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no moment." John thought the same; he shall be answered, as long as he and but by what name does Solomon de

I shall live, by scribe the man who scatters firebrands,

AN OLD CORRESPONDENT. “ Am I not in jest ?"- but I* P.S. Pray, Mr. Urban, do inquire of have done.

John Carter, and inforın iis next I must not, bowever, pass over the month, what is meant by an offspring charge of "forgetfulness brought of the brain without a father, norsed against me, in regard to John's expla- in the gloom of bigotry, and antination respecting the urch. Forget antiquarian predilection : To ine is it, John? Never. Neither I, nor your as unintelligible as Liskram--Bethun friends, nor your enemies, will ever -utos. forget if, as long as you shall sign yourself AN ARCHITECT. No, nor


Inverness-shire, your knitting together Henry's Cha

May 1. pel by the fingers of angels; for knit FTER perusing Mr. Carter's ietwould be equally nonsense.

lume, I found my memory awakened But, Mr. Urban, my principal rea to a letter which I had read some son for troubling you with this is, to years ago in the Edinburgh Magazine answer the requisition for signing my for March 1783. The letter is from own name-a challenge that comes Mr. Evan Baillie of Oberiaehan, Inwith a very ill grace from a man, who verness-shire, a most worthy and very under the fictitious signature of An sensible gentleman, and a lawyer of Architect has been traducing the great accuracy and strict punctilio in whole prosession for these twenty

all his transactions and assertions. years. But he now proclaims that the The letter is dated March 22, 1768. Architect is John Carter. I only re In it he says that the felie beg, or little quest that I may retaiu my fictitious kilt, is rather of a late than antient signature as long as John has retain- usage. Mr. Baillie asserts it to be the ed his - and at the termination of invention of one Thomas Rawlinson, the same period, if John and I are an Englishman engaged in carrying on alive, I may, perhaps, gratify his cu iroo works in Glengany and Lochaber, riosity. But he says his support de 50 years before he wrote, with whom pends upon his architectural know he was acquainted, and who introduced ledge, which I have traduced. The it among his workmen, from whose term is equivocal; for, if he means example it soon became common. the practical and mechanical part of Mr. Baillie never saw the kilt in use this knowledge, it is true that I never till the year 1725, when he came to have allowed him to possess it : but if reside in Inverộcss-shire, his native he means architectural drawing, or a county, after having passed a few knowledge of antiquities, I have ever years in Edinburgh ; nor did he ever admitted it with the most perfect can- before bear such a piece of dress dour; for, however this may be dis nientioned even by his father (who púted by others, I do assure him,


was a very sensible highland genlleI did not write the letter in your jour man) though he was born as far back pal for March, signed“ J. R. Thomp as 1655.

I therefore judge that the son, Short's Buildings, Clerkenwell." present dress of our Highland soldiers

One word more: he calls ine a re is quite difierent from the antient costainer of the Master Workman: Jan tume of any part of Scotland, which swer that I have never received a re I apprehend consisted of jackets and iaining fee-the character, credit, and trowsers s indeed I believe that the ability of that Artist, I have maintain- journal ofau English office who came ed against all John Carter's attacks with the Protector Somerset to the for these seven years; they want my battle of Pinky, mentions the dress of assistance no longer; let his works the Scotch soldiers to be sheep-skin speak for themselves; they are w jackets and trowsers, without the least open to every eye, and I have never mention of kilts, plaids, or tartan. walked through Palace Yard since, The Scotch bonnet I believe to be pru. whep John Carter was not there, that bably much the same as that in use I ever heard a single spectator speak some centuries

ago in England and ou of them without admiration in the ex the continent, before the introduction treme s if John will still traduce them, of hats. As to tartan, I cannot say




when it was first made a part of the man Catholic religion, and was a Ca.
Scottish garb, though it is obvious to non of Loretto.
any person acquainted with antient The iutroduction, in which the Edi-
costume, that party.coloured dresses tor gives a pleasing character of
were much in use amung most Euro. Craslawe, is worthy of selection,
pean nations, without any regularity

“ Crashawe, in making one side of the figure from

The top to bottom correspond with the

Anagram other half: but, on the contrary, care

He was Car, was taken to make the difference as great as possible. Plaids, or loose Was Car then Crashawe ; or was Crashawe

Car, cloaks like plaids, were, 1 dare say,

Since both within one name combined are? the outward costume of most nations Yes, Car's Crashawe, hie Car; 'tis love in antient times, as they indeed are in alone

[one. our own days. To these remarks I Which melts two harts, of both composing may add, that there is, perhaps, no So Crashawe's still the same, so much destrict propriety in using tartan in the sired costume of Macbeth, and certainly By strongest wits, so honor'd, so adınir'd. none in dressing him or his Thanes in Car was but he that enter'd as a friend kilts or felie begs, which are not yet with whom he shard his thoughtes, and an invention 100, far less 1000, years

did commend

[each other ; old. I believe that tartan is part of While yet he liv’d) this worke ; they lov'd the dress of the peasants in the South

Sweet Crashawe was his friend; he Cra,

sbave's brother. of France in some districts. But the

So Car hath title then ; 'twas his intent tartan, kilt, and the other parts of That what his riches pen'd, poore Car the present Highland garb, have re should pript.

[one ceived so much splendour from the Nor feares he checke praysing that happie achievements of our countrymen in Who was belov'd by all, dispraysed by modern times, that no reference to

(pleas'd all, antiquity could possibly add much To witt, being pleas’d with all things, he honour to where so much has been No would he give, nor take offence; befall more lately acquired; and no lover of What might, he would possesse himselfe, his country will desire to sce what has

and live

Tgive been called the garb of old Gaul (pro. Desease is his well composed mind, fort's

As dead (devoyde of interest) 't all might perly or not) changed for any other


[call’d mantient or modern,

With heavenly riches, which had wholy Yours, &c.

His thoughts from earth, to live above in

th'aire 'ANALYSIS OF Books, No. III,

A very bird of paradice. No care

Had he of earthly trashe. What might (Continued from Vol. LXXX. ii. page 437.) suffice Title.

To fit his soul to heavenly exercise, Carmen Deo Nostro. Te decet Hymnus." Sufficed him: and we may giesse bis hart Sacred Poems

By what his lipps bring forth, bis onely part collected, corrected, auginented,

Is God and godly thoughts. Leaves doubt most humbly presented, to my Lady the Countesse of Denbigh,

Bụt that to whom one God is all, all 's one. by

What he might eate ar weare he tooke no her most devoted Servant,

thought ;

(sought. R. C.

His needfull foode he rather found then In hearty acknowledgement of his inmor He seekes no downes, no sheetes, bis bed's tall obligation to her Goodness

still made;
and Charity.

If he can find a chaire, or stoole, he's layd;
At Paris.

When day peepes in, he quitts his restlesse
By Peter Targa, Printer to the Arch rest,

(drest, bishoppe of Paris, in S. Victor's And still, poore soule, before he's up he's streete, at the golden Sunne,

Thus dying did he live, yet liv'd to dye

In th' Virgine's lappe, to whom he did ap-
The Author of the Poems appears


[thence was styla

His virgin thoughtes and words, and to have been the celebrated Crashawe; By foes, the chaplain of the Virgin myld the Editor, Thomas Car. It is well

While yet he lived without: bisynod estie known that in the latter part of his Imparted this to some, and they to me. life bę beçatue de convert to the Ro- Live happie then, deare soul; injoy the rest


H. R


to none

ro te.


42L Eternally by paynes thou purchaсedest. Upon the bleeding Crucifix, à Song, While Car must live in care, who was thy Upon the Crowne of Thorns. friend,

Upon the Body, &c. Nor cares he how he live, so in the end The Hymn of Saiute Thomas, &c. Ado. He may enjoy his dearest Lord and thee; And sitte and singe more skilfull songs Lauda, Sion, Salvatorem. eternally."

Dies Irae Dies illa. This little book, consisting of 131 The Hymn, O gloriosa Domine. pages, is ornamented with neat en In the glorious Assumption of our B. gravings, viz. an heart with a lock; Lady: Numisma Urbani VI; The Nativity ;

Sainte Mary Magilalen, or the Weeper. Epiphany ; Crucifixion ; a Represen- the admirable Sainte Teresa, Foundress

A Hymn to the Name and Honor of tation of our Saviour, intituled Expostulatio Christi cum mundo ingra- melites both men and women ; a woman

of the Reforination of the dis-called Car. to; The Holy Sepulchre ; a Stand for for angelicall heigth of speculation, for the Pix, with this inscription, Ecce masculine courage of performance more panis Angelorunı; Day of Judgment; then a woman, who, yet a child, out. Virgin and Child; St. Teresa, with ran maturity, and durst plot a martyrthis inscription, Le vraye portraict de dome. St. Terese, Fondatrice des religieuses An Apologie for the fore-going Hymn, et religieux reforinez de l'ordre de N. as having been writ'when the Author was Dame du mont Carmel : Decedée le yet among the Protestantes. 4e Octo. 1582. Canonisée le 12 Mart.

Upon the Book and Picture of the sera. 1622. The drawings from which these phicall Sainte Teresa. engravings were made, were executed

A Song-A Prayer: an Ode to the by Crashawe, as it appears by

samem-Alexias: the Complaint of the for

saken wife of Sainte Alexis.-3 Elegies. “ An Epigramme

Description of a religious House and upon the pictures in the following poemes Condition of Life. which the author first made with his owne Epitaph.-Death's Lecture.--Tempehand, admirably well, as may be seene in luis manuscript dedicated to the Right Hope by Cowley.-M. Crasbawe's AsHonourable lady, the Lady Denbigh." swer for Hope. 56 "Twixt pen and pencill rose a holy strife Specimens in my oext. Which might draw virtue better to the life. Yours, &c.

J. B. Best witts gave vote to that: but painters

THE TIMES, No.II. They never saw peeces so sweete before As thes: fruites of pure nature ; where no "Nec te nobilium fugiat certamen equorum

Multa capax populi commoda ('ircus ha. Did lead the untaught pencill.”



S I do not consider myself bound To the noblest and best of ladyes, the to follow any plan in my lucubra. Countess of Denbigh.

tions, I shall always enter on that subTo the name above every name, the ject which happens first to strike me, name of Jesus, A Hymn. In the Holy Nativity, &c. a Hymn, as

only taking care to keep in view the

maio object which I have sufficiently sung by the Shepheards. New Year's Day.

explained in


paper. A cir. • In the glorious Epiphanie, &c. sung as

cuinstance which I shall mention has by the 3 Kings.

induced ine on this occasion to say The Office of the Holy Cross. The something on the subject of TheatriHowres. For the Howr of Matins. Prime, cal Amusements.

"The Third.The Sixt.-The Ninth. The other day an old gentleman, a Compline.

friend of mine, called upon me.

As The Recommendation.

we had never met since he was last in Upon the Holy Sepuicher.

London, about 20 years ago, I was Vexilla Regis; the Hymno of the Holy very glad to see him. After a good Cross. To our B. Lord upon the clioice of his formed me of the occasion of his visit

deal of chat about 'old times, he in. Sepulcher. Nimia Charitas : or the Dear Bargain.

to London: “ Aaron," said he (for we Sancta Maria Dolorum ; or The Mother

were schoolfellows) “ I have been, as of Sorrows. A pathetical descant upon you know, all my life addicted to the devout plain song of Stabat mater do- scribbling; I have of late bestowed lorosa.

a good deal of tiine upon a Tragedy,

• Swore



which I have now 'brought hithér, I then commented on the other with a view of offering it to the Ma. paris of the play. nagers of some of our Theatres ; but My friend listened with' attention ; I wish first of all to have your opinion but, when I had dobe, I found that I upon it." He then presented nic with had not quite overcome bis attacha MS. which, after a very slight inent to the Old School. However, be glance, I was persuaded would net dv. promised to attend to the hints which - told him, " that I was afraid he i had give him ; and I have no doubt had not been sufficiently careful in the that, if he does, his play will be raptuchoice of his inostel.” My friend an- rously received. swered, that he had always considered When my friend was gone, I could the rules of the Grecian drama as too pot help ivdulging in some reflections rigid; and that, if he had taken any upon the subject on which we had Jiberties of which Aristotle would been conversing. There is not, I bes have disapproved, he had for his con- lieve, anotber amusement (eating and panious in error, Shakspeare, Otway, drinking excepted) equally antient Dryden, Lilio, &c.-"My good Sir," and universal. If we look into any said l, you misapprehend me : 1 civilized part of the world, we shall find no fault with either your subject find a stage, pot perhaps so rigid as or your plot. The circumstances of that of the antients, or so brilliant as Charles the First's life might certainly our own, but equally'suited to the gebe wrought into a very good Tragedy, uius of the spectators. It is not, howíf a proper attention were paid to ever, my intention to enter into the those externais which you seem to history of the Stage. It would, I disregard. You have opened your cunless, be an interesling employment play with a description of the battle to investigate the origin of the British of * ****. That is wrong; the Drama. 'The Rising Sun is no unplea, battle must be fought upon the stage sant object of Retrospection at Mid-it is now the custom.”—My friend day. It would be amusing to mark stared-“Nay, Aaron," said he, "you its various mutations; to follow it banter : I asked you to judge of any through the Mysteries, Interludes, work, not to sneer at my understand. Mummicries, Tragedies, Comedies, ing". I could not help smiling at his Farces, and Pantomimes of our foresimplicity; and, having assured hiin fathers, until we arrived at our prethat I was serious, went on : “What sent Grand-Serio-Comic Melo-Dra could be more sublime and interesting matic Spectacles. But I have not room than to see half a dozen horses killed for such an undertaking, and must under Croinwell? And, I assure you, confine myself to the object in view ; that they would do full justice to their viz. to prove that our stage in a parts.” “ Again," said 1, “ you fall state of greater refinement and cultiinto the same error; the Review of vation than it ever was before. i bethe Parliamentary, Army, which is lieve every one will admit that that described, should be displayed the Spectacle is the most likely to pro: troops should be drawn up upon the duce an effect upon the Spectators, stage, and fire three volleys in lionour which is most intelligible to them: of their General; this, with a speech adniitting this, how much has the in. tiom the Protector, in Real Armour fluence of the Stage been increased : made by air. Marriott of Fleet. Many a worthy man can relish & street,' would throw the house into Scene, who cannot comprehend a raptures.--Again, the trial and exc Sentiment; and thousands, who would cution must be upon the stage. You understand no part of Othello but the inay, perhaps, find it difficult to meet smothering, may fully enter into the with an actor who will go through the whole of Blue beard, and Timour. part of Charles with these alterations; Tam of opinion that Horace was a but y««u must get over the beheading great adınirer of Pantomimic repre: as well as you can: as the axe rises, sentation, and that he re rred to the curtain may drop; or Grimaldi when he said nay enter thecrowd, dressed like a Pun Segnius irritant animum demisse per aurem sitas), upon a jackass ; and take my Quam quæ sunt oculis subjecta. word for it, nobody will know whe. With so respectable an authority surether the bead is cut off or not. Jy we may veature to change septi,


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ment for splendour, and scuse for in every cottage: the thoughts of welcome. scenery. Again, is not the employ- coming Christmas seem to fill the breast 'ment of itsinhabitants always a source of every one with joy, whole months beof prosperity to a Nation ? If we look fore its arrival. About 6 o'clock on Christat the bills of one of our Minor Thea

mas day, I was awakened by a sweet tres, we shall find the pames of more

singing under my window; surprised at a

visit so early and unexpected, I arose, and than 50 human performers, who are

looking out of the window I beheld 6 every night at work to entertain us,

young women, and 4 men, welcoming with without mentioning Horses, Grooms, sweet music the blessed inors. I went to and Farriers. In former times a Church about 11 o'clock, where every scene-painter, skifter, caudle-snuffer, thing was performed in a' most solenu and two taylors, were quite sufficient manner. The windows and pers of the to equip a company. Not so now Church (and also the windows of houses) Our Draina has called to its assistance are adorned with branches of holly, whicle every art which can embellish its ex remain tilt Good Friday. Froin whenor tended operations. Our ancestors were

this custom arose I know not, unles, it be

as a lasting memorial of the blessed sea. content with pictures of British life • (except, indeed, where Spanish man

Happy was I to find that not only ners assisted their intrigues); but we

the rich but also the poor shared the festihave called upon every nation under vity of Christmas ; for it is customary for heaven to contribute to our amuse

the clergymen and gentlemen to distribute ment. Tartars, Danes, Americans,

to the poorest people of their own village Saracens, Moors, &c. are brought to or parish, whole oxen and sheep, and in our view in a manner which will, I each a pint of ale also. Such was tbe hoshope, in a short time supersede the pitality of our ancestors; would that suca Use of the Globes. I have, however, custoins were still practised among us! uçarly reached my limit; and I am In the North Riding of Yorkshire it is sure that I nced not have said so much, customary for a party of singers, mostly were it not for those cavillers who consisting of women, to begin, at the feast on

St. Martin, a kind of peregrination rouni ascribe every change to caprice, and

the neighbouring villages, carrying with call every improvement an innoration. If I have not convinced them, adorped with box and other evergreens,

them a small waxen image of our Saviour I am sorry for it; for the present I and singing at the same time a hymn," bave done with thein; but, as occasion which, though rustic and uncouth, is, nem offers, I shall resume the subject, and vertheless, replete with the sacred story offer to thein those farther considera the Nativity. This custom is yearly contitions which my narrow boundaries for nued till Christmas eve, wken their feasting the present exclude.

or as they usually call it good living,'comN. B. In imitation of my vortlıy

mences. Every rustic dame produces & predecessor Hr. Filz-Adain, I do here. cheese preserved for the sacred festival, by declare, that all such jokes as

upon which, before any part of it is tasted, “These are sad Times," I hope the according to an old custom, the origin of Times will inend soon, &c. are out of sharp knife makes rude incisions to repre

which may easily be traced, she, with a date, void of wit, and io be used by

sent the cross, With this, and furinity, these only who can produce a certifi made of barley and real, the cottage afcate that they are unable to frame a fords uninterrupted hospitality. A large new joke. AARON BICKERSTAFEE. fire (on Christmas eve) is made, on wbicha

they pile large logs of wood, commonly Mr. URBAN,

May 3. called 'yule clog'; a piece of this is yearly

sent you an extract from the have seen no less than thirty remuants of journal of a deceased friend, which re

these logs kept with the greatest care. lates the manner in which the inbabit.

« On the feast of St. Stephen large goose ants of the North Riding of Yorkshire pies are made, all which they distribute celebrate Christinas. The account,

among their needy neighbours, except one though written in a familiar style, yet the purification of the Virgin, called Can

which is carefully laid up and not tasted till in every point will be found true.

dlemas. Yours, &c.


“On the feast of St. Stephen als0,6 youths Here, and in the neigh- (called sword-dancers, from their dancing bouring villages, I spent my Christmas, with swords), clad in white, and bedecked and a happy Christmas too. I found the with ribbands, attended by a fiddler, and antient manners of our ancestors practised another youth curiously dressed, whogune

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