« السابقةمتابعة »
SPECULATIVE AND SCIENTIFIC.
1700 Laur. Sterne, 1713-1768, Tris- 1700
1700 J. Jortin, 1698–1770, Divinity. tram Shandy.'
Criticism. W. Shenstone, 1714-1763, Pas- Sam. Johnson, 1709-1784, Lives Lord Kames, 1696-1782, Eletorals, &c. of Poets, Dict., &c.
ments of Criticism. W. Collins, 1720-1756, Odes.
Jonas Hanway, 1712–1786, Tra- R. Lowth, 1710-1787, Divinity, H. Brooke, 1706-1783, ‘Fool of
vels in the East.
John Blair, d. 1782, Chronology. W. Blackstone, 1723-1780, Lawi M. Akenside, 1721-1770, Plea- David Hume, 1711-1776, Histo
of England. sures of Imagination.'
ry of England, Essays, &c. Thos. Gray, 1716–1771, Odes, Elegies.
W. Robertson, 1721-1793, Hist. Adam Smith, 1723-1790, 'Woultia T. Smollett, 1720-1771, Novels.
of Charles V., &c.
of Nations.' R. Glover, 1712–1789, Leoni- Thos. Warton, 1728-1790, Histo- J. Harris, 1709–1780, Philology. das.'
ry of England, Poetry, Poems. John Hunter, 1728-1793, Medi. 0. Goldsmith, 1731–1774, Tra
cine. veller,' Vicar of Wakefield.'
F. Balguy, 1716-1795, Divinity. W. Mason, 1725-1797, Poems, Biography,
H. Walpole, d. 1797, Historic
Doubts,' “ Royal and Noble
Society and Manners.'
Sir J. Reynolds, 1723-1792, Art. R. Cumberland, 1732–1811, Dra- James Bruce, 1730-1794, Tra- 8. Horsley, d. 1806, Theology. ma.
Jos. Priestley, 1733–1804, Meta. Eras. Darwin, 1732-1802, · Bo- W. Gilpin, 1724-1804, Biogra- physics, Chemistry. tanic Garden.' phy, Divinity, &c.
Hugh Blair, 1719-1800, Sermons. Jas. Beattie, 1735-1803, Poems. E. Gibbon, 1737-1794, Decline J. Horne Tooke, 1736-1812, Pbi. R. Ferguson, 1750–1774, Pooms.
and Fall of Roman Empire.
lology. Geo. Colman, 1733–1794, Come- J. Whitaker, 1735-1808, Hist. of Wm. Jones, 1747-1794, Oriendies. Manchester, &c.
talist. J. Wolcot, (Peter Pindar,) 1738- Edm. Burke, 1730-1797, Ora- R. Price, 1723-1791, Metaphy. 1819, Com. Poems. tory.
sics, Divinity. James Macpherson, 1738–1796, J. Boswell, 1740-1795, Biogra- Wm. Paley, 1743–1805, Philo. • Ossian's Poems. phy.
logy. Robert Burns, 1759-1796, Poems. J. Milner, 1744-1797, Church Richard Porson, 1759–1808, PhíJ. Home, d. 1808, Drama.
lology. Joseph Strutt, 1743–1802, Chro- Thos. Beddoes, 1760-1808, Medi. Bology, Antiquities.
N. Maskelyne, d. 1811, AstroRich. B. Sheridan, 1751-1816,
G. L. Staunton, d. 1801, Chinese
Code. Ann Radcliffe, 1764-1823, No- Charles Burney, d. 1841, “His- W. Herschel, 1738–1822, Astro. vels. tory of Music.'
nomy. 1800 Robert Bloomfield, d. 1823,' Far- 1800 J. Macdiarmid, 1779–1808, Bio- 1800 Arthur Young, 1741–1820, Agri. mer's Boy.' graphy.
culture. Mrs. Barbauld, Poems, Tales.
A. Rees, 1743–1825, Cyclopædia.
D. Ricardo, d. 1823, Political EcoLord Byron, 1788-1824, Poems.
nomy. Jobn Keats, Poems.
C. Hutton, d. 1823, Mathematics. P. B. Shelley, d. 1822, Poems. W. Mitford, History of Greece. J. Playfair, d. 1819, Mathematics. R. C. Maturin, d. 1824, Drama.
P. Elmsley, Philology. Miss Austin, Novels.
T. Wollaston, Chemistry, Wm. Goodwin, 1755-1836, No.
Thos. Young, Hieroglyphics, &c. vels, Metaphysics.
T. Scott, d. 1821, Divinity. Walter Scott, 1771-1832, Novels,
D. Stewart, d. 1821, Metaphysics. Poems.
Vicesimus Knox, 1752-1821, Es
says. R. Heber, Travels, &c.
Malthus, Political Economy. Major Rennel, Geography.
Wm. Hazlitt, Critic and Essayist Wm. Roscoe, 1751-1831, Life of Francis Jeffrey, 1773-1849, Es. Leo X., &c.
says, Criticism. R. Pollok, 1798-1827, Course Walter Scott, 1771-1832, Histo- Archbishop Magee, d. 1831, Di of Time.' ry, Biography.
vinity. Geo. Crabbe, d. 1832, The Bo.
Sir Humph. Davy, d. 1829, Che. rough,' &c.
mistry. Fanny Burney, 1752-1840, No.
Jer. Bentham, d. 1832, Princi. vels.
ciples of Legislation.' Wm. Beckford, 1760-1844, No
Adam Clarke, 1763–1832, Diri. vels.
nity, Criticism, Thos. Haynes Bayly, 1797-1839,
Arch. Alison, 1757-1839, Essays
on Taste. Thomas Hamilton, 1789–1842,
Hist. of England.
Francis Baily, 1774-1844, As-
tronomy, &c. Felicia Hemans, 1794-1835,
Bishop Burgess, 1756-1837, The
ology. Barbara Hofland, Novels.
Hist. and Travels.
Herbert Marsh, 1758–1839, Tke. Jas. Hogg, 1782-1835, Poems Jaines Mill, 1773-1836, History
ology. and Tales.
of British India.
Thos. Mitchell, 1783–1845, Clar Theo. E, Hook, 1788-1811 No- Robert Morrison, 1782-1834,
sic. Critic. vels.
SPECULATIVE AND SCIENTIFIC.
1800 Thos. Hood, Poems, Novels, &c. 1800 Jas. Grahame, History of United 1800 Robert Mudie, 1777–1842, ScienHannah More, 1744–1833, Po
tific Miscellanies. eins, Tales.
John Gillies, 1747–1836, History Sir E. Brydges, 1762–1837, Mis. Jane Porter, 1776-1850, Novels.
cellanies. Wm. Wordsworth, 1770-1850, Basil Hall, 1788–1844, Travels Wm. Cobbett, 1762–1835, PoliPcems. and Voyages.
tics, &c. Robert Southey, 1774-1843, Wm. Hone, 1779-1842, Every J. Dalton, 1766–1844, Chernistry. Poems.
J. F. Daniel, 1790–1845, Chem. Lady Blessington, 1789-1849, R. & J. Landor, 1834, Travels in Sydney Smith, 1777-1845, Theo. Novels. Africa,
logy, Essays, &c. John Bonnycastle, d. 1821, Ma.
thematics. Charles Lamb, 1775-1834, Po
Thomas Chalmers, Theology and ems, Essays.
Political Economy. 6. T. Coleridge, 1773-1834,
John Leslie, 1832, MathematiEthics, Poems.
cian. L. E. Landon Maclean, 1804 Southey, 1774–1843, Biography. J. C. Loudon, 1783-1843, Botany, 1838, Novels and Poems. Wm. Beckford, 1769-1844, Tra
Agriculture, Architecture. Thos. H. Lister, 1801-1842, No
John Bell, 1763-1820, Anatomy vels, &c. Arch. Alison, History of Europe.
and Physiology William Maginn, 1793–1842, Thos. Arnold, 1795–1842, His- Olinthus Gregory, 1774-1841, Tales and Poems. tory of Rome.
Mathematics and Religion. Marryat, 1792–1847, Novels.
Thos. D. Fosbrooke, 1770-1842, Robert Hall, 1764-1831, Ser. John Galt, 1779-1839, Novels.
Archæology. Wm. H. Ireland, Shaks. Forge- Thos. McCrie, 1772-1835, Life Sir Chas. Bell, 1781-1824, Anato ries. of Knox.
my and Physiology.
Persia and India.
ties of Literature.
The following may be named as among the best of Ormonde,-Granger's Biographical History of manuals in the department of History, Divinity, Mo- England, Keightley's History of England, Sir James ral and Political Philosophy, Voyages, and Travels. Mackintosh's History of the Revolution of 1688,
I. The History of England. Our favourite history Hallam's Constitutional History, Miller's George III., is the “ Pictorial,” published by Messrs. Charles Croly’s George IV., Mr. Macaulay's Commencement Knight & Co., 11 vols., with Index vol., imp. 8vo., of the History of England from the Accession of James 1849–50; from B. C. 55 to A. D. 1846.
II., and Smyth's Lectures on Modern History. We have given our opinion as to the merits of this For a knowledge of the History of America, the compilation, when treating of the works of J. Petit reader should consult Robertson's America, Botta's Andrews, (q. v.)
Revolution, Irving's History of Columbus and his FolAs regards earlier histories, Hall's History of the lowers, Prescott's Conquest of Mexico, and Conquest of Houses of York and Lancaster, Leland's English An- Peru, Burke's European Settlements in N. America, tiquities, Cavendish’s Life of Wolsey, Hollingshed's and his Speeches on America. Grahame's, Hildreth's, Chronicles, Buchanan's History of Scotland, Stowe's and Bancroft's History of the United States, Sparks's Chronicles, Camden's Britannia and Reign of Eliza- Life and Writings of Washington, Franklin, and Morbeth and James I., Daniel's History of England, ris, Sparks's American Biography, first and second Speed's History of Great Britain, Hayward's English series, Ramsay's Life of Washington, American RevoHistory, Spelman's Antiquities, Lord Bacon's Henry lution, Marshall's Life of Washington, Washington VII., Lord Herbert's Life of Henry VIII., Fuller's Irving's ditto, Holmes's Annals of America, Flint's Church History and Worthies of England, and Ba. History of Mississippi Valley, Theodore Irving's Conker's Chronicles afford sufficient materials to the most quests of Florida, and the works of John Adams enthusiastic lover of historic lore.
Hamilton, John Jay, John Q. Adams, Jefferson, Cal. For the occurrences of the memorable days of houn, Benton, Webster, Colton's Life of Clay, the pathe Commonwealth, we have Harris's Charles I. and pers in the Federalist, Davis's Life of Burr, &c. The Cromwell, Neal's History of the Puritans, Claren- works of Catlin and McKenney, Hall and Schoolcraft, don's History of the Rebellion, May's History of on the North American Indians, should not be neglected. Parliament, and the works of Whitlocke, Hutchinson, The History of British India will be found in the Pryone, Holles, Ludlow, &c. If we wish to see how works of Orme, Cambridge, Mills, Martin, Malcolm's those subjects have been treated by modern writers, Life of Clive, Gleig's Memoirs of Hastings, the trial we have Hume and Catherine Macaulay as the apolo- of Warren Hastings in the works of Burke, &c. gists of the Stuarts and of the Republicans, respect- II. Among Commentators upon the Holy Scriptures, ively, and the works of Godwin, Foster, and Carlyle. may be mentioned Doddridge, Patrick, Lowth, WhitThe following historical works should be carefully by, Macknight, D'Oyly, Mant, Henry, Gill, Scott, read: Burnet's Own Times, Hearne's History and Clarke, Burkitt, Robinson, Home, Barnes, Addison, Antiquities, Strype's Ecclesiastical History, Echard's Alexander, Turner, Bush, and the valunble manuals History of England, the mine of curious erudition in of Biblical Bibliography of Horne, Orme, Williams, Carte's History of England, and the Life of the Duke! and Bickersteth. The English language is exceed
ingly rich in sterling divinity. Of these it may be , losophy of the Moral Feelings, Butler's Works, Foster's sufficient to mention Taylor, Hooker, Chillingworth, Essays on Decision of Character, Mason on SelfMede, Barrow, Pearson, Usher, Hall, Penn, Barclay, Knowledge, and the works of Whewell and Moore, Tillotson, Stillingfleet, Bull, Waterland, Clarke, Sher- should be carefully studied. lock, Warburton, Secker, Jortin, Lowth, Leslie, Owen, VI. In Political Economy, the works of Adam Smith, Hammond, Leland, Lardner, Doddridge, Watts, Lati- Bentham, Mill, Ricardo, Malthus. McCulloch, Marti. mer, Edgeworth, Seed, South, Sherlock, Porteus, neau, Carey, Bishop Potter of Penn , E. Peshine Smith, Horsley, Paley, Edwards, Dwight, Gisborne, Robert Newman, Brougham, Alison, Jones, Whately, &c., Hall, Forster, Chalmers, and Jay.
will give the reader an insight into this vastly imporIII. Among Manuals of Devotion, will be found the tant, though till lately much misunderstood, subject. Holy Living and Dying of Jeremy Taylor, Private The Histories of Banking, by Hardcastle, Gilbart, Thoughts of Bishop Beveridge, Reflections on the Lawson, Bell, Gallatin, Gouge, &c., are useful works Holy Spirit by Allis, Scott's Christian Life, Nelson's See a list of choice works in Biography, Bibliography, Fasts and Festivals, the Whole Duty of Man, the and Belles-Lettres, in the Preface to this volume, and Ladies' Calling, and the Companions to the Prayer see Index. Book by Cumber, Wheatley, and Sparrow. Jenks, We have now pursued the subject to a sufficient Benn, Cotteril, Blomfield, Hicks, Downington, Jay, extent for this part of our work. The reader will and others, also published works upon this most im- see, by a reference to the Index of Subjects, that we portant branch of literature.
have mentioned but a very few of the books noticed IV. In Voyages and Travels, the voluminous collec- in our Dictionary. tions of Pinkerton, Hakluyt, Kerr, and Porter, and We have, however, thought it well, in the precedthe narra tives of Humboldt, Warburton, Hall, Lyell, ing pages, to group together under their appropriate Beckford, Hobhouse, Valentin, Barrow, Murray, Gar- divisions, a number of works, many of which (in the diner, Davis, Gutzlaff, Langdon, Russell, Kohl, Laing, Historical department, for instance,) are not well Howitt, Heber, Mead, Combe, Buckingham, Marti- known to the ordinary reader. Full justice has been neau, Frazer, Gray, Egerton, Fellowes, Rennell, done to the extent of our ability to these, and the Layard, Kinnear, Long, Burnes, Buck, Robinson, other departments of literature, in the succeeding Cramer, Lindsay, Wilson, Wordsworth, Eustace, Ste- pages of this volume. The author is not willing to pheng, Bayard Taylor, Frémont, Wilkes, Kane, Lynch, doubt that the anxious labour of years which he has and others, will serve to profitably beguile many a zenlously bestowed upon this work, upon which the long winter evening. See Pycroft's Course of Eng- rising and the setting sun have so often found him lisb Reading, and Dibdin's Library Companion. employed, will be abundantly rewarded by its fruits.
V. In Moral Philosophy, Paley has been highly com- If he shall induce any to discover, in Literature, a mended; but his theory of expediency is radically un- solace in sorrow, a companion in solitude, a safeguard sound. Dymond's Elements of Christian Morality wo to morality, an incentive to virtue, and a guide to the consider the best work of the kind in the language. immortal spirit in its aspirations after the good, the Chalmers's Bridgewater Treatise, Mackintosh's Dis- true, and the holy, he has served his generation and sertation on the Study of Ethical Philosophy, Beat- so far answered the ends of his being. tie's Principles of Moral Science, Abercrombie's Phi
As we have frequently occasion to refer to the reigns of different English sovereigns without specifying dates,-temp. Edward II., temp. Henry II., &c.,—the following table of the Kings and Queens of England (from Pulleyn's Etymological Compendium) will prove of great service to the reader.
Acces Died. Ago. Length
Tus House OT PLANTAGENET. Henry II...... Son of Geoffrey Plantagenet, by
Matilda, only daughter of Hen. I. 1154 Richard I..... Eldest surviving son of Hen. II... 1189 John..........
6th and youngest son of Hen. II... 1199 Henry III..... Eldest son of Joho......
1216 Edward I..... Eldest son of Hen. III..
1272 Eduard II.... Eldest surviving son of Ed. I...... 1307 Edteard In... Eldest son of Ed. II....
1327 Richard II.... Son of the Black Priace, eld. son of Ed. III.....
1189 56 1199 41 1216 49 1272 66 1307 67 137 43 1377 65
Acces Died. Age. of
of Owen Tudor and Queen Cathe.
1485 1509 52 24
1553 1558 12 5
1058 1603 69 45
daughter of James IV. and Mar.
1603 16-25 68 22
1691 32 6 Anne.........Daughter of James II....... 1702 1714 49 12
THE HOUSE OY LANCASTER. Henry 17..... Son of John of Gaunt, 4th son of Ed. III........
1399 Henry V.......
1413 46 1422 34 1471 49
The House Of HANOVER.
by Sophia, daughter of Fred. V.,
daughter of James I....... 1714 1727 67 13 Georgo II..... Only son of George I......
1760 77 83 George III.... Grandson of George II..
1700 18.0 82 0 George IV.... Eldest son of George III..
1820 1830 68 10 William IV. 3d son of George Ill..
1830 18371 72 7 Victoria.. Daughter of Edvard, Duke of Kent, 4th son of George III.
1837 Whom God Preserve
Eldest son of Hen. IV.......... 1413 Benry VI..... Only son of Hen. V.
Tur House Of YORK.
of Edmund, 5th son of Ed. III.:
1483 Richard III... Younger brother of Ed. IV....
ABB Abbot, Abiel, D.D., 1770-1828, a native of Andover, Sixth American edition, with additional annotations by Mass., graduated at Harvard College in 1787, accepted a J. C. Perkins, Boston, 1850 ; seventh edition, royal 8vo. pastoral charge at Haverhill about 1794, at Beverly about “This is truly a magnificent volume, of more than a thousand 1802. He was the author of, 1. Letters from Cuba, Bos-pages, containing the treatise of Lord Tenterden, or Mr. Abbot, as
he is better known, with the additions of Sergeant Shee, and the ton, 1829. 2. Artillery Election Sermon, 1802. 3. Ser
notes of Judge Story and Mr. Perkins. In all that relates to the mons to Mariners, 1812. 4. Address on Intemperance, mechanical execution, table of cases, index, annotations, and ap1815. 5. Sermon before the Salem Missionary Society, pendix, this is incomparably the best edition of • Abbot on Ship 1816. 6. Sermon before the Bible Society of Salem, 1817. ping,' that has ever been published."--Law Reporter. 7. Convention Sermon, 1827.
Abbot, George, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1562. " Dr. Abbot was very courteous and interesting in social inter- | 1633, was a native of Guildford, Surrey. Anthony Wooil course, and was eloquent in preaching."
tells us, at the time he wrote the life of Robert, the brother See Allen's Amer. Biog. Dict.; Fli Serm.; Sketch in of George, that the house where these brothers, afterwards a Letter from Cuba.
so distinguished, were born, was occupied as an ale-house, Abbot, Charles, D.D., F.L.S., Vicar of Oakley bearing the sign of the Three Mariners; it was situate i Raynes, Bedfordshire; author of, 1. Flora Bedfordiensis, by the river's side, near to the bridge, on the north sido 1798. 2. A Monody on the Death of Lord Nelson, 1805. of the street, in St. Nicholas's parish. Their father, a 3. Sermon on the Death of Horatio, Lord Nelson, 1806. cloth-worker, evinced a laudable zeal for their welfare by 4. Parochial Divinity, or Sermons on Various Subjects, having them instructed in the Free School of their native 1807.
place, and then sending them in succession to Baliol Col. Abbot, Charles, Lord Colchester, 1757-1829, was the lege, Oxford. The two boys, thus benefited by paternal son of the Rev. John Abbot, D.D., Rector of All Saints, care, lived to reward this fatherly interest by the eminence Colchester; educated at Westminster School, and Oxford. and usefulness to which they both attained. Robert be. In 1795, he became M.P. for Halston, and Speaker of the came Bishop of Salisbury, and George, the subject of our House, Feb. 10, 1802. In 1813, he defeated the Roman memoir, Archbishop of Canterbury: George entered Ba. Catholic Bill in committee. For fifteen years he held the liol Collego in 1578; becaine a Fellow in 1593; took big office of Speaker H.C., and on bis retirement was created degree of D.D. in 1597, and was chosen in same year Baron Colchester. He was the author of an essay On the Principal of University College. He was installed Dean l'se and Abuse of Satire, Oxf., 1786. Speech in the Com- of Winchester in 1599, and the year following was chosen mittee of the House of Commons on the Catholic Question, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford, to which he 1813.
was again elected in 1603, and in 1608. Dr. Abbot was Abbot, Charles, Lord Tenterden, 1762-1832, one of one of the eight Oxford divines to whom was committed the Judges in the Court of King's Bench. Having been the duty of translating the New Testament, (with the ex. so long accustomed to the Bench, his lordship exhibited ception of the Epistles,) when the version by command of in his last moments a striking instance of the tenacity of King James was undertaken in 1604. Wood speaks highly the ruling passion.” The members of his family were of his erudition : gathered around him, to discharge the last sad offices of “ He was also a learned man, and had his erudition all of tho kindness, when he was observed to move his hand along old stamp. The things that he hath written show him to be a the pillow, as if in the act of writing, and directly after- man of parts, learning, vixilance, and unwearied study, though wards, he was heard to exclaim, almost in his official tone,
overwhelmed with business."'-- Athen. Oron. .Gentlemen of the jury, you may retire;" he then closed
When an effort was made in 1608 to effect a union between bis eyes, and expired. Author of, 1. Rules and Orders on the national churches of Scotland and England, Hume, Earl the Plea Side of the Court of King's Bench, &c., 1795. of Dunbar, and Dr. Abbot were despatched to Scotland to 2. Jurisprudence and Practice of the Court of Great Ses- further this object. An arrangement was made by which sions of Wales on the Chester Circuit, London, 1795, 9
the bishops were to be perpetual moderators in the diocesan rols. 3. Treatise on the Law relating to Merchant Ships synods, and had the power of presentation to benefices, and Seamen, in four parts, 1802. The seventh edition of and of deprivation or suspension. The preferment which this work, edited by Win. Shce, was published London, rewarded Abbot's successful management of this delicate 1344; Boston, 1848; eighth Lond. edition, 1847, royal 8vo. business, is the best evidence of the approbation with * This book is a legal classic of high character, and is frequently
which he was regarded by his royal patron. The bishoprio cited upon quesóions of Commercial Law not altered by statute. of Lichfield and Coventry became vacant in 1609 by the It is equally distinguished for practical good-sunse, and for exten- death of Dr. Overton, and Dr. Abbot was appointed his sive and accurate learning, remarkably compressed, and appropri- successor. In the next month he was translated to the ately applied. Chancellor Kent made it the basis of the forty
see of London, vacant by the death of Dr. Thomas Ravis; seventh lecture of his Commentaries upon American Law. There have been five American editions of the work; but those of 1810
and Archbishop Bancroft dying in 1610, Bishop Abbot was and 182), enriched with notes and references to American cases raised to the archiepiscopal see of Canterbury. by Mr. Justice Story, are the most valuable, except the late edition. It is not improbable that he owed his advancement as In the fourth American edition, (1829.) now out of print, the much to his adulation of his royal master-whose love of learned annotator recast the notes and added many new ones. new American edition has just been published, (1846,) containing Battery is well known—as to the real merit which he unthe notes of Story and Shee, together with notes of American deci- questionably possessed, and his sincere attachment to the sions. by J. C. Perkins, Esq. This edition is the most desirable Protestant cause, in which his parents had suffered consione for the American lawyer. Abbot's was the first English troa-derably. In the preface to one of his pamphlets, the foltise devoted exclusively to the law of shipping. In 1819, the lowing specimen of ridiculous flattery occurs ;-speaking work was translated into Portuguese. The late English edition by Shre is well spoken of, 13 Ves. 599: 3 Kent's Com. 250; 9 Legal
of the king, he says: Observer, 276; i Angell's Law Intelligencer, 73; 1 A. J. 321; 4 “Whose life hath been so immaculate, and unspotted. &c., that Jurist, 642."-- Murvin's Legal Bibligruphy.
oren malice itself, which leaves nothing unsearched, could never