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Mr. Sheridan entered his Protest against murder, the execution of the convict the proceeding.
should follow within a limited time, The Resolution was then agreed to, the which had been strictly followed. The Report brought up,and read a second time. Judges might have respited the prisoner
had they chosen ; but their opinions had HOUSE OF LORDS, Jan. 15. been taken, and no ground was left for About five, the Lord Chancellor, the supposing, that, if the fountain of mercy Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord had been open to access, any thing would President, the Lord Privy Seal, the have been submitted in application for Duke of Montrose, and the Earl of its exercise. Liverpool, having taken their seats as Mr. Sheridan replied, that the Royal Commissioners to open Parliament, and prerogative of mercy had been twice exthe Speaker of the House of Commons tended to a convict (P. Ogilvie) in Scotwith a number of Members being in at- land; for which, however, he did not tendance at the Bar, the Lord Chancel- blame the Rt. Hon, Gentlemen : tbe same bor said, “My Lords and Gentlemen, necessity that justified issues of money Forasmuch as for certain causes his Ma- for the Army and Navy, might justify jesty cannot conveniently be present here that likewise. He put the merits of in his Royal Person, a Commission has the case altogether out of question ; but been issued under the Great Seal, au- regretted that the first prerogative of the thorizing the Lords in the said Commis- highest magistrate of the realm should şion named, to declare the causes of be usurped by a subject. your meeting, and to do in all respects Mr. Ryder declared himself ready, in his Majesty's name, which Commis- when called upon, to state the motives sion you will now hear read.”—The Com- of his conduct. He denied, indignantly, mission was then read, after which the that he had usurped the prerogative Lord Chancellor resumed-“ My Lords of mercy; be had merely suspended the and Gentlemen, in virtue of the Com- operation of the law, until it could be mission which has been now read, au- known whether that mercy would or tborizing the Lords therein named to would not ultimately be granted. In declare the causes of your meeting, and the case of the unfortunate person lately to do in all respects in his Majesty's executed, the Recorder bad reported to name, we have only to call your atten- him, that the two Judges who had assisttion to the afflicting circumstance of his ed him in the trial had entertained no Majesty's indisposition, and to the ne- doubt of the guilt of the convict, and cessity of making due and suitable pro- had seen no ground that could admit of vision for the care of his Majesty's sacred an application for mercy; it was, in fact, Person, for the maintenance of the Royal a case of as foul murder as had ever been Dignity, and for the exercise of the committed in England. Royal Authority, in snch manner and to such extent as the exigency of the case
Jan. 16. may seem to require."
On the motion of Mr, Perceval, the
last day for receiving Private Petitions In the Commons, the same day, Mr. was fixed for Feb. 1; that for Private Bills Sheridan, alluding to the execution of March 4; and that for Reports, April 29. Cardoza, the Portugueze, for murder, on The Regency Bill was read a second Monday, observed that it had excited time. considerable sensation respecting the
Jan. 17. alarming suspension of the prerogative
A Secret Committee of Nine was apof mercy. He had communicated with pointed to inquire what payments were the Right Hon. Secretary of State for the ordinarily directed by his Majesty to be Home Department, and had to thank made out of his Privy Purse. him for his attention. He did not in- The House went into a Committee on tend to give any formal notice upon the the Regency Bill ; when 13 of the clauses subject now, but should certainly sub- were, after much discussion, disposed of. mit the question to the House in some shape or other.
Jan. 18. The Chancellor of the Exchequer ex- The House resolved itself into a Complained that the Act of Parliament re- mittee, when clauses in the Regency Bill quired, that, in cases of conviction of were discussed, and the blanks filled up.
ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES.
cellor of the Empire presided. Their CONSERVATIVE SENATE. Sitting of Dec. 10. Excellencies the Duke of Cadore, Minis
The sitting commenced at three in ter for Foreign Affairs, and County the afternoon; the Prince Arch-Chan: St. Jean d'Angely, und Caffarelli, Mi
Aisters of State, were introduced. The After the Message was read, 'his Ex Prince Arch-Chancellor read the follow- cellency the Duke of Cadore, Minister ing Message:
for Foreign Affairs, laid the following Message of his Imperial and Royal Report before the Sitting: Majesty.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER FOR FOREIGN “Senators, I have ordered my Minis AFFAIRS TO HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR ter for Foreign Affairs to communicate to AND KING. you the several circumstances which oc- “ Sir, Your Majesty has exalted casion the junction of Holland with the France to the highest point of greatness. Empire. The Orders published by the The victories obtained over five succesBritish Council in 1806 and 1807, have sive coalitions, all promoted by England, rent in pieces the public law of Europe. have produced these consequences: and A new order of things governs the Uni- it may be said, that we are indebted to verse. New securities becoming neces-. England for the glory and power of the sary to me, the junction of the mouths Great Empire. At every opportunity of the Scheldt, of the Meuse, the Rhine, your Majesty made offers of peace, and the Ems, the Weser, and the Elbe, with without considering whether it would be the Empire, the establishment of an in- more advantageous than war: you land navigation with the Baltic, have looked, Sir, only to the happiness of the appeared to me to be the first and most present generation, and you always important. I have ordered the plan of shewed yourself ready to sacrifice to it a Canal to be prepared, which will be exe- the most flattering prospects of the fucuted in the course of five years, and will ture. It was in this spirit that the connect the Seine with the Baltic. Those peace of Campo Formio, of Luneville, Princes will be indemnified who may and of Amiens, and subsequently of find themselves circumscribed by this Presburg, of Tilsit, and of Vienna, were great measure, which is become abso- concluded; it was in this spirit that your lutely necessary, and which will rest the Majesty has five times sacrificed to peace right of my frontiers upon the Baltic. the greater part of your conquests. More Before I came to this determination, I anxious to 'adorn your reign by the pubapprised England of it. She was ac- lic happiness than to extend the frontiers quainted that the only means for pre- of your empire, your Majesty set bounds serving the independençe of Holland to your greatness ; while Eugland, keep was to retract her Orders in Council of ing the torch of war continually alive, 1806 and 1807, or to return at last to seemed to conspire against her allies as pacifie sentiments. But this Power was well as herself to create the greatest emdeaf to the voice of her interests, as well pire that has existed for twenty centuas to the cries of Europe. I was in ries. At the peace of 1783, the power of hopes of being able to establish a Fralice was strong in the Family Compact, cartel for the exchange of prisoners of war which closelybound Spain and Naples with between France and England, and to her political system.--At that of Amiens, avail myself, in consequence of the re- the respective strength of the three great sidence of two Commissioners at Paris Powers was increased by the addition of and London, 'to bring about an approxi- twelve millions of Polish inhabitants. mation between the two countries. I The Houses of France and Spain were have been disappointed in my expecta- essentially hostile to each other, and the tions. I could find nothing in the mode people of the two countries were removed in wbich the English Government nego- farther than ever from each other by the tiated but craft and deceit.-The junc- difference of their manners. One of the tion of the Valais is an effect long in- great Continental Powers bad her tended of the immense works which I strength less diminished by the junction have had performed in the Alps within of Belgium with France, than it was inthe last ten years. At the time of my creased by the acquisition of Venice; the Act of Mediation, I separated the Valais secularizations also of the Germanic from the Helvetic League, foreseeing Body added more to the power of our rithen a measure of such advantage to vals. Thus, at the conclusion of the France and Italy.–So long as the war Treaty of Amiens, the relative force of continues with England, the French France was less than at the peace of people must not lay down their arms. 1783, and much inferior to that to My finances are in the most flourishing which the victories obtained during the state, I can meet all the expences which wars of the two first coalitions gave her this immense empire requires, without a right to expect. This treaty, howecalling upon my people for fresh sacri- ver, 'was scarcely concluded, when the fices. (Signed) NAPOLEON. jealousy of England displayed itself Palace of the Thuilleries, Dec. 10, 1810. strongly. She took the alarm at the By order of the Emperor,
continually increasing prosperity and H.B. DUKE OF BASSANO," riches of the interior of France; and she
hoped hoped that a third coalition would wrest forth irreparable ; he wished to prevent Belgium, the provinces of the Rhine, greater, and he sent Lord Lauderdale to and Italy, from your crown. The peace Paris. The negotiations began, and of Amiens was broken; a third coalition every thing led to hope that they would was formed; three months after it was have ended happily; when Fox died. dissolved by the treaty of Presburgh. From that time they languished. The England saw all her hopes blasted: Ve- Ministers were neither sufficiently ennice, Dalmatia, Istria, the whole of the lightened nor temperate to perceive the Adriatic coast, and that of the kingdom necessity of peace. Prussia, excited by of Naples, fell into the power of France. that spirit which England infused into The Germanic Body, established upon all Europe, put her troops to marcb. principles contrary to those upon which The Imperial Guard received orders to the French empire was founded, dropped set out; Lord Lauderdale appeared terto pieces ; and the system of the Confe- rified at the consequences of the new deration of the Rhine transformed into events that were preparing. It was proelose and necessary allies the same na- posed to sign the treaty; that Prussia tions who in the first coalitions marched should be included in it, and that the against France, and united them indis. Confederation of the North of Germany solubly to herself by their common in should be recognized. Your Majesty, terests. The peace of Amiens then be with that spirit of moderation of which came in England the object of the regret you have given such frequent examples of every Statesman. The new acquisi- to Europe, consented. The departure of tions by France, which there were no the Imperial Guard was delayed for some hopes of wresting from her at any future days ; but Lord Lauderdale hesitated : time, rendered the fault that was com- he thought it necessary to send a Mes. mitted more evident, and shewed the full
senger to his Court, and that Messenger extent of it. An enlightened man, who brought him an order to return. In a during the short interval of the peace of few days after Prussia no longer existed Amiens visited Paris, and had learned to as a preponderating power. Posterity know France and your Majesty, was put will consider that period as one of the at the head of affairs in England. This most decisive in the histories of England man of genius comprehended the situa- and France. The Treaty of Tilsit put an tions of the two countries. He per- end to the fourth coalition. Two great ceived that it was not in the power of Sovereigns, lately enemies, united in any State to compel France to retro- offering peace to England; but that grade; and that the true policy consisted Power, who, notwithstanding all the in arresting her progress. He perceived, forewarnings she had received, could not that, by the success obtained over the bring herself to subscribe to "conditions third coalition, the question which would leave France in a more adchanged ; and that it must no longer be vantageous situation than she was after thought of contesting with France the the Treaty of Amiens, would not enter possessions that she acquired by victory; into a negotiation, the unavoidable conbut that it was necessary, by a speedy sequence of which would have been to peace, to prevent those new acquisitions place France in a situation still more to which the continuation of the war would her advantage.--We refused, it was said Tender inevitable. This Minister did not in England, a treaty which maintained gonceal any of the advantages which the North of Germany, Prussia, Saxony, France derived from the erroneous policy Hessia, and Hanover, independent of of England; but he had in view those France,and which secured allthe outlets of which she might still acquire. He our trade; how, then, can we agree at thought that England would gain much, this time to conclude with the Einperor if none of the Continental Powers lost of the French, when he has extended the more. He directed his poliey to disarm Confederation of the Rhine to the North France, and to have the Confederation
of Germany, and to found on the banks of the North of Germany recognised in of the Elbe a French throne ; a peace, opposition to the Confederation of the which, by the course of things, whatRhine. He perceived that Prussia could ever the stipulations might be, would only be preserved by peace; and that on leave under his influence Hanover, and the fate of that Power depended the sys- all the ports of the North, those princitem of Saxony, of Hessia, of Hanover, pal arteries of our commerce ? the fate of the mouths of the Ems, of the [The Exposé dwells at some length Jade, of the Weser, of the Elbe, of the upon the Coalitions - declares that a Oder, and of the Vistula, ports necessary proposition was made to our Government for the commerce of England. Like a to recal the Orders in Council, upon congreat man, Fox did not deliver himself dition that the independence of Holland up to useless sorrow for the rupture of should be respected by the French, which the treaty of Ainiens, and loskes hence, was rejected-recommends the annexa
tion of the Hanse Towns to the Empire : our coasts, the extent of which is aug. the repairing the canal between Ham- mented, are every' where defended by burgh and Lubeck, and the construction courage, and fortified by art; the arsenals of a new canal, which would unite the are provided with necessary materials; Elbe to the Weser, and the Weser to the ships are rising in our ports, and our Emms-advises the continuance of the fleets will one day try their strength Berlin and Milan Decrees (we thought with those of the enemy, and reign upon they had been reseinded), and the op
But to arm these vessels, to position of the Continental blockade to equip them, his Majesty has felt that he the Maritiine one, from which the most stood in need of seamen. Those who at auspicious results are predicted.]
present man bis squadrons, would not (Signed) CHAMPAGNY, Duke of Cadore. be sufficient for the greatness of his Paris, Dec. 8.
plans; new means are necessary for new Buonaparte has ordered, by a Decree views. Commerce and the Fisheries, of the lith ult., the formation of Coun- which were wont to furnish seamen for cils of Discipline for the advocates be- the State, are at present too inconsidelonging to the different courts of justice, rable, and a new system must be forthwith powers,
under certain circum- with resorted to for supplying the wants stances, to strike their names out of the of the country. At the voice of his Ma. lists of those privileged to plead. All jesty, there issues, from the maritime advocates, on being admitted to the bar, departments, a crowd of young men, are to take the following oath :-“I who, being at once sailors and soldiers, swear allegiance tu the Constitution of will shew themselves worthy rivals of the Einpire, and fidelity to the Empe- those who have raised so high the glory ror: that I will not say or publish any of the arins of the Empire."--[Here the thing contrary to the laws and regula- basis of the plan is unfolded that it is tions, good morals, the safety of the from the maritime departments, and state, and the public peace; that I will that of the line of coasts, that these never violate the respect due to the tri- men must be selected. The Exposé goes bunals and public authorities; and that on]>“ But the profession of the seamen I will never give an opinion for, nor sup. is liable to so many vicissitudes and danport any cause which I shall not, in my gers, that it is necessary to commence it soul and conscience, believe to be just.” from the most tender age, when the or-It is directed by this Decree, that if an gans are docile, the body flexible, and advocate shall, in his pleadings or habits are contracted without difficulty.. writings, permit himself to attack the It is necessary that the mariner should principles of the Monarchy and the Con- be early accustomed to peril, and learn stitution of the Empire, the laws, and to face it with a smile. Young sailors established authorities, the Court shall shall, therefore, be selected at the age forthwith sentence liim to one of the pu- of from 13 to 16; if younger, the State , nishments prescribed by the 31st article would wait too long before it enjoyed of the Criminal Code, without prejudice their services; if older, the physical conto farther proceedings in the case. stitution of man could only be bent with
The Conservative Senate, in the sitting difficulty to all the toils of seamanship., of the 15th ult., were presented by -His Majesty has formed crews for ships, Count Caffirelli with an Exposé, which, and crews for flotillas. The former, after stating that the Empire enjoyed the composed of experienced mariners, will most profound peace--that by the ma- man the ships; for the latter, his Machinations of our Government the horn jesty is fitting out in bis ports small vesrørs of war still desolated the extremi. sels, commanded by skilful officers; on ties of Europe (meaning Spain and Pore board which will be exercised in manæu. tugal), it proceeds--"Amidst the calm vres, in steering, in the use of arms, which his Majesty has re-established in those young seamen, whom the Senatus the Empire and in Europe, he is occu- Consultum, which we present, summons pied with the amelioration of his marine ; to the honour of serving their country.” and his genius suggests to him efficacious The Dutch Papers mention, that Gen. means for opposing to his enemies upon Sarrazin, now in England, lsad been the seas, nupierous feets, animated, like condemned for desertion, and his name his veteran and formidable phalanxes, struck out of the Legion of Honour. with a desire at last to conquer an uni- The following is an extract of a letter versal peace. The will of his Majesty from Rodez, department of the Aveiron, shall be always that of destiny; for power dated Dec. 16:-" The winter has set and genius never will in vain.--Already, in here with extraordinary severity, the Gentlemen, at the voice of his Majesty, snow being in many of the surrounding maritime establishments are created; districis sis and seven feet deep. But GENT, MAG. January, 1811.
what excites the most dreadful alarms, dam ; the proprietors of which had shut are the ravages of the wolves. These them up and absconded, being unable to ferocious animals, unable to subsist any pay the taxes. longer in their native mountains, sally
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. forth in flock's of many hundreds, and Letters from Cadiz, of the 20th of entering the villages, make the peasant December, state, that the Cortes bad and his cattle their prey. The villages bauished the late Regency; and (astas on the open plains are entirely deserted ; nos, the head of it, had been exiled to a number of the poor people having Gallicia. fallen sacrifices in defending their tame On the 16th ult. the Cortes ordered animals, and the survivors not choosing their decree of the 2d, for levying an to expose themselves to similar danger. armed force of 10,000 men, to reinforce Our Prefect, with the humane view of the army in the Isle of Leon, to be car. reiinbursing the sufferers, and prevent- ried into immediate execution. On the ing the Department being depopulated, 19th a motion was made for "an eternal has ordered an inventory to be made of monument of gratitude to his Britannic the losses : the estimate almost excerds Majesty, and the unconquerable British belief: it is ascertained, that within the Nation, for the generous and magnanilast month, 2000 sheep, 400 goats, and mous assistance afforder to the Spanish 300 horses, have been killed by these Nation;" which was carried unanimously, ferocious animals. In the departments amidst general acclamations. of the Loziere, and the Higher Loire, The intelligence from Madrid reprethe ravages are still greater.”
sents the Usurper as busily employed in A Gentleman passenger,
sending plunder to Paris-a circumstance lately wached on shore near Dunkirk out from wbich it is not unreasonable to of the Elizabeth Indianian, lashed to a infer, that he thinks he holds his capital piece of the wreck, was conveyed to a by a very precarious tenure.-The aclittle hovel by a Frenchman who found counts from Madrid and Seville represent bim along shore, to whom he gave 50 the situation of the French in those places guineas, having saved 500 : the French- as truly deplorable. They cannot travel man promised to come at night and take from one part of Spain to another withhim to a place of safety; at nigiit he out going in large parties, which have went back accompanied by two others, obtained the name of Caravans. In ibis each having a shovel; when, dreadful to manner, great numbers of male and ferelate, they heat his brains out with male natives of France are daily returntheir shovels, plunčiered the body, then ing to that country; and the Spanish duy a hole and buried it in the sand. patriots, like the Arabs of the Deserts, Three or four days after which, the prin- incessantly hover around these escorts, cipal, being troubled in his conscience, and carry off prisoners and booty to a went and confessed what he had done great amount; in a recent instance it to a Magistrate; wben his two accom- was deemed necessary to send an escort plices were taken ur, and the dead body of 1500 soldiers, to protect à convoy coridug up greatly mangled. The three men sisting of pictures, wool, &c. on its way have been committed to Dunkirk gaol,
from Madrid to France, to take their trial for murder.
Extract of a letter !rem Lisbon, dated A ball of fire appeared in the commune Dec. 50.-"Great importance is attached of Chargouville, France, on the 23d to the seizure of a spy bere by the PortuNov. which, bursting with a tremendous guese peasants, who are ever on the explosion, let fall three large stones, ac
watch. This fellow had been sent on companied with smoke, and darted with some important errand by Massena, but such force, that they entered the earth he was secured before his object was acto the depth of near 80 centimeters. complished. Asuis traitorous intentions One of the stones is covered with a crust were manifest, he would have been shot of greyish black, while the inside is more aster a summary trial, but for the imclear. It is very compact, and hard portant discoveries he made to Lord Welenough to cut glass. It appears to con- lington. Several of the officers who had tain globules of iron pretty large and obtained leave to embark for England, brilliant.
and were at Lisbon for that purpose, have The substitute for sugar in Brittany been suddenly ordered back to the army: (l'rance) is a syrup extracted from the which at first induced an opinion, that Bedange apple, beat up with the whites the British Commander in Chief expected of eggs, and boiled till three parts are a movement on the part of the Enemy i wasted.
but it is now said to be in consequence HOLLAND.
of the discoveries he made by the 'A Dutch Paper of last month an- spy, but of what nature we do not nounces the sale of 77 bouses at Amster- learn."