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of a Partridge or a Poor Robin; whereas, year this last-mentioned work was even in these days an almanack-maker is published), aged sixty-nine. He was one of the chief Mandarines in China ; interred in St. James's church, where and could we once feel the inconvenience bis great nephew [Edward Hawke of being destitute of all knowledge relating to the course of the heavenly bodies, Locher, has recently erected a monu
Locker, esq. third son of] Captain we should alter our opinion, and think
ment to his memory. no structure too magnificent to mark an almanack upon, as soon as invented ; but
This notice of his death is followed we carry almanacks in our pockets, and by an elaborate and judicious characimagine this was always the case. Upou ter, drawn up by Mr. Coxe. We shall the whole, I have very little doubt but extract a part only: that the Obelisks were raised and used for
“The merit most generally attributed the purposes above mentioned, even though
to Mr. Stillingfeet is the service which later Egyptians believed, or at least pre- he has rendered to our Natural History, tended to adopt another system.
and Agriculture. In the present age it may well known that they supposed the hiero not be deemed a merit in a gentleman, glyphics to comia n an account of their
who is at the same time a man of letters, kings. But, besides all other difficulties
to encourage such pursuits by precept attending this explication, my worthy and example ; as we have numerous infriend Mr. Stuart has made an observa.
stances of men of the first rank and abilition which ren er, it totally incredible; ties, who have dedicated their tiine and namely, the feu ne-s of the characters,
labours to the promotion of this branch of which, though suffic ent to convey know
useful knowledge. But, in the time of ledge to the busban man in all the great
Mr. Suillingfleet, the case was far differand capital articles, were by no means
ent ; for few men of respectable rank in enough for the variety of matter thai H.s
society were fariners; and still fewer, if tory furnishes. The cons ant repetition any, gave the result of their experience of the same figures is alone a proof of and observations to the publick. On the what I wae's ertel. We may therefore
contrary, there seems to have existed conciu:le wiih great probability, that the
among the higher classes a strong prejufirst Egyptian inscripcions on the Obelisks
dice against agricultural pursuits ; which were a kind of almanacks tor the cornmun
Mr. Sidiinyfleet took some pains to combat, purposes of life, like that which is at the
and which, indeed, his example, as well end of the Rei Rust cæ Scriptores.”
as his precepts, greatly contributed to These extracts, but especially the overcome. Many proofs occur in his writ. analysis, will show what reason there ings, of his zeal for the improvement of is to regret that a man of so much our National Agriculture; to one of which research and powers of thinking did
we may particularly refer the reader, in
the Memoranda for the History of Husnot complete his intended work.
bandry, pp. 599 to 60+; where he disAmong other pursuits Mr. S. culti- plays the advantages conferred on practivated and understood Music, both cal Agriculture, by the researches and practically and theoretically; and this writings of men of science and letters. produced his “ Trealise on the Prin As a Poet, Mr. Stillingfeet is less known, ciples and Power of Harmony,” on
because few of his compositions were ever which, says his Biographer, he seems
given to the publick, and those were short, to have bestowed unusual labour. It
and confined to local or temporary subis, in fact, an analysis or abridgment jects. The Essay on Conversation ; the of Tartini's “ Trailato di Musica,”
Poem on Earthquakes; the Dramas and with such an addition of new matter, place on the British Parnassus; but, when
Sonnets; will certainly entitle him to a that it may jusiły be deemed the joint
we consider his refined aud classical taste, production of Tartini and stilling his command of langnage, his rich and fleet; and, in executing this, Mr. S. varied knowledge, and ine flights of imaginaseems to have arcomplished the wish tion which frequently escape from his raof D'Almbert, namely,“ that Tartini pid pen, we can have no hesitation in aswould engage some man of letters serting, that if, instead of the haste in equally practised in Musick and skilled which he apparently prided himself, he in writing, to develope those ideas had employed more patience and more as
siduous correction, he would have attained which he himseli has not unfoided
no inconsiderable rank among our native with sufficient perspicuity." This was the last of Mr. Stilling
Poets.--Independently of his m rits as a
Naturalist and a Poet, he possessed great fleet's publications; for he died, at his
versatility of genius and multifarious know, lodgings in Piccadilly opposite Bur- ledge. His intimate acquaintance with kington House, Dec. 15, 1771 (the the higher branches of the mathematics,
and his skill in applying them to practice, the masterly band of Mr. Sowerby, are evident from his Treatise on the prin- instead of the original plates, which ciples and power of Harmony; and all his
were, Mr. Coxe observes, “rather works, both printed and manuscript, dis- intended for the ordinary observer play various and undoubted proofs of an
than the Botanist.” extensive knowledge of languages, both
Then follow, now first published, antient and modern, and a just and refined taste, formed on the best models of the “ Memoranda for the History of classic literature.”
Husbandry,” consisting of an IntroHis personal character, which fol. -Proofs of the flourishing State of
duction, on Savage and Pastoral Life luws, is delineated impartially and Agriculture in Egypt at an early Pe. with just discrimination. But, after riod-Memoranda on Subjects rela$0 many specimens in his well-known
tive to the Husbandry of the Greeks works, it is somewhat too late to
and Romans--Eleusinian Mysteries-compliment Mr. Coxe on his excel
Hesiod - Theophrastus ihe Vine, lence in this department of Biogra- Miseltoe, and Cytisus
Geoponic phy*. It may be proper, however, to
Writers — Virgil's Georgies-Plinyadd, that these Memoirs are illustrated Remarks on early Agricultural Wriby an excellent Portrait and fac-si
ters—Tu ser-Turner --Heresbach mile of the handwriting of Mr. Stil
Harrison - Lord Bacon
Utility of lingfileet, by Portraits of Mr. Price,
such Writings—Maxims in FarmingMr. Windham, and Mr. Neville, and Georgics of the Mind - Improvement an engraving of the monument in St.
of Laud-Watering-Fences, and parJames's church.
ticularly the Bramble-Willows-Pile We now proceed to notice the con
las, or naked Oats—Sheep—With an tents of Vol. 11. which is divided into Appendix : No. 1. Of the Grasses two Parts. The selection of Mr. Stil
mentioned by Theophrastiis ; and No. lingfleet's works begins with his poe- II. Index to the Calendars of Flora. try, on the character of which we see
The value of these original and no reason to differ from the opinion truly curious extracts cannot fail to Mr. Coxe has given. The Sonnets and
be appreciated by every person conthe Dramas are now printed for the
versaut with the subject. Mr. S.'s first time. The latter were composed remarks on Agricultural Writers are with a view to be set to music, in particularly valuable, and are, as well which state some of them were per as the other extracts, enriched by the forined with various success.
learned and judicious notes of ProfesThe remainder of the Selection in
sor Martyn and John Stackhouse, esq. this Volume, and in Vol. III., consists of Mr. Stillingfleet's “ Miscellane- trating the Works of Theophrastus.
a gentleman who is employed in illusous Tracts on Natural History,” al Those of Mr. Stilling fleet will now ready published, but now enriched by attain the rank in every library to the Additional Observations of Pro
which they are so justly entitled. fessor Martyn. In the second edition of these Miscellaneous Tracts, pubJished in 1762, the Observations on
2. The Life of Lord Nelson, by Nir. Clarke
and Mr. M Arthur, continued from our Grasses were accompanied by plates of
last Volume, p. 562. the different species, most of them well drawn from Nature by his friend
WE shall resume this interesting Mr. Price; it is now illustrated with publication by considering what may a new series of engravings (which are
be esteemed the difficult and delicate coloured in the tine-paper copies) by part of a Biographer's task. No hu
man being is perfect. In the brightest * As Mr. Coxe has said something of character soil e spols will be found; the Blue-stocking Club, of which Mr. S. and to describe these without giving was the most distinguished member, we
offence, and at the same time without are surprised that, insicad of the short violating the truth of history, is frequotation from Bisset, who could know nothing of the parties, be did not give the
quenily po malter—" Hic labor, elegant compliment paid to Mr. Stilling. boc opus est." And, in this part, tó fleet by Sir William Forbes, in his Life speak honestly, we are not so perof Dr. Beattie, where he might have fectly satistied with Mr. Clarke as in found an account of the Club from a mem
almost every thing else. At the same ber. See Life of Beattie, vol. I. p. 210, lime, a partiality for his Hero may Lote, 4 to edition.
perhaps have biassed our judgment.
A Biographer may in some measure being present at the execution of Carac. be compared to a Portrait Painter; cioli, there cannot be the least doubt ; whose duty it is, whilst be preserves
but it is to be hoped, for the honour of a likeness of the original, to make directly or indirectly encouraged that vin
her sex and of her country, that she never that likeness a favourable one. As
dictive spirit, which too much pervaded there was but one shade that ever we
the Council of the King, and the adminis+ heard of in Lord Nelson's character, tration of the Neapolitan State Junto, the Reader will be at no loss to know
after his Majesty bad returned to Palermo. to what we allude. But, in justice to Emma Lady Hamilton, one of the must Mr. Clarke, it will be proper to de- extraordinary women of the age, amidst scend to particulars. That Lord Nel all her faults, was more noted for her geson was warped by a certain unfortu neral attention and hospitality, than for nate connexion from his usual recti- ang deliberate acts of cruelty towards the tude and propriety of acting, is well Neapolitans, by whom she was in general known. But Mr. Clarke sbould not
adored. In the voluptuous Court of the
Sicilian Monarch her fascinating person have prejudiced the mind of the Reader by giving a hint of it many years but, in a situation of so much delicacy and
commanded a very powerful infuence; before the occurrence happened. In danger, she never forgot the character mentioning Lord Nelson's attachment
that was expected from the wife of an to the present Viscountess before he English Ambassador, nor was deficient in was married to her, he takes an op- any of those courtesies and friendly atportunity of alluding to that estrange- tentions which mark a liberal and humane ment which took place so long after disposition. From the arrival of the Bri-. (sce vol. I. p. 77). This certainly is tish squadron at Naples, she had exerted not to be defended ; no more than
herself to support that good cause for when he says (p. 100) he was yet and having in this respect rendered some
which Admiral Nelson had been detached ; untainted by the intrigues of an Ita
service, the natural vanity of her mind lian Court," because it serves to pro
led her to imagine, and to endeavour to duce an unnecessary prejudice in the
make the noble Admiral and others beReader. We have reason, however, lieve, that from her alone proceeded the to know that there is some difference
means of performing those great events of opinion with regard to the general which threw such a splendour on the famode in which Mr. Clarke treats this vourite object of her idolatry. Her leadunfortunate attachment during Lord ing passion was the love of celebrity; and Nelsou's stay at Palermo and in the it was this passion, added to the above neighbourhood; and it is but justice delusion, which gradually brought on that to
fatal and highly-wrought attachment which say that, upon the whole, Mr. Clarke has preserved a great deal of she formed for the Hero of Aboukir ; for
it was the hero, and not the individual, delicacy.
which had captivated her glowing imagiThere are, we well know, persons nation. Its ardour, as it increased, overe of considerable consequence, who have powered the natural kindness of her diseven highly commended Mr. Clarke position, and eventually involved her in for neither glossing over nor conceal an endless succession of private altercaing either this unfortunate attachment tion and public disappointment, -On bis or the death of Caraccioli; and the return to Naples, July 8, 1799, his Siciinculpation of both transactions is
lian Majesty againheld his Court and wisely and allowably put into the resided on-board Lord Nelson's ship, unmouths of his best friends and ad- flag; where he enjoyed the constart
der the secure protection of the British visers. It does honour, likewise, to loyalty, inore particularly or the lower the integrity of the Writer, that the classes of his subjects, and renewed that presence of Lady Hamilton on-board courtesy and condescension to all ranks, the ship where Caraccioli was tried is which had retained so powerful an ascende not suppressed. e honour Nelson ancy over the artifices and calumnies of almost to idolatry; but should have the Fiench. About a week afterwards, a been sorry if his Biographer had sup- Neapolitan who had been fishing in the pressed or concealed, or even pal
Bay came one morning to the Foudroyant,
and assured the officers that Caraccioli liated, his failings. But let the fact
had been seen, who had risen from the speak for itself:
bottom of the sea, and was coming as fast “It was the opinion of Helen Maria as he could to Naples, swimming half out Williams, and certainly of many other of the water. The story of the Neapolipersols, that in these transactions Lady tan was slightly mentioned to his Majesty, Hainillon took an active part. Of her The day being favourable, Lord Nelson,
as usual, indulged the King by standing very delicate business, and it is not out to sea : the Foudroyant, however, quite certain that any blame attaches had not advanced far, before the officers to Mr. Clarke in this; the truth of of the wateh beheld a body upright in the History must not be violated. Perwater, whose course was directed towards haps, however, about this period Mr. them. Captain Hardy soon discovered
Clarke says more than is necessary that it was actually the body of Caraccioli, notwithstanding the great weight
about the irritability of Lord Nelson's which had been attached to it, and it be
temper; such a term, we believe, canie extremely difficult to decide in what does not in general belong to Lord manner the extraordinary circumstance
Nelson's character. But what Mr. should be communicated to the King. This Clarke calls irritability, in most cases was performed with much address by Sir seems to have been nothing more than W. Hamilton; and, with his Majesty's a laudable anxiety for the public serpermission, the body was taken on-shore
vice, or a proper jealousy for his own by 'a Neapolitan boat, and consigned to honour and credit. · In particular, we, Christian burial. The coxswain of the
condemn the application of the term boat brought back the double-headed Nea
when alluding to the liberties Mr. politan shot, with a portion of skin still
Fox had taken in one of his Speeches adhering to the rope by which they had been fixed. They were weighed by Capt. respecting that very affair at Castel
Nuovo. We think Lord Nelson Hardy, who ascertained that the body had risen and floated with the immense
showed no irritability on that occaweight of 250 lbs. attached to it.”
sion ; but supposing, as no doubt he
did, that the affair, as far as the English We have the rather cited the pre
were concerned, was perfectly corceding particulars, as they afford a curious phænomenon for the cousidera- rect, he felt an honest indignation at
Mr. Fox's abuse; and that seems the tion of Philosophers. After all, there are some points been used.
term which should properly have we could wish to have altered, and
In one instance, Lord Nelson is not which niight have been done without
made suffic ently conspicuous; and the impeachment of Mr. Clarke's cre
that is in the Battle of the Nile. But dit as a Biographer; and these we
Mr. Clarke has not often offended in shall now point out.
this respect, and our veneration for In page 134, from a Letter to Lady Lord Nelson may mislead us. Nelson, Mr. Clarke takes occasion to After the Battle of Copenhagen (in say, that Lord Nelson had imbibed, which every justice is done to Lord whilst at Naples, seeds of suspicion of Nelson) we do not recollect that his Lord St. Vincent. That Lord Nelson being made a Viscount, in consequence had imbibed such suspicion, is indeed of it, is mentioned till a long time afclear from the letter ; but there seenis terwards. to be no proof that they had been in With all these exceptions, we still fused into him at Naples, meaning, think Mr. Clarke has done great crewe suppose, by some person or per dit to himself, and made his Reader sons at Naples; but what we think
enamoured with the character of his exceptionable is the introduction of Hero. Great care has been taken in such a letter at all. Such a suspicion the correction of the press, and we might be only transitory in the breast have noticed but one erratum, and of Lord Nelson, mentioned to his wife that is in page 256, vol. I. where the in a confidential letter; and it is, is date 1797 is inserted instead of 1796. deed, at variance with the very af. Now and tben, perhaps, a careless fectionate and cordial letters which construction of a sentence appears, are afterwards addressed by him to
as, He informed Capt. Lord Garlies Lord St. Vincent; and, therefore, if that information,” &c. &c. these suspicions continued, it would Sed ubi plura nitent
we are not in peach Lord Nelson's sincerity; and, disposed to search for trifling bleif ihey did not continue, they should mishes. never have seen the light, and the
Proposing to give some farther exViscountess was somewhat to blame to
tracts hereafter, we only add, for the have given up such a letter.
present, that this pational work is We are not quite satisfied with the founded on documents communicated defence of the affair of the capitula- to Mr. C. by bis Royal Highness the tion at Castel Nuovo'; but this is a Duke of Clareuce, by Earl Nelson and
other branches of this distinguished the support he receives from the family, and from an highly-interesting Church, which enables bim to live memoir in the late noble Admiralls with comfort and respectability, he hand-writing (of which a fac-simile is labours with diligence to improve her given), sent by him to John M‘Ar children in understanding and knowthur, esq. who also possesses a va ledge, in morals and piety, he is then riety of other interesting Mss. re- fultilling the whole of his duty: such ceived from confidential friends of the an one can truly say that he was moved deceased Hero, and from officers of by the Holy Ghost to take upon him rank who served with him. This the sacred office. The Church of junction of two separate collections England would stand on a more sure of documents was arranged under the foundation than it now does, were all auspices, and at the express recom the Clergy engaged in pursuits equally mendation, of his Royal Highness the laudable. Prince of Wales; and has enabled the The work before us is divided into Editors to offer to the publick a most
Five Parts. The First contains a Mornample detail of the singular occur- ing and Evening Prayer for a Family, rences of Lord Nelson's life, and a for each day in the week; as also connected and faithful narrative of Prayers for the morning and evening the various circumstances which could of a Communion, The Second is apthrow light on his character and ser propriated to the closet, and consists vices. The gentleman who had un
of Meditations and Prayers for seven dertaken a similar work under the successive mornings and evenings. The sanction of Earl Nelson, and had made Meditations not only for this, but some progress in it, desisted, from likewise for the Third Part, are commotives of respect.
posed of passages of Scripture adapted The embellishments consist of a to the several states of miud in which variety of elegant engravings, from a reflecting person occasionally feels original paintings by Benjamin West, himself, and will certainly in every esq. R. A. the late Mr. Abbot, Richard slate administer comfort and peace. Westall, R. A. and Nicholas Pocock, The next portion contains meditaesqrs. engraved by Mr. Heath, histori tions, as we have said, and also cal engraver to his Majesty, Mr. Fitt- prayers, for the week previous to ler, &c. &c.
ihe Communion. Both are truly ad
mirable: the soul in a peculiar man. 3. Prayers collected from the several Writ ner draws nigh to God, humbled, in
ings of Jeremy Taylor, D. D. Bishop of deed, in the dust, yet encouraged to Down and Connor, adapted to the Family, say, Why art thou cast down? The the Closet, the Sacrement, &c. &c. &c. devotions appointed for the week By the Rev. Samuel Clapham, M. A. after the Sacrament are well calcuVicar of Christ Church, and Rector of lated to cherish religious principles. Gussage St. Michael.
The Fifth Part comprizes Prayers Mr. CLAPHAM frequently appears! suitable for every situation and ciras an Editor of books: much of his cumstance in life. Whatever be the time seems to be employed in pro- necessities, whatever the occurrences, ducing to the world writings which the devout mind will find a proper have the highest tendency to promote subject of address to God. Prayers, the interests of society, and which with Thanksgivings, are adapted to are not always accessible to the gene the several seasons of the Church; rality of readers. Such laudable en the Clergy are supplied with forms deavours, therefore, whilst they claim for their tiocks, and for a blessing on the approbation of the wise and the their labours ; Parents, likewise, for good, must afford abundantly more their children, whether living at satisfaction to a mind so usefully em-. home, employed abroad, or serving ployed, than is to be derived either in wars: in short, for every family, in from convivial pleasures or secular sickness, in health, whether a part of engagements. When a Clergyman, it be living in the fear of God, or after discharging his pastoral duties, without religious impressions; whedevotes the remainder of his leisure ther an increase is given to it, or it to the religious improvement of the mourns the loss of a relative, the most world at large; when, in return for appropriate and pious devotions are Gent. Mag, January, 1811,