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3.

1830.] of the Nobility and Golden Book of Genoa.

197 The only trade allowed to be carried being sufficiently rich; but by the new on by the nobles was wholesale, in laws in 1576, it was ordained that silk, and some few staple articles; the chose families whose names had been penalty was forfeiture of nobiliig. The omitted in 1529, should then be inserted earliest entries in this record have no in the Libro d'Oro, and enjoy all the date, but were doubtless made in 1528; privileges of the order of nobility. At the last names inserted were in April ihe first meeting in 1528 of these Aland May 1793, when four individuals berghi, 861 members mustered. were ennobled, for the purpose of ena- The following five extracts will show bling them to assist ai the delibera- the mode of making the inscriptions, tions of the Lesser Council, doubtless and trace a short pedigree at the same in a state of great difficulty at that pe- lime. riod. The entries in the Golden Book

“ GRIMALDI. are by an alphabetical arrangement of 1. “Lucas, quondam Reverendissimi Hiethe noble families, to each of whom a ronimi." distinct page or number of pages was

2. “ Hieronimus, quondam Luce, quonallowed, and under the heading of a

dam Reverendissimi Hieronimi." family surname, were inscribed the

" Ansaldus (quondam) Hieronimi, names of the several inembers of that quondam Luce, quondam Reverendissimi.” family ennobled. It is reported that Hieronimi, scripsit 16 Decembris, 1618."

4. “ Alexander, 21, Ansaldi, quondam the writing was in letters of gold,

5. “ Joseph, 31, filius legitimus natus, wbence its name : in some instances a

quondam Alexandri, scripsit..... Septembris, single individual of a family is entered, 1662.” in others are a hundred, four hundred, and even upwards of a thousand names

So that the pedigree to be collected of the same house; the Spinola family from the Golden Book is thus : have 1200 inscribed ; this seems to The Cardinal JEROME GRIMALDI. be unequalled, and was doubtless occasioned from the extraordinary ramifica

Luke GRIMALDI. tions of that ancient family; the D'O- Inscribed in the Golden Book 1528. rias have about 400; the Grimaldis

1 300; and the Fieschis 132. During

JEROME GRIMALDI.

Inscribed in the Golden Book. the first 78 years, the entries contained no more than the names of the parties

ANSALDO GRIMALDI. inscribed, of their fathers, and occa

Inscribed in the Golden Book. sionally of their grandfathers ; after

1 wards the entries were made with

ALEXANDER GRIMALDI. greater caution, and in addition to such

Born 1597. particulars, contained the date of the

Inscribed in the Golden Book 1618. inscriptions and the ages of the parties inscribed. There is an instance, in the

Joseph GRIMALDI. Saporita family, where the date of

Born 1631. birth having been erroneously entered Inscribed in the Golden Book 1662. as of 1763, instead of 1767, a decree

The horrors of the French Revolu. of the most Serene College was necessary for a permission to mention the populace in 1793 went to the palace

tion having extended to Genoa, the error. It has been stated, by an anas the Justiniani and others, neglected, Verde, and consigned to the Aames, cient writer, that some of the nobility, and demanded the Golden Book, which

was taken to the Piazza dell' Acqua in 1528, to have their names inscribed, amidst cries of • Viva la liberta, a and lost their privileges of nobility; terra l'oligarchia 1” but it is understood though their children were, without that the duplicate original was secreted, dispute, received at Malta : a reference

and is now in the archives of the kinghowever to the Libro d'Oro, does not seem to corroborate the statement respecting the Justiniani, since the en•

The foreign genealogists use the word tries appear as numerous, and of as

quondam, to signify " the son of.” The

term Reverendissimi implies Cardinal. This early a period as those of the D'Orias, first entry was made at the institution of the Spinolas, Grimaldis, and Fieschis; and

record in 1528; Lucas's father (Cardinal oiher MSS. state, that several families

Jerome Grimaldi) was living, but being a of distinction were purposely left out of priest (he was so created after the death of the first register of the nobility, through his wife) was not allowed by the laws to belonging to an adverse faction, or not

ioscribe his name.

198

Golden Book of Genoa.- Ancient Religious Edifices. (Sept.. dom of Sardinia at Turin; from which MR. URBAN, Shrewsbury, Sept. 12. extracts are occasionally allowed to be made in support of pedigrees and no IT has ever been one of my greatest

pleasures to examine the venerable

structures erected by our forefathers for The Golden Book has been tran-. the purpose of religious worship; and scribed, but copies are very scarce : whether we consider the munificence, with much diflicully one was lately the piety, or the superstition, which procured at Genoa, formerly the pro- raised them, we must respect their perty of a noble Genoese. There is not fervency towards a good cause, and rea copy in either of the three national gret that so much zeal was blessed with libraries; and during a residence of two such small knowledge of the truths, months in Genoa, for genealogical which, under our Reformed Religion, purposes, only two other copies were we now so happily enjoy, and the

conheard of, one in the possession of the templation of whích cannot fail of exMarquess Spinola, and the other in the citing gratitude for so great and inespossession of the representative of the timable a blessing, while it makes us Montaldi family. Many well-informed emulous of the piety of our ancestors. residents had never seen a copy.

Whilst we therefore contemplate the In the best times of the Republic, rise of temples to the Deity,-- whilst the rank of a Genoese Noble was so we are daily receiving and perusing acconsiderable, that the nobility never counts of the exertions which are made thought of procuring other titles: the in this enlightened age for the propanames of Sovereign Princes, and fo: gation of Christian knowledge, —with reigners of distinction, are to be found what pleasure do we view on the pages enrolled amongst the order. The Greek of History and in the ruins of AntiEmperors did not think it derogatory quity the rise and progress of Christo their dignity to marry into their fa- tianity in our own highly-favoured Ismilies, or to allow the Genoese families and, from the Saxon invasion down to to intermarry with theirs; but after the present time. Andrea D'Oria received the title of The earliest records represent a Prince from the Emperor Charles V. grove, or some spreading tree, as the as a recoinpeose for his quitting the place where the primitive Christians service of Francis I., the ambition of used to assemble for the worship of the his fellow-citizens was awakened by Most High God, which, while it proso extraordinary an honour, and by de- tected them from the rays of the Sun, grees all the nobles who had abundance would inspire them with conceptions of wealth, procured, or endeavoured to of His overshadowing Providence and procure, similar honours for themselves unfading goodness. and their families; in consequence of I need not here advert to the period which, the greater part have principa- when our land was a land of darkness, lities, duchies, marquisates, countships, and when the light of Gospel truth and and baronies, in the kingdoms of Naples, Christian manners had but partially Sicily, and Sardinia ; a circumstance illumined it, or to the opposition which contributed much to their at- which Christianity had to encounter tachment towards the Spaniards. The from the bigotry of Popery, and its decay of the Republic insensibly occa- various changes of more later years, sioned a decay of the high value an. until its further advancement at the ciently attached to the rank of Genoese Reformation ; since these are facts Nobles, and eventually, nobility was now so generally known, that to resold to the most opulent citizens, to

peat them is only to rob them of their enable the Government to carry on just oblivion. their wars and measures ; though it Feeling as I do the perfect awe and does not appear that the practice was aptitude for devotion, which the anever so disgracefully conducted as the cient temples of our forefathers irresale, in England, of the patents of No. sistibly inspire-considering too that bility and Baronetcy by the Stuarts. generations in centuries past bad paid It was however customary for the Re- their devout offerings in ihe same halpublic to insert, in the Libro d'Oro, lowed aisle, --had been received into ihe name of any individual (not perso- the pale of the same visible Church, nally disqualified) who presented the I was led to the foregoing reflections state with 100,000 livres. STACEY GRIMALDI.

after' attending Divine Service at the

venerable little Church of St. Giles, (To be concluded in our 'neti.) Shrewsbury, which edifice, while pre

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1830.)
Church of St. Giles, Shrewsbury.

199 senting an interesting picture of the has been filled with fragments of work of former times, has a tendency painted glass. The floor in front of to lead us under fit impressions in the the Communion has been lowered, hope of a less fading tabernacle. and more appropriate rails placed be

This Church, situated at the east- fore the altar. The easteru window ern extremity of the aforenamed town, bas likewise been filled with a noble consists of a nave, chancel, and north collection of stained glass, executed by aisle, and is unquestionably as old as Mr. David Evans of Shrewsbury. The the 12th century. Being unincumbered four compartments of the lower diviwith pews, it maintained much of its sion of the window contain full-length original character; and though rude figures of the Evangelists standing opin appearance, was, until lately, a on hexagonal pedestals, through the wretched spectacle of “damp, neglect, external circular arches of which is and decay,”-he improvements, how. very strikingly exhibited the groined ever, that have recently been effected roof of a crypt supported by slender in and around it, being of no common pillars, under which are their names interest, I am tempted to offer a brief in black letter, and over each figure a detail of them to ihe notice of your beautiful canopy of tabernacle work ; teaders.

above which, in the smaller compartThe soil of the cemetery having ments of the upper portion of the win. from repeated interments accumulated dow, are the several symbols of the io near the basement of the windows, Evangelists, each supporting a tablet, and causing a descent of five or six on which is respectively inscribed in steps to the Church, has been removed, small characters: and made to its original level with the « Mattheus Christi stirpem et genus orfloor. The north entrance, probably dine narrat. used by the lepers of the adjoining hos- Marcus Baptistam clamantem inducit eremo. pital, for whom the Church was no Virgine prognatum Lucas describit lesum. doubt originally erected, and which Prodit Ioannes verbi impenetrabile lumen." had been bricked up, probably soon The three principal compartments after the demolition of that building, in the upper division are filled with with the exception of its Norman arch- fine representations from ancient de ed head, which served the purpose of signs of “The Visitation,” “The á window, has been re-opened, and Wise Men's Offering," and “The á new doorway, placed therein... The Presentation in the Temple;" beneath toof of ibe building, long dilapidated, each of which is a Latin inscription, bas been replaced, and a declension the first being taken from 28 verse 1st which appeared in the wall of the ch. of Luke; the second, 10th verse north side strengthened by appropriate 92d Psalm; the third, 291h and 30th buttresses.

verses of 2d chap. of Luke. At the In addition to the foregoing exterior bottom of the window, “ Gulielmus improvements, which are done at the Gorsuch Rowland dono dedit." expense of the parish, the Rev. W.G. The alterations in the nave consist Rowland (10 whose indefatigable zeal in levelling and repairing the floor, and exertions Salopians are particularly ceiling and appropriately colouring indebted, for the appropriate and much- the walls, roof, and rafters; removing admired decorations of the ancient the pulpit from the south corner of the structures of the Abbey and St. Mary's fine arch leading into the chance to in their town,) has undertaken at his the south-east corner of the nave, to own expense to repair and beautify the which an elevated antique readingchancel. His first measure was tho- desk has been attached, the officiating roughly to repair and ceil the roof, Clergyman at the former one being which was heretofore unceiled, - 10 obliged to stand on the floor ;-remov. re-open a small lancer window on the ing also the wooden frame and patch. north side, and a large pointed one, ed glass, which bad for many years, which had for years been plastered dishigured a large pointed window on, over on the south side. The former has the south side of the nave, very probeen filled with a small figure of Saint perly substituting stone tracery of handGiles, and is an exquisite imitation of some design, the quatrefoil head being ancient stained glass; whilst the latter filled with fragments of stained glass,

whilst the windows of the south aisle A view of this Church, and copies of the epitaphs therein, were contributed to

contain similar pieces ingeniously disthis Miscellany by Mr. D. Parkes. See

posed, so as to represent the outline of vol. xciv. p. 694. Eort,

figures.

200

Condemnation for Witchcraft at Geneva. (Sept. In fact, whoever has visited this an. of which was, that no pain could be expecient Church, and seen it in its former rienced by any application to the parts of the wretched state, will be quite astonish. budy where these marks were. They sent ed : it now truly looks,

two surgeons to examine whether such

marks could be discovered in the accused; “ As though we own'd a God, ador'd his

and they reported, not surely much to the power, Rever'd his wisdom, loved his mercy."

credit of their medical skill and philosophy,

that they had found one, and that having And its sacred walls will, it is to be

thrust a needle into it the length of a finger, hoped, no more echo with the twitter.

she had felt no pain, and no blood had ising of birds,—the sparrow find a place sued from the wound. Being brought to of security over the altar,--or the swal. the bar, the prisoner denied the statement low be permitted to “ build her brood- of the surgeons; upon which she was exaing nesi," above its antique pulpit ; al- mined by three more, and with them were though these are striking resemblances joined two physicians. It might have been of the tranquillity and peace which the expected that such a body of men, who had “means of grace" are to a Christian,

received a liberal education, and who must and which seem to inhabit the House

have had some acquaintance with the naof the Deity.

ture and the construction of the human But the sentiinent which this vene

frame, would have instantly presented a re

port, showing the absurdity of the examinarable building impresses is in some

tion upon which they had been employed. measure checked by its disuse, Divine

This did not occur to them; for they graveService being performed within its ly proceeded to thrust sharp instruments walls only twice a year. Since, how- into the mark already mentioned, and into ever, it has been put into a complete others which they thought they had found state of repair, it is to be desired some out; but as the miserable patient gave means will be devised to introduce a plaio indication that she suffered from their more frequent service, that may, we operations, they were staggered, and satiswould charitably anticipate, prove in- fied themselves with declaring, that there strumental to the happiest purposes of

was something extraordinary in the marks, the heart and a religious life. H.P. and that they were not perfectly like those

commonly to be seen in the bodies of Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 10.

witches. She was, notwithstanding, doomed AVING seen, in some late num

to another investigation, the result of which was, that after some barbarous experiments,

she felt no pain, and hence it was inferred papers on Witchcraft; and Sir Walter

that the marks were satanical. She had, Scott's late work on Demonology and previously to this last enquiry, been actually Witchcraft having excited some inte- put to the rack; but she retained her forti rest; I beg to contribute the following ude and presence of mind under it, firmly extract, which shows how far that ex- maintaining that she had sent no devils into traordinary delusion prevailed, even any of the persons whom it was alleged that where superstition might have been she had thus injured. She was again threatconsidered as eradicated. The work I ened with the torture ; and, from dread of quote is Dr. Cook's general and histo- undergoing it, she made a confession, which rical view of Christianity, 1822, vol. 3,

it is painful to think was not at once disp. 339. A work certainly prolix and

cerned to be che raving of insanity. Similar tedious, but which has its merit and

proceedings were continued; and the couclusion of the whole was, that she was con

demped to be hanged and burned for giving 66 There lies before me at present ac ac- up herself to the devil, and for bewitching count of the condemnation of a wonian by a

two girls." tribunal at Geneva, ahout the middle of the seventeenth century; and an enumeration of The work cited by Dr. Cooke, in a few of the particulars connected with it authority for this statement, is Memoirs will give a much juster conception than any of Literature, vol. 1, art. 47. In no description of the cruelty which, in pro- city of Europe should we have expectceeding against witchcraft, was almost uni- ed to find such gross ignorance and versally practised. The woman was accused

barbarity at that time, as in Geneva. of having sent devils into two young women, And it is humiliating to remember, and of having brought distem

that at the same period, Hopkins the veral others, a charge sufficiently vague, witch-finder was employed in Eng. and to which the observations made above fully apply. To substantiate it, the inem

land, and the belief in witchcraft was bers of the tribunal availed themselves of an

countenanced by that acute detector of opiniou, that the devil imprinted certain errors, Sir Thomas Browne. marks upon his chosen disciples, the effect

CYDWELI.

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