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pet-stones, trees, &c., and an exact. plan of Carlton House and St James's Palace. He executed all this without the aid of any plan, without compasses, without book, or any other data. He made out also, from memory, an exact plan of the parish of St Andrew's; and he offered to do the same with St Giles's in the Fields, St Paul's, Covent Garden, St Clement's, and Newchurch. If a particular house in any given street was mentioned, he would at once tell what trade was carried on in it, the position and appearance of the shop, and its contents. In going through a large hotel, completely furnished, he is able to retain every thing, and to make an inventory from memory'; but a dialogue, on the other hand, that he may have heard even two or three times, will be quite new to him in the course of a few days.

When this faculty is very energetic, it is by no means rare that the passion resulting from its activity degenerates into disease. Avicenna had long ago described such an aliena. tion under the name of cutubut, or errabond melancholy. Dr Beutel communicated to us the history of the Abbé Dabrowki of Prague, equally known for his wit as for his extensive attainments. That man has an invincible propensity to travel, which often shows itself by an urgent and instantaneous desire to change his place; and these fits are so violent, that they have all the characters of real disease. Sometimes, on awaking during the night, he cannot resist running across the fields. He had a fit of this kind in a very severe frost, and, in spite of all that his reason could suggest, he rose, dressed himself in the dark, and set out on the instant. It was only when he had gone about two leagues knee-deep in the snow, that she could prevail on himself to return and go to bed. Dr Beutel, who at that time had no knowledge of Phrenology, told me, that the only thing that struck him as remarkable in the Abbé's appearance, was two enormous projections of the frontal bone, immediately over the root of his eyebrows..

M. Foderé, in a memoir of M. Savary, entitled, Faits pour Servir à l'Histoire des Lesions des Facultés Intellectuelles, mentions an example of disease in this organ :

“ A carpenter, aged 47, having all the appearances of good “ health, is assailed by a host of unusual and incoherent ideas. “ He often believes himself soaring in the air, and traverses in " thought the most beautiful countries, apartments, old castles, “ woods, and gardens, which he had seen in his infancy. Some “ times he fancies himself walking in courts, squares, and pub“ lic places, which are known to him. When at work, the mo“ment that he is about to give a blow with a hatchet on a par"ticular point, an idea comes across him, makes him lose sight « of his object, and the blow descends in another place. One “ day he arose at midnight and set out for Versailles, and ar“rived there without any recollection of his having been upon “ the road, &c. All these hallucinations do not prevent him “from reasoning soundly. "He is astonished, and even laughs, “at his fantastic visions, but without being able to dispel them."

This faculty is sometimes very active, even in idiots. At Dresden, M. Blode spoke to us about a man who was ill at ease whenever he was obliged to remain more than one or two days in the same place. He employed the whole year in go ing over Saxony, Lusace, and Silesia: " He has food and quarters fixed for every day. He goes to see the proprietors, to whom he carries the compliments of their relations and friends; his eyes shut- and his body immoveable, he relates : even the minutest particulars of his journey with astonishing volubility. M. Blode assures us, that he has the organs of Locality very strongly marked, o 10:12 'zab $?!31

After all these proofs, says Dr Gall, can it still be doubt ed, that the sense of Localities is a fundamental faculty con nected with the cerebral part which I have indicated ? Hei: concludes by obviating some trifling objections which we have neither space nor inclination to notice. 1.1 --,' wenuit EST

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ARTICLE VI.

SIŽE OF HEAD, NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL, OBSERVED

BY AN EXPERIENCED HAT-MAKER OF LONDON.

To the following curious and unexpected communication we have more than ordinary satisfaction in giving a place. It was read to the London Phrenological Society; and from the very extensive field of observation enjoyed by its author, and from the manifest accuracy and even scrupulosity of his statements, we regard them as entitled to confidence, and as really valuable to the extent of demonstrating the fact of different sizes of heads belonging not only to different sexes and districts of country, but to different classes of society. This is a great step towards connecting general mental power with general size of brain; but a greater and more difficult still remains, vizyto determine the particular regions of the head in which the greatestí relative size prevails in different classes and in different counties. This cannot be accomplished by the efforts of one, but by the multiplied and corrected obser-> vations of many, and we merely suggest it to our author, as a person likely to interest himself in the inquiry, and qualified to conduct it. We have made many observations on the re* lative developments of the different organs in heads of similar general size in different counties in Scotland, and only delay publishing them to avoid falling into mistakes by too rash induction. We trust, however, that the following paper will soon attract attention, and lead to the acquisition of abundant information.-EDITOR.

Having, in my avocation as a hat-maker, for some years observed the various sizes of the human head, and satisfied myself that much peculiarity of shape exists not only in individual cases, but also in various classes of society, it may be believed that, upon attaining a knowledge of the first principles of Phrenology, I became the more easily a convert

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to its doctrines. My intention this evening is to present to the Society some facts with regard to variations in the size of the human head, the result of my own experience, confirmed by all the aid I have been enabled to obtain from others better-informed than myself;! But I beg to state, that I wish to confine myself to the detail of mere facts, independent of phrénological inferences, anticipating that every information connected either with the form or size of the human head will prove acceptable to the friends of the science; I am nevertheless aware, that any conclusions I might draw as a Phrenologist, from partial information, would be liable to ob jection, as leading to dangerous errors; for size to the Pbrenologist is but one point, and, singly, is inadequate to furnish the means of judging of mental capacity; how much more partial and unsatisfactory must be the mere measurement of a hatter. In the quality of general size, many of the most barbarous nations rank equally with, if not superior to, the more cultivated and intellectual inhabitants of Europe ; while the Hindoo head, although small, is known to indicate a much higher intellectual capacity than that of many nations that are above them in mere measurement. The quality of head as well as the quantity must be attended to, and it is only in the proportions of the several regions joined to general measurements that a knowledge of the latter becomes useful. Mr Combe states, with regard to size, page 44, sf General u size is no indication of particular power; an individual may “ wear a large hat, indicating a large brain, and yet have no scope of intellect, no ability in the general sense

term. « If the large bat is requisite from the great development of ¡" the animal organs, the individual may be a powerful animal, - and at the same time a weak man. It is only when great size

pervades the whole three classes of organs, propensities, sen{"timents, and intellect, that Phrenology authorises us to expect

a character vigoroys, comprehensive, and profound." cash

Inquiring into the general size of the head in some national cases, but more particularly confining myself to the various classes of society, and to different provinces of this kingdom, it will be necessary to state the mode of a hatter's measure

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ment, in order rightly to appreciate its value. Various methods are' adopted, but the most general is to take the simple length and breadth of the head, which, although inadequate to phrenological purposes, is sufficient for ascertaining general size. The head being oval, the length and breadth are taken, the medium thereof being the diameter or hatter's measurement, from which the circumference is ascertained. For in stance, a hat 8 inches long by 7 broad, is 7 diameter, or hatter's measure ; 7 inches by 6 is 6 medium, or diameter Upon this principle, blocks are used in the manufacturing and measuring of hats to particular sizes, varying from 5 inches, the size of an infant, increasing by the of an inch

} to 71, the general full size of men. In using the term size, or large and small heads, I must be understood to speak of hatter's measurement, applying only to the circumference of the head within the range occupied by the hat, comprehending the reflective organs to the middle of the forehead, forming an oval round the head, resting upon or covering a portion of the basilar region on the sides and posterior portions, so that the perceptive faculties and the coronal surface are out of its contact.

By this mode of measurement the range of the male head in England, at maturity, is from 64 to 78, the medium and most general size being 7 inches. The female head is smaller, varying from 6 to 7 or 71, the medium male size. Fixing the medium of the English head at 7 inches, I shall be enabled to distinguish the portions of society above from those below that measurement. Commencing with London, a perceptible difference will be observed between the higher and lower classes of society. In the former, the majority are above the medium, while amongst the latter it is very rare to find a large head. This is easily proved by the different qualities of hats in requisition by each, in the manufacturing of which a distinct difference in the scale of sizes is observed. Taking the two extremes of society, this rule will be found invariable throughout the country, the middle ranks of life forming a

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