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feriut, which so many expositors, and probably with the less restraint, eren the trauslator Batteux, have not
as they were both enemies of his great rightly apprehended. - Unquestiona- patron and friend, Scipio. bly it was well considered in Horace Virtus Scipiadæ ei mitis sapientia here to make Trebatius (who speaks Læli.] I cannot think this line so it ip jest) deliver the seriously intend- flat as Warburton pronounces it to be ed prophecies of his adversaries which in his annotations upon Pope's imitahad come to his knowledge, who could tion of this satire; or that, as Baxter no otherwise give vent to their spleen opines, it savours of Ennius or Luciat his intimacy with Mæcenas and lius, and that Horace here incidentallý other persons of the first rank, thau ridicules the turgid style of those poby expressing their hopes, that it ets. Virtus Scipiadæ, sapientia Lælii; would prove of no long duration ; and is a manner of speaking not unusual that he, precisely by that which ren- with our bard, being exactly of the dered him so agreeable to these great saine coinage with mens provida Remen, by his wit and his satirical vein, guli(Od. lib. iii. 5.) virtus Catonis (Od. would inadvertently ruin himself in iii. 21.) acumen Stertinii (Epist. i. 12.) their estimation, and fall the lower for and innumerable precedents for it are baviag mounted so high. The best to be found in Homer, whom Horace method of delivering these gentlemen seems herein to have followed. This so much concerned for his repose, mode of speech, however, is here from all anxiety, was, by shewing adopted with the greater propriety, them, how calm and serene he himself since the Romans, at least throughout could be amidst all their kind solici- the seventh century of their city, had tudes.
no inan to produce, who, in all that famosisque Lupo cooperto ver. they comprehended under the word sibus ? ) It might not unreasona- virtus, had come nearer to perfection bly, methinks, be presumed, that Ho- than this Scipio; and since Lælius, raće in this dialogue, had likewise in- even during his life-time, had, by the directly and very covertly his majores tacit consent of his countrymen, obamicos in view, and by the exempli- tained the surname Sapiens*. “We fied relations that subsisted between know that even Scipio's truc greatness, Lucilius and his great friends C. Læ- and the mild wisdom of Lælius, prelius and P. Scipio
Æmilianus, or Afri- vented them not, on privately quitcànus minor, intended to fortify those ting the theatre, from laying aside the in which be stood to Mæcenas, P. Mes- dignity of their characters ; and they sala, Pollio, &e. by assuring them on thought themselves neither too great his part in a modest but dignified, yet nor too wise sometimes to unbend with regard to them in a no less deli- their minds with him, and trifle away cate than flattering manner, once for the time till the cabbage on the fire all, that characters like theirs had was ready." This translation of the never any thing to apprehend from a
passage, I conceive, would suit the man like him. The example of Luci- poet's real meaning, and deliver him lius, to wbich he appeals, is here the from the groundless censures of the more subservient to his design, as he two Biltish critics. - But ah! what in his own satires (agreeably to the de- god, or god-begotten, will be able to mands of such a vast difference in the redeem him from another far more times) allowed himself much less li- horrible imputation from a crime, berty than his predecessor ; who which in the eyes of a word-catcher is scrupled not to attack a person of such sufficient to efface the most conspicuhigh consequence as Q. Cæcilius Me- ous merits of an author; in a word, tellus Macedonius, very scurrilously from the irremissible sin of having in his satires, and even to stigmatise said, at two several times, Scipiades Cornelius Lentulus Lupus, although for Scipionides, which the great Pris(according to the scholiast) he was cianus had already alleged against princeps senatus, in defamatory ver- him, although indeed Lucilius, Lucre
* Sunt ista vera, Læli; nec enim melior vir fuit Africano nec clarior ; sed existimare debes, omnium oculos in te esse conjectos; unum te sapientem et appellant et existi. mant ; non soluta natura et moribus, verum etiam studio et doctrina, nec sicut vulgus, -perd cut eruditi solent appellare sapientem, &c. Cicero de Amicitiâ, cap. iią
tius, and Virgil, are accomplices with ly to our own choice, whether to read Horace in the perpetration of this diffindere, difidere, diffigere, or dehorrid solecism ! --Woe and alas, and fringere. The reasons adduced by heaven help us all! I know of nothing Bentley against the juristic diffindere that I can urge in extenuation of his appear to me just as luminous, as on guilt, excepting that this so beinous the other hand the word diffingere, an offence to a chaste Priscianic ear, which he recommends instead of it, is perhaps the most venial of all de
seem forced and incongruous in the linquencies which a rigid patriotic mouth of Trebatius. In such trifles Roman grammarian could find to ar- frequently all depends on a certain perraign him of. And in good sooth, ception which we are hardly able to when I reflect, that Horace this ve- explain to others, or not without a ry Horace, whose writings no persou tiresome prolixity. From the conforof taste and sentiment, for so many mity of the whole, and the convertihundred years, could ever be tired of ble words themselves, two things are reading — has been guilty of so many evident: the ope, that Trebatius licences and negligences: that he means no more than, he has nothing swarms with Greecisms, and writes al- to object; and the other, that in des mnost Grecian Latin; that he disfigures livering his meaning he employs a his style by obsolele words long since metaphorical expression. Whether banished from discourse by the good now diffingere or diffidere or defrincompany of his time; that he makes gere be the properer word, must be not the least conscience of writing determined by the taste, or the sense Lucili for Lucilii, of using deerat as of the greater propriety and concina dyssyllable, of saying surrexe for nity. The speech of Trebatius manisurrexisse, and (what is scarcely con- fesily relates to what Horace had just ceivable) that whenever he pleased he before observed concerning his splewould make periods of an extrava- netic rivals, gant length, and parentheses that may
Cuin magnis vixisse invita fatebitur usque Þe measured by the yard : ! compre, Invidia, et fragili quærens illidere dentem hend how it was, that while he lived Offendet solido. Nisi quid tu, docte there were critics who told him blunt.
Trebati, ly to his face, that he was a wretched Dissentis ? author, and that such verses as his The properest way, therefore, would might easily be spun by the hundred be to imagine, that Trebatius, preservor the thousand by any dabbler in poe- ing the metaphor employed by How try. The long lapse of time to be sure, has made us tolerani to all these have no desire to bite off any thing
race, jocosely says: I, for my part, grammatical heresies: but we may from it and then of course defrinimagine how the Bavii and Mævii, the Fannii , and Tigellii
, the Orbilii and gere or diffringere would be the right Scribonii, must have carped at hiin lioribus, adopted it in any text, though
word. I have accordingly, salvis meduring his life, while antiquity had perhaps, in a translation it might be yet drawn no nimbus round his head. preferable simply to give the sense, Infra Lusili censum.]
« Most agsuredly both in genius and in birth, the metaphor must be preserved, Tre
without the metaphor. If, however, far beneath Lucilius, yet, &c.” So Prancis likewise has well translated smile: I for my part require thee not
batius might be made to say with a census by birth.
to diminish aught from it. What though with great Lucilius I disclaim
Si mala condiderit in quem quis carAll saucy rivalship of birth or fame, &c.
mina, jus est judiciumque.] The law They were nearly of like import in of the twelve tables against him who the age
of Lucilius; and Lucilius was indited mala carmina against any one, in fact not only a Roman koight by sounds extremely harsh : si quis ocbirth, but, in behalf of his sister, great centussit mala carmina, sive condidisuncle to Pompeius Magnus. It is pro- sit quod infamiam faxit flagitiumque bable that the foregoing nostrum nie- ulteri, capital esto. In the sequel, the lioris utroque may relate simply to punishment of death being apparently tbat circuinstance.
thought too severe, the sentence seems Equidem nihil hic defringere pos- to have been altered into that which sum.] The MSS here leave it entiro
He therefore, by
whom whom a man was attacked in satirical
a jester in a Plautinian comedy; but verses in his civil honour and reputa- bere it could not by any means be tion was liable to an action at law, jusiified. Gesner says: cogitabam, injuriarum, for damages; the plain- tabulas esse tabellas judiciarias, in tiff, however, must be unimpeachable quibus scribi fingat sententias ludicras of any notorious acts, infamia juris et lnilares. How the learned criet facti. Lucilius happened to be tic, by the word solvere could be led in a singular predicament. Being pub- to this idea, is more inexplicable to licly insulted by name from the stage me than the problem itself; however, by a dramatist, he brought against this unsuccessful attempt emboldens him a suit at law for it by an action me to hazard another, the sufficiency for damages: but the pretor C. Cæ- " whereof may be determined by those lius acquitted the dramatist; proba- who have a seat and vote in trials of bly because he had done no more to such causes. Every judge, as is well the satirist, than what the latter took
known, on proceeding to give senthe liberty of doing to all the world, tence on a trial at law, had three ta
The witty conceit of taking the blets delivered to hiin: the one markexpressjón mala carnina for bad ver- ed with A (absolvo), another with C şes, would have been but a flimsy eva- (condemna), the third with N.L. (non sion, if Horace could not have added, liquet). Now, may not solventur risu si quis opprobriis dignum laceraverit, tabulæ, be as much as to say: the integer ipse: thus, however, he de judges with laughing let the tablets cides in three lines the whole affair. drop out of their hands? However I allow it, if one makes mala carniina, extraordinary this metaphor may be, says he; but if he have only fallen it would certainly not be more so, foul of such as are deserving of dis- than the synecdoche, which Cruquius grace, if he himself lives irreproacha- adopts, when he says, that tabule has Bly, and if his verses moreover are here the same signification as judigood, and even approved of by Cæsar: cium. how will it then fare with the com
W.T. plainant? To conclude, it cannot be denied, that the two words, luudatus Cæsare, here must have produced
Mr. URBAN, Bristo!, Jan. 29. a sort of magical effect; it being just THE
Magazine for October, was very adversaries clad in the impenetrable different in substance and spirit from armour of Achilles and covered with
the superficial, skimming comment, the terrific ægis. Accordingly it ap- the “ faint, damning praise," or the pears that thenceforward he had no searching, witty malignity, by which farther attacks from that quarter. they who exercise the functions of I read with Bentley laceraverit instead periodical critics have sometimes of the usual latraverit. His argu- chosen to signalize their indolence or ments amount to a demonstration, their ill-nature. To no part of the and are not at all shaken by Baxter's Review do I consider myself more and Gesner's flat contradictions: really indebted, than to that in which
Solventur risu tabule, tu missus the writer, with a liberal candour of abibis.] Then the process is brought construction that lends a grace to reto a laughable termination, and thou buke, urges his objections to a partimayst walk off discharged." This is cular passage, in a style of reasoning all that I can make of the sentence, equally sound and eloquent. That confessing at the same time, that I the impression conveyed by this pasThat in the case which Horaće imme- appears from an excellent letter in
not , diately before supposes, so violent a December last on the indispensable burst of laughter arose, that the roof duty of attending public worship. of the court-house, or the bench The author appears to regard the verwhereon the judges sat, had nearly ses in question as justifying an impugone to pieces, (as a scholiast thinks) tation of proselytism to the modern Beither Horace nor Trebatius can have philosophy; by which, I suppose, is said. Such an hyperbole might pos. meant the deistical philosopby, or sibly have been allowed to pass from pure, nalural religion, professed by
as if the poe
of my Poems in your
the followers of Bolingbroke. Your ciple by touching on the opposite reCorrespondent is pleased to express ligious extremes of mummery and bimself of my very moderate abilities cant. The mechanical chanting of in terms which, from such a writer, the confession, of the solemn and af, would have given me the highest gra- fecting supplication in the Litany, and tification, were I capable of being gra- of the Lord's Prayer, is an evident tified by the praise of talent at the relick of Popish mummery; and is, in expence of Christian principle. Deep- fact, given up by your Correspondent ly impressed with that conviction, as an indefensible practice. So far which the intrinsic simplicity of truth our sentiments completely coincide: in the Gospel itself is all-sufficient to and I hope also to acquit myself of the produce in every sincere and unpreju- less important part of the imputation, diced mind, and which the writings of namely, heterodoxy of taşte. The Locke, of Butler, aod of Paley, are so painted glass was mentioned in conadmirably calculated to confirm ; I nexion only with the pompous cerefeel obliged to your Correspondent monial of the high cathedral service. for the occasion which he has afford- Exclusively of these unmeaning and ed me to disavow the general senti- monotonous intonations, these ‘Monkment, deduced, by what I must coll- ish strains,' I can assent most cordialfess to be a natural inference, from ly to his admiration of Cathedral ar. the exordial lines of my Sabbath Mu- chitecture, as eminently adapted by sings. As these lines were only alluded the shadowy glow of light, the aerial to in your Review, I shall here quote loftiness of roof, and the indistinct imthem entire :
mensity of vanishing ailes, to enlarge What needs the dimly purpled light that and exalt the imagination, while it glows
[chant awes and soothes the mind; thus proThrough imag'd glass, or what the measur'd ducing through the senses a disposiOf Monkish strains to the deep organ's tion of feeling highly favourable to peal,
(sound devotional sentiment. I shall, howTo rouze devotion; when thy cliffs re- ever, venture to remind your Correa The wave's mild 'murmur, and thy thick- 'spondent, that, as far as the mere the ets green
[in dew Ring with the song of birds? when flowers
ory is concerned, he has suffered his Exhale their fragrance, and the sense is judgment to be seduced by the ro. cheer'd
mantic and ingenious hypothesis of With air and sunshine ? While fanatic Bishop Warburton. That the shaded Breath'd from a gloomy spirit, rise to flim walks of a forest did not suggest the Who spread this verdure o'er the fields, idea of the primitive Gothic architecwho bade
ture (introduced, not by the Goths These violets spring, and lighted up the but by the latter Romans, at the time Be mine with silence of the heart to praise of the Gothic invasion of Italy) is evi. His mercies, and adore his name of love. dent from the fact, that the early Go
Now, I readily admit that in these thic (called also the Saxon from its lines there is a confusion of thought, adoption by the Anglo-Saxons, but arising from the want of steadily con- more properly the Roman) and the templating and separating the ideas Norman architecture, which differed that presented themselves, and ar- from it only in maguitude, could not ranging them in the connexion neces- be said to bear any resemblance what sary to give clearness and precision to ever in the form of its round-headed their meaning. “ The fanatie groans arches, and the massive rotundity of breath'd from a gloomy spirit” have its pillars, to the pointed intersections no affinity to the prayers chanted or of an avenue of trees. It was at a rather gabbled, by the choristers. later period that the vast round coThey belong to a different and more lumn was split into slender shafts, melancholy superstition. But the the arch pointed, and the capitals and whole passage in its present crude or roofs carved with foliage. These inder seems to throw a slight on Church novations were gradual; and the new worship in general. The leading idea style (called by some the Saracenic, in my inind was, that outward ob- for no better reason than the former servances were of none effect, if unac- was styled Gothic; namely, because companied by the religion of the heart it arose at the time of the Crusades) and I meant to illustrate this prin- is, I think, well expressed by the cha
racteristic term affixed to it by War. ners of his day, and written in a style ton, of the florid, or ornamented, Go- of pleasant irony, well adapted to the thic.
subject chosen by the author, which To return to the verses : I trust it was the instruction and reproof of the will appear that neither allusion was
young gallants in the early part of the levelled at the general institution of seventeenth century. social worship, of whose reasonable
“ The Head is a house built for Reason necessity, divine authority, and apos. to dwell in, and thus is the tenement framtolic example, every man must be ful
ed. The two Eyes are the glasse windows ly convinced, who studies with atten- at which liglit disperses itself into every tion the Gospel history and the early roome, having goodly pent-houses of haire annals of the primitive Christian to overshadow them. As for the Nose, tho Church.
some (most iniuriously and improperly) The lines are not as they originally make it serve for an Indian chimney, yet stood: they were altered in that not surely it is rightly a bridge with two arunusual mood of restless dissatisfac. ches, under which are neat passages to tion, which though it often leads to
convey as well perfumes to aire and the amendment of a bad passage, no
sweeten every chamber, as to carry away
all noisome filth that is swept out of unless frequently tempts a writer to re
cleane corners. The cherry Lippes open fine away
all the merit of a good one. like the new painted gates of a lord mayI shall transcribe the original passage or's house to take in provision. The Tongue from the fifth volume of Dr. Aikin's
is a bell, hanging iust under the middle of Athenæum; in which the verses were the roofe; 'and lest it should be rung out too first printed ; and it is my intention deepe (as sometimes it is when women to restore it in the event of a second have a peale) whereas it was cast by the cdition of the Poems.
first Founder, but onely to tole softly;
there are two even rowes of ivory pegs O native Isle belov'd! by sounding waves
(like pales) set to keep it in. The Eures Bosom'd remote, and hallow'd from the
are two Musique roomes, into which as well world!
good sounds as bad descend downe two The spirit meek of sanctity now walks
narrow paire of staires, that for all the Tby flowery meadows, and thy thickets
world have crooked windings like those green.
that lead to the top of Powles steeple; and, I love thy pious reverence of the day ;
because when the tunes are once gotten in, It whispers hope; it breathes the secret
they sbould not too quickly slip out, all pledge of preservation, while Earth's kingdoms yellow wax round about them. Now, as
the walls of both places are plaistered with fall.
the fairest lodging, tho it be furnisht with I love thy pure and simple rite : there are
walles, chimneys, chambers, and all other Who love thee uot: there are who barb'rous
parts of architecture, yet if the seeling be deem Thy manliest virtues, and whose eyes dis wanting, it stauds subject to raine, and so In this thy cheerful holiness, a gloom
consequently to ruine: so would this goodSullen and sad: There is no sullen gloom,
ly palace, which we have moddeld out un. O England, in thy Sabbaths! gayer
to you, bee but a cold and bald habitation, climes
were not the top of it rarely covered. NaMay smile derision : leave them to their
ture, therefore, has plaid the tyler, and
given it a most curious covering, or (to Their masques, and blasphemous idola
speake more properly) she has thatcht it tries : Be this thy stedfast anchor : be this day
all over, and that thatching is haire.” No common festival ; no tide profane
P. B. Of dance and feast, and revelry and song. Be thine the joy of spiritual things, Deep-felt, serene; the joy Religion loves.
Jun. 15. CHARLES A. ELTON. T is one of the characteristics of
the present enlightened age, that Mr. URBAN,
Jan. 14. the publiek are always ready to pay a LIVE me leave to solicit a column proper tribute of respect to the me
mory of departed excellence. If this sertion of Decker's description of the be due to Poels, Warriors, and Stateshuman head, which I have transcribed men, how infinitely stronger is the from his Gul's HORNE-BOOKE, a pub. claim for those who have passed a lication of considerable rarity, abound. long life in one uniform series of acing in allusions to the follies and man- tive virtue and benevolence !
Gin your lexe Number for the in