the spirit of Bolingbroke, that he Burke's theory, the practical value of his treatise to him. brought out precisely what every one sees his lordship ought to self is not to be disputed, for it at once secured him the have said on his own principles, and might be expected to say, if acquaintance of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dr. Samuel Johnson, be dared to express his sentiments." The merit of this production was the better appreciated formed no small portion of the happiness of his future life.
and other literary celebrities, whose congenial friendship from the current opinion of literary men that Bolingbroke's In June, 1758, appeared the first number of the Annual style was “not only the best of that time, but in itself Register, which, with the usual longevity attaching to wholly inimitable." The critics were completely deceived: successful English periodicals, is published to the present
" Almost every body received it as a posthumous work of Lord Bolingbroke: and so far from being looked upon as one of the hasty day. This review of the civil, political, and literary transsketches of his youth, or the gleanings of old age, it was praised actions of the times, is said to have been suggested to up to the standard of his best writings. The critics knew the turn Dodsley, the publisher, by Burke. He conducted it for of his periods, bis style, his phrases, and above all, the matchless dexterity of bis metaphysical pen. Charles Macklin, with the directed that of Mr. Ireland, his substitute.
many years, and when no longer holding the pen himself, pamphlet in his band, used frequently to exclaim at the Grecian Coffeehouse, (where he gave a kind of literary law to the young
Professor Smyth, in his lectures upon the American Templars at that time,) "Sir, this must be Harry Bolingbroke; I War, (one of the exciting topics which came under the know him by his cloven foot!' The Earl of Chesterfield, who had notice of this periodical,) after recommending a number been an intimate friend of Bolingbroke, and was a copyist of his style, acknowledged that he was for some time deceived in this
of publications of the day, remarks:
“ They who are not at leisure to examine these books and pam. point: and Bishop Warburton-an abler man than either of their lordships exclaimed in bis usual rough style. You see, sir, the phlets, will
find the volumes of the Annual Register an excellent
substitute for them all. They contain, in the most concise form, kllor's principles; they now come out in a full blaze."" We need not be surprised at this when we remember which can be found. The account is understood to have been
the most able, impartial, and authentic bistory of the dispute that-to use the language of Mr. Prior
drawn up by Burke, and if so, (and there is doubt of it.) the ** The imitation indeed was so perfect as to constitute identity, arguments on each side are displaved with an impartiality which rather than resemblance. It was not merely the language, style, is quite admirablo."- Lectures on Modern History. and general eloquence of the original which had been caught; but The health of the young author requiring relaxation, and the whole mind of the peer, bis train of thought, the power to enter into his conception, seemed to be transferred into the pen of his Dr. Christopher Nugent, an excellent physician, invited
the care of a judicious adviser; his friend and countryman, imitator, with a fidelity and .grace beyond the reach ofart.""
A celebrated critic, eliding to the successful imitation him to take up his residence in his own hospitable man. of all of the noble writer's characteristics, remarks: sion, that he might be the better able to study his case,
"Jo Burke's imitation of Bolingbroke (the most perfect specimen and administer to his medical wants. The good doctor perhaps that ever will exist of the art in question) we have all the had a lovely and most amiable daughter;-the rest may qualities which distinguish the style, or, we may indeed say, the gevius, of that noble writer, concentrated and brought before us."
be readily imagined: the patient ventured to prescribe This pamphlet was reprinted in 1765, with a preface by for himself—the disease having reached the heart, and rethe author, in which he modestly remarks:
quiring prompt measures—and in 1757 Miss Jane Mary
The eulogy of this "If some inaccuracies in calculation, in reasoning, or in method, Nugent became Mrs. Edmund Burke. be found, perhaps these will not be looked upon as faults by the estimable woman may be written in one sentence of her admirers of Lord Bolingbroke: who will, the editor is afraid, ob-husband's; he declared that amid all the trials, the con. serve much more of his lordship's character in such particulars of flicts, and the disappointments of political life, “every the following letter, than they are likely to find of that rapid tor
care vanished the moment he entered under his own roof.' rent of an impetuous and overbearing eloquence, and the variety of rich imagery, for which that writer is justly admired."
She who can thus convert her husband's “castle" into a A few months afterwards, in the same year, appeared A palace of pleasure and “bower of delights," finds her Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the priceless reward where she seeks it, in the affection of her Sublime and Beautiful, Svo; pub. by Dodsley. This Essay husband ; and in the present case, what higher honour was received with great applause.
could be coveted and acquired which could add aught of "Of this celebrated work, so long before the public, which now dignity to the proud title of-the wife of Edmund Burke! forms a text-book in liberal education, and one of reference in our Two sons were the result of this bappy union; Richard, universities, little more need he said, than that it is perfectly ori- who died unmarried in 1794, and Christopher, who was ginal in the execution and design. Longinus, indeed, had written on the sublime, and Addison partially on grandeur and beauty,
called away wbilst yet an infant. It may be proper to but neither of them profoundly nor distinctly: they exemplify mention here, that the present lineal representative of Mr. and illustrate rather than analyze, or dive to the sources of those Burke's branch of his family is Thomas Haviland Burke, impressions on the mind; and they even confound the sublime Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, grand-nephew to Edmund Burke, with the beautiful, on many occasions. But Mr. Burke's book marks the line between them so distinctly, as that they cannot be daughter of Juliana Burke.
and son of Lieut. Col. Thomas Haviland, by Mary Fronch, inistaken; he investigates the constituents and appearances of
In April, 1757, was published isch scientifically, and illustrates his views with great happiness.” by Dodsley, An Account of the European Settlements in PRIOR.
America, 2 vols. 8vo. Notwithstanding the many doubts “We have an example of true criticism in Burke's Essay on the expressed as to the authority of this work, we bave no Sablime and Beautiful.”-DR. JOHNSON. " Though we think the author mistaken in many of his funda
hesitation in ascribing it chiefly, if not wholly, to our mental principles, and also in bis deductions from them, yet we
author. Whilst it is admitted that the receipt for the must say we have read his book with pleasure. He has certainly copyright in his handwriting does not conclusively setilo employed much thinking: there are many ingenious and elegant the question, yet the internal evidence of style is too remarks, which, though they do not enforce or improve his first strong to be easily resisted. That William and Richard position, yet, considering them detached from his system, they are Dew and just. And we cannot dismiss this article without recom
Burke may have contributed to its pages is not improbable. mending a perusal of the book to all our readers, as we think they
Dugald Stewart commends it as a masterly sketch, and will be recompensed by a great deal of sentiment, a perspicuous. | Abbé Raynal has proved his admiration by the free use elegant, and harmonious style, in many passages both sublime and which he has made of it in his bistory of The Revolution beautiful."-ARTHUR MURPHY. Lord Jeffrey entirely dissents from the theory pro
of America, 1780.
“ It is, in many parts, masterly: the reflections just, and often pounded by Mr. Burke :
original, but paraded. perhaps. too formally and frequently before * Ilis explanation is founded upon a species of materialism.- the reader, so as sometimes to interfere with the facts, or almost to oot much to have been expected from the general character of his supersede them. The style is what may be termed ambitious; Penius, or the strain of his other speculations. - for it resolves en- aiming at depth, terseness, and brevity, yet too frequently be tirely into this, that all objects appear beautiful which bave the traying the effort."— Prior. power of producing a peculiar relaxation of our nerves and fibres, "And now I must allude, in a few words, to a celebrated and and thus inducing a certain degree of bodily languor and sinking. somewhat singular work, of which the title is. An Account of the Of all the suppositions that have been at any time hazarded to European Settlements in America.' I would recommend the pe szpain the phenomena of beauty, this, we think, is the most un- rusal of this work before the details I have proposed (the per une