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dence they afford to the truth of Chris- the membraneous kind, through a tianity."

puncture in the coluea. The Provost and senior Fellows of Mr. PARKINSON will shortly pub-, Trinity College, Dublin, have confer- lish, Observations, on, the Act for rered an honorary degree of LL. D. on gulating Mad-Houses, with remarks Professor Davy, in testimony of their addressed to the friends of the insane. admiration of his genius and scientific Mr. Trotter, of Montalta, pear attainments, and of the extraordinary Wicklow, has in the press, an Account discoveries made by him in his Elec. of the Travels of the late Mr. Fox, tro-Chemical Philosophy, and con Lord St. John, and hiniself, in Flanmunicated in his late Course of Lec- ders and France, during the late short tures at the Dublin Society.

Peace; with a variety of letters of The Rev. Dr. T. D. Waitaker, the Mr. Fox, and circumstantial particuHistorian of Whalley and Craven, has lars of the last four years of his life. in the press a new edition of The Vis The Rev. JOHNSON GRANT will sion of Piers Plowinan, printed froin shortly publish the first volume of a MSS. of higher antiquity than any Summary of the History of the English which have yet been collated, and Church, and of the Sects which have forming a Text almost entirely differ- separated from it, from the earliest ent from that of Crowley, together periods to the reign of James the First. with a Prefatory Dissertation, a Pa Sir John CARR has in forwardness raphrase, Glossary, and Notes. We for publication, Descriptive Sketches have great pleasure in taking this op- of the South-east Parts of Spain, and portunity to contradict a report un the Islands of Majorea, Minorca, Sarguardedly circulated in some of the dinia, Sicily, and Malta, during a tour provincial prints, of the death of this in those countries in 1809 and 1810, learned Divine and elegant Antiquary. accompanied by engravings of views

Dr. Arkin has in the press, an oc taken on the spot. tavo volume of Critical Essays on Tiie Rev. T. F. DIBVIN has in the various subjects.

press, in an octavo volume, the EnMr. Winch has nearly ready for the glish Gentleman's Library Companion, press, the Flora of the Counties of being a guide to the knowledge of Northumberland and Durham, of rare, cnrious, and useful books in the which the Botanist's Guide through English language, appertaining to those counties may be considered as a British literature and antiquities. Prodromus. It will comprise about A Report of the late Mr. Fox's 2000 indigenous plants, and be illus- Speeches in the House of Commons, trated by some coloured engravings from his entrance into parliament, in from drawings made by Mr. Sowerby. 1768, to the close of the session in

Dr. Millar, Lecturer on Materia 1806, is preparing for the press. Medica in the University of Glasgow, The Rev. E. Cooper will shortly has in the press, Disquisitions on the publish a second volume of Practical History of Medicine, exhibiting a View Sermons ; and also a new edition of of Physic as observed to exist during the first voluine. remote periods, and among nations A reprint of the original work on not far advanced in refinement. Linear Perspective, by Dr. BROOK

Dr. Joseph READE, of Cork, bas TAYLOR, will shortly appear. in the press, Critical and Practical Ob Mr. MUDFORD (the translator of servations on the Diseases of the luner the Life of Fenelon, Archbishop of Corner of the Human Eyes, with a new Cambray) has in the press a translaarrangement and method of cure. tion of the “ Memoirs of Prince EuMr. BENJAMIN Gibson, Vice Pre

gene of Savoy, written by himself.” sident of the Literary and Philosophi Exploratory Travels, through the cal Society of Manchester,aud Surgeon Western Territories of North Ameto the Manchester Infirmary, will rica, by Major ZEBULON MONTGOshortly pbblish, illustrated by plates, MERY Pike, will soon be published. Practical Observations on the Forma The Rev. John MitrorD,A.B. will tion of an Artificial Pupil in several soon publish, “Agnes, the Indian Capderanged States of the Eye: to which tive, a Poem,” will other Poems. are annexed remarks on the extrac A Volume of English and Latin Potion of soft cataracts; and those of ems, by E. B. IMPEY, Esq. is preparing.

1. Literary

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1. Literary Life and Select Works of Benja- a barrister ; and two other daughters,

min Stillingfileet; several of which have ne who married brothers, of the pame of ter before been published. Illustrated with Sabourn, one in the protession of the Plates. By the Rev. Williain Coxe, Law, the other in that o' the Church. Rector of Bemerton, &c.; 3 Vols

. 8vo; Benjamin was born in 1702, ad eduPp. 907; Longman and Co. 1811.

cated at Norwich school, where he We have long wished to see the made a considerable prudciency in Miscellaneous Traets of the amiable classical literature. In 1720, he 60and ingenious Mr. Stillingfleet col- tered as a subsizar at Trinity College, lected together in a manner worthy Cambridge, where, while ne improved of their inerit, and prefaced by such bis class cal knowledge, he attached a memoir of his life as might rescue himself with success to matbematical it froni mistakes or oblivion ; and we are now gratified by a coincidence of admitted a scholar, and, the same

studies. On May 3, 1723, he was circuinstances wbich promised the best results. Mr. Coxe, whose vari- after this he left the University, and

year, took the degree of B. A. Soon ous writings show what research can do in the ablest hands, undertook the Windham, esq. of Feibrig, as precep

in 1724 he lived in the family of Ashe present work from an early attach

tor to Williamn, his only soil, then ment to Mr. Stilling fleet; aud, pro- about seven years old. In the beginbably while meditating, something of ning of 1726 be returned to Camthe kind, “ chance led him;” to use bridge, in hopes of succeeding to a his own words, to Mr. Nichols, who fellowship, there being then four vais well known as the Editor of the

cancies. But in this he was disapGentleman's Magazine, and still more pointed, by the influence, it is said, for his knowledge of the History of Dr. 'Bentley, who bas been acAntiquities, and Topography of this cused of repaying with this instance country.”

of ingratitude the obligations he had Having just obtained, from Commo- received from the father of the undore. Locker the communication of some protected candidate.” Bentley, we Dramas written by Mr. Stillingfleet, which, are told before, had been private tuthough printed, were never published, tor to his father, and domestic chapand other posthumous papers, he expressed his intention to re-print them with debted to the patronage of his family,

lain to the Bishop, and was much inthe other poetical pieces of the Author ; and, as I was acquainted with several

This is a serious charge, but we should persons who possessed some of his fugitive suppose it had some foundation, as Mr. writings in prose and verse, as well as Stillingfleet “seldom afterwards omitother papers, I offered to join my stock of ted an opportunity of testifying his materials with his, in raising some monu resentment against Bentley After ment to the memory of so distinguished this failure in his hopes of an estaa scholar and amiable man."

blishment in the University, he atThe works of an author are gene- tached himself wholly to his patrou Mr. rally said to be his best monument: Windham, and to the education of his but we have here another, reared with pupil ; and at the mansion of Felbrig, taste and care, which, we trust, will one of the most pleasant residences in add very considerably to his faine, the county of Norfolk, passed the The “ Literary Life of Mr. Stillinge next fourteen years of his life," he. fleet” forms one entire volume; and, loved and respected by all who visited to men of literature, to meu curious or were connected with the family.” in literary history, must form a very Mr. Coxe gives some very interesting interesting memorial.

particulars of his justructions to his puBenjamin Stilling fleet was the grand- pil, respecting the study of the antient son of Edward Stillingfieet, bishop of languages. I is letter to Mr. Windham Worcester. His father, of whom we on his coming of age is an admira. have some authentic memoirs, was ble composition. It comprehends the first a physician, but afterwards en- opinions of a wise aud thiuking man, tered into Holy Orders. He died in opinions which universal experience 1708, leaving a son and three daugh has confirmed, and ever will confirm. ters; Benjamin, the subject of this But it is long, and we cannot give the article; Elizabeth, the eldest daugh whole; and it is so well counected in ter, who espoused John Locker, esq. all its parts, that we kvow not well GENT. MAG. January, 1811.


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how to detach a passage that shall be Geneva, giving an Account of the a just specimen. No young man, es Glacieres, or Ice Alps of Savoy, pecially young men of fortune, and written in the year 1741.” This was who are destined for public life, written chiefly by Mr. Windham and ought to be without this useful docu- Mr. Price of Foxley in Herefordment.

sbire,) with the assistance of Mr. While Mr. Stilling fleet was "em- Stillingfileet, and illustrated with the ploged in the grateful task of instruct, drawings of Mr. Price. They are ing a youth of superior talents and said to have been the first travellers amiable disposition,” he was insensi- who penetrated into these Alpine rebly led into a tender attachment, in

In 1743 Mr. Stilling fleet re. which he was not successful. The turned with his pupil to England. His slady was a Miss Anne Barnes : “with

pupil's father gave Mr. S. an annuity the inexperience of youth, and the of £100. which for some time was thoughtless gaiety of a volatile tem his principal support. He now resid. per, she encouraged his addresses; 'ed partly in London and partly with and he passed several years in her so some friends in the country; and ciety, in the ardent hope that a fa his leisure hours were dedicated to li

vourable change in his circumstances terary pursuits, some of which Mr. - at no distant period would unite him Coxe has specified, particularly an

with the object of his first and lasting edition of Milton, illustrated by notes, passion. But an attachment appa in which he had made considerable rently so durable did not escape those progress when the


of Dr. fatalities to which this passion seems Newton's Proposals induced him to almost peculiarly exposed ; and, after relinquish his design. His MSS, hown a long and hopeful courtship of ten ever, still remain in the possession of

years, the prudence of the lady out. Bp. Dampier, and were obligingly weigbed her affection. As she was, lent to Mr. Todd, for his late excelherself, without fortune, and Mr. lent edition of our great Epic Poet. Stillingfleet without profession, em Mr. Coxe has also given here some -ployment, or means of establishing valuable extracts, which induce us to himself in life, she listened to an ad think that his edition would have vantageopis offer, and soon afterwards been very superior in critical acunen espoused a Mr. Russel, a richer and and taste to Bishop Newton's. About more fortunate rival.”

this time Mr. S. composed some of It appears that this disappoiutment his poerus, particularly those on Conmade a deep impression ; and his Bio- versation, and Earthquakes. grapher has given us some lines against In 1746 Mr. S. took up his residence Woman, which, as he justly observes, at Foxley, the seat of the above-menshew how anguish and disappoint- tioned Mr. Price, or rather in a neighment could change the sentiments of bouring cottage, where he was masa man so mild and amiable, so fond ter of his time and pursuits; and of domestic life, and so respectfully passed his leisure hours with the faattached to the fair sex. The lines mily. An indifferent state of health (for which we refer the reader to the first led him to the pursuit of Natural volume) are certainly severe; but al- History, which forms his principal lowance must be made for the imme- . distinction as an author; and he soon diate provocation.

became one of tbe first defenders and Soon after this disappointment, in earliest propagators of the Linnæao 1737, he accompanied his pupil, Mr. system in England. On this occasion Windham, to the Continent. “ The Mr. Coxe has introduced a very able events of this Tour, and the connex and perspicuous sketch of the state of ions to which it gave rise, fixed the Botany in England at the time of Mr. future course, and forined the happi- Stilling fleet's publication, in 1759, of ness of his life. Mr. Coxe's account " Miscellaneous Tracts in Natural Hisof it is bighly amusing, and introduces tory,” with a Preface, which, Mr. us to the acquaintance of many per. . Coxe remarks, “ contains a spirited sons, now, or lately, distinguished eulogium of the study of Nature, and in the political or literary world. One a just tribute of applause to the taof the results of this Tour was, “A lents and discoveries of the great Letter from an English Gentleman to Swede.” The publication of the first Mr. Arlaud, a celebrated Painter at edition of this Miscellany may be


considered as the æra of the establish one of those who contributed to forin ment of Linnæan Botany in England. the wonderful mind of our gallant Mr. Coxe gives the following account hero, Lord Nelson. of his successors in the same pursuit : After the publication of the second

edition of Mr. S.'s Miscellaneous “ In the following year, Dr. Solander,

Tracts, in 1762, he embarked on a the favourite pupil of Linnæus, took up

scheme which was likely to employ his residence in this country, and contributed to diffuse the principles of his mas

the remainder of his life.

This was a ter. From his acquaintance Mr. Stilling

General History of Husbandry, from fieet greatly enlarged his botanical know the earliest ages of the world to his ledge, and increased bis veneration for

own times. Of this work he left six Linnæus. Lee published also a transla volumes of MS Collections, of which tion of the Philosophia Botanica, under the Mr. Coxe has given such an analysis name of an Introduction to Botany. Hill's as will display the Author's plan, and Flora Anglica next appeared ; Hudson's the diversified materials which he had Flora Britannica followed in 1762; and collected for its execution; and he about the same period the Sexual System has given what Mr. S. drew up as was publicly taught by Professor Martyn

Prefaces to the different parts. at Cambridge, and Dr. Hope at Edin

Two extracts, on Hieroglyphics, burgh. Dr. Withering made considerable improvements in the generic and specific

and on the use of Obelisks, we shall names of British plants in his Botanical

here present to our readers, as they Arrangements; and the system of correct

could not find a place in the analysis : nomenclature has received farther annend “ Some have attributed the figurative ments from the labours of Professor Mar way of expression used among the Egyptyn, who in his admirable edition of Mil. tians to their use of Hieroglyphics. I beler's Gardener's Dictionary has comprised lieve that the reverse is true. That innate all the additions to our botanical know

faculty of the mind by which we are disledge since the time of the laborious and

posed to conceive the qualities of things intelligent author. Lastly, Dr. Sinith,

by their similitude to one another, in cerPresident of the Linnæan Society, and tain respects, to represent a whole by a possessor of the Linnæan Collections, has part, &c. is what laid a foundation for much corrected the generic and specific expressing by external images or marks, characters, added new genera and species, our internal conceptions; and whether we and has made considerable improvements do this by mute marks, or marks that conin the science, in his accurate Flora Bri vey the idea of sound, it amounts to the tamnica, and many other works.”

same thing. By mute marks, I mean bieThe Journal of Mr. S.'s excursion

roglyphics or symbols; by the other, I

mean an alphabet. The operations of the into part of North Wales, which is here

mind are employed in three several ways; inserted, is illustrative of his character

for we conceive by intuition, by demonand observatious, and is curious as stration, or by deduction from analogy, one of the first of those Local Tours lotuition and deduction are most known which are since become so fashionable. and practised by illiterate people, whose

In 1760, Mr. S. received an addition notions, being simple, corporeal, and conto his income by obtaining the place fined within the narrow limits of the senses, of Barrack - master at Kensington,

they have very seldom, if ever, occasion through the interest of his friend Mr.

or skill to employ, demonstration. Intui. Price, brother-in-law to Lord. Bar

tive knowledge among this sort of people

shews itself in all those maxims which rington, then Secretary at War. But in 1761 he had the misfortune to lose, fairs of life. The spirit of analogy leads

guide them so steadily in the common afby death, his friend Mr. Price, and

men to the figurative manner of expresalso his pupil Mr. Windham. The sion, and among the vulgar produces prolatter left him guardian tv bis only verbs. Thus that part of a watch or son, the late much-lamented states. clock which points out the hour is natuman Williain Windham, esq. His rally called the hand; we say also the wing feelings were not a little tried also, of an army, the brow of a hill.-It is not about this time, by the death of his

at all surprising that men should use this sisters and their husbands, whose his- figurative, way of speech, because there tory, as well as that of Messrs. Price,

are certain conveniences attending it. For

first, the words of a language are much Windham, and Williamson, form a

fewer in number by this mon ns, tban if very interesting part of these Me.

we had a primitive word for every different moirs. That of his nephew, Capt. thing. Secondly, in many cases tuis meLocker, is particularly so, as he was thod gives energy to the thought, as when


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we say we are overwhelmed with a torrent glypbics were translated into the sacred of words. Thirdly, this method saves us characters, but into the sacred language*. from circumlocution, as when we say he Now the case seems to have been, that, darted upon his enemy, &c. Expressions after the alphabet was invented, the ease of this sort are not adopted from hierogly- and conveniency of it were so striking, phics, but arise from the pature of the that even the priests thought fit to make human mind in all countries, and are use of it ; and, in order to keep concealed more popular than the dry and accurate the mysteries contained in the hieroglyterms of philosophy; and, though re phics according to their novel and corgarder as a part of rhetoric, and taught rupted interpretations, they invented an as such, yet they are by no means the senigmatical language. I gather this from product of art; for art only teaches how some few remains preserved in Plutarch, to use them with propriety. The less po and Jamblichus, of the doctrines of Py." lished a people are, the more they abound thagoras, who confessedly borrowed his. in such expressions, and the impressions method of instruction, as well as many of of the objects on our imagination with his doctrines, from the Ægyptian priests. which we are much conversaut are The sentences ascribed to Pythagoras are, strons, and tincture our ideas to such a ignem gladio ne fodias, fabias ne comedas, degree, that we may almost conclude with cor ne edas,&c. These I suppose to be certainty where any one bas chiefly lived, in a language resembling the sacred lanby his ailusions. On the contrary, people guage of the Egyptians ; for the meaning who affect a sort of p ecision and philoso- of these sentences remains as much a sephical language, and know little of the cret as if they had been delivered in hiecommon and striking phenoinena of na roglyphics. This is sufficiently distinture, who live in cities, and spend their guished, both from the hieroglyphic and time in retired speculations on the work- epistolary method, which are the two others ing of the passions, the intrigues of courts, mentioned by Clemens Alexandrinus ; for the absiru-e disputes concerning religion, the epistolary I take to have been such as and the productions of art, are extremely was used in the common correspondence cautious how they employ figurative lan between people at a distance, about the guage, and cereuonously make an apo ordinary atfairs of life, which most probalogy for using a metaphor, which their bly was the chief use made of writing by more maniy neighbours would si arcely the vulgar in a country where the priests think bold enough -But even philosophi- engrossed all kind of learning.” cai language itself is far from being free

“ Obelisks. from figures. He who should undertake “ We are apt to adopt ideas that agree to write upon morality, politics, law, or with our own customs and manners, when any subject but mathematics, without we go back to the beginnings of things, them, would soon find that he must frame not considering that the first steps of an a new set of words. Nay, even in mixed uncivilized people are few and slow. There mathewatics, he would be frequently is a simplicity among them that we overpuzzled to explain himself. Thus the look, or jook down upon wiih contempt; rays of light, the twinkling of the stars, &c. and therefore wan 10 refine every thing mus be given up, as not used in their we meet with when we are examining the primitive sense. The truth is, our first remains of nations which have made a conceptions are merely of a corporeal na considerable figure. Thus as we see vast ture, except those which arise from in- pillars raised to do honour to some con- . tuition; and, as we advance in our re queror, or to record some extraordinary searches, and embrace intellectual ideas, event, and for no other purpose, we are we are naturally led to express the opera induced to think that every other use of tions of our minds by analogy to those such structures is beneath their dignity. first impress.ons. Thus obliged by law, Yet, with all due deferer:ce to heroes and melied with pity, of a cool disposition, are their admirets, I cannot belp thinking all words taken fiom corporeal ideas, As that directions given to a whole nation to the ranslation of the hieroglyphics into about the chief and most essential conthe sacred language, men oned by Cle cerns of life, I mean how to distinguish mens Alexaudrious, which has so mich the seasons proper for doing every kind of puzzled men of learning, I apprehend rural work, deserve as much to be hothat it do's not mean putting the hiero noured with extensive and lasting strucglyphics into another mute character, tures as the trinmphs of Trajan, or the which would serve no manner of purpose, fire of London. Besides, we ought to conbut translating the hieroglyphic charac- sider that the old Egyptians had no other ters into the common alphaber. It may, almanack 10 recur to. The name of an perhaps, be asked, why are they then almauack-maker with us, raises the idea called sacred ? Were the common alphaþetical characters sacred ? I answer, cer * The existence of a sacred language Lainly not, nor is it said that the hjero- is proved by the Shauscrit.


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