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were Sent to the Sheriffe of each County, and K.Edw. to two other Persons of chief Note with him to see that it were punctually and strictly observed, In the Letters directed to the Sheriff of Northampton, I find this Hugh mentioned, in the very first place, as a Commissoner in this Affair: The Inscription is, Hugoni Wake; Williamelmo Botevlyyn; et Vicecom North? But of this Hugh I shall have occassion to speake more particularly hereafter, and therefore shall add no more concerning him in this place.

Yet because I am now considering the younger Brothers of this Family; I must add, that there seems to have been an other Brother of the same John Lord Wake, Son of Baldwin the IV* setled at Stesworth in Yorkshire, in the time of K. Edward: 1st by the Name of 'Baldwin de Wac: and of whom, all I know is that he married Eleanor, Daughter, and Co-heir of William de Beaucham, a person of good Note in those parts.

But to return to the Subject from which I have digress'd: As it was about the 11th. Year K.Edw. of K. Edw: 2d. that Thomas Lord Wake came

6 Ryley Placit: Parliam: p. 521. 522.

7 Mss Dodsworth Vol: iii. fol: 1S6.

2d.

of Age, and was therefore first summon'd, as a Baron, to Parliament; So in the same Year there fell out a little Controversy between the King and Him, which was the Occasion of some Charge, as well as Trouble, to Him. For being yet in Ward, the King provided a Match for him, and required him to accept of it. This he refused to do, and was thereupon Fin'd a thousand Marks, and obliged to the payment of them. 8Whereupon being at Liberty he took to Wife Blanch, daughter of Henry of Lancaster, and afterwards, upon his Brothers death 9Earl both of Leicester and Landcaster.

It was but two Years after this, that the War with Scotland breaking out again. He was summoned, with the rest of the Barons to the Parliament which K. Edward held there upon that Year at York, From thence he went in person, into Scotland, but continued not long there, being recalled upon the 'Account of another, and worser Engagement; And of which it will be necessary to take some short Notice. aFor the King having now enraged his Barons agaiust him, thro his Favour to the Spencers, as he had before done by his immo- K.e<]« derate Countenance which he gave to another of his Minions, Peter Gavestone; And increased their Fury by his particular Indignities put upon Thomas, the great Earl of Lancaster, his own Cosen, the quarrel came to an open Defyance, and the whole Realm was fill'd with War and Confusion.

8 Mss. Dodsw: Vol: ii. fol. 11. 9 Dugdul: Sum. part: p. 189. 139. 1 Summ: Pari: p. 115. 2 lSEdwd. ii.

It does not appear that at the beginning of these troubles our Thomas joyn'd with the confederate Lords; but rather he seems either not to have medled on either side, or, if he did, to have stood to the Royal Party. For we find him all this while summon'd with his Father Henry of Lancaster, and the other Barons to Parliament; and which Thomas Earl of Lancaster was not, for several Years before.

For the better clearing of which matter, 1 must observe, that about the 4th. Year of King Edward 2d. the Nobility of England being generally offended at the Favor which the King shewed to Peter Gavestone: and insisting upon several Priviledges, as of right belonging to them: and being not satisfied by Him in their Demands united together in defence of their Liberties, and chose Thomas Earl of Lancaster,

K.Edw. to be their Head, and Leader upon that occasion.

3There was hardly a Person in the Kingdom, either of a more honourable Descent, or of a braver Spirit, than this great Earl. He was son of Edmund Earl of Lancaster, Leicester and Ferrers; Grandson by his Father to King Henry 3d. and Nephew to King Edward. 1st. His Mother was, by her first Husband Queen of Navarre; and by the Earl of Lancaster her second, had this Thomas, her eldest Son; Henry, whose Daughter our Lord Wake married; and John Thomas, who by descent from his Father, enjoy'd three Earldoms, by Marriage added two more to them: having to Wife the Heiress of the Earl of Lincoln, and so becoming altogether Earl of Lancastre, Leicestre, Ferrers, Lincoln and Salisbury.

With this great Man, many of the chiefest Nobility joyn'd. But our Thomas Lord Wake was then a Minor, and in Ward to the King, and so out of a Capacity of joyning Himself with Them.

It was in the height of the Scotch War, at the *Seige of Berwick, that the King gave that KEdw. new disgust to Lancaster, and the other Lords, which made them depart from the Field, and renewed those Discontents, which the Year following, brake out into fresh Troubles. How far our Lord Thomas was concerned, at the beginning of these Disorders, I cannot say; but having no where found his Name among those who then took up Arms, I am inclined to think that either he was not at all concern'd in them; or that If he was, he took part with the King against the Barons.

3 Walsingham Edwd. 2d. p. 100.

But howsoever he behaved himself at first, certain it is, that when the King persisted in his Obstinacy, So that the "Queen and Prince forsook him, Thomas Lord Wake came into the Barons with Them; 6and was by the Queen upon her taking up the Administration of the Government, made Justice of all the Forrests South of Trent, and Constable of the Tower of London.

King Edward the second, in the Consequence K Edw of these troubles, being first deposed, and then 3dmurder'd, his Son King Edward the 3d. suc

4 Walsingh: ibid. p. 112. 5 Waking: ibid. p. 124.

6 Baronag: T. 1. p. 541. a.
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