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live long in such circumstaces, without being in some degree affected by them,
That loyalty is but little to be depended on, whether abroad or at home, which has lost the basis of religion.
The true spring of the irregular proceeding, contemptuous remonstrance, and ultimate disaffection of the military in India, is this: Large bodies of troops at a great distance from Britain, which they never expect to see again, begin, after a long absence, to feel more sensibly their own independence, while their affection for their native country gradually diminishes. And if, under such circumstances, they have not the restraints of religion, (for what is obedience “ to the powers that be” but the restraint of religion ?) and if they have not the frequent view of Christian worship to recal their minds, by association of ideas, to the sacred ordinances and principles of their country, it is impossible to foresee to what degrees of rebellion or infatuation they may proceed. It is unjust to ascribe these proceedings to the casual acts of the Governor for the time being. Indiscreet measures on his part may form the pretext; but the true cause lies much deeper. The Company's Officers in India are as honourable a body of military men as are to be found in the world, the Author knows them, but they are in peculiar circum
stances; and if any other description of troops were in their stead, passing a whole life in such an unchristianizing service, the same, causes would still produce the same effects.
The most alarming consideration, while things remain in their present state, is this, that, in proportion as our empire increases, and our force in India grows stronger, the danger arising from the foregoing causes becomes the greater. These are obvious truths, on which it is not necessary to dilate.
But there is another subject allied to this, which the Author thinks it a solemn duty to bring before the public.
Not only are our troops denied suitable religious instruction, when they arrive in India, but they are destitute of it, during their long voyage to that country. The voyage is, on an average, six months. Now, provision ought certainly to be made for Divine worship, and for spiritual consolation to the soldiers, during that period; for it is sometimes a period of great sickness, and of frequent death. Indeed there ought to be a Chaplain on board of every India ship containing one hundred souls.
* The East-India Company require the Commander or Pur. ser of every ship to read prayers on Sunday, when the wea. ther permits. The service is performed, in many cases, in a
They who profess to believe in the Christian Religion, ought also to believe in the superintending providence of God; ought to believe that the Divine blessing will accompany those designs which are undertaken in his name, and conducted in his fear. If we were a heathen nation, then might we send forth our fleets without a prayer, and commit them, for a safe voyage, “ to goddess Fortune and fair winds.” But we are a Christian nation, though not a superstitious one ; and, however individuals may con
serious and truly impressive manner; and the acknowledged good effects in such cases, convey the strongest recommendation of the measure which has been proposed. One important duty of the Chaplain of an Indiaman might be, to superintend the studies of the young Writers and Cadets proceeding to India; who for want of some direction of this kind, generally pass the long voyage in idleness, lounging on the quarter deck, or gambling in the cuddy. So important has this subject been considered, that, during the administration of Marquis Wellesley, a detailed plan for carrying the proposed measure into effect was actually transmitted to a Member of the Court of Directors, to lay before the Court. If it were made an indispensable qualification of the Chaplain, that he should understand the rudiments of the Persian and Hindoostanee Languages, and the common elements of geometry and navigation, for the instruction of the Midshipmen, his services would be truly important, merely in his secular character. Every truly respectable Commander in the Company's service, must be happy to have an exemplary Clergyman on board his ship.
sider it, it is certain that our countrymen in general view the performance of the offices of religion with great respect; and that, in particular circumstances on board ship, no duty is more acceptable, none more interesting, none more salutary and consoling. Such
scenes the Author himself has witnessed, and from those persons who have witnessed such scenes, he has never heard but one opinion as to the propriety of having a Clergyman to form one of the great family in a ship, in these long, sickly, and perilous voyagés.
When the news arrived in England last year of the loss of the seven Indiamen in a distant ocean, how gratifying would it have been to surviving friends, if they could have been assured that the offices of religion and the consolations of its ministers, had been afforded to those who perished, during their last days !* These events have a warning voice; and it is not unbecoming a great and respectable body of men, like the East-India Company, to attend to it. The
* The Rev. Paul Limrick was a passenger on board one of these ships. Mr. Limrick was second Chaplain at the Presidency of Fort-William ; an amiable, benevolent and respectable man, whose loss will be heard of with deep regret by a large body of the inhabitants of Calcutta, and of his friends in Lurope.
Legislature has not neglected a subject of this importance. It is required that every ship of the line should have a Chaplain ; and we have lately seen some of our most renowned Admirals, both before and after battle, causing the prayers and thanksgivings of the fleet to ascend to the God of heaven.
There still remains one topic more, to which the Author would advert. It may be presumed to be the wish of the major part of this nation, that whenever a Missionary of exemplary character and of respectable recommendation, applies to the East India Company for a passage to our Eastern shores, his request might be treated with indulgence. In him we export a blessing (as he may prove to be) to thousands of our fellow-creatures; and his example and instructions, and prayers, will do no harm to the ship in which he sails. While the East India Company retain the sole privilege of conveyance to India, the nation would be pleased to see this condescension shewn to persons in humble circumstances, whose designs are of a public character, and acknowledged by all men to be pious and praise-worthy. The Author will conclude these observations with a paragraph which he has found in a manuscript of the Rev. Mr. Kohloff, of Tranjore, the successor of Mr.