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Major Blackburne has promoted the interests of the Missions by every means in his power. Major Blackburne is
of superior attainments, amiable manners, and a hospitable disposition; and is well qualified for the important station he has long held, as English Resident at this Court.
On the day following, I went to view the Hindoo Temples, and saw the great Black Bull of Tanjore. It is said to be of one stone, hewn out of a rock of granite ; and so large that the Temple was built around it. While I surveyed it, I reflected on the multitudes of natives, who during the last hundred years, had turned away their eyes from this Idol.--When I returned, I sat some hours with the Missionaries, conversing on the general state of Christianity in the proviuces of Tanjore, Tritchinopoly, Madura, and Palamcottah. They want help. Their vineyard is increased, and their labourers are decreased. They have had no supply from Gemany in the room of Swartz, lænicke, and Gericke ; and they have no prospect of further supply, except from the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge ;
who they hope, will be able to send out English Preachers to perpetuate the Mission.'
Tanjore, Sept. 2, 1806.
• Last Sunday and Monday were interesting days to me, at Tanjore. It being rumoured that a friend of the late Mr. Swartz had arrived, the people assembled from all quarters. On Sunday three Sermons were preached in three different languages.---At eight o'clock we proceeded to the Church built by Mr. Swartz within the Fort. From Mr. Swartz's pulpit I preached in English from Mark xiii. 10. "And the Gospel must first be published among all nations.' The English gentlemen here attended, civil and military, with the Missionaries, Catechists, and British soldiers. After this service was ended, the congregation of Hindoos assembled in the same Church, and filled the aisles and porches. The Tamul service commenced with some forms of prayer, in which all the congregation joined with loud fervour. A chapter of the Bible was then read, and a hymn of Luther's sung.
After a short extėmpore prayer, during which the whole congregation knelt on the floor, the Rev. Dr. John delivered an animated Discourse in the Tamul tongue, from these words, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me and drink.'---As Mr. Whitfield, on his first going to Scotloud, was surprised at the rustling of the leaves of the Bible, which took place immediately on his pronouncing his text (so different from any thing he had seen in his own country) so I was surprised here at the sound of the iron pen engraving the Palmyra leaf. Many persons had their Ollas in their hands writing the sermon in Tamul short-hand. Mr. Kohloff assured me that some of the elder Students and Catechists will not lose a word of the preacher if he speak deliberately.* This, thought I, is more than some of the Students at our English Universities can do. This aptitude of the people to record the words of the preacher, renders it peculiarly necessary that the priest's lips should keep knowledge.' An old rule of the Mission is that the sermon of the morning should be read to the Schools in the evening, by the Catechist, from his Palmyra leaf.
• Another custom obtains among them which pleased me much. In the midst of the discourse the preacher sometimes puts a question to the congregation ; who answers it without hesitation, in one voice. The object is to keep their attention awake, and the minister generally prompts the answer himself. Thus suppose that he is saying, "My dear Brethren, it is true that your profession of the faith of Christ is attended with some reproach, and that you have lost your cast with the Brahmins. But your case is not peculiar. The man of the world is the man of cast in Europe ; and he despises the humble and devout disciple of Christ, even as your Brahmin contemns the Sooder. But, thus it hath been
* It is well known that natives of Tanjore and Travancore can write fluently what is spoken deliberately. They do not louk much at their olias while writing. The fibre of the leaf guides the pen.
respecting the Hindoos.
from the beginning. Every faithful Christian must lose cast for the Gospel; even as Christ himself, the Forerunner, made himself of no reputation, and was despised and rejected of men. In like manner, you will be despised; but be of good cheer, and say, Though we have lost our cast and inheritance amongst men, we shall receive in heaven a new name and a better inheritance, through Jesus Christ our Lord. He then adds,
What, my beloved Brethren, shall you obtain in heaven?' They answer, “A new name and a better inheritance, through Jesus Christ our Lord.' It is impossible for a stranger not to be affected with this scene.---This custom is deduced from Ziegenbalg, who proved its use by long experience.
After the Sermon was ended, I returned with the Missionaries into the vestry or library of the Church. Here I was introduced to the Elders and Catechists of the congregation. Among others came SATTIANADEN, the Hindoo preacher, one of whose Sermons was published in England some years ago, by the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. He is now advanced in years, and his black locks have grown gray. As I returned from the Church, I saw the Christian families going back in crowds to the country, and the boys looking at their ollas. What a contrast, thought I, is this to the scene at Juggernaut ! Here there is becoming dress, humane affections, and rational discourse. I see here no skulls, no self-torture, no self-murder, no dogs and vultures tearing human flesh! Here the Christian virtues are found in exercise by the feeble-minded Hindoo, in a vigour and purity which will surprise those who
have never known the native character but under the greatest disadvantages, as in Bengal.
It certainly surprised myself; and when I reflected on the moral conduct, upright dealing, and decorous manners of the native Christians of Tanjore, I found in my breast a new evidence of the peculiar excellence and benign influence of the Christian Faith.
• At four o'clock in the afternoon, we attend Divine Service at the Chapel in the Mission Garden out of the Fort. The Rev. Mr. Horst preached in the Portuguese Language. The organ here accompanied the voice in singing. I sat on a granite stone which covered the grave of Swartz.
The epitaph is in English verse, written by the present Rajah, and signed by him,
Serfogee.'---In the evening Mr. Kohloff presided at the exercise in the schools : on which occasion the Tamul Sermon was repeated ; and the boys' ollas examined.
'In consequence of my having expressed a wish to hear Sattianaden preach, Mr. Kohloff had given notice that there would be divine service next day, Monday, Accordingly the chapel in Swartz's garden was crowded at an early hour. Sattianaden delivered his Discourse in the Tamul language, with much natural eloquence, and with visible effect. His subject was the Marvellous Light. He first described the pagan darkness, then the light of Ziegenbalg, then the light of Swartz, and then the heavenly light, when there shall be no more need of the light of the sun, or of the moon. In quoting a passage from Scripture, he desired a lower minister to read it, listening to it as to a record; and