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April 1. riod between, or during the reigns of King I
John and Henry III. 1199 to 1272 ; both of rious Round Church of Little whom appear to have granted the Knights Maplested (see Plate I.); 49 miles of Maplested some privileges, &c. N. E. of London, and three from the
“ The principal entrance is at the West town of Halsted in Essex, which has end, where a large wooden Porch protects been lately very ably described by namented with a double range of project
the simple beautiful doorway: This is oryour ingenious friend, Mr. Britton, ing quatrefoils, in square pannels, running in his « Architectural Antiquities *;"
round the whole arch, and with another from which elegant Work I take the similar facing over the arch. The circuliberty to transcribe some particulars Jar area within is 26 feet in diameter, and to my present purpose:
has a peristyle of 6 clustered columns, i “ In the reign of King Stephen, Little
These consist of three half columns atMaplested was vested in Robert Dospelli,
tached to a kind of triangular pier, and or Doisnel, whose daughter and heiress,
at the extreme edge of every column is a Juliana, married William Fitz-Audelin, string moulding, or bead, extending from steward to Henry II. This lady, with the
the base to the capital. consent of her husband, gave the whole pa
“ The whole length of the Church interrish, with its appurtenances, circa 1186, to
nally is 60 feet. It is dedicated to St. the Knights Hospitallers. This donation
John of Jerusalem, and is traditionally was confirmed by King John; and Henry said to have had the privilege of sanctuary." III. granted the brethren the liberty of free It is remarkable that the Porch at
&c. A Preceptory was therefore the West end has three doors in it, and completely established here, under the there is no entrance into the Church appellation of Le Hospital ; and from the but this way. gifts of numerous benefactors, it progres The Parish was rated to the Land sively became extremely flourishing. At Tax at 4081, 10s. the Dissolution, its possessions, with Temple Sutton, &c. were granted by Henry tithes wherever they had to do ; so
As the Knights in vaded all the VIII. to Henry Harper, esq. From him it has passed through various families; and they did here, and made this a donaat present the village, with the church, are
tive, or perpetual curacy; as it still nearly deserted, and the latter is suffering continues, with a small stipend. B.N. gradual decay. “ The Church is singular in shape; and,
Mr. URBAN, Hull, March 14. constituting one of the Round Class, is
WHOUGH it probably comports extremely interesting, as displaying a dif neither with your desire vor inferent and later style than either of the tention to lead your Readers into the structures already described; (viz. St. Se- thorny maze of Politicks; yet, as any pulchre's, Cambridge; St. Sepulchre's, remarkable aberration, inconsistency, Northampton; and the Temple, London.)
or contradiction, in either of the two With a circular portion at the West, and a semicircular East end, the plan of this great parties into which this country building is, I believe, unique, and there
is always divided, may be thought to fore deserving of particular illustration.
come sufficiently within the sphere of Dr. Stukeley, Dr. Ducarel, and some other
the Gentleman's Magazine; I avail Antiquaries, have described the churches myself of this latitude to observe with semicircular East ends as very an
that, in looking over the columns of tienit; and some of these remark, that such the Opposition prints, a remarkable a peculiarity indicates a Saxon origin. omission will occur to whoever recolBut in the present structure there is no lects the transactions of the day, and mark of the Anglo-Saxon style of Archi. the language of both parties, at the tecture. The windows, arches, columns, period so often referred to, when his door-way, &c. are all of a class or style Majesty laboured under a malady of of building, which certainly did not prevail which his present illness seems decidtill the very latter end of the twelfth, or beginning of the thirtecith century.
ed to be a relapse. A conspicuous Judging by the pecnliarity of these mem
reason assigned, both in and out of bers, which furnish the only clue in the
the House, by the Government, or Mr. absence of document, I am inclined to re
Pitt's party, in favour of the arrangefer the erection of this Church to some pe ment adopted, was, that the health,
* In three beautiful plates of this work, the exterior character, internal peculiarity, ground-plan, and entrance door-way, of Little Maplested Church, are correctly dis. played.
+ The Church at Great Maplested, like that under consideration, has a semicircular East end. Gent. MAG. April, 1811.
both bodily and mental, of our gra- he cherishes, in common with nine cious Sovereign, would, on his reco tenths of his subjects, of seeing the very, be again endangered, by find- Peninsula become an effectual barrier ing his most favoured schemes for the to“ those pests of the human race*.” future welfare of the community, In a weekly paper (the Rockiogham) those plans his application to which published in this town, professedly as was said, on medical authority, to a vehicle for the opinions of Mr. Fox's have originated his disease, totally followers, after a long and spacious subverted by certain persons whom, column of advice, garnished with le
free agent, he refused to nitives of the above description, they admit to his councils. The ardent glance very coldly at some recent sucspirit of Edmund Burke could not re cesses of the Allies in Portugal, which frain from hinting at certain promo- could not be commented on for want tions to the Peerage that ought to of room; the omission, however, is take place, in which he was supposed of less moment, for, continues the particularly to allude to the present Editor, “ whatever may be the result Lord Erskine: this, however, served of Lord Wellington's campaignt, it only to unite the Cabinet phalanx is impossible 34,000 British should inore closely. The result we will pass by. make a successful stand against the
Had the papers in the pay or under hordes that Buonaparte can bring into the influence of the Whigs, as they the field.”-A position nobody will style themselves, confined their argu- controvert. But, as the premises may ment to the merits of a Regency by be safely denied, it is not necessary to address, and with no more restrictions jump to the conclusion ; there is no. than the most zealous of their lead- thing irregular in supposing his Maers could reconcile to his political, jesty never understood that the salvaor, if you will, his constitutional or-. tion of those countries and of Europe thodoxy, you would not, Mr. Urban, ultimately depended on our quota of have stumbled on my Signature. But troops to the common cause;. his when you find it urged with patriotic views, if we concede him his own opitouches, that his Majesty's precarious nion, were, to make a powerful diverhealth, as well as his increasing years, sion in behalf of the Spaniards; to inought to excite a general sympathy spirit the Portuguese to show a good to see him relieved from the cares of countenance towards the enemy, and Royalty, and consequent fatigue of to mould them into able soldiers by thought, as much as possible, it is our example, that their own armed surely worth while to inquire into the hordes may be incessantly opposed to probable effects of the projected those of the imperial Jacobin : to imchange on the illustrious Invalid : for bue the peasantry of those kingdoms, the symptoms are obvious, that the like our own, with the imposing but adoption of a Regency, in the person useful notion, that one of them can of His Royal Highness the Prince of beat three Frenchmen, provided he is Wales, must be considered synony not made of such stuff as certain den mous with being themselves in power, sponding counsellors. or undoubtedly preparatory to it; it To those not conversant with the is something more than an adjunct ; mystics and free-masonry of party, it is nothing less than the corner- it is inconceivable how his Majesty is stone on which the expectation of the to derive a recruit of spirits from party hinges; but with as little regard learning that our troops are withdrawn to the aforesaid professions, as to his from a vantage ground, for their vaMajesty's presumed feelings on the lour and address to be employed only total relinquishment of the fond hope in mock fights at homeş, or that the
* This expression we copy from the gallant Nelsen's dispatches from Egypt: it is but too consonant to the well-known comment of Sir William Temple on the conduct of the French in bis day, in the countries they had overrun. † Spoken of the last campaign.
See Lord Chesterfield on popular prejudices, in his Letters to his Son. $ The Rockingham newspaper, before adverted to, which, as some persons of high rank, and others of more than common talents, are among the Proprietors, if not the Conductors, may be safely appealed to in point, professes to see no reason for the war being continued in the Peninsula, but to gratify the military mania of the Wellesley fa. mily. The eelebrated opinion of the great Chatham, " that America was conquered in Germany,” will apply here, to ask whether an invasion is not more rationally prevented in Portugal than at our doors,
skilful Officer at their head is sent to A party anomaly of a more offen. Coventry, like Marlborough, from the sive description to those who disreusual effects of party animosity on gard the nomenclature of St. Stea change of power*. Nor is it a whit phen's Chapel when they peruse the more comprehensible, how the reno clauses of a Bill, is, that, while Mr. vation of health in so distinguished Perceval appears exposed to the utan individual can be promoted by an most virulence of invective and nickother specific object with the pre names for the Regency restrictions (a sent minority, a sort of panacea for question it is not meant here to inall distempers in the body politic, and terfere with), Lord Grenville, who sea question on which the celebrated dulously comes forward as the author historic biographer Mr. Roscoe di- of this obnoxious measure, conjointvides with them, who, like Milton (I ly with his former colleague Mr. Pitt, hope he will take it as a compliment) and who avows his opinion to be unshows himself as fallible in state affairs altered, does not appear to have lost as ordinary men, when he would an iota of consideration with his open immediate negotiations for a party on that score. Several of the peace, surrendering, as of course, all daily papers told us, as if the writers those Colonial captures which after had been present at the interview, the armed truce of Amiens we had to that His Royal Highness the Prince re-conquer with such streams of blood of Wales applaaded his Lordship’s and treasuret.
manly and independent conduct. It In vain, if the health of our revered would be paying the noble Peer a Sovereign is, as is pretended, a pri- very bad compliment, to alledge that, mary motive with our Lady Bountifuls like Doctor Sangrado, he cannot write in Parliament, or“ in garret high," against himself; and that his partizans, shall we derive consolation from the sensible of this dilemma, tacitly conknowledge of these and similar pre- cede him the point: such an exculpascriptions in petto ; it is impossible to tion can only enhance the effrontery thank such officious empirics so much and impudence which would sentence as common civility would require, for his opponent " to be hanged, drawn, devising such a bolus for the benefit of and quartered," for propounding idengood George III ; who might indeed tically the same restrictions in subbe relieved from the cares of Royalty, stance and effect*; as also for copy. but it would be by being released ing the proceeding by Bill instead of from them in common with all other Address. It should not be forgotten cares, by so novel an outrage on the also, that his Lordship volunteers his sensibility both of the man and the mon- sentiments; whereas the Chancellor arch. It is a pity, therefore, that these of the Exchequer might alledge, with bumane ebullitions in his behalf are show of reason, that the restrictions, pot duly separated from the self-ended &c. are independent of his opinion on suggestions and egotisms, their inse- the point; that he found the path parable concomitants. Would these chalked out for him, without an opimperative retainers, these state pu- tional proviso, by his Majesty's disa gilists, vouchsafe to favour us with tinct
approbation of the former Bill, the substance of their cogitations -a Bill prepared by one of the most and agitations, properly sitted and eminent Statesmen this country has winnowed from such annoyances, produced. Thus you find the crust they might administer more • good becomes “good 'mutton” in more will towards men,"
Tales tban that of a Tub.
* Bolingbroke, one of the principal of the Tory administration that dismissed the Duke of Marlborough, subsequently, in his Letters on History, or in his Letters to Swift, I forget which, takes occasion to testify his extraordinary respect for that great
+ About two years since, when circumstances were not more favourable than at present, a petition for a peace was handed round for signatures in this neighbourhood : but the petitioners mustered very indifferently both in number and respectability.
If there be any difference of moment, it is that by the present act the operation of the restrictive clauses is reduced from twelve months to six; but this requires no comment.
ILLUSTRATIONS OF HORACE. here has in his recollection, are cited
by Cicero in his disputation against (In Continuation from our last.) voluptuousnesst.
] Lælius, præclare et recte sophos illudque The Harpies, saith Magister He
[inquit, derichus, (for whose incomparable O Publi, O Gurges Galloni ! es homo miser, fertility of imagination and concin
Cænasti in vita nunquam bene, cum omnie nity of diction, I have a sort of over
(cumano. weening fondness, for which, as me Consumis squilla, atque acipensere cum dediocribus illis ex vitiis unum, I crave
In Pliny's time, this once so dear indulgence), “ had faces like maidens, and rare à dish, had fallen into such but hands with great crooked claws, contempt, that a man of fashion looked withal quite famished with would have thought his table disa hunger, and discharge however like: graced by having a sturgeon upon wise immediutely from them what it; the mulli, scari, and rhombi had they have devoured. They had in supplanted him. the next place their wings, with which,
Vos autor docuit prætorius.] A in flying, they snade a prodigious wipe at a certain Asellius Rutilius or noise, and bodies like the vulture, Sempronius Rufus, who increased the all over full of feathers, nevertheless,
enormous list of dishes with which the hands and feet like men, but ears like tables of the Roman helluones were the bear.”
loaded, by the addition of young Rhombusque recens.) The turbot storks. For this discovery, and beseoms likewise to have been admired by the Romans, according to its size, shattered his reputation, that, on put
cause by his manner of life he had so as they were delighted to behold the ting up for the præture he lost his pleasant spectacle, porrectum magnum election in a most shameful manner, magno in catino. The ridiculous story he was regaled with the following epiof the monstrous rhombus that was
gram: captured uvder Domitian, in the Adriatic sea, and was too large for any
Ciconiarum Rufus iste conditor dish at that time in existence; and
Hic est duobus elegantior PlancisI; how that worthy successor of Augus
Suffragiorum puncta non tulit septem : tus convened the senate on the occa
Ciconiarum populus ultus est mortem. sion, and finally on a motion of the Cornu ipse bilibri caulibus instillat.] illustrious Montanus, a senatus con. Namely, out of a horn oil-cruet con, sultum was accordingly drawn up: taining two pounds; so that the oil that a proper platter should be turned with which he so sparingly treated upon the spot, of sufficient dimensions his guests, must therefore necessarily to contain the whole fish — vught to grow the more rancid. Gesner thinks be read in Juvenal himself, of whose that by reading veteris non largus fourth satire it forms the subject.
aceti instead of non parcus, AvidieHaud ilu pridem Glloni præconis, nus's parsimony would be more &c.] At the time when this Gallo- strongly inarked. I am not of that nius had got the reputation of a con
opinion: non largus seems to me ceited prodigal, because, at a grand absolutely fat; whereas non parcus entertainment which he gave, an ex
is a bantering observation, and Aviceeding large sturgeon appeared upon dienus gains nothing by it; forhe is his table, that fish was in such bigh only more liberal of his vinegar beesti.. ation with the Romans, that it
cause it is spoilt, and the decrease of was rio otherwise served up and offer
it is easily supplied from his wine celed round than with garlands of flowers,
Jar. Non largus is manifestly the and with pipers playing before it*. work of a dull copyist, who here Gallonius was a contemporary of the thought like Gesner, and intended to poet Lucilius, and he it was, properly,
correct the text. who brought him into such evil re Sicut simplex Vævius, unctam conpute, that even in Cicero's time vivit vivis præbebit aquam.] it is scarcely ut Gallonius, was a sort of proverb. to be imagined how some commentaThe lines of Lucilius which Ofelius tors have toiled and drudged to distort
* Athenæus Deipnos. lib. vii. p. 294. edit. Lugdun. 1612.
+ De Finib. lib. ii. cap. 8.
the natural, obvious meaning of this such illiterate people, who were somepassage. These gentlemen have some what more than meer mechanical times the misfortulie of being unable dolts, as ignorant and stupid as the to see the wood for trees. Thus, for clods of the furrow, an ordinary noexample, Baxter supposes the Nevius, tion, that human souls are particles whom Ofellus, in manifest contrast to or effluxions of one great mass of spithe stern Albutius, accuses of an ex rit, the anima mundi, pervading and cessive indulgence to his servants, is actuating the whole universe. Hohere characterized as a preposterously race therefore makes his Ofellus elegant blunderhead. Cæteri lauii speak precisely as befitted a plain, (says he) inungebant vinarios calices, houest, intelligent man of his condiiste vero vappa, luutior lautissimis, tion, and had nothing less in bis mind vel ipsum aquam (et frigidam scilicet than ridicule, as Dr. Warburton, in a et calidam), odorum fecit. This, how- note upon this line, with his peculiar ever, I call nodum in scirpo quærere!. assurance pretends; because an epiAnd in such an ingenious interpreta- curean, like Horace, had no belief in tion Gesner, at least by his silence, the immortality of the soul, therefore acquiesces! We need only to have he designed by the expression divinæ one pair of eyes and half a grain of particulam auræ, to render the divine common sense, for perceiving that origin of it ridiculous. Horace, with Horace says nothing like it, por his lordship’s permission, was neither could have it in his thoughts. an epicurean nor a pythagorean ninought in all things to take the middle nyhammer; but a poet, who well path, says Ofellus. Between excessive understood the reddere personæ connicety and decoration, neatness lies venientia cuique; and moreover, a midway. Old Albutius is so rigorous man as sound both in head and heart, against the slightest mistake of his as ever breathed
as every one who servants, that for any errors they may is not deficient in one or the other, possibly conimit in the several func- will discover by his writings. Hotions of their offices, he chastises them race may have believed what he could before-hand: Nævius, on the contra about the soul, at alleveuts, he speaks ry, is so lenient a master, that he over here, not in his own person, but in looks the grossest faults and negli- the character of Ofellus, into whose gences in the duties of his domestics, mouth, in defiance of all propriety, and even suffers the guesis at his table and as it were by violence, to cram to be served with stale or dirly water an epicurean sarcasm, would have without perceiving or cariog about it. been somewhat palpably absurd. A prudent man will act seiner like Hos utinam inter, &c.] In this wish, Albutius, who flogs a servant on the which besides deriving a particular bare occurrence of the idea that he grace and propriety from the lips may hand an unwashed goblet to a of such a man as Ofelius, I think I guest; nor like Nævius, to whom it perceive something humourous, by is perfectly indifferent whether or not which Horace, (for I suppose this the water for his guests to drink, be- composition to be read in the circle trays the marks of having been fetch- of Mæcenas) hoped to light up the ed from the neighbouring diich: he countenances of his hearers with a insists upon neatness and cleanliness smile. For so earnest an aspiration in his bouse and at his board, without from so full a heart, so immediately running into either the one or the ori the explanation of the economical other extreme.”
reason why their fathers thought a Adjligit (or, if we rather chuse to rather strong smell in their black read, affigit) humo divinæ purticulam game, by a sort of tacit agreement, so auræ.]
Without having recourse savoury, and the word heros in this to a periphrasis, it would, perhaps, combination has really in it somewhat be quite impossible to find an equiva- comic. Ofellus, in bis zeal, does not lent expression for particulam auræ remark it—and even that is in chadivinæ, as Ofellus here calls the think racier. í make this observation as a ing principle, or mind of man. Ofel confirmation of what I advanced at lus utters this neither as a platonic, the couclusion of the introduction to nor as :: stii, as the expositors vainly this little essay. Even the leap or dream : but by a very general, very abrupt transition which he causes him antient, and certainiy, even among to make in his discourse, the minute