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debts, losses at sea, or by fire, or time, and reduce our discounts 10
such other casualty as cannot be millions :" what would be the con-
guarded agains!, ought to be distin- sequences little less than a general
guished from the result of fraud and bankruptcy.
speculation ; the latter should be vi. It should be considered that when
sited with the severest punishment, the Bank were in the babit of paying
branded with a mark of infamy, or their votes in specie, they could ge-
prohibited from embarking in mat- nerally buy as much gold for 10001.
ters of trade: the publick shonld be Bank Notes as it would require to
protected froin the probability of the coin Guineas to pay 10001.; but now

they must give 11501. in Bank Notes
To remedy the many evils com to buy as wuch gold as it would re-
plained of, the interference of the Le- quire to coiu Guineas to pay 10001.
gislature is, doubtless, the only expe It seems, therefore, highly reason
dient: the health of the Country is able, that the Bank should be re-
materially impaired; the disease, how- quired to pay ouly so much gold for
ever, is not incurable, and the phy- 10001. Bank Notes as 10001. Bank Notes
sician is at hand. To limit the dis- would buy.
counts of the national banks within The great increase of our trade and
an wholesome amount, and, if exist- manufactures has been very much
ing circumstances will admit, to re owing to the abundance of our circu-
move the Bank restriction; to check lating medium (which, however, has
the increase and conduct of country been too far extended); and this en-
banks, by a proper licence, by some abled ministers, in a great degree, to
adequate inode of ascertaining their raise such enormous taxes, as 20
respectability and responsibility, and years ago would have been thought
by a due limitation of their issues; impossible. It therefore requires
to suppress all monopolies, and open the greatest caution in too rapidly
every market to the exercise of a li- lessening this circulating medium;
beral competitiou; and to punish for, without the greatest caution,
fraudulept and speculative bankrupt- the consequences will, I fear, be
cies, are obviously the measures to dreadful.
restore the wonted health and vigour; I remember, about 30 years ago,
measures by which our country may that Guineas, which were two shil..
again truly flourish, and by which lings deficient in weight, were gene-
the necessaries of life, the foreign rally current. Suppose, therefore,
exchange, and commerce in general, that Government were to raise the
inay be reduced to their natural level. nomiual value of our présent Guineas
Yours, &c.
PHILOPATRIE. to 23 shillings, or to coin twenty

shillings or one pound pieces, of such Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 10. a weight in gold as a one-pound Bank T is often difficult to come to a Note would now buy: this, probably,

L. much is said on both sides. Much has been said and written on the propriety Mr. URBAN, pay their notes in specie; butu shoula MY antagonist, under the signa

is be coasidered, that, were they driven opening his long-threatened attack to this extremity by the repeal of the upon the restoration of Henry the restriction açt, they would in their Vilth’s Chapel, with a prelude in own defence be compelled to varrow praise of J. C. ; but, whatever signa their discounts, so as to occasion the ture he may assume, whether J. c. greatest distress throughout the Na or An Architect, or plain John Cartion.

ter, or Sir John Carter, Knight of Suppose, for instance, the Bank the Red Cross, or whether he dicshould say, “ We should lose a million tates his own panegyricks to one of and half of money if 10 millions of his Esquires, it is to me indifferent a our notes were to be sent in for pay if the assault is made by an individual, ment in guioeas” (and there is liitle it is malice prepense; if by a collecdoubt but as many wouid be sent in); tive force, it is a foul conspiracy and “ We will, therefore, be wise in against the character of an Artist GENT. Mag. January, 1811,


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employed in the most difficult task of

With equal kindness John bas forhis profession, and whose character merly warved the Restorers not to is his support. I combat with no one open a turret, not to touch a flying but the Knight; and, though he buttress, at their peril; but turrcis maintains that I have declined the have been opened, and flying buttresses contest, I refer him to my repeated replaced, without difficulty or danprofession of defending that Artist, ger: and had this operation been deas long as the Knight shall appear in Jayed a few years fonger, the fabrick, arms against him.

could not have been restored ; it must In your last Volume, Part I. p. 539, have been rebuilt. the Architect asserts, that his « friend It will be a piece of friendly advice John Carter informed him that the in return, to warn the Architect not Master-workman to the Chapel's re to indulge the servency of bis imagistorations observed to him, that he nation, by adopting the language of was bringing about every means to “The London Spy.” It isimpious to imgive more light to the Porch; one of pute a work of human excellence to which was, to knock up for the pur- Omnipotence, and nonsensical to knit pose a sky-light in the centre of the together the fingers of Angels in the arched cieliny."

construction. The Restorers consider Now, Mr. Urban, this passage, in- this edifice as one of the finest build. terprcted into plain English, is-John ings in Europe, and perhaps the very Carter told John Carter a direct and finest of its kind in existence; they unfounded falsehood. The Master- think it therefore one of their more workman never did propose to knock especial duties to preserve it; they up a sky-light in the arched cieling; deem it worthy of public support, as and the word of the Workman is en the pride and ornament of the nation ; titled to more credit than John Car- and they are persuaded that, except ter's word, because John stands con John Carter, there is not an indivi. victed of four falsehoods upon your dual in the country who wonld wish records. Falsehood, Mr. Urban, is to contemplate it in a state of ruin, an unlawful weapon in controversy; rather than in a state of repair. and I maintain, therefore, that the

An Old CORRESPONDENT. Knight has lost his spurs.

P.S. Will Mr. John Carter make afA second cliarge is brought forward by the Architect in his tender concern

fidavit before a Magistrate to the truth for the support of the arched window of his assertion about the sky-lighit ? now under repair, and his admonition If he will, the Master-workman is of securing the arch by upright tim. ready to meet him for that purpose, bers. Here there is nó falsehood in- and inake affidavit to the contrary. deed, bui there is ignorance in the extreme ; for every architect in the Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 31. kingdomn but J. Carter knows that N vindication of the antiquity of the strength of an arch consists in its proportion and bearings; and I can aid of the Architect's remarks on the not help thinking, that John made publication of the late Mr. Whittingthis observation upon his return from ton, which have appeared in your a visit to Staines Bridge, where he Magazine, you are requested to insert had seen an iron arch supported upon the following. Mr. Whittington, in wooden stilts; but he should have his “ Survey of the Ecclesiastical Anconsidered that Sir Reginald Bray's liquities of France," p. 110, states, arches never wanted such a wretched " that all authorities concur in fixing expedient as stilts to support them; the reign of Henry II. (that is, after but that his arch was correspondent the year 1154) as the earliest æra of to the alutments, and the abutments the introduction into England of the to the arch, Further than this, if mixed style of round and pointech John were an Architect, he ought to arches, which we see practised in know, that the mullions in every Go France before that period.He also, thic window throughout the kingdom, in a note, says, that our English however beautiful or ornamental, are writers have not been able to produce pot intended for the support of the an earlier instance of the decided aparch which contains them, but to ad- pearance of the pointed arch in Eugmit iron and support glass.

land than the year 1160.


In answer to the above remarks; I While a single cluster of columns OCR beg to refer your readers to the ac- cupies the piers of the four first divicounts given of Lanthoni Abbey in sions, the fifth division, being a comMonmouthshire, by Mr. Coxe in bis mencement to the octangular turn of “Tour through that County," and the East end of the chapel, has a by Sir Richard Hoare in his « Com. double cluster, with a space between ment on Giraldus Cambrensis," where them filled with compartments, niches, they will find that this fine Abbey, &c; and, as the single cluster bears one, which presents a regular mixture of the double cluster bears two prepathe round and pointed Architecture, rations for the springing of the groins, was built about the year 1108; and and the support of the pendentives in owing to the disturbed state of the the circles dropping from them. Country, deserted in 1136, when the

These groins are then of the most monks settled themselves in ano gorgeous design, and of the most scienther Convent on the banks of the tific construction that ever raised the Severn, near Gloucester, which, after art of masonry to something more the name of the inother abbey, they than mortal frame. called also Lantboni.

When the gust of enthusiasm, imYours, &c. A CONSTANT READER. bibed from the view of the enchanting

scene, has subsided, calm observation ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION, tells us, that the groins are taking No. CLII.

in the space from wall to wall) run *** In our last volume, p. 539, 1. 14, into two lines of circles, and two of read, “ The fifth divisions and the three

baif circles. The centre of each cants are done into small chapels.”

circle drops into pendentives, wrought POINTED STYLE OF ARCHITECTURE into three or more tiers of compartDuring the Reign of Henry VI. 8€. ments; which compartments emerge and Henry VII. concluded.

from the centre of the pendentives, INTERIOR. OF HENRY VII's CHAPEL. and multiply into smaller degrees of

: . that rich cast as those seen at with their consequent beads and Windsor ; some Italianised work in- tracery, undercut, and the grounds troduced upon them; those in the to them sunk far below the mouldfourth division, modern: and although ings, forming the composition. This not the most strict copy of the ori- undercutting, from the deep shadow ginals, yet are deserving of great it produces, is one secrete cause of praise. The clusters of columns that heart-struck sensation bere against the piers of the windows very known, but kuown on!y to the sussinall; and, as at Cambridge and ceptible minds of Antiquity-lovers. Windsor, claim but little interest If this constellation of geometric feawhen the multitude of surrounding tures cause such high gratification, decorations are considered. The dado how the delight is enhanced, when under the windows has the cill line continuing our view.round the tarn set with angels, some in drapery, of the East end of the groins, where, others in armour, and the rest in potwithstanding the circles decrease dresses composed of feathers, they in dimension, increase in nultitudibearing the rose, portcullis, fleur-de nous forms, and multitudinous attraclis, and a variety of shields of


tion! To attempi farther to define The space below them, to the point of their systematic formation, is to be the arches, tiiled with compartments plunged into the most profound geo.andniches, containing statues of kings, metric meditation, impossible with queens, saints, bishops, &c. The me, at least, to bring to a full and windows shew five divisions of mul- comprehensive illustration; the task Jions, with three tiers of transoms is too mighly, and I can but adore ! (battlemented).. The tracery in the The work of the side ailes, and heads, architectural. The three per- small chapels, consonant with the "forated brazen doors of entrance pre- centre part of the cha; el itscif; the sent new conceptions: grand they windows have po general arched head certainly are, and of imposing forms'; (as before observed) like those to the yet I turn back to those oak com !!pper story of the edifice : tlie dacio, partmented doors of older date for

rich in compartments, with (attie true embellishment in this respecte Eastern ends) cills of angels, &c.large

niches above, with statues. The having its own peculiar decorations, groius partake of the nature of those (that is, as lancy may devise.) First; in the centre of the chapel, but donc (scouting all styles and dates) exterwithout pendentives. At the West pally, pointed doorways and windows, end of the ailes are porches, curi. buttresses, pinnacles, &r. Internally, ously added to the first division of arches, columns, &c. Arrangement to these ailes. The perforated brass take any form but that of the Christian screen inclosing the tomb of Henry, one, a cross.-Second; externally, towis wrought in the true spirit of the ers, battlements, loop-boles, &c. Interfeatures of the chapel, while the naily, dungeons, rooms with little or tomb (exclusive of the statues of the no light, walls bare, and to carry royal pair) is designed in the then more the seeming of a prison than Italian mode ; therefore (setting aside that of a place of defence, accompaits excelleut workmanship) not strictly nied with every splendid accommodain character.

tion, both for war, and royal resiThe mouldings are but few, in- dence. - Third ; externally, squaredividually; yet, by repeating them headed doorways and windows, octon particular objects, they appear at angular turrets (for shew, not the first view exceeding namerous. The incumbent uses, st. ircases) ; battleorna vients in the foliaged parts seem ments, arched recesses (an internal in general but little studied or varied, church decoration), pinnacles, spires, being a constant repetition of the Tu- &c. (church decorations). Internaliy, dor devices, the rose, portcullis, fleur- every part of the plan to assume a mode-lis, dragon, greyhound, &c. The dern house-finishing appearance.” (it several statues fine, and evince the must however be owned, that, in a few strict costume of the day, whether of these new apartments, some wirethey pourtray saints, or personages drawn scraps are larded

over the then living.

walls, taken from plaster casis on As this survey has been expressly screens, monuments, groins, &c.) That taken for the present purpose of car the above " opinions” may not be rying on ont rise and progress, I em thought coined for the present occabraced the opportunity of looking over sion, look at all the thinys " run up” with much care the several seats of in this way, serving for Chapels *, the stalls, in order to give some con (no necessity to “ do" a church), fident answer to “ An Old Corre Castles.t, and Abbeys , alias gentlespondent,” wbo has more than once men's seaís, produced witbin these alluded to their indecent tendency. few years, in town and Country, I can find very few of the carvings in contradiction to such unclassic but what are strictly decorous; they ideas, I observe, that, in every æra, indeed, in the mass, claim approba a particular style of building manition, froin the just moral they convey, fested itself, as successively shewn in and the costumic information they this progress; and that the decoraevery where in part.

tion:s seen on sacred elevatiulis (exAi this period of our National Ar- cepting such as had a direct scriptural chitecture, the true Pointed Style, reference) were also introdured on like other long esta! lished principles, castellated and mansion-formed edi. gave way; when, in a manner as sud fices. And, although the plan of a den and as strange, another mode of castle has not the figure of a cross, design was brought forward, evidentiy ailes, chapeis, &c.; yet it presents set on foot to drive for ever from the doorways, windows, arches, columns, rising genius of the Country all bias and ornarepis ý, in like manner as, or ankering after the fore-yone glo- found on the lines of a church. Notries of our old masters of art. Before withstanding but few inansions exist we proceed further on this topic, it of a date prior to the sixteenth cenwill be needful in this place to advert tury; still, if we may conclude from to some common opinions, prevalent among n'y brethren, and which are thus

* Tavistock Chapel, Chapel in Prospect maintained.

place, St. George's Fields, &c. " There are three distinct species of + Kew,

# Fonthill, &c. Gothic (thcir nick-pame for our An: Rochester Castle, Durham Castle, tient Architecture)Church Gothic,ias Windsor in its pristine state (see Hollar), tlo Gothic, and Mansion Gothic, each Caernarvon, Conway, &c.




the domestic buildings attached to They have hitherto continued in a Cathedrals and Abbeys, their decora-blind state, as a prepared instrument by tions being run in continuation, all which the fuluess of the Gentiles is to be our old mansions must have partaken brought in about the last days ; for the of the like prevailing embellishments. blessing of each tribe is especially deThe style, to count on in this last clarative of their peculiar state in the respect, may be exemplified from last days,Geu. xlix. 1. And Jacob called numerous houses in being, built in unto his sons, and said, Gather your. the Tudor times, and in the Tudor Belves together, that I may tell you style; they may be met with in all that which shall befall you in the last degrees of workmanship, froin the Of Judah he says, He stooped most simple cottage or shop, to the down, he couches as a lion, and as an most sumptuous editice; and, if spe old lion, who shall rouse him up ? cimens are wanted, Coventry pos balaam, likewise, prophesying of sesses in particular, a complete as the Israelitos, says, Behold, the semblage of all that may be called people shall rise up as a great lion, beautevus and transcendant. In fact, and lift ap hijnself as a young lion ; an entire series of houses and wan he shall not lie down till he eat the sions can be pointed out to those who prey, und drink the blood of the Slain. may be desirous of studying from Numb. xxiii. 24. This surely implies such remains. But winds thus fra 1.cd, that the Jews will at some late period I fear, are few; the great body of pro- arise in a warlike, in a disturbed, and fessionalists rely too much on their probably in a deceived state; but, as own “taste," atid their own

the Goal Restoration of that people tive" faculties, to condescend to be- is one of the predicted events which come compilers, or copyists, frum is to crown the closing term of 2,000 our antient piles: they may, indeed, years from the Birth of Christ, and set about to iinprove, or destroy them; We are already entered on the last but they can never fall back inw the century but one of that period, is it errors of a superstitious or exact not a time to call forth our peculiar imitation of any one of the said works, attention to the new movements of religious, warlike, or civil.

that people? They have hitherto been Taking leave of the pointed or the standing miracle of the World: ders in the examples drawn from auid, although for the last seventeen Henry's Chapel, let it be remembered, centuries in a comparatively quiescent that whatever progressive character- state, there is now a working begun; istics we have descanted on, prevailing and a train fraught with the seeds of in metropolitan and monastic churches, alteration has been lately introduced the like objects are invariably to be among them, by a powerful Empire traced (on smaller scales) in most of virtually devoid of any revealed rethe parochial erections throughout ligion. And if it is not superstitious the kingdoin. Castles and mansions, to expect the swelling bud of vegetathough not singly brought forth for tion to expand with the coming discussiou, bure a like tendency to Spring, neither' can I think it so to the ascendant precedents, as above look forward to the fulfilment of the hinted at. Thus, around the land, ever prophecies concerning that people, shone one periodical blaze of Archi now ihat such steps are taking as will tectural pride, unrivalled and original. eventually bring them into action AN ARCHITECT. with the other powers of Christen

dom. And as the devices of human Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 4. creatures becoine instrumental in the (AVING frequently been interest- hands of Providence, may not the

which I have met with in your valu- French government allure the Jews, able Miscellany, I am desirous, by and the military laws under which your favour, to lay before that class they wilfully enlist, so far tempt of your Readers some observatioas thein on to a compliance with cuson the present altering state of the toms abhorrent to their own law, as Jews, and the facility of disposition to cause one of the latter trials of which certain departments of them their virtue, and prepare them for on the Continent manifest in favour the great pruning they are to underof emergence upon almost any terms. go before their restoration. This


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