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crops, at a much later period than to be enriched ? by these the wastes Culmiferous have been usually mox of his country to be reclaimed ? ed.
My quotations from Mr. Salisbury's I have dwelt upon these topics at letter must convince the impartial great length in different Essays, and reader, that he is likely to prove a have proved that my crops, composed prejudiced judge, where the Agrostis exclusively of Stolones, in 1808, Stolonifera is in question ; nor have I amounted to six tons, and to seven any doubt, but that he will also contons four hundred to the English acre; sider me too sanguine on the subject and that in 1809, an irrigated crop of a discovery to which I annex so amounted to eight tons one quarter. much importance.
I have also proved that Hay made My accounts of the enormous quan. of Stolones is far superior to common tity, and superior quality, of a species Hay made of Culmi, and decidedly of Hay never heard of before, will, I preferred by all cattle, as it ought to know, be suspected of exaggeration : be, its juices being more saccharine, the late season too in which I make it and more abounding in mucilage. up, is not likely to add to my credit.
I have proved also, that crops of I shall, therefore, (with your perStolones can be saved with great faci- mission) in another letter epitomize lity at periods when it would be vain some of the proofs scattered through to attempt saving common Hay. my different Essays, by which these
And I have established, that Fiorin extraordinary positions are fully estaStolones afford (what has been con blished; and, little alarmed by the insidered as a grand desideratum) good credulity of Mr. Salisbury, and many winter green food ; that we have only others, shall shew that the bardy and to leave a portion of our meadow even contradictory habils of Fiorin standing; and that, from November to Grass lead to consequences of far May, we shall daily mow an abundant greater importance than any I have and luxuriant winter green food, im-' yet stated, and that this overlooked parting to our milk and butter a fla- and calumniated grass may, at trifling vour unequalled by that acquired expence, be made an instrument in from any summer grass.
the improvement of our Islands to an Such are the benefits of which Mr. extent scarcely credible. Salisbury has determined to deprive I shall shew that their wastes and the world, by persisting in his precipi- wilds, of the most opposite descriptate decision, that ali stoloniferous tions, may easily be reclaimed and grasses are Squitch, “all injurious to made highly profitable by the aid of the soil," and all “ totally unfit for this accommodating vegetable, which meadow."
thrives equally on the inountain and I believe I am the first that at- in the valley, in ICELAND and in INtempted to save crops composed ex DOSTAN. clusively of the Stolones of this genus The powers too of this aquatic in of
grass ; and am aware, that a claim sustaining drought have been fully to the credit of a new discovery is not tried this parching season; as I can agreeable to those, who, from their now exhibit, between TYRONE and line, ought to have made it them- ANTRIM, seventeen acres of Fiorin selves; we find them, like peevish old meadow ; and Mr. Ryan of BENBURB TIBERIUS, rogitans
four, mostly in dry ground, and all of Reperisse prorsus quod divus a luxuriance unequalled by the best Augustus non providerit ?
meadows of our couutry in the most You discover what escaped our sa
favourable seasons. gacity ?
Nor has this unexpected property Will Mr. Salisbury, after having (as in an aquatic grass (as it has been suphe tells us) studied the British Gra- posed) escaped notice in England mina for twenty years, like to hear whepce I have letters from several that some of the most common and Correspondents, some of them of the most obtrusive of these Gramina, highest rank, mentioning with astothose particularly reprobated by nishment the luxuriance of the Fiorin himself, are discovered to contain pro- I had sent them, in despight of the perties of inestimable value?
severest drought remembered. That by these the Agriculturalist is
W. RICHARDSON, D. D.
TITHES NO HARDSHIP.
churches, to which the donation was Mr. URBAN
Dec. 26. originally made ; but about one balf IT
T is owing perhaps to dulness of of this property, or half the tithes in
apprehension, that I either do pot the kingdom, it is supposed, have understand Agricola, p. 434 of yon passed into the hands either of bodies last volume, or cannot discover the corporate, or of Laymen; and whene“ very serious evil,” of which he com ver the Laity are proprietors of Tithes, plains. In one case, as he states it, as I have heard intelligent Laymen he receives 60l. rent, and pays 6l. Pro- themselves observe, they generally perty Tax.' In the other, rept is make at least a fifth or a sixth niore 811. and the property tax, 81. 28. of them, than the Clergy do: so that Where then is the hardship? To my as far as Tithes are concerned, it is alapprehension, he reaps à material ad ways an advantage to the occupier of vantage, where he seems to think he land, when they are, as they were orisustains an injury.
ginally intended to be, in the hands of The T'ithe-owner and Agricola have the Clergy. a joint interest in the same estate. Yours, &c.
C. R. The interest of the former is estimat P.S. I do not pretend to be a judge ed by Agricola at one-third of the an of Tithes; but, unless Agricola bas nual value of the land, or 301. and his rated them much too high, for every own interest at he other two-thirds, or acre usually allotted to the Rector in 601. But, if the Tithe-owner is so mo lieu of Tithes, when an Inclosure derate in bis demands, that he is con takes place, he ought to have at least tented to receive 91. instead of 301. two. Agricola avails himself of that circumstance, by adding the difference, name Mr. URBAN, January 12. ly, 217. to the rent; and so he receives
WRITER in your Magazine for 817. when bis real interest, by his own November last, p. 434, tinder staiement, was worth only 601. and the signature of Agricola, (whom I the only deduction is, ibat he pays a suspect to be an Irishman, from the proportional increase (namely two terms “ Tithe-proctor,” and “ Bidguineas more) of Property Tax. In dings” for Tithes, which lie uses) begs this case who is the sufferer: Surely leave to hint a very serious evil atnot Agricola, who receives annually tending (the taking of) Tithes in kind, twenty guineas (abating only two “ which affects,” he says,
“ landed guineas for Property Tax) on account property in general, and ...... the of property not his own. The real Property Tax” upon them, and which sufferer, if there is any suffering in “ has escaped," he thinks, “general the case, is either the occupier of the observation.” land, or the Tithe-owner, who is enti Now, Mr. Urban, I will take leave tled to 301. instead of which he re to offer him a hint or two in answer, ceives 9l. only.
which may be worth his observation, As to the origin of Tithes in this before he takes up his pen again upon kingdom, the undoubted fact is, that the same subject. at a period of time far more remote If I may begin with his P. S. I conthan any land-owner of the present fess' myself to be one of the Clergy, day can trace back bis property, the who look upon Tithes,” for the support then lords of the soil endowed the of the Priesthood, “ as (originally) a church with the tithes of their estales, sacred appointment;” because it may amounting, as Agricola supposes, to be proved from Scripture. But, in one-third of the value of the whole. this country, the right to the tenth The other two-thirds, by beguest, by part of the produce of the land, whepurchase, and other modes of transfer, iher in Ecclesiastical Corporations, have changed hands, perhaps a hun- sole or aggregate, or in Lay improdred times ; cach sucessive proprie- priators, stands upon the same foot, tor (whether by purchase, or other. viz. the Law of the Land, as the right wise) being invested with the right or to any other property whatever. It title to these two-thirds, and to these is, therefore, talking nonsense (to only. The other noiety, in many use no harsher expression) to say, that instances, continues to this day tbe the Legislature "permits the exaction property of the respective parish of Tithes in kind.” Many a “sensible
man,' indeed, “has proposed a commu controvertible facts, and serious evils, tation (Law) for Tithes;” but the dit to go upon, I suspeci that they will fically perpetually recars, of provid- not feel any new excitement to “rouse ing a lasting equivaleni for an ever them to the immediate consideration varying value. I am equally free to of the subject of Tithes.” confess, ibat i am one of the Clergy,
CLERICUS SURRIENSIS. also, wiko would readily accept such an equivalent (indeed, i have always ła Mr. URBAN, Leicester, Oct. 5. ken a compositwm;) Yet, until such I AM extremely glad that several an equivalent be devised, I am, also, free to deciare it to be my opinion, ed with the Ecclesiastical Establishthat the true re redy for the first ment of the Country, have become branch of Agricola's evil would be, a the topics of public discussion in your law to enforce the taking of Tithes in Miscellany, as the communications of kind, througbout the hingdom. The your Correspondents may do consiClergy would, many of them, be the derable good; and, by reason of the persous to complain of such a law; exiensive circulation of your Publicabecause it would make them balf-far- tion, be rendered eminently servicemers, in spite of themselves.
able to the projects of those NobleWith respect to the computed value men and Members of the Legislature, of Tithes, for composition, compared whose sentiments upon these imporwith the rental of the land, a MASTER tant points are in unison with those of upon the subject observes: “ that your able contributors. any sem not exceeding one-third of “A Couniry Rector” (p. 11 of your the reni ( bona fide reni) in y be con last volune) called the attention of sidered as a reasonal:le payment, in your readers to these momenlous conlieu of all fiches arising on a farm; siderations; and I rejoice that his letfor this reason, viz. that unless the ter was not suffered to lie dormant. occupier can make the produce of I rejoice that the hints which he threw his farm return nearer four rents than out were not disregarded, and I think three, such farm cannot be worth liis that he deserves the .thanks of the holding.” Take an example, Mr. Ur- publie in general, and of your readers ban, irom Agricola himself. Suppose in particular, for his conduct. The the rent of a farm to be 901. four rents reform which this Rev. Gentleman will be 3607. oue-tenth of which pro- bas proposed to be made in our Ecduce, for the Tithe, will be 361. but clesiastical Government would, it one-third of the rental is only 301. practicable, be an excellent one; but
It remains for me, now, to point i very much doubt whether it could out the fallacy of Agricola's state
be carried into effect in all its parts, ment of the other branch of the evil without making too great an innovathat he hints, and I will do it from tion upon the present system. the same example. The Properły not one of those who think that, beTax, which the landlord, in this case, cause a certain system or plan has will have to pay, is 91. because he ac been in use for time immemorial, it tually receives 901. a-year for the should not be changed for a better, farm; although he would, no doubt, provided such an one could be devisget more rent (and so would all land- ed; but I am afraid lest, by disturblords for theirs), if his lands could be ing the old fabric, we should bring let Tithe-free, or even Tithe-kind-free, more of it down than we intend, and if I may use the term; and all tenants that, if we begin to make a great rewould soon find out this, to their cost. pair, we shall be obliged to prosecule Now, the tenant, in the case supposed, it much farther than we at first inwill have eighteen pence in the pound tended. on 901. to pay for the occupation of The first and fourth propositions of the farm, and six pence in the pound your Correspondent would, in my 00 301. only, for the occupation of humble opinion, be very difficult to the Tithes, if he should give as much, carry into exccution, and could not by composition, for them. Where, be rendered of any essential use, within the name of candour, I would ask, out a considerable alteration in our is the particular evil of all this? If Statute Laws: these propositions are *s our legislators” have no other in extremely good, provided their sug
gestions could be adopted ; and the must be evident to every discerning present Ministry (the members of man. That Tithes have done immense which have on several occasions damage to the Church cannot be deevinced a praise-worthy regard for nied ; that they have rendered the the welfare of the indigent Clergy) exertions of Clergymen nugatory, will, most probably, do every thing and alienated the affections of parishwhich lays in their power to introduce ioners from their Ministers, is equaleither your Correspondent's regula- ly clear: ever since they were inventtions, or else some other of the same ed, they have been the occasion of innature, to the notice of Parliament. numerable evils; they have sown the
It seems to me, that the first part baneful seeds of dissention in many of the second proposition of your parishes, and by so doing brought Correspondent is rendered unnecessa- many of the Clergy into contempt ; ry, on account of the ability of the they have embroiled numberless Inexisting laws to remedy the evil: the cumbents in vexatious and troubleAct of Sir William Scott (43 Geo. lll. some suits, occasioned much uneasiC. 84.) was intended to enforce the ness, and done more harm than an age residence mentioned by your Corre-: will completely repair; the sooner, spondent; and although it has partially therefore, they are destroyed, the betfailed in its design, yet, if it were
ter ; and until that destruction occurs, strictly enforced, it would, in all pro- it is in vain to expect peace and amity bability, be found sufficient to answer to subsist between the Clergy and the the purposes which its highly esteem- Laity. ed projector intended it should ; in The sixth suggestion of " A Coundeed it would bear extremely hard try Rector” is very seasonable; it is upon the beneficed Clergy, if the laws a pity that the reparation to which he relative to clerical residence were rigo- refers is not more attended to thau it rously put into execution, or rendered is ; it is certainly a part of the Minismore minute than they at present are. ter's duty to see that his Church or
The third suggestion of this Rev. Chapel is kept in sufficient repair; but Gentleman has not been overlooked I apprehend that the Churchwardens by our Legislators: the Acts of the are the persons who ought to superin17th Geo. Ill. c. S. and of the 430 Geo. tend these repairs; and, if ChurchIII. c. 108, were made to assist the wardens did but seriously consider the Clergy in the erection and reparation solemn oaths which they take at the of parsonage houses, &c.; and, by Visitations of their Ordinaries, the taking away some of the difficulties importance of their stations, and the which the Statute of Mortmain pro- heavy punishments to which they exduced, to excite the generous to lend pose themselves in case of neglect of an helping hand in so laudable an un duty, we should not see so many of dertaking. But, notwithstanding these our Churches and Chapels in that Acts, something more certainly wants ruinous state, in which we have now to be done with regard to this particu- 'sometimes the misfortune to find Jar, especially when the emoluments them. Yours, &c. of benefices are trivial, and the par.
J. STOCKDALE HARDY. sonage houses, &c. in a bad stale, or when there are none: in such cases
Jan. 3. as these
, the proposal of your Corre IT bas given me some satisfaction be admitted under certain restrictions, been issued, within these few months, as in cases where the profits of bene- for a republication of Dr. Thomas's fices are sufficient to erect, repair, or edition of Dugdale's Warwickshire; rebuild the parsonage houses, &c. which scems to be a topographical which are either gone to decay, or ex desideratum, because it will afford to tremely dilapidated.
many the possession of a valuable In the filih proposition of your re work, which the Bibliomania of the spectable Contributor, I think every present day has placed beyond their friend to our most excellent Establish- reach. The appearance, however, of ment will perfectly coincide; the pro- this Prospectus of the Editors induces priety (nay, the almost absolute ne me to equire whetber any of your cessity) of the Commutation of Tithes Antiquariau readers, admirers of the
County of Warwick, may happen to the labour and difficulty of writing coincide with me in opinion, that a with accuracy the History of any Continuation of this work is still much County; and suppose, Sir, in order to more required than its mere republi- alleviate this literary task, that sevecation. This edition by Dr. Thomas ral gentlemen, competent to the unis of late become considerably scarce; dertaking, were to collect the joformayet I apprehend, that its rarity is tion, and continue the history, each of exaggerated in the present prospec- their own hundreds, or in some cases tus, because it is to be found in most of their own parishes, or some other good libraries, and has appeared in confined district; the whole to be many catalogues of books lately sold under the superintendence and correcby public auction. However this may tion of some one gentleman, who be, I should conceive that a Continua- might then be able to present to the tion of the work in question to the public their united labours in one present time, upon the plan of the ad- uniform manner of style and armirable History of Leicestershire, now rangement. Such a book would, and nearly concluded, might worthily em ought to be the occupation of years; ploy the pen of any able Antiquary. but it would be of soine importance Amidst the many improved and conti- to know that it were even in the senued Histories of Counties so frequent- rious contemplation of any gentleman ly publishing, I am sorry, as an inhabi- equal to the engagement. I take it tant of Warwickshire, to see that a for granted that there may be collecCounty, beautiful and fertile in itself, tanea for different parts of the Counand memorable on many accounts, ty in the hands of individuals, who should have been so long neglected. would not be disinclined to give their How excellently qualified for such an assistance in promoting the History of undertaking was the lamented author their County. I presume also, that of the Sepulchral Monuments, it is some local information might be colneedless to assert ; yet, I should ima- lected and usefully incorporated in such gine, that valuable materials for this a work, from Part XVII. of Bib. Top. purpose might be found in his liberal Britannica,and Part I. of Miscellaneous and patriotic bequest to the Bodleian Antiquities in continuation of the Bib. Library at Oxford: for in a letter ad- Top. Brit. the 'productions of two dressed to you, in the Gentleman's known and celebrated Antiquaries. It Magazine, February, 1798, in answer may seem arrogant to suggest any to an inquiry of the preceding month, farther improvements of Sir William it appears that Mr. Gough was the Dugdale's History of Warwickshire, purchaser of Dr. Thomas's copy of than the lapse of time bas rendered his own edition of Dugdale's War- necessary; and I shall therefore conwickshire, with his (Dr. Thomas's) clude with an observation which has MSS notes ; and which was then most been made to me, that he neglected to liberally offered to the use of any take notice of any family, however gentleman disposed to continue or respectable or antient, who were not improve Sir William Dugdale's work. the Lords of a Manor, or Patrons of This copy will necessarily be deposited a Church; and also, that amongst the in the Bodleian Library, in compli- very jew plates given of gentlemen's ance with the will of Mr. Gough, to seats, that some were inseried of little gether with the rest of this valuable comparative importance with others collection of British Topography; and which were omiited. These hints are from this book, it is probable that merely offered to the consideration of much additional manuscript informa- any of your numerous readers, who tion might be obtained. I should may be more competent to the object also think it more than probable, that proposed than is the Noblemen and Gentlemen of this Your constant reader, N. S. L. County would be even anxious to fur. nish any gentleman inclined to such LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. an undertaking, with the inspection The subject of the HULSEAN prize of their family deeds, continuation of for the present year is, “ A Disserta their pedigrees, and every other use tion on the Books of Origen against ful information within their power. Celsus, with a view to illustrate the Sach a disposition alone can facilitate argument, and to point out the cvi.