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relieve the instructer from the trouble of marking detached passages ; and to encourage the pupil by showing him, at one view, how small a tax is laid on his patience, in this least interesting part of his study. The ground which he is to go over, he sees, at once, is of very limited extent ; and the reflection that by diligent and persevering efforts, he can accomplish, in a very short time, the task of committing, will inspire him with fortitude in the undertaking, and render his progress more rapid and pleasing.
In the second part of the work, the elements of the science are exhibited in a more full and extended form, accompanied with a variety of familiar illustrations. Terms and distinctions, in a style adapted to the capacity of the youthful mind, are carefully explained. Words of doubtful construction, whose nature and office are changed on account of the different connexions which they sustain in a sentence, have received special attention ; and their various applications have been illustrated by familiar examples. No pains have been spared to render the whole subject intelligible-to divest it of mystery and difficulty-and to make it an interesting and useful study.
The improvements in syntax, it is believed, are of considerable importance. Rules have been added, by which the pupil will be able to parse many difficult sentences and phrases which have always, particularly to young beginners, been a source of perplexity and discouragement. The fact is not to be denied, for every teacher has felt its truth, that many sentences which are unexceptionable in their grammatical construction, cannot be parsed with propriety by any rules in the common systems English Grammar. Of this description are the following :-" The book is worth perusing -or worth a perusal : He was offered a large sum for his estate : The bridge is twentv rods long : He died seven years ago : The article cost me a dollar." The words marked with italics, are those which demand particular attention. The awkward and forced manner in which sentences like these are attempted to be parsed by the application of the rules in our common grammars, clearly proves that their syntax is greatly deficient. But these sentences, and those of a similar nature, which have been a source of so much vexation and discouragement to young grammarians, may be parsed
with the greatest ease, by means of a good syntax, comprising suitable rules.
It may not be improper to remark, that, in preparing this work, the Author has used the common privilege of elementary writers : far as it was convenient for his purpose,
he has availed himself of the labors of his prede
For tbe omission of authors' names, it is perhaps unnecessary to apologise. “From the alterations,” says Mr. Murray in his Introduction to English Grammar, “which have been frequently made in the sentiments and the language, to suit the connexion, and to adapt them to the particular purposes for which they are introduced ; and, in many instances, from the uncertainty to whom the passages originally belonged, the insertion of names could seldom be made with propriety. But if this could have been generally done, a work of this nature would derive no advantage from it, equal to the inconvenience of crowding the pages with a repetition of names and references."
Part I. Substantives,
4 Degrees of Comparison,
4 Personal Pronouns,
4 Relative Pronouns,
6 Adjective Pronouns,
ng Moods and Participles,
9 Conjugation of the Verb to be,
10 Formation of the Tenses
10 Remarks on the different forms of the
Subjunctive Present, Conjugation of the Verb to have,
20 22 24 26 28 30 31 33 34 36 40 46 76 76 76 50 51 54 58
Government of a Noun in the Possessive
Objective case governed by a Transitive
Objective governed by a Participle, 17 126
Verbs governing two Objectives,
Objective governed by a Preposition, 17 128
Objective governed by the Conjunction as, 17 129
Objective governed by an Interjection, 18 129
Objective governed by the Adverb like
and the Adjectives worth and like, 18 130
Nouns in the Objective without a govern-
Objective governed by a Participial noun, 18 132
Nouns in Apposition,