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subject is particularly treated on in a to find out who are the people pre-
new exposition of the metallick image eminently called men.
and the Apocalypse, though pub “It appears in the 7th chapter, that
lished under the title of the Revival 144,000 Jews were sealed and in the
of the Roman empire. It is there 14th ch. when the 144,000 appear
contended that the prophetic history with the Lamb as the first fruits, it is
of the Jews forins a much greater said that they were redeemed from
part of the Revelation of St. Joho among men ; and that no mun ex-
than bas hitherto been apprehended; cept the 144,000 could learn the new
and particularly that they are in the song (new covenant); the insur-
8th, and several other chapters, de mountable difficulty which the Jews
scribed individually under the term in general find to learwing the joyful
man, and collectively by the appella- Christian doctrine, or new song, is
tive of men, But this appellative, well kuown; but, as the Gentiles of
when evidently given to a race dis- all kindred and tongues can learn
tinct from other people then men. that song, does it not seem to follow
tioned, is first educed as descriptive that those men who could not learn
of the Jews, from prototypes in the the song were Jews, the blindness
Old Testament; and as they are found of whom is accounted for by St. Paul,
in their own scriptures, the Jew. Romans xi. 7. What then? Israel
themselves may do well to consider hath not oblained that which he seeketh
them. The only one which I shall for ; but the ELECTION (the 144,000)
mention is a passage that has often haih obiained it, and the rest were
been brought forward, but I believe blinded. And accordingly, the blind-
never in the same point of view; it ness of the Jews, though constantly
is from the great compendium of all mixed, with Cbristians, continues a
prophecy, the metallic image; Da. wouder to this day. The Jews, as
niel there speaking of a certain people selected by their Maker, are entitled
belonging to the last empire, forelels to the chief distinctions, and in re-
that they shall, at the time of the spect to the term men may receive it
end, mingle themselves with the seed in the following words, given as from
of men ; and this does appear to sig- the Deity himself: Ezekiel xxxiv, 31.
oify that there is in prophecy a pe. And ye any flock, the flock of my
culiar people, denominated pre-emi. pasture, are men, and I am your
nently men; and, though in another God, saith the Lord God.
part of Daniel, ch. ii, 41, the same Mr. Butt seems aware of some par-
people are symbolized by clay; it is ticular meaning of the word man in
potiers clay, which ig a selection of the Apocalypse, as he says, “ omit
the best sort of clay. We will now, the word inan whenever it is not
therefore, view what the author of found in the Greek." He also says,
the Revival of the Roman Enspire “ The same things are often exhi-
says in favour of the supposition that bited in different views by various
the term man, when emphatically emblems at once;" that is, as we
applied, designates a Jew in the Apo- must conclude," various emblems"

in one chapter or particular section
« Revelations, chap. ix. ver. 4. of prophecy. In his explauation of
• And it was commanded them that symbols, it likewise appears that trees
they should not hurt the grass of the and gross denote men having spiritual
earth, neither any green thing, nei- life.
ther any tree; but only those men who - St. Paul, in Romans 11th, parti.
have not the seal of God in their fore, cylarly describes the Jews by the em-

blem of the olive tree; and that the “ In the latter part of this chapter yine is in the Old Testament a chief it is also said, the four angels were type of the Jews, and that they may prepared to slay the third part of from thence in the Scripture language men; but, as this is never appre- appropriately be called trees, has beuded to mean the third part of already been discussed in the premankind, it must, ip either sense in ceding chapter ; and if trees were which it can be taken, designate some there rightly apprehended to mean particular people distinguished by Jews, they must mean the same here. the denomination of men ; which ne When, therefore, the above 4th.verse cessarily puts us upon the endeavour says, the locusts were not to hurt



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any tree, but only those men which shall drink of the wine of the wrath have not the seal of God in their of God; and in the 16th ch. it appears foreheads, do not the trees and the that the forbidden crime had been men, frotu the word only, appear to committed, as it opens with the first be of one and the same kind, though vial of wrath pouring upon men which spoken of (as 'is common in the had the mark of the beast, and upon succession of discourse) under va them which worshiped his image, rious denominations, but as if the Yours, &c.

1. P. sense' was, hurt not the Jews, excepting that part of them which have


Jan. 6. not the seal; and thus would the torin THINK no one will dispute (though of men and that of tree be found, as indeed they bere seem to be, synony- should be) that the Clerzy ought to.

And this will agree with the be taught to read; but few have seen safe sealing only of some Jews in the or acknowledged the necessity of ex7th chapter. Daniel, is his 2nd chap- tending that instruction to their ter, shews at the 43d verse, that of Clerks, although our ears are on two different nations which will in every Sunday assailed with the most the latter time mingle themselves to disagreeable voices and the most gether, one only is to be termed nien: wretched pronunciation from the perAnd whereas thou sawest iron mixed son, who, next to the Clergyman, with miry clay, they shull mingle leads the cougregation. Instead of themselves with the seed of men : but drawing the attention, and adding They shall not cleave one to another, to the devotion of those assembled even as iron is not mixed with clay. solemnly to deprecate the wrath of And the 7th chapter of Hosea, 1st God, to implore his assistance and yerse, says, when I would bave healed protection, and praise him for his Israel, then was the iniquity of mercies, I believe every persoa Ephraim discovered. And at the 8th will agree that nine-tenths of our verse it is said, Ephraim, he hath Clerks perform their part in a dismixed himself ainong the people. ... agreeable, ignorant, and sometimes Our Savior bora of the Jews is even in a laughable manner. The styled the Son of men ; the most emi- responses are, surely, an important nent of the prophets are also free part of the service of our Church ; quently called son of man, wbich and if the person appointed to make inay have a particular meaning, or them, were to do so in a serious and may be casual; but in this part of the sensible manner, it would naturally present chapter the term men is so follow that the congregation would evidently made use of to specificate do so also. A quiet, calm, and as and distinguish a certain people froin our excellent exhortation expresses it, their conquerors the borsemen, that “ an humble voice," would excite henceforward, whenever that same' attention, and restore the lost custom terın is emphatically applied, we can of each person in the assembly audio Rot but conclude that it is one of the bly joining in the same manner. The scripture appellatives of some pecu- dissonant voice of the Clerk, and his liar race of people *."

bad pronunciation, has probably been 'That the term man is still further the cause, that he alone now is heard emphatically applied in the Apoca- at all. Clerks, I believe, are usually lypse, will be found on turning to the chosen after their education (if such 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th chapters. it may be called) is finished: they In the 13th it appears that men will must certainly read and write ; but be allured to coalesce with, and wor would it not be desirable to have them ship a great Antichristian empire or prepared for their office, and pains beast, while in the 14th there is a taken to impress on then the importstrong prohibition and warning against ance of it, and to instruct them in this very crime: 9th verse, if any the manner they ought to follow the MAN worship the beast and his image, Clergyman : and receive his mark in his forehead, I do not think it would be beneath or in his hand, Toth verse, The same the Dignitaries of our Church to suge

gest the above in their Visitations. * Revival of the Roman and Greek I am persuaded the happiest effects Empires, from p. 207 to 212.

would ensuc, not uply iu but out of


the Church. The Clerk is more upon Judges of Charles I. wbo published a level with the common people; and, two very curious pamphlets. 1.“ The if one in every parish were well in- Accuser ashamed, or a Pair of Belstructed, they might be a means of lows to blow off the dust cast upon stemming the present alarming dere John Fry, a Member of Parliament, liction from our regular Clergy. In by Colonel Jo. Downes. London fine, no means, bowever humble, 1648.” Svo. 2. “ The Clergy in their should be left untried to accomplish Colours; or a brief Character of them. so desirable an end. The strenuous 1650.” 8vo. These two tracts (the latefforts of every Clergyman in the ter of which was answered in 1651 by Realm, united with his assistant, J. D. and soon after burned by order miglit do much, both to reform the of Parliament). I have never seen; all more notorious character, and to my knowledge of them being gather. strengthen the unsteady, and bring ed from Anthony Wood, who, with all back into his fold the wandering sheep: his bigoted prejudice, allows the auLet the Shepherd but do his duty, and thor to have been a man of great abidepend upon it, “ He that is an hire. lities. If they ever come into my ling and not the Shepherd” will not possession, I purpose, from respect to be able to lead them astray.

a relative who seems to have been Yours, &c.

A HINTBR. roughly handled without much cause

for it, to reprint them both, with incMr. URBAN, Bristol, May, 1810. moirs of the author. If, therefore,

FEEL much obliged to J. C. for any gentleman who has either or both

the iuformation contained in his the pamphlets, feels inclined to grant letter of June 10, p. 335 of the first part me the loan of it or them for a short of your last volume: from that it apo time to transcribe, I shall be obliged pears, Thomas Wepman was fellow of to bim. Baliol College, and member of the A Correspondent, R. S. (in page Inner Temple. Quere, might not the 301) seems inclined to doubt the inpublic records of those places atford vention of watches previous to 1658 : some farther information respecting the following extract may throw some him? As the edition of Browne, which light on the subject. “ Emperor I possess, does not contain the com Charles the Fifth had a watch made in mendatory verses by Wenman, would the collet or jewel of a ring; and King it be troubling J.Ç. too much, were l Jamies had the like.” Powell's Huto ask him for a transcript of the lines mane Industry, 8vo. 1661. From this from his edition ?

it would appear that watches were Some few months ago I edited a known as early as, if not before, the trilling work, “ Selections from the commencement of the seventh cenPoems of Carew," which has in some tury.

JOHN FRY. measure conlributed towards rendering that deserving but neglected ge Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 12. nius more generally admired. I am TT.BURIEN in Cornwall (see p. 246 now collecting materials at my leisure of your last volume) is a Deanfor a complete edition of his Works, ry, having jurisdiction over three containing some pieces hitherto un Parishes, and the Probate of Wills published. The materials for bis life therein. There are now po Prebends are few; it is possible, however, some belonging to it, but two Stalls remain of your numerous readers may be in the Church. It is in the gift of the able to assist me with information Prince of Wales as Duke of Cornwall. from manuscript anthorities teading The King having presented to it duto supply in some measure the defi. ring the now Prince's minority, the ciency. It appears from Oldys's MS Minister on the death of Dr. Bosnotes to Langbaine, that the Prince of cawen, the last Dean but one, preWales then had in his possession a sented as in right of the Crown, beVandyke containing a portrait of Ca- fore the Prince was informed of the rew. Quere, In whose possession is that vacancy, and he did not choose to painting at present, and are there any coniest it; but, that gentleman dying other Portraits of Carew in existence? a few years after, the Prince present.

I wish aiso for some information re ed Dr. Henry Jenkin, the present specting John Fry, Member in the Dean. The Crown has nothiug to do Long Parliament, and one of tbc with it.


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Mr. URBAN, Moy, Ireland, Aug. 21. and published in their Transactions?

readiness to insert in VOUR YOUR


-Mr. Salisbury chose to look for invaluable collection, any commu

formation where he was certain he nication leading to the improvement would not meet contradiction ; he of our Agriculiural Practice, together consults the practical farmina, who, with former indulgence, give me rea

with himself, had alwa;s pronounced son to hope that my reply to a Letter the Agrostis Stolonifera to be SQUITCH in last June Magazine from Mr. Salisbury, p.542, will also find a place. It is amusing to see these gentle

I have often transmitted to the Pre men bandying backwards and forwards sident of the Board of Agriculture, their anathemas against this unfortuand to other respectable members, Fi- nate Grass. Mr. Salisbury tells us, oriu strings or stolones, boih for pro “ the Farmer, froin habits of growth, pagation and experiment.

will pronounce both Fiorin and AgrosThe worthy Baronet has it appears) tis Stoloniferu to be noxious weeds." very properly given some of these to Again, he feels himself obliged to Mr. Salisbury, whose discriminating step forward to prevent any one powers as a Botanist I am little dis- from encouraging that vile weed.” posed to question.

The intelligent Farmers, whose I hope, however, that the President opinions of this famous Grass Mr. has not confined his distributions to Salisbury asked, replied, “D-nit althe Botanic School, but has also given together, 'tis nothing but Squitch.a share to the Naturalist, that not An answer whịch Mr. Salisbury proonly the characteristic differences by nounces," though coarse, to be very which classes, orders, and genera, are applicable.distinguished, may be discussed, but From the above quotations, it apthat the habits, properties, and proba- pears that Mr. Salisbury is deficient ble uses, of the vegetable in question, in that necessary qualification for im. may be carefully investigated. partial decision, freedom from previ.

Whether Mr. Salisbury shall, upon ous prejudice; he is not indeed the ona patient examination, pronounce Fiorin ly person who has laboured to deprive to be the same with, or different from the world of the benefits to be derived the Agrostis Stolonifera, is of small from the cultivation of the Agrostis importance; but I lament that any Stolonifera, by far the most valuable decision on the subject of this valua- of the grassy tribe. ble discovery should have been put In a letter to my friend Mr. Greeninto prejudiced bands; as it is plain, ough, printed by Phillips, I bave from Mr. Salisbury's letter, that he has measured swords with other gentlealready made up his mind, not only

men who had declared war, ud interon the species, but upon the merit of necionem, against this grass, even bethis Grass.

fore it was suspected to have merit, When Mr. Salisbury bad the high and before it was known to have a honour conferred upon him, of being protector. consulted by the Board of Agriculture, Fortunately, Mr. Salisbury in his upon a question in his own depart- hostility lays open new matter, and ment, it might be expected he would relieves me from the irksome necessity have taken some pains to inform bim of treading over the same grouod. self on the subject; that he would have Having so decidedly pronounced made himself acquainted with the Agrostis Stolonifera to be SQUITCH, treatises written upon this Grass, laid he lays down some positions relative before him in so complimentary a to Squitch, which astonish me, as com

ing from a gentleman who boasts that Mr. Salisbury, it seems, thought he had studied the British Grainina otherwise; and sneeringly tells us * it for twenty years in an eminent school; would not be of much consequence to

these positions I should by no means read all the celebrated accounts said have noticed, had they not been radi. to have issued from Dr. Richardson's cally and essentially connected with pen, on the subject of this Grass.” the natural history of the Agrostis

What? not even the memoir upon Stolonifera. this Grass, honoured by the same

The Botanical School is much disBoard of Agriculture with a medal, po sed to arrange its vegetables in GENT. MAG. January, 1811.



classes and genera; but Mr. Salisbury is Had Mr. Salisbury, in the course of the first that I have inet with, who his twenty years study of the British has forined Quitch Grass into a genus, Gramina under a celebrated master, with its subordinate species, seven of paid proper attention to the physiowhich are known to him.

logy of Botany, and the classifications On the formation of a gonus, a Dis- of Nature; he would have discovered ferentiu essentialis is required to mark that she had drawn a marked line of the difference between the members discrimination between two descripof this and other genera ; here Mr. tions of her Grasses, the Culmiferous, Salisbury is not deficient, he gives us and the Stoloniferous ; a distinction the characteristic marks, the Differen- which will be found decisive in the tia essentiulis, by which the Squitch present question. genus is distinguished; he tells us the The Culmiferous tribe of Grasses, plants of both the Fiorin and the at their stated periods (mostly early Agrostis Stolonifera began to creep on in Summer) send up in vast numbers the ground, and to root at every joint, their erect Culmi, each bearing its as the Couch Grass does, which is seed panicle; these Culmi have hithe property of at least seven differ- therto chiefly composed the hay ent species of this genus.”.

crops, for the portion of Root Leaf This definition certainly includes caught by the scythe is small in the Agrostis Stolonifera, for which it quantity, and of inferior quality. was intended, but not any one variety The Stoloniferous tribe also send of Squitch with which I am acquainted up their Culmi and panicles at their

The Triticum Repens, the greal- respective periods; but kind Nature est nuisance of all Squitcbes, runs its has been pleased to endow the grasses mischievous roots horizontally, noton, of this genus withranother production, but some inches under the surface; whence they derive their name, and and from this rout, at intervals, sends incalculable value. up its barsh erect stalks, not one of Not far from the period at which which ever creeps, or touches the their panicles appear, the grasses of ground.

this genus begin to project shoots The AVENA ELATIOR, called by the (like the runners of strawberries) farmers Knobb Squitch, very injurious called by Naturalists Stolones ; these, to standing corn, raises its coarse gi- if supported, rise erect; but they gegantic stem vertically, and never nerally creep along the surface, emitsreeps or roots.

ting small fibres from their joints, The AGROSTIS ALBA,White Squitch, which catching the ground, take root, less troublesome, but always erect, and forin new plants. never creeps, its roots work under These Stolones, in uninterrupted ground, and are so strong and sharp, vegetation, continue increasing their that, as Dr. Withering tells us, they length until Christmas, and, I have will penetrale a potatoe.

reason to know, much later. AGROSTIS STRICTA, much cultivated Hence it is plain, that when the in America ; this grass has decidedly a ground shall be clothed with a crop Squitch root, from which it sends up of Stoloniferous grass, the proprietor a solitary erect stem with its panicle must make option, whether he will at the end.

avail himself of the Culmi, and mow AGROSTIS N1GRA, black Squitch, them at the period of their perfection, little differing from the Stolonifera, as he has been used to do, with other involved with it in the common oblo- grasses, or whether he will wait for quy, from which I hope to relieve the the Stolonęs, until, in the course of Whole Gepus.

their steady vegetation, they shall Mr. Salisbury's definition is, no amount to a quantity sufficient to doubt, good and descriptive; but, compensate for the loss of the Culmi. unhappily, it belongs to a genus very Here then is a new field open to the different from that to which he ap- Agriculturalist, whose prospect of plies it, and by this error (were he deriving advantage from it rests on able to establish it) would deprive the the comparative amount of the crops world of the most valuable food for of Culmi and Stolones, on the comtheir cattle, with which Nature has parative quality of their produce, and favoured them.

on the facility of saving Stoloniferous


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