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These reflections have been called . this little retired village. The Colforth by the recent death of Mrs. lector of Fossils, also, would add conTRIMMER, whose indefatigable la- . siderably to his collection, could he bours to instruct the rising genera- but' devote a few hours for his retion by her various writings, and by searches in this neighbourhood, where the establishment of numerous Schools the Cornua Ammonis, or Snake-stone, to protect our Church Establishment are found in prodigious quantities, and our holy Religion from the in-' from the size of half an inch to two roads of Scepticism on the one hand, feet diameter. and Fanaticism on the other - and The Monkish tale of the Virgin whose unwearied exertions to incul- Keyna first originated in this district; cate the principles and promote the which tells us, that, when this lady arpractice of sound Morals and true Re- rived at years of maturity, she atligion, are universally known and ac- tracted many admirers, and many noble knowledged. (See pp. 86. 143.) personages sought her in marriage :

Such a woman as Mrs. TRIMMER but she was deaf to all their overshould not be consigned to the grave tures, having consecrated her virgiwithout some lasting tribute of re- nity by a perpetual vow, for which spect to her memory. It is due to cause she was denominated by the her - it is due to ourselves it is Britons Keyn-Wyryf, or Keynu the due to posterity. In what form or Virgin. At length she determined manner, and to what extent, I will to forsake her native country, and not presume to dictate ; but content seek some desert place where to inmyself with requesting that some of dulge in private her religious contemyour readers, who know the exalted plations. Directing her journey becharacter and talents of this valuable yond the Severn, she met a certain woman, will communicate their ideas woody place in these parts, and made on this subject ; and which, if ap- her request to the Prince of the counproved, will doubtless receive the try, that she might be permitted to sauction and support of every

Friend serve God in that spot of solitude and to Virtue and Religion.

L. S. retirement. The Prince informed

her, he was ready to grant her peti

tion ; but that the place so swarmed Mr.URBAN,

Frome, May 24. with serpents, that neither man nor SEND you a sketch of the Old Gate- beast could live therein; to which

way (Plate II. fig. 1.) that belong- the Virgin replied, that she firmly ed to the Abbot's Court-house at

trusted she should be able to drive Queen Charlton, a village distant five the venomous brood out of all the miles South-east from Bristol.

country. Hereupon the place was Collinson says, in the second volume granted her, and by her prayers all of his “ History of Somersetshire," the snakes and vipers were converted that, at the time of the Conquest, this into stones : -- and to this day all the village, with that of Whitchurch, stones in that country resemble the and many other adjoining places, was windings of serpents, through all the parcel of the manor of Keynshan, fields and villages. where an extensive Abbey was found- Yours, &c. ed by William Earl of Gloucester, of the order of Black Canons :

and Edward II. ratified this grant, with figure the accompanying drawthe villages of Whitchurch, Chewton, ing (Plate II. fig. 2.) bears a strong and Charlton. No vestige of this resemblance, was born in the village Abbey now remains at Keyusham ; of Carnmogey, in the County of Ana and this Gateway is the only fragment trim, in 1798, having no arms. There of the Court-house remaining at is the shape of an hand impressed on Charlton.

his right side, a little below where the If any of the ingenious Antiquaries arm-pit should be. He has been of the present day were to cross this taught to read and write English, and part of the country, it might perhaps is now supported by the bounty of the repay them, if they would deviate a inhabitants of Carrickfergus, where mile or two from the great road lead- he at present resides. He holds the ing from Brisiol to Wells, and visit pen between the first and second toe GENT. Mag. February, 1911.

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of his left foot, and feeds himself in bred up in the Castle. At the first the like manner with a spoon.

table sate the Noble family, and such The above account has been trans- of the Nobility as came there. At the mitted from Ireland, and its accuracy

second table in the Dining-room sale may be depended on. Epir. Knights, and other honourable Gen

tlemen, attended by footmen. la the THE NORTHUMBERLAND Household Book. Hall, at the first table, sat Sir Ralph Continued from Vol. LXXX. Part II. p. 219. Blackstone, Steward, the Comptroller,

P. 103. My Lord's Boord-end.] In the Secretary, the Master of the Horse, the houses of our antient Nobility the Master of the Fish-ponds, my they, dined at long tables. The Lord Herbert's Preceptor, with such Lord and his principal guests sat at Gentlemen as came there under the the upper

end of the first table in the degree of a Knight, attended by footGreat Chamber, which was therefore men, and plentifully served with wine. called The Lord's Board End; the At the second table in the Hall (served Officers of his Household, and inferior from my Lord's table, and with other guests, at long tables below in the hot meat) sate the Sewer, with the Genhall. In the middle of each table stood tlemen-waiters and Pages, to the numa great salt-cellar; and, as particular ber of twenty-four. At the third tacare was taken to place the guests ac- ble in the Hall sate the Clerk of the cording to their rank, it became a Kitchen, with the Yeomen Officers of mark of distinction whether a person the House, &c. &c.” sat above or below the salt. This Then follows a list of the Officers and the following section, which re- of the Household, ending with foot. late to the order of serving up the men, grooms, and other menial servictuals, will be much illustrated by vants, to the number of 150. Some the following memoir:

of these footmen were brewers and An Account how the Earl of Wor

bakers. cester lived at Rugland Castle before of birds and fowls which are enumer

P. 104.] In looking over the list the Civil Wars. (1641.)

“At eleven o'clock the Castle-gates ated in the XIXth section we find that were shut, and the tables laid : two

Cranes, which are now judged to have in the Dining-room; three in the forsaken the island (Pennant's British Hall; one in Mrs. Watson's apart. Zoology), were then almost as comment, where the Chaplains cat, Sir

mon as the Heron and Herod-sew. Toby Matthews being the first

. [This Wypes are now called Lapwings; Wiwas probably the noted Sir Toby pa is still the Swedish name. The Tern Matthews, enumerated among Lord is the Seu-Swallow. In the list of birds Orford's Painters, who wrote the fa- here served up to the table are many mous character. of Lucy Piercy, fowls which are now discarded, as little Countess of Carlisle, printed by Fen- better than rank carrion; as, for inton in his notes on Walter's Poems.

stance, “ Item, It is thought good He was son of an Archbishop of York;

that Seegulles be hade for my Lorde's but, turning Papist, had probably ac- owne mees, and non other, so they cepted the place of Chaplain in this

be good, and in season, and at jd. a great Earl's family, who was a Roman pece, or jd. ob. at moste.” Catholic.] Two in the House-keep the warrants for Deer, may not im

P. 114.] By way of supplement to er's room for the Ladies' Woinen. The Earl-came into the Dining-room properly be added from an antient attended by his Gentlemen.

As soon

Inquisition, 6 An Account of all as he was seated, Sir Ralph Blackstone, Deer in the Parks and Forests in the Steward of the House, retired: The North, belonging to the Eard of Nor. Comptroller, Mr. Holland, attended thumberland, taken in the IVth year with his Staff'; as did the Sewer, Mr. of Henry VIII.” (1512.) The names Blackburn; my Lady's Gentleman. of the parks, and the number in Usher, Mr. Harcourt; my Lord's each, are specified. They amount to, Gentlemen of the Chamber, Mr. Mor- In Northumberland, 4 parks, 1 forest, gan and Mr. Fox, with the Daily Wai- 1912. Yorshire, 8 parks, I wood, ters, who were gentlemen worth from

1896. Cumberland, 4 parks, 3 places two to sevca hundred pounds a year,

for Fallow and Red Deer, 1763. Total



5571; exclusive of those in Sussex, gives a curious picture of the manand other counties in the South. ners as well'as literature of our NobiP. 136.

Habberdyn Fish.] . This lity at that time, I shall transcribe a is the Northern term for barreled great part of it; and that the rather

as it is a full vindication of this Earl Cod (vide Willoughby, 166.), so called from Aberdeen, antiently famous for

of Northumberland from the charge curing this kind of fish.

of ingratitude, in being the person P. 162. Or it be entered], i. e. be- employed to arrest the Cardinal at

his Castle of Cawood. He had been fore it be entered. Or in old English placed under the Cardinal's roof by sigoifies before, as it does still in Shropshire, where it is pronounced blemen who accepted of menial offi

his facher, among other young NoSo in Shakspeare (King John, Act IV. S. 5.)

ces under that proud Prelate; but it "'T will be

plainly appears from his letters, that

he had been treated with so much Two long days journey, Lords, Or e'er we

harshness and contempt, as to be under the phrase Or e'er is not rightly account. In one letter he tells his

no great obligation to him on that understood by such as imagine e'er friend, that the Cardinal bad wrote to signifies before, or is the same as ere: e'er is merely a contraction of ever,

forbid bim altendiøg the funeral of and is barely augmentation; it is the treated him with many olher iudigui

bis own father to Beverley, and had word or or ore which signifies before, ties. These letters are written svon and is synonymous to ere.

“ Veteres

after that Earl's death, and are diAngli er et or sine discrimine scribe

rected “to his beloved cousyn Thobant," says Lye in Junii Etymol. ad verb. Ere.

mas Arundel, one of the Gentlemen

of my Lord Legale's Prevey ChamP. 188. Bere must be made big- bre;" whom he addresses with the fager in Somer thann in Winter for miliar appellation of "Bedfellow,” as furninge.] (So it is here; not tunn

a term of endearment; which, bowynge, which is an erratum ;) i. e. The

ever strange it may appear now, was beer should be made stronger in consistent with the state of manners in Summer than in Winter, to prevent the middle ages : Holinshed tells us its turning sour. Big is also the name of that Lord Scrope who was one of of a species of barley, of which the

the conspirators against Henry v. malt might possibly be made; and “ The said Lord Scroope was in such then bigger may mean more impreg- favour with the King, that he admitpated with big.

ted him sometime to be his bedfellow P. 220. William Worme, my Cof- in whose fidelity the King reposed ferer and General Receyvour.] This much trust.” Vide Chron. sub an. William Worine, wbo is hercin vest- 1415. ed with such great trusts, and whose “ Bedfellow, Aster my moste harti name occurs before so familiarly as recomendacion : Thys Monday the to be used instead of his office (p. 56), iii off August I reseryd by niy sercontinued to be employed under the vaunt letters froin yow beryng dalt șixth Earl of Northumberland, when the xxth day off July, del.y veryd unto he had the still more important post hym the sayme day at the Kynges of Earl's Treasurer. At length he fell town of Newcastell: wher in I do perunder à suspicion of treachery, and of seayff my Lord Cardenalls pleasour betraying his master to Cardinal Wol- ys to have such Boks as was in the sey, who appears to have treated that Chapell of my lat Lord and Ffayther young Lord in a very arbitrary and (wos soll Jhu pardon). To the acin perious manner. In a letter writ- complyshement of which, at your ten by this sixth Earl of Northum- desyer; I am confformable, notwithberland (son of the Author of our standiøg I trust to be able ons to set up Household-Book) he mentions a very a Chapel off myne owne. particular instance of the Cardinai's God lie may look better upon mee tyranny, in seizing upon the furniture than he dothe. But methynke I have of his Father's Chapel, particularly lust verry moche, ponderyoge yt ys no the fine Service-books, and applying better regardyd: the occasion wher them to his own use. As this Ictter off lic shal persayff. - Fyrst, the long

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