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Carly. The Exercise which I commend first, is the exact use of their Weapon, to guard and to strike safely with Edge, or Point ; this will keep them healthy, nimble, Arong, and well in breath, is also the likeliest means to make them grow large and tall, and to inspire them with a gallant and fearless Courage, which being temper'd with seafonable Lectures and Precepts to them of true Fortitude and Patience, will turn into a native and heroick Valour, and make them hate the cowardise of doing wrong. They must be also pra&iz'd in all the Locks and Gripes of Wraftling, wherein Englismen were wont to excell, as need may often be in fight to tugg or grapple, and to close. And this perhaps will be enough, wherein to prove and heat their single strength. The interim of upfweating themselves regularly, and convenient rest before meat may both with profit and delight be taken up in recreating and composing their trayail'd Spirits with the folemn and divine harmonies of Musick heard or learnt; either while the skilful Orgunist plies his grave and fancied defcant, in lofty fugues, or the whole Symphony with artful and unimaginable touches adorn and grace the well studied cords of some choice Composer; sometimes the Lute, or soft Organ stop waiting on elegant Voices either to religious, material, or civil Ditties; which if wise Men and Prophets be not extreamly out, have a great power over Difpositions and Manners; to smooth and make them gentle from rustick Harshness and distemper'd Passions. The like also would not be unexpedient after Meat to alift and cherih Nature in her first CoucoNioa, and send their minds back to Audy in
good tune and fatisfaétion. Where having follow'd it close under vigilant Eyes till about two hours before Supper, they are by a sudden Alarum or watch Word, to be call'd out to their military Motions, under Skie or Covert, according to the Season, as was the Roman wont į first on foot, then as their Age permits, on Horse-back, to all the Art of Cavalry; That having in sport, but with much exa&ness, and daily muster, fervid out the Rudiments of their souldiership in all the skill of Embatteling, Marching, Encamping, Fortifying, Besieging and Barcering, with all the helps of ancient and modern Stratagems, Tadicks and warlike maxims, they may as it were out of a long War come forth renowned and perfect Commanders in the service of their Country. Theywould not then, if they were trusted with fair and hopeful Armies, suffer them for want of juft and wise Discipline to shed away from about
them like fick Feathers, though they be never fo. oft fupply'd: they would not suffer their empty and unrecrutible Colonels of twenty Men in a Company to quaff out, or convey into fecret Hoards, the Wages of a delusive Lift, and a miserable Remnant : yet in the mean while to be over-master'd with a score or two of Drunkards, the only fouldery left about them, or else to comply with all Rapines and Violences. " No certainly, if they knew ought of that Knowledge that belongs to good Men or good Governours, they would not suffer these things. But to return to our own inAtitute, befides these conftant Exercises at home, there is another Opportunity of gaining ExperiCace to be won from Pleafure, it felf abroad;
In those vernal Seasons of the Year, when the Air is calm and pleasant, it were an injury and sullenness against Nature not to go out, and fee her Riches, and partake in her rejoycing with Heaven and Earth. I Tould not therefore be a Perswader to them of Itudying much then, after two or three Year that they have well laid their Grounds, but to ride out in Companies with pru. dent and staid Guides, to all the Quarters of the Land: learning and observing all Places of strength, all Commoditics of building and of soil, for Towns and Tillage, Harbours and Ports for Trade. Sometimes taking Sea as far as to our Navy, to learn there also what they can in the pra&ical Knowledge of sailing and of Sea-fight. These ways would try all their peculiar Gifts of Nature,and if there were any secret Excellence among them, would fetch it out, and give it fair opportunities to advance it self by, which could not but mightily redound to the good of this Nation, and bring into Fashion again those old admired Virtues and Excellencies, with far more advantage now in this purity of Christian Knowledge. Nor shall we then need the Morfieurs of Paris to take our hopefull Youth into their flight and prodigal Custodies and send them over back again transform'd into Mimicks, Apes, and Kicshoes. But if they desire to fee other countries at three or four and twenty Years of Age, not to learn Principles but to enlarge Experience, and make wise Observation, they will by that time be such as fhall deserve the regard and honour of all Men where they pass, and the Society and Friendhip of those in all places who are best and most eminent. And perhaps then
Other Nations will be glad to visit us for their Breeding, or else to imitate us in their own Country.
Now lastly for their Diet there cannot be much to say, fave only that it would be best in the same House; for much Time else would be loft abroad, and many ill Habits got; and that it should be plain, healthful, and moderate I suppose is out of controversic. Thus, Mr. Hartlib, you have a general view in writing, as your desire was, of that which at several times I had discours'd with you concerning the best and noblest way of Educatie on; not beginning as Tome have done from the Cradle, which yet might be worth many Considerations, if brevity had not been my scope, many other circumstances also I could have mention'd, but this to such as have the Worth in them to make trial, for Light and Dire&ion may be enough. Only I believe that this is not a Bow for every Man to shoot in that counts himself a Teacher; but will require finews almost equal to those which Homer gave Vlyfes, yet I am withall perTwaded that it may prove much more easie in the Asay, than it now seems at distance, and much more illustrious : howbeit not more difficult than I imagine, and that Imagination presents me with nothing but very happy and very possible according to best wishes; if God have so decreed, and this Age have Spirit and Capacity enough to ape. prehend.
F I N I S.