صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

to con

[ocr errors]

pus (i. e. for some pretender to that upon the stoic philosophy; in the loss taste and discernment which Damasip- of which, posterity has certainly sufpus actually possesses) even though I fered somewhat, if they were commust be a loser by the bargain*. In posed in the same taste with the disanother lettert he speaks of a garden course which Horace imputes to him which he was desirous to buy of Da- in this satire. The word crepat has, masippus. Both these letters of Cice- perhaps, no reference to this multiro serve to confirm all that this unfor- graphy of Stertinius, but to the bold tunate virtuoso says of his judgment positive tone in which he delivered in matters of art, and of the traffic he his dogmas. Nearly in the same sense, carried on in houses and gardens. As Horace in the seventh epistle says of between the time when these letters Vulteius Mena: were wrote, and this dialogue of Da

- ex nitido fit rusticus, atque masippus with our poet, above twen Sulcos et vineta crepat mors. ty years had elapsed; it is easy ceive, how the former, who, from a

Caudum trahat.] The blackguard lover of the arts

, was gradually be boys that infested the streets of Rome come a dealer in pictures and statues, (whom we shall not wrong by repreby the passionate ardour with which senting as the most profligate young he carried on this

profession, in so long rascals upon earth) delighted in fixa time, could at last have brought

as , to matters to such a pass, that no choice the back of people passing along, was left bim, after making a compo

in order afterwards to run in their sition with his creditors, but either way again, and burst out a laughing to drown himself, or to affect the at their appendix. To this practice stoic.

the jocular expression here, which The quærere amabam, quo vafer

occurs again in the 299th line, seems ille pedes lavusset Sy siphusære, relales, to allude, Baxter, who in the forein my opinion, not to the well-known going pulantes sees oxen, now sneers fondness of the Romans for works of at those critics who are so purblind art that had no other valne except that as not to perceive, that likewise this of their high antiquity ; but to a ques

caudain trahat relates to his aforesaid tion at that time mach debated among

oxen! ihe elegantiores; namely, whether the Iliona was at that time a celebrated

Mater te appello clamantibus.] The so highly prized Corinthian brass was a composition with which the antients tragedy of Pacuvius; and his muter were already well acquainted; or,

te appello is often quoted by Cicero as whether, as was generally believed,

a scene which produced a sensation it originated entirely by chance on the altogether extraordinary. The ghost destruction of the city of Corinth by Polydorus, appears to his sleeping

of the murdered, and as yet unburied the Consul Mummius? By the epi- móther, and addresses her in these thet vafer ille the poet alludes to the

words : stories related by the Greeks concerning this Sisyphus, who, in the heroic Mater, te appello, tu quæ curam somno susages, was said to have reigned at penso levas, Ephyra and Corinth, and whence the Neque te mei miseret : surge & sepeli neproverb, Esou pa un xavas, Sisyphus`s In the representation of this tragedy,

tum, &c. tricks, derived its origin.

at which the ridiculous event here reSi quid Stertinius veri crepat.] This lated fell out, a certain Fufius played Stertinius, who so opportunely comes

the Iliona, and one named Tatienus to the relief of the desperale Dainasippus, by pointing out to him a so

the host of Polydorus. The rest is vereign remedy for his misfortune, perspicuous enough in the text. Pro

bably, this disaster had recently bapwas, according to all appearance, a person who might be laughed at, fore still fresh in every one's memory.

pened to poor Fufius, and was therewithout trespassing on philosophy.

Scribe decem à Nerio : non est suOn the credit of a scholiast he is affirmed to have wrote 220 volumes

tis ; adde Cicutæ, &c.] Nerius and

Perillius Cicuta, were, as we may * Cicero epist. ad Familiar. vii. 23.

guess without the aid of an interpre* Ad Attic, xij. 29.

ter, two well-known renowned bankConfer Plin. hist. nat, lib. xxxiv. cap, 2. ers, of whom, at the rate of a com

petent

Duty,

petent per-centage, money was always and his kind acceptance of my comto be bad. Cicuta appears once more pany in the present instance, I refarther on, better, as the caput re member with pleasure, and recall with præsontativum of all usurers and har- gratitude. If I have occasionally inpagons. Scribe decem à Nerio, bere, troduced his name with encomium, it from the construction, is as much as has not been with his knowledge, for to say: Let him give ten bonds or ob- he has uniformly repressed every exligations to Nerius (for the money lent pression of this kind whenever he has him)*. Of the fancied obscurity of seen my letters prior to their having this passage, which occasioned Gro- been committed to the press , but if novius and other learned critics, to ardour of feeling, or excess of expresmistake these two bankers for law- sion, are admissible, it is under the in. yers, Horace seems to be perfectly in- fluence of disinterested and sincere nocent. The norlum in scirpo quæ- friendship, agreeably to the motto rere is by far too frequently applicable adopted by J. C. LETTSOM. to grammarians when they interpret Surrey. TÌE COUNTY GAOL, poets.

and BRIDEWELL. Gaoler, James Ives, Arbitrio Arri.] Probably one of Salary, £300, and if the Debtor's fees the two brothers who are afterwards should not amount to an additional more distinctly described as prodigious £100 per unnum, the County to make spendthrifts. Staberius could adopt up to him the deficiency. Also, for no better means of binding his heirs the Bridewell, €50. For the convey. to the performance of that clause in ance of Transports he makes a bill, his last wil!, which he had so much at and is allowed the expence. Fees, as heart, than by ordaining, that in case per Table. Garnish, abolished. Chapof non-compliance, they should incur lain, Rev. William Mann. the penalty of giving an entertain- prayers and sermon on Sunday; and ment to the whole Senate, of which prayers on Tuesday and Thursday. a prodigal like Arrius should have the Salary, £50. and £30. as secretary to management.

W.T. the visiting committee. Surgeons,

Messrs. Saumarez and Dizon, Salary, LETTER LXX. ON PRISONS. 75. for prisoners of every descrip

tion, in the Gaol and Bridewell ; O divine Amitié, felicité parfaite ;

and £5. for travelling charges, to reSeul mouvement de l'âme où l'excés soit permis ! +

port, at the Quarter Sessivas, the

state of the prisoners, King of PRUSSIA's Lellers.

Number of Prisoners, 1809, April Sambrook-Couri, April 14.

18th : debtors, 61, felons, &c. 71, S Mr. Neild observes in the fol- Bridewell, 37. Allowance, One pound A I , nied him in his visit to the prison de- of every description, except those scribed, I can cordially upite ia his debtors who receive sixpence a day narrative, of jis excellent state and

from their plaintiffs. management.

REMARKS. This noble building Every person has probably experi- does honour to the County. It is siluenced events in life, so impressive, as

ated in an open and airy part of Horseto afford certain fixed data in their enjoyments, which no vicissitudes obli- Mary Newington, in the county of

monger-lane, in the parish of St. terate, no subsequent events extinguish. of gralitications commenced about three acres and half of ground.

Surrey. The boundary wall encloses at a certain period, never to be for- The Sessions house adjoins it, to which gotten, is that which fixed my friendship with that distinguished visitor of there is a communication from the

prison ; and a housekeeper is appointprisons and friend of the prisoner; ed to keep it clean, with a suitable Scribere (as the scholiast here rightly

salary, and apartments for her use.

Tie Gaol, which is likewise the observes) is in the law-language the same as to borrow; rescribere signifies to repay

county Bridewell, was first inhabited the borrowed sum.

on the 3d of August, 1799, and has in * Oh divine Friendship, perfection of front, the Turnkey's lodge, on the felicity!

ground floor of which is a day room, Thine are the only emotions of the soul another room with a cold bath; and a

in which excess is goud! third is the wash-house, with an oven,

[ocr errors]

&c. Over these are four rooms, of 18 each about 26 feet by 18, with a fire feet by 15, for the Turnkeys to sleep place, a table, and benches, and 3, in; and at the top of all is a spacious windows, 6 feet by 3, iron-barred and lead-flat, where criminals are executed. glazed.

After passing through the lodge, an The women felons have also a avenue paved with Yorkshire slone court-yard about 70 feet by 30, with leads to the keeper's house, which is arcades, day-room.cells, furniture, and in the centre of the prison, and from accommodations, the same as the men which the several court-yards are in- felons. Convicts here under sentence spected

of transportation do not receive the For master's side debtors there is ą King's Allowance of 28. 6d. per week. court-yard paved wild flag-stone, 75 The jobbies of this prison are all feet by 30, euclosed by handsome iron well ventilated, and 6 feet three inches palisades, so that a thorough air is wide. admitted ; and arcades paved in the Pumps are fixed in all the court. same manner, 31 feet by 26, under yards; Thames water is laid on, and which to walk in wet weather. Close at the top of the four corners of to these is a day-room, 27 feet by 20, the gaol is a reservoir, each containwith a fire-place; and they have line- ing about 800 gallons of water, supe wise sixteen sleeping-rooms, each 14 plied from a well by a forcing pump. feet 6 by 9 feet 3, with an iron grated Here are four spacious airy rooms, and glazed window. For these they each 25 feet by 16, in a detached pay as per table, which is printed and building, set apart as infirmaries, fitstuck up on the inaster's side, for the ted up with flock beds, blankets, pilinspection of all persons whatever. lows, and rugs; and adjoining to them

Common side debtors have also a 'are court-yards 30 feet squaae, for courl-yard, with arcades, a day-room, convalescents to walk in. Also two and 12 sleeping-rooms, the sane as rooms for nurses, another for the those on the master's side: But they surgeon, and a fourth with a warm sleep in hammocks, and find their baih. own bedding.

TheChapel is a very neat structure, Women debtors have a court-yard, where the prisoners are seated in their about 20 feet square; a day room, 18 different classes ; and all are required feet square ; and four sleeping-rooms, to attend Divine Service who receive the saine size as the men's, with wood- the county allowance. en bedsteads : to which they also find There are in this excellent prison their own bedding, and pay nothing. no less than four cold baths, one warm

The men felons are of four classes ; bath, and an oven for purifying infecteach of which has a spacious court- ed or offensive clothing. Of sleepingyard, neatly paved with Yorkshire cells there are on the ground floor 15; stone, and in size about 87 feet by 30, first story 82; and second story so. for the prisoners to take air and exer Total 177. Debtors committed hither cise in fine weather ; or, if it be other- from the King's Bench for any otfence, wise, they walk under arcades paved pay no fees now whatever, as forwith flag stone ; of about 48 feat by merly was the custom. 27: also a day room for each class, There is in the gaol a list of Ten 27 feet by 20, to dress their victualsin. Legacies and Donations. Some of the

Each felon has a cell 8 feet 3 by 6 charities are for debtors expressly : feet 9; with iron-grated window 4 the others are not so distinguished; feet by 2, a wooden inside shutter, a but debtors have them all. In the circular ventilator, 18 inches diameler, title of the paper it is said " The gaol in the middle of each cell, a worxien was formerly called the White Lion inside door and an iron graied one to Prison.The common seal of the each. They are furnished with an prison is a lion rampant. One of the elm-plank bedstead, only 22 inches legacies was bequeathed by Eleanor wide, a flock bed, and pillow, iwo Gwynn, from wbich are sent to this blankets and a rug: the bedding is slia- prison, once in eight weeks, sixty-five ken and rolled up, and the ceils are cleaned every morning.

Whatever money is collccted in Here are likewise four day-rooms, Chapel, at what are called the conwith boarded foors, occasionally used denned sermons, is paid into the hands for cunvicts uoder sentence of death; of the chaplain, and by him laid out

for

penny loaves.

same.........

[ocr errors]

for the benefit of the prisoners, in for those male prisoners who are emcoals, meat, and other pecessaries, at ployed in picking oakum and knotting his discretion.

yarn. Each prisoner has a cell 8 feet It once was customary for the exe 3 inches by 6 feet 9, with an ironcutioner to demand, and by some grated window 4 feet by 2, a wooden means or other to procure six shillings inside shutler, circular ventilator 18 and eight pence, from the criminal, on inches diameter, double door, and his way to execution. This inhuman bedsteads and bedding provided, tapractice was discontinued on the 16th ken care of, and cell cleaned every July 1799.

morning, the same in all respects as Excellent rules and orders are made those in the county gaol for the for the government of this gaol, felons. which are fixed up in four different The women prisoners have one spaparts of it. The magistrates visit the cious and airy court-yard, of about

prison in regular monthly rotation : 27 feet by 23, together with a work- Their remarks are entered in a book; shop, cells, bedding, &c. the same,

and every time the Committee meets, and their employment also, as the the surgeon also enters in bis book the

men prisoners. state of health in which he finds the

: The following is an account of the prisoners.

receipt and net profit of the prisoners Àll of them are discharged in a EARNINGS, from Michaelmas 1802 to morning, after breakfast, and have

Michaelmas 1803 : from one to five shillings given them, Earnings...

€121 1 1 according to their distance from

Expences attending the home.

33 90 The Lent assizes for the county of Surrey are always held at Kingston,

87 12 and during that time the prisoners of Deduct one third as althis gaol are confined at the Stock

29 4 0 House, and the house of Correction.

perintendant The Summer Assizes are once in two years at Guildford, and the prisoners

Nett profit to balance 58 3 then kept at the Bridewell there. Every other summer they are held

The average number of Prisoners at Croydon, and during the time were

during the above year was 50. Of confined, heretofore, in stables, which

the balance, thirty pounds were laid

out under the direction of the Rev. are now properly converted into a. large room suitable for the purpose.

Secretary and Chaplain, in meat,coals, The Act for preservation of Health, &c. and the remainder distributed as and the Clauses against Spirituous Li- the visiting Committee thought proquors, are conspicuously hung up;

per. and the whole prison is remarkably

EARNINGS from Miclean.

chaelmas 1803, to 111 15 S The Bridewell or House of Correc

Michaelmas 1804 tion, formerly situate in St. George's Expences attending Fields, is now enclosed within the

the same....................

24 11 3 boundary wall of the County Gaol. Keeper, John Spreadbury. Salary

87 4 £50. and a share in the prisoners'

Deduct the Superin

tendant one third 29 1 5 earnings, as hereafter mentioned. He is under the controul of the gaoler,

58

Nett profit to balance but receives his Salary from the coud

3 0 ty, and the magistrates only have During the above year the average the power to dismiss him. Fces' number of prisonors was 45. Thirty none.

pounds of the balance were, as before, For the men prisoners here are two laid out in coals and meat by the Rev. spacious airy court-yards paved with Secretary, and the remainder in sundry Yorkshire flag-stones, about 37 feet articles for their use, under the direceach by 29, for exercise in fine wea tion of the visiting Committee. ther, and two arcades each 27 feet by For the following years to Mi23, paved with flag-stones. Also one chaelmas 1807, I have similar accounts; large workshop of 37 feet square, but the two statements bere given

may

may suffice, as the distribution was voured to call the public attention to similar, and nearly equal to the fore- it in various works, perhaps, even to going.

the extreme of fully! But Bishop Every prisoner committed to hard Horsley, after having professed to pay labour in this Bridewell, receives one particular attention to the subject, third of his or her earnings, the keep- says, “I shall now venture to conclude, er one-third, and the other third goes to notwithstanding the great authoritics the county. Every other description of the other way, that the phrase of Our prisoners receives one-half of the earn. Lord's coming, wherever it occurs in ings, the keeper one-quarter, and the bis prediction of the Jewish War, as county has the rest.

well as in most other passages of the When the Sessions are held at Rye- New Testament, is to be taken in its gate, the prisoners sent from hence literal meaning, as denoting his coming are confined there generally for two in person, in visible pomp and glory, days in the Cage, which has a strong to the general judgment.”. See his room below, about 20 feet by 12 for Sermons, vol. I. p. 56. This opinion the meil, and above it are two rooms of the learned Bishop, the Edinburgh about 12 feet square, one for men and Reviewer thinks he has supported the other for women; they have loose with complete success and to give straw only to sleep on.

all possible weight to his opinion, he My dear Friend,

has expressly said that, in his proper I avail myself with pleasure of this science of Theology, he will not venopportunity to pay my acknowledge ture to suppose the Bishop had a su. ments to the Right Honourable Lord perior. And he has farther said of his Leslie, to Sir Thomas Turton, Bart. Sermons, that even ordinary Readers M. P. for the Borough of Soutii wark, may derive more advantage from and to the Visiting Magistrates who

them than from any volumes of Serdid and myself the honour to ac

mons which have issued from the you company us over every part of this press for the last fifty years. See also well-regulated Gaol. The cleaniiness the British Critic and the Christian and good order that prevail through- Observer, who have scarcely known out it, I have not failed to notice iu

how to express, in language sufficientmy publications on Prisons and impri- ly strong, their admiration of their soned Debtors; and to il most probably superior excellence. may be ascribed its singular healthi

I am, I trust, very far from wishing ness; twelve persons only having died

to depreciate the real merit of Bishop by illness since the 3d August, 1798, Horsley, or of his Sermons; but his when it was first inbabited, although criticism upon the subject in which I the average number of prisoners in it

am more immediately concerned, apis, and has been annually, from 150 to pear to me to have no claim what200. I am, dear Sir,

ever to the title of profound. On the Yours truly, James NEILD.

contrary, I will venture to assert that To Dr. Letisom, London.

they are wholly unworthy of his great name, and have a tendency, most ma

terially, to injure the cause of Christ, Mr. URBAN, Tunstall, April 6. ianity. Who, for instance, but the THE HE celebrated objection of Mr. Bishop, could have imagined that

Gibbon, that Our Lord foretold when Our Lord said there are some his second coming to judge the world standing here, Matt. xvi. 28. he in the generation in which he lived, i meanit one individual only, and that had Aaltered nyself I had found an individual Judas the Traitor ? Who adequale solution of, in the plain and but he could have put any other consimple, but undeniable fact, that the struction upon the phrase tasting of Gospel history is an history of the death in this passage, than that of great Controversy between Our Lord dying ? Or who, besides hiniself, and his Countrymen, whether he was conld have .educed the awful doctrine the person whom they expected as their of the eterniig of hell torments from a Messiah, or whether, to use the lan- verse in which there is not the most guage of St. Luke, they were to look distanť allusion to it? How much for another. So important has this sub more natural would it have been for ject appeared to me, that I have endea- the Bisbop to bave referred to Our Gent. Mag. May, 18ll,

Lord's

« السابقةمتابعة »