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1830.] Lulworth Castle, the present residence of Charles X. 201 LULWORTH CASTLE.
The house has three stories, but the
towers four; in each front are three S Lulworth Castle in Dorsetshire rows of four windows; in the lowers
are four rows of ihree each, exclusive royalty, the avnexed view (see Plule of the offices. The hall and dining. 1.) may be acceptable to our readers. room are large, and the rooms are in
The most ancient possessors of the general 18 feet high. - In some of the manor are said to have been the De apartnients are some family pictures, Lolleworths ; but the powerful family done by the celebrated hand of Sir Peof the Newburghs possessed it as early ter Lely. The principal front is on the as ibe reign of John. Christian, the east, and faced with Chilmark stone. sole heiress of Sir Robert Newburgh, Before it was a large court, now laid carried the estate to her husband, Sir into the lawn leading to the landingJohn Marney, in 1514; and their se. place, which is guarded by a balustrade cond daughier, Elizabeih, brought it of stone (which, in the late Edward into the Howard, family, by marriage Weld's time, only extended along tlie with Thomas Lord Howard of Bin- east front), and called ihe Cloisters, bedon ; the other coheiress, Catharine, cause paved with the stones taken from who married Lord Poynings, biaving the cloisters of Bindon abbey. This died without issue. From the Howard was continued by the late possessor family the estate was purchased in along the north and south sides, at 1641, by Humphrey Weld, esq. of the extremiiy of which it joins a terHoldwell, in Halfield; and is now pos. · race 10 the west, of the same height sessed by Cardinal Weld, his liueal with themselves. Over the doors are the descendant.
-statues of two ancient Romans in their That here was a Casıle in former gowns. On each side of the door, ages appears from Tyrrel's History of which is supported by four pillars of England; where we read, that Robert the Ionic order, is a large niche, and Earl of Gloucester, , 1142, iook 'the over them two shields, on' which are Castle of Lullwarde for the Empress the arms of Weld, properly blazoned. Maud. Whether the present stucture
In the niches are statives of Music had its name from succeeding to its and Painting: site, or only from being built in that .. This mansion has had the honour to form, is uncertain ; though it never entertain King James 1. when he came was a place of strength, or designed to in his western progress to hunt in the be such. It is a noble pile, and stands Park and the Isle of Purbeck, 1615*; at the higher end of the parish, a lule as also, in 1665, King Charles II. and north of the church, and on the edge the Dukes of York and Monmouth, of the park, or a rising ground; com- whose naines the apartments they lay manding a fie prospect of ine sea, in still bear." It is reckoned one of from an opening between the hills'; the finest seats in the county for its and from the top of the house, is an uniformity, and was justly admired by extensive view over the county, espe King Charles II. The large gardens cially on the north and east. It was adjoining, and the groves of trees that chiefly built out of the materials of almost surround it, add greatly to the Mount Poynings and of Bindon Ab- beauty and grandeur of the place. The bey, by Thomas Viscount Bindon, as only ihing it wants is water. Mr. Coker says (p: 44) about 1600. It was sometimes garrisoned by the Some have made Inigo Jones the ar- King; but in 1643 and 1644 by, the chitect. The foundations were laid Parliament, probably to be some check 1588, and the building was finished upon Corfe Castle. Captain Thomas 1609. But, though Theophilus Earl Hughes was governor here during that of Suffolk resided here 1635, little of time; whose receipts, without date, the inside work was finished when out of the hundred of Winfrith and Ms. Weld came to it. It is an exact liberties of Bindon and Owre-Moygne, cube of 80 feet, with a round tower being the profits of sequestered lands, at each corner, 30 feet in diameter, amounted to 38541. 45. 04d. and his rising 16 feet above the walls, which, disbursements to 25181. 138.04d. The as well as the towers, are einbattled. The walls are six feel thick, the offices * See Nichols's Progresses of King James, are, under ground, arched with stone, vol. III. p. 97. GENT. MAG. September, 1830.
202 Lulworth Castle, the present residence of Charles X. (Sept. iron bars of the windows, the leaden the present Chapel, which stands at a water-pipes, and great part of the small distance to the south-west of the wainscot, were sold, or carried away by Castle, was laid by the late possesthe Parliamentarians, when they broke sor, under which were placed coins of up their garrison. By the governor's ac- the reign of Geo. III. and a plate of counts, three tons of lead were sold brass, with the following inscription : · hence, and two more delivered for the use of the garrisons of Weymouth, Poole, and the siege of Corfe castle,
Lapis sacer auspicalis in fundamenta futuri
templi jactus anno MDCCLXXXVI. IV° ponas besides what was spent here; and the
Februarii, quod templum Thomas Weld owner was very foriunate, that a set of men, who delighted so much in mis publicè meo in solo primus omnium mites
cente per Georgium tertium legum penalium chief, had not burnt or demolished acerbitate, in honorem Virginis Beatissimæ this beautiful pile of building: Dei genetricis, adgredior extruendum. Tu
In 1789, George III. together with vero Deus optime maxime opus tantis auspihis Queen and the three elder Prin- ciis inchoatum custodi, protege, fove, ac cesses, paid a visit to Lulworth Castle confirma, ut quaqua Britanniæ patent reliby sea from Weymouth, where they gioni sanctæ templa adcrescant templis culthen resided for a few weeks. In 1791, the same royal company repeated their visit by land, and, on each occasion, The Chapel is of a circular form, spent many hours in examining the increased by four sections of a circle Castle, the new chapel, and the grounds. so as to form a cross, and covered with In 1792, their Majesties, with the a dome and lantern. It contains a Prince of Wales, and five of the Prin- well-toned organ, a copy of Raphael's cesses, sailed from Weymouth in the transfiguration, and two other scriptuJono frigate, which was accompanied ral pieces brought from Italy. by several other vessels, in order to visit the Castle, whilst the Duchess of Joseph Weld, Esq. brother of CarYork, and several ladies of the court dinal Weld, the owner of Lulworth went thither by land : however, the Castle, having tendered the use of this sea running high, none of the nautical noble mansion to the ex-King of party attempted to land, except the France, in case the British government Prince of Wales, which he effected, at would permit him to land, the fallen the expense of a severe drenching. He monarch gladly accepted the offer, and surveyed the Castle, and returned to on the answer of our government being Weymouth by land. A few days af- received, allowing him to reside in terwards, the King and Queen, with England as a private individual, prepathe Princesses, to prevent a second rations were made for the departure disappointment, came to Lulworth in from Cowes. On Monday Aug. 23, their carriages.
1830, the royal family debarked at These visits were commemorated Poole, and proceeded to Lulworth by the following inscriptions on oval Castle by land. Shortly after three stones over the door of the principal o'clock, two carriages arrived, with lugfront of the Castle:
gage and a few attendants, and about Adventus regis Georgii III. et Caroletxe
five o'clock two other carriages drove reginæ conjugis, qui supra cætera beneficia up the park, containing the deposed ab anno mocclxxxix. frequenti aditu præ- Monarch, the Duke of Angouleme, torium hospites ingressi, omnemque Weldeo- the Duke of Bordeaux, the Duke of rum domum admissione et adloquio solati, Luxembourg, and General Baron de splendorem loco ac dignitatem præsentia Damas. The ex-King was received at intulerunt.
the entrance of the Castle by Joseph Anno MDccxcı. Georgius III., rex, fidei Weld, Esq., with whom he cordially defensor, legitimæ libertatis adsertor, con
shook hands. sentientibus regni ordinibus leges quæ Ca- Charles (who, we believe, now tholicis sacris advorsabantur publice refigi, bears the title of Duke of Milan, beejusque nominis cives equo libertatis jure ing prohibited from residing in Eng. uti voluit, jussit. Immortale optimi prin- land otherwise thay as a private indivicipis beneficium sempiternæ posterorum memovie consignabat Thomas Weld devotus
dual), is of rather tall stature, but he majestati ejus.
does not display his figure to any ad. In the year 1786 the first stone of stoop.
vantage, owing to a rather ungraceful
He bears evident marks of
203 age, and appears somewhat weakened, themselves with shooting excursions, but not so much as might have been having taken out the proper certificates. expected in a man nearly 73 years of When Charles X. was resident at age, after the great anxieties and fa- Edinburgh, he was in the habit of corligues he has so recently undergone. responding with the illustrious Prince There is a character of mild graceful- of Condé, father of the Duke of Bourness about his countenance, Linged bon, whose memoir we have given in with a cast of melancholy. The Duke
our obituary. In a letter now before of Angouleme, his eldest son, who is us, written Nov. 29, 1796, Charles 55 years of age, is much shorter than thus proudly adverts to the Duke d’Enhis father, and displays in his appear- ghien, as being the hopes of the Bourance liule firmness or manliness. He bon race: looks nearly as old as his father. The
« Je joins ici ma lettre, que je vous prie Duke of Bordeaux, who was ten years de me remettre de ma part au duc d'Enghien. old on the 23d of Sept. is a very fine Je ne lui parle que de mon amitié; mais and interesting child; he is tall for his c'est le Roi, c'est la France entière, que je ; age, and possesses an intelligent coun. félicite de ce qu'il est, et de ce qu'il sera un tenance.
jour, en suivant la glorieuse route que vous The Princesses and the retinue slept lui avez tracée." at the London Inn at Poole on Mon- Charles then adverts to his own son, day night, Aug. 23, and the following the Doke d’Angouleme, and thus voday proceeded to Lulworth.
tices his youthful propensities and inThe following is a list of the per
tended pursuits : sons who accompanied the royal suite; “ Il faut que je vous parle d'un objet qui with the stations they respectively tient à mon cour; il paraît que mon fils s'est occupy:
conduit en joli garçon, et qu'il a du godt The ex-King :-the Duke of Luxem- pour les coups de fusil
. C'est toujours bon bourg, Captain of the Life Guard;
en soi-inême, mais cela ne suffit pas; dans
sa position, il faut qu'il se mette prompteCount O'Hegerty, Master of the Horse; the Baron Kingizenger, secretary; Dr. ment en état de bien servir son Roi; et c'est
à vous que je m'adresse avec confiance, mon Bongou, physician.
cher cousin, pour que vous employiez toute The Duchess of Angouleme :-the votre autorité de général, et toute celle, que Countess of Murnar; Countess of St.
mon amitié a remise entre vos mains, à exi-, Maurs, accompanying lady; Madame ger qu'il occupe tout son hiver à travailler de St. Preuve, waiting lady; Chev. bien serieusement au métier de la guerre, à O’Hegerty, Master of the Horse. se rendre digne de commencer l'année pro
The Duchess of Berri : Count de chaine à conduire des troupes. Je ne vous Misnard, Master of the Horse; Count indiquerai aucuns moyens à cet égard ; perde Brissac, Major Domo; Count and sonne ne saura mieux que vous exciter son Countess de Charette, friends ; Coun- émulation, et lui inspirer le désir de l'intess de Bouillie, accompanying lady.
struction : mais vous jugerez facilement The Duke of Bordeaux :-General combien je serai sensible à cette nouvelle Baron de Damas, governor; M. de preuve de votre amitié.
“ Adieu, mon cher cousio, je ne veux Barbaneois, under do. ; Count de
rien changer au rendez-vous que je vous ai Martras, do. ; Alfred de Damas, aide- doncé ; et c'est
vers ce but que tendent tous de-camp; M. de Burante, professor ; mes efforts. Je vous renouvelle, du fond du Chev. de Villale, aide-de-camp. ceur, l'assurance de l'amitié bien tendre et
The Princess Maria Theresa Louisa : bien constante qui m'attache à vous pour -Duchess de Goutaud, governess ;
M. la vie." Vachen, teacher.
Besides many inferior attend. ants and servants.
The period for which the exRoyal Family will remain at LulworthCastle, or even in England, is quite uncertain. Charles keeps himself inuch secluded, and seldom ven- The following letters, dated Wartures beyond the precincts of the park. saw, April 9, 1804, were written by The preserves are in good order, and af- the Duke and Duchess of Angouleme ford ihe party much sport. He and the to the Prince de Condé, when resident Duke of 'Angouleme frequently amuse
at Wanstead House. They were pen.
(Septe ned soon after the execution of the * When the Count d'Artois came to Duke d'Enghien ; and discover the in- Lyons (1815) although he threw himself on tense grief excited by the melancholy his knees before she troops, in order to in. circumstance.
duce them to advance against me, he never “ Monsieur MON COUSIN, navré de la put on the cordon of the legion of honour, douleur la plus amère et la plus vivement though he knew that the sight of it would sentie, permettez moi de joindre mes larmes be most likely to excite the minds of the aux votres. Je n'ai pas besoin de vous as
soldiers in his favour, as it was the order so surer de leur sincérité; j'ose me flatter que
many of them bore on their breasts, and revous connaissez assez tous les sentimens qui quired nothing but bravery to obtain it. He m'attachent à vous, pour n'en point douter.
decked himself out with the order of the Ce n'est point un cousin que je perds, c'est Holy Ghost ! to be eligible for which you un frère; et c'est à ce titre que je regrette
must prove 150 years nobility,—an order infiniment de n'être pas auprès de vous, je purposely formed to exclude merit, and ope ne dis pas, pour vous offrir des consolations which excited indignation in the breasts of (car il n'en existe que dans la religion pour
the old soldiers. We will not,' said they, un pareil malheur), mais pour pleurer avec
• fight for orders like that, nor for emigrés vous. Ma femme, qui partage entièrement
like those;' he had ten or eleven of these mes sentimens, me charge de vous les te
imbeciles as aid-de-camps. Jastead of moigner, et de vous dire combien, ayant showing to the troops some of those geneéprouvé elle-même les pertes les plus af. rals who had so often led them to glory, he freuses, elle resent plus vivement votre mal. brought with them a set of misérables, who heur. Agréez, Monsieur, l'assurance de
served no other purpose than to recall to
the minds of the veterans their former suffernotre profonde douleur, ainsi que de la baute considération, et du plus tendre et sincère ings under the noblesse and priests.' attachement avec lequel je suis pour la vie,
“ I advanced to Lyons, whes I was joined Monsieur mon cousin, votre très-affectionné by the troops charged to defend it against cousin,
me, and the Count d'Artois was happy to
escape, escorted by a single dragoon, from the city he had commanded a few hours before."
“ Monsieur MON COUSIN, je ne puis me
In another place, Buonaparte obrefuser à vous exprimer moi-même la part serves, bien vive que je prends à la douleur qui vous “When you have seen that old blockhead accable, et que mon cæur partage bien
sin- Montchenu, you have seen all the old nobicèrement. Malgré tout ce que j'ai souffert, lity of France before the Revolution. Such les pertes cruelles que j'ai éprouvées, je were all the race, and such they have ren'aurais jamais pu imaginer l'évènement af: turned, ignorant, vain, and arrogant, as they freux qui nous met tous dans le deuil. J'ai left it. Ns n'ont rien appris, ils n'ont rien été voir ce matin la princesse Louise : je oublié. They were the cause of the revolul'ai trouvée avec ce calme de la douleur que tion, and of so much bloodshed; and now, la religion et la résignation aux décrets de la after twenty-five years of disgrace, they reprovidence peuvent seules donder. Elle
turn, loaded with the same vices and crimes n'est occupée que de vous, Monsieur, elle y for which they were expatriated, to produce pepse sans cesse, et alors les larmes soula- another revolution. I know the French. gent son cœur oppressé. Je n'écris pas à Believe that after six or ten years, the Monsieur le duc de Bourbon, mais veuillez whole race will be massacred, and throwa etre l'interprète de mes sentimeos auprès de into the Seine. They are a curse to the lui; et comptcz, je vous prie, sur mes voeux, nation." pour que, soutenue par votre courage, votre santé résiste à la juste douleur de notre cruelle et commune perto.
Mr. Urban, Long Melford, Susser,
Sept. 8, 1830. “ Je suis, Monsieur mon cousin, votre
N très-affectionnée cousine,
your Magazine for April last (P
319) is a letter concerning the Leand the usual manner of representing
them in paintings or sculpture. As an illustration of the characteris
In 1794, Craven Oid, Esq. F.S.A. tic bigotry of the Bourbon family and in a letter to the Earl of Leicester, The old emigré, Buonaparte related to President of the Society of AntiquaBarry O'Meara the following anccdote ries, gave an account of a basso-reof Charles X. then Count d'Artois : lievo, or tablet of alabaster, painted
Marie Thérée. gend of the Three Kings of Cologne,