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1830.) on Bishop Sumner's Apostolic Preaching."

13 M:. URBAN,

Vicarage, Mere,Wilts, baptism, and not at all to final justifi-
June 24.

cation; « απελούσασθε, ηγιάσθητε." A Mons. Go be minst prominente per

haps, in our times, oppose the are all in the past tense: and that since Calvinistic heresy, is one who has since “ glorified,” the highest link in the become a prelate; I mean Bishop BIRD ascending chain of verbs, is an aorist, SUMNER [of Chester). This author, and joined with three other words, all in his “ Apostolic Preaching," has laud- having an allusion to past events, the ably swelled the list of anti-Calvinistic passage fails altogether in promoting writers, but candour compels me to ihe Calvinistic hypothesis, since it canown, “magnis excidit ausis." Though not, merely to coincide with that hyhe has used his utmost endeavours, it is pothesis, be made to look forward in. clear that he is unable fully to grapple stead of l'ackward. Finally, he should with the question. He is impar con. have given us the passage with a paragressus. Bishop Bird Sumner has cer. phrastic reading, agreeably to the preiainly added nothing new to the able ceding solution, in some such mode as refutations of the predestination heresy this: Those to whom it was fore-oralready extant. The best of his argu- dained by God that the Gospel should ments are from Bishop TOMLINE; some be made known, He has now actually, are inconclusive, some incorrect, while called; and those whom He has called others are altogether lost sight of—by He has justified, (i. e. placed in a state the judicious use of which he could of justification by baptism), and those have hurled the unscriptural fabric of whom He has justified he has glorified fatalisın down from its imaginary axis, by His grace, and all the other privi. never to rise again. That ® election" leges of ihe Gospel Covenant.” Bishop is national, and not individual; that it Bird Sumner, at p. 39, quotes some implies in Scripture election to the passages from the New Testament, grace of the Gospel, to the means of which he thinks "convey the idea of salvation, and not to final salvation, is appointment”[on God's part, and connot an original idea of the writer's: it sequently that they appear in favour has been ably proved by writers antece- predestination). Now, as a scholar dent to Bishop Bird Sumner. The ob- and divine, Bishop Bird Sumner, one jection of the case of Esau and Jacob would suppose, might have known is, unfortunately, put more strongly that it is the translation only of those than it is combated—a great violation passages, and not the passages themthis of rhetoric. At this point of his selves, that come within the Calvinisargument, it is amusing to observe how tic obliquity of vision. For example: the good Bishop, as Horace would say, the Bishop quotes “ The Lord added laborat;" or, as Cicero would still to the Church such as should be saved." more expressively have said, “ aqua If it be intended that this addition io hærel." "He sticks fast. Like Frank- the Church being made bythe Lord,enstein he irembles at the object of his favours Calvinism, the argument is own creation; and at length discards contemptible; for “ every other good the subject as if he knew not what to and perfect gift is of the Lord :” and make of it. He has vanquished him. is it be contended that the words “such self. Never was there a more perfect as should be saved ” implies a personal slale-male. Bishop Bird Sumner has election to salvation, it betrays a blameawkwardly and in an unscholarlike way able carelessness as to the Greek, where managed the passage, which Calvinists, the expression ow Sous vous being a parmore iriumphantly than truly, call“ the ticiple of the present and imperfect ingolden chain of election.” (Rom. viii. dicative mood, cannot imply anything 29 and 30). He should have shown that prospective or decreed to be: and, inidfast means, not ultimate glorifica- stead of being translated “such as tion, but that kind and degree which should be saved," ought to have been Christians enjoy on earth ; being glo- translated " such as were saved”-that rified in their head, Jesus Christ, and is, such as were placed by baptism, receiving the blessings of the Spirit. faith, and repentance, in an incipient He should have shown that idoxaiwst state of salvation; which, as a téžos,was, should be referred, not to final justih- subsequently, to be “worked out.” cation, but to a state of pardon and pre- The next quotation adduced by Bishop sent favour; as I Cor. vi. 11, where Bird Sumner is, “ As many as were or" justified " is used with reference to dained to eternal life, believed." Now,

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on Bishop Sumner's "Apostolic Preaching." [July, he might have known, and should have The Calvinistic errors do not require explained, that tolaluéyol does not, in the dull, prosing, abstract reasoning the Greek, presuppose anything like an Bishop Bird Sumner has adopted; but absolute decree, or any decree at all, a tritical and learned exposure of texts but simply“ disposed” or “ prepared;" which have been divorced from their i. e. they were disposed in their minds contexts, and dragged into the service for the reception of the Gospel, by the of irrespective decrees and other irrapreaching of Paul and Barnabas. Be- tional and unscriptural follies, which sides, the Bishop, by adhering impli- set the Word of God at variance with citly to the English, has falsely placed the Word of God. His style betrays a the punctuation ; and thereby added to want of that critical nicely, without the supposed Calvinistic tone of the which no man will combat either Cal. passage. The English version standsvinists or Unitarians successfully. His as if the Greek passage had stood in diction abounds in carelessnesses like this construing order-rela[uévos els Zwar's these passim: He talks of resting alcyoy, whereas the punctuation of the

on a reliance, p. 3; of a superiority of Greek should place it in the follow

one part of the service above the other, ing construing order—inisevcav eis zwni'r po 4; and of being bound by an obliaiúvov ; it should be so distinguished other tautologies remind one of the ex

gation, p. 30. These and numerous by the commas, as that els qwa'y inaycon- pression used by the other Bishop Sumnect with the verb, not the participle,

ner [of Winchester], in one of his thus : irisevcav, ooos ñ o av Telaluévou, Charges “ the lucre of gain”: and this ris Town's aluvy; that is, as many of again reminds me of ihe man who them as were prepared, (or collected thought the calmness of a walk by cre. together, for the Hebrew of Exod. xxix. puscular twilight tended to smooth the 33, is rendered by some tárlouxs, and rough asperities of life! Bishop Bird by the LXX. ouványw] believed in [or Sumner gravely quotes Baxter (p. 6,7, professed their belief in] everlasting 8), who, in a ridiculous passage, in life

. Viewed thus, Bishop Bird Sun, which he talks of congregations being ner's idea of the Calvinistic aspect of full, and calls inps and alehouses fathis passage appears not well rounded. milies, enlarges on the delightfulness In the next quotation which the Bishop of “100 families singing psalms and adduces, his fears of a Calvinistic con. repeating sermons in the streets of a struction would make it appear that country town on Sundays !!” Does he was only an English reader of the Bishop Bird Sumner really wish to see scriptures, or that he thought the clergy, such results flow from a zealous and whom he addresses, such. He quotes able discharge of the clerical duties? from Jude thus: “ Certain men bad Bishop Bird Sumner quotes and extols crept in unawares, who were before of Mr. Wilberforce. old ordained unto this condemnation." Yours, &c. S. H. Cassan. He would have helped our anti-Cal. vinistic cause much more, had he, instead of abiding by the received ver


May 10. as passages above explained, lis uller in I offer you an attempt to explain correctness. Tiára, apoyeyga papévos is in. phets, who has much engaged my alcorrectly translated before ordained." tention lately. Now the Bishop seems to think, from In this, the assurance, too strong his citation of this passage, that the and plain lo be mistaken, that Je. doom of these persons had been of old rusalem is to be occupied again by written in the book of fate; whereas the scattered of Israel, the prediction Tanau apoyeypazepévos refers only to the of another siege, and of the prowess of punishment of such characters having the Jews, who have long ceased to be been predicted of old in the scriptures. a military people, their eventual conReally, writers should be more cau

viction that it was really the Lord of tious. One regrets to find a man of Life whom their ancestors nailed to Bishop Bird Sumner's abilities treating the cross, and their grief on the disof prescience and predestination as sy- covery, are topics which, I trust, may nonyms (p. 39). Much of the error on render this essay interesting, however This subject has arisen from this very feeble and imperfect the execution. confusion of terms.

Yours, &c.

S. W.

Thus epith the Lord, Speak in prophetic TH compilfarm the


1830.) Zechariah, c. XII.-Carvings at Chatsworth.


Mr. URBAN, Bakeweil, June 18.

HE strain Of Israel's later days : I, the great God, taining Lives of British Painters, SculpSpread heaven's wide arch and earth's foun. dation laid,

tors, &c., in the sketch he has given of That my creation, man, form'd by my breath Grinling Gibbons, has endeavoured to A living soul, should walk thereon in truth. impress that this artist was the presid

ing genius, and had the direction of all With rage disfigured now, he dares to war, And compasseth with murd’rous implements and that Samuel Watson was only a

the carving executed at Chatsworth, The city of my Chosen-yet shall Zion

subordinate workman in that elegant Be as a cup of trembling, and a rock To all who shall molest her, grinding to dust

work. I think it but due to my grandTh' encamped multitudes who press the

father's memory to publish the followsiege.

(host, ing account of agreements and other I, saith the Lord, will smite the astonished documents in my possession, and which Both horse and rider. Rushing through the I trust are not unworthy of a record in rapks,

(foe; the Gentleman's Magazine. The maddening steed shall bear the frenzied First, by agreement dated Sept. 9th, And while their warriors, in darkness lost, 1692, with the Earl of Devonshire, Blindly conduct the war, beams of pure light Samuel Watson, with two others, exShall burst on Judah's eye; their softened ecuted the ornaments in limetree-wood, hearts

[our strength; for the great chamber, the dead game Shall prompt each tongue to cry,“The Lord Oo Him we trust. The Lord of Hosts our

over the chimney-piece being by WatGod."

son's own hand, whose bill for the

same, also in my possession, amounts Jerusalem's firm chiefs, then like a fire

to 133l. 7s. They were completed in Kindled beneath some forest in parch'd au- 1693. tumn,

The trophy, containing the celeOr as a torch blazing midst summer sheaves, Shall to the right and left devour; and where brated pen over the door in the southJerusalem once stood, on that same spot

west corner room, is proved, by several lo splendour shall she rise : but, my first care,

documents in my possession, to be my Shall Judah's teots be saved, that they whó grandfather's work also. glory

By another agreement, dated Sept. In David as their King, and Israel's sons 2, 1701, in the Duke of Devonshire's May not eclipse my favoured of the tribes. own hand, on a stamp, and the bill for Zion and her inhabitants shall then

the work, amounting to 55l., he exeBe safe beneath ray arm ; invading foes cuted (by 1704) the arms in the pediShall perish in my anger : then, the fallen

ment of the west front. Shall be as David; He of David sprung, Also, by agreement dated Sept. 28th, Shall be acknowledged the mighty God;

1705, of the same nature, for the carve E'en He, the Angel of the Covenant, Who led them, and shall lead. Then I, my

ing of the north front, (finished 1707), Spirit

941. gs. 4d. Outpouring on my people, will to prayer

Besides these, for which special Move every contrite heart; ia bitter grief agreements are in my possession, I Acknowledging past ignorance shall they

bave vouchers and settled bills for the On Me their fathers pierced, cast a fond eye, following works, namely: And with a father's grief shall mourn, as one 1701– For carving thirteen urns in gritstone, Of his firstborn bereft, or only son.

for the top of the house, 841. If Israel wept when in Megiddo's vale 1707-For carving at the cascade, 191. 185. The good Josiah fell, how keen their anguish 1701-For an urn on the altar in the chapel When first they know that by their impious in limetree, 21. 15s. hands

(mourn, 1701- For carving thirteen mask heads in The King Messiah died! The land shall

the lower court, 301. Husband and wife apart, in grief absorb'd; 1711--For carving on ten vessel ends his Those who from David trace their lineage,

Grace's arms, with mantling, for the Those who from Nathan, and the sacred

cellar, 251. &c. &c. house Of Levi, and from Shimei in later days

Samuel Watson was born at Heanor E'en of captivity; these various lines in Derbyshire, in Dec. 1663, where he All terminating in the wished descent died, 31st March, 1715, and was sacof Him, the Child of Nazareth, their Saviour: ceeded by his son Henry Watson of All that remain of these shall deeply mourn, Bakewell, who carved the arms in the Husband and wife apart, in grief absorb'd. pediment of the stables at Chatsworth,

June 19.

The last Duchess of Wharton. Millon.

(July, in 1763 ; and, dying Oct. 24th, 1786, of Loghkeen, and county of Tipperary, aged 72, was succeeded by his nephew, married the only daughier and heiress Samuel Watson's grandson,

of Walter Butler of Finlough, a distant Your most obedient servant, branch of the Ormond family, and

White Watson, F.L.S. who at that time possessed an estate of Statuary and Mineralogist in Bakewell. about seven hundred acres in Loghkeen

parish, which was settled on Colonel

Comerford's father on his marriage with Mr. URBAN,

Miss Builer. This estate afterwards N the “ Memoirs of the Life of his IN

became the property of the Damer faGrace Philip late Duke of Whar- mily, and has, on ihe death of Lady ton," London, 1731, it is stated that Caroline Damer, devolved on the prehis first wife, who was daughter of sent Earl of Portarlington. Major-General Holmes, dying 14th In vol. 36, p. 309, for July 1766, of April, 1726, “the Duke soon fell the Gent. Mag. in an article stating violently in love with a beautiful


errors in the “ Biographia Britannica," lady at the Spanish Court, who was p. 191, it says, “the Duchess of Wharthen maid of 'honour to the Queen of lon, who is still living, and has been Spain; she was the daughter of an long resident in England, is so far Irish Colonel in the Spanish service, now from being poor and destitute who being dead, her mother lived upon and unprovided for (as indeed she was a pension the King allowed her, so in 1732), that for some years past she that the personal accomplishments of has been enabled to live in a manner this lady were all her foriune. Argu- suitable to ber rank. This the bioments were used by friends of both grapher mightand ought to have known, sides to persuade them against the mar- insiead of transcribing literally an acriage, but as on one hand the Duke count written above thirty years ago.” was too much hurried away by his Perhaps some of your Correspondents passions to have the least consideration can say when and at what iime the of motives of prudence or conveniency, Duchess of Wharton died, and in what and Mademoiselle Obern, on the other, publication her death appears, or if being perhaps a little dazzled with the any account is to be had of her father's lustre of a ducal title, there was no family, her brother being in 1746 a preventing an alliance which both Colonel in the Spanish service, and parties seemed so fond of."-" It was another member of the family holding, said that the Duke made a sacrifice of in 1812, a military situation at Prague. his religion for the sake of this match," Yours, &c.

J. B. and it adds, “ All the late Duke has left behind him is a deserving though a poor disconsolate widow, who as Mr. URBAN, Blackheath, June 30.

N the second volume of the Rev. upon his estate, and consequently is wholly destitute and unprovided for; Works of Milton," that learned Com. but as her case deserves pity, it is hoped mentator has introduced in a note the she will find some resource, , but where, following passage from Spenser's Faery or from whom, perhaps she may be at Queen; and observes thereon, “ that a loss to know, being entirely unac. Milton, in his poetical description of quainted with her husband's affairs or Death, has pretty evidently borrowed family.”

from the same." It is erroneous to say that the Duke's

“ But after all came Life, and lastly Death ; second wife was named Obern, which, Death, with most grim and grisly visage as here spelled, is not an Irish name, and this error is copied by Banks in Yet is he nought but parting of the breath, his “ Dormant Peerage.” The Duke's No aught to see, but like a shade to ween, second wife was the daughter of John Unbodied, unsoul'd, unheard, unseen.” Comerford, who left Ireland sometime

I here venture to recile Milton's deabout 1688, and entering the Spanish scription of Death, from Paradise service, he attained the rank of Brigadier Losi, book ii. from verse 666 10 verse or Colonel, and at one period had a 673. very high situation in Madrid. Co

“ The other SHAPE, lonel Comerford's father, who resided If shape it might be call'd that shape had

, his own estate at Finlough, parish

gel nath made no claim, nas ubicary I Henry S. Todd's edition of the



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