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1830.] Account of Biggleswade, co. Bedford.

21 rell, esq. a minor, the present pro- was to answer proportionably for extraprietor.

ordinary charges; but the Prebendary The parish Church, dedicated to St. was to provide priests, to do duży in Andrew, is in the Deanery of Shef- the Chapels of the said Prebend, in ford ; but being a prebend, the Pre- such manner as he had been accusbendary having a peculiar jurisdiction tomed to do, &c. throughout the parish, is exempt from In the Ecclesiastical Taxation of archidiaconal visitation : the wills of Pope Nicholas, it is thus recorded of those persons who die possessed of per- the Prebend, “ Eccl'ia Prebendal de sonaliy in this parish ovly, are proved, Bikeleswade, 461. 13s. 4d.;" but the and other ecclesiastical affairs are trans- Vicarage is not separately alluded to. acted, in the peculiar of the Prebendary. We find, however, from an Inquisition

The vicarage was endowed 1277 by of Ninths, * granted 15 Edw. III. that one Thomas Northfleet, Prebendary of the Vicarage was returned as worth Biggleswade; he presented Walter 151. 10s. 3d. Justice to the same, who was canoni- The Prebend is rated in the King's cally instituted under duty of residence. books at 421. 175. 6d.+ It appears from the endowment, that

In Browne Willis's survey of the the Prebendary reserved to himself and Cathedrals, is given the succession of bis successors portions of the altarage, ihe Prebendaries of this Church. The viz. the tithes of wool and lamb, also present Prebendary is the Rev. George all mortuaries, with the tithes of trades. Thos. Pretyman, of Wheathamstead. men arising from trade; the residue of The present Vicar is the Rev. Edw. the altarage, for the sustenance of the Barker Frere. Vicar and his ministers, was stated to Anciently there was a guild or frabe the four principal offerings through ternity called “ the Fraternity of the the year, with the other offerings on Holy Trinity in the Church of St. Anthe days of All Saints, and of the Puri- drew in Biggleswade," of which we fication of the Blessed Virgin Mary, find the following entry in the Val. and others, as well at funerals as at Eccl. of Hen. VIII. made about the marriages and purifications or church- time of its suppression. ings, and whatsoever else due in name “ Rob'tus Rypam p’sbit' frat'uitats sive of an offering: together with the tithe gilde S'c'e Trinitate in eccl'ia S'ti Andree of milk, cheese, also of mills, with the

in Bygleswade p'dict' h'et in clar' denar' de tithes of calves, foals, pigs, geese, flax, gardianis d'ce frat’nitat', 71. hemp, and curtilages, with the pay- “ I'm p'd'c'i gardiani l'ent in terr' et ten' meni at Christmas called ploughboot, posit' in man' mort' p' dup' Regem E. iiijtu and also the oblations which the faith- et valent nisi ultra rep's, 61. 135. 4d.” ful in Christ for the time to come, A grant respecting this Guild may might put into the trunks or chests of be seen Pat. 14 Edw.IV. p. 2, m. 4. Biggleswade and of Sıratton. The The chancel was built by John RuVicar by himself, and other necessary dyng, a Prebendary of this church (beand proper ministers, was to serve the ing collated 1467; he, however, resigned prebendal Church of Biggleswade, and it for that of Sutton in Bucks, 1468.) find iwo waxlighes in full service, and The eastern window is of very uncomtwo processional lights, and one lamp mon dimensions, and is much admired. burning in the chancel, together with Upon entering the chancel door, to wine, Frankinceuse, and wafers, and the right are three stalls, over each of

Io this aid 34 marks, 11s. 8d. were paid by the parish of Biggleswade. + The following extract is from the Val. Eccl

. of Henry VIII.

£. $. d. Bygleswade. Willin's Seg've vicarius ib’m h'et in clar' den'ijs ultra ? rep's p'annu'.....

3 Georgius Hennege decanus Lincoln' p'bend’ ib'm h'et

de firmario ejusd'm p'bend'...


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Account of Biggleswade, co. Bedford. (July, which is a plainly carved Gothic arch; Horrida tela fero, morsu decis urgeo seclum, here is no piscina adjoining, which Nec vulgo nec hero parcens traho singula frequently is the case. A specimen have

(que Sacerdos ing the three stalls and piscina may be

Quid valet altus honos, Rex, Dux, Princepsseen at Cockayne Hatley, in this county.

Hanc subeunt sortem, nequeunt precurrere At the fooi of the steps leading from

[grinis, the altar, are several slabs of blue

Mors ego sum finis lustrantibus hic perestone, which have contained plates with In scriptis legitur, Caro quevis morte po

Terminus itineris quem nec preterire mereris. inscriptions and other devices, but most

titur, of them being mutilated there are no

Et vos applaudit vulgo, mors omnia claudit." inscriptions now legible. In the centre of the chancel, but at

Nearly opposite to the pulpit, in the

middle of ihe nave, is a stone, with some distance from the altar, is an immense blue slab, being 11 feet 6 inches

brasses inlaid, of one William Halsted, Jong, and 5 feet 6 inches wide, which originally having a wife on each side covers the remains of the John Ruslyng One of the wives is inhumanly torn

of him : the husband is decollated. before mentioned, and which has the

from his side, and the other being on following imperfect inscription. Those parts which are included in brackets

the right of bini, has Alicia on her are now torn off, and are supplied from right shoulder, and the following inBrowne Willis, who supposes that this scription at their feet: monument was placed here in the life- “ Hic jacent Willms Halsted, qui obiit time of Rudyng, before he obtained his xxx die Januarii, Anno D'ni MCCCCXLIX°. other preserments. On a scroll in black

Et Isabella ac Alicia uxores ei'de.......... Jetter, is the following couplet:

quor' a'i'ab' p’pciet' de, Am'e." “ Quatuor O Sancti me Bedford Arcbilevi- Very near to the last, is another thus

(vestrum.” inscribed : John Rudyng famulum precibus defendite “ Exuvize Reverendi Georgii Gibson,

Round the verge of the slab: quadraginta sex annis hujus Parochiæ vicarii, [“ Rudyog marmoreus lapis est datus iste

hìc sunt sepulta. Sancti Evangelii pastor Johanni,


verus et fidelis fuit, sacro munere fungendo Quem crucis ethereus Rex salvet ab ore constans et diligens, in privatâ vitâ clarum Haud pessumdet eum Baratri resupina po- et magnificum exemplum innocentiæ et virtestas,

tutis: post longam vitam laboris in vinea Lumen sidereum sed ei det Diva Majestas. sacra Domini, supremus rerum Arbiter hinc Qui gravis in vita Legu' vir erat graduatus, evocavit, vicessimo nouo die Julii, ætatis Bis Prebendatus et Bedford Archilevita, anno septuagessimo sexto, Anno Domini Et meritis magnus sancti Rector Michaelis millessimo septingentessimo sexto. RiGlowcetir. Ut celis bilarescat det sucer

cardus Rudd scripsit.” aguus.

Another has : (Hujus Basilice sponsus fuerat meritosus, “ Hic jacet Owinus Bromsall, Armig., Talis erat qualem descripsi plus liberalem."] filius Rad' Bromsall, de Beeston, in com,

There were five other lines origi- Bedf. qui obiit ...... die Octob. 1663, et nally, but these were toru off whien Blandina uxor et filia Blandina, e dextrâ Brownie Willis saw the monument. parte jacentes. Anno ætatis fere 58." Near the top of the stone was a large

In the south aile is a handsome brass plare, equal in its dimensions io marble monument, inclosed with iron one at the boilom. At the man's side rails (which have been perniitted 10 the figure of Death still remains. The fall into a most disgraceful condition), brass at the botion is inscribed with to the memory of Sir Thomas Bromthe following curious dialogue, inclosed sall, who was seated at Siration in this in lines alternately raised and sunk: parish, which is thus inscribed : “ Tu fera Mors quid agis humane prodiga “ Depositum Thomæ Bromsall, Militis : stragis,

[tendis, Qui cum legum jarumg' custos esset acerCedo quot offendis quod in hunc discrimine rimus, ea tamen fuit morum suavitate, ut Dic cur tela struis, naturæ depopulatrix, . tot fere amicos habuerit, quot familiares : Dic cur non metuis hunc trudere vasta vora- letissima fæminâ in 2das nuptias ascita, fælitrix,

citatis specimen videbatur, cùm subitd post Cur te non puduit fatali sorte ferire, trimestres nuptias vix tridui morbo exVivere quem decuit, et plebs laerimatur obire.” tinctus : quàin brevia bumana sint gaudia “ Mors.-Crede nec injurias mortalibus hunc documentum ingens factus est. Vidua mæstisdare somnis,

[omnis, sina bunc statui lapidem jussit, illi quidein Namque meas furias caro tandem sentiet in memoriam sibi vero cum Deo viam fuerit,


1930.] Biggleswade.-Scraps from a Note-Book.

23 ut ægrum spiritum trahere desinit delectum, have thought it prudent to omit them. pro cineris consortio, receptaculum. An. I must also, from the same motives, D. 1706, ætat. 63."

for the present, omit an account of the On a plain marble monument, very hamlets of Stratton and Holme, in this near to the last, we read,

parish, which shall be cummunicated “ Beneath this stone are deposited the

in a future number of your Magazine. remains of Harriot, daughter of Admiral Sir Yours, &c.

C. C.
Richard King, Bart, married Brigadier-
General Charles Barnett, Feb. 22, 1796 ;
died in childbed Sept. 17, 1799. She was

SCRAPS FROM A NOTE-Book. deservedly loved, and ever will be lamented

THAT “ brevity is the soul of wit" by her afflicted husband.

is a very old saying, and one not “ The said Charles Barnett died at Gib

yet worn out. Many persons, it has raltar on the 10th of October, 1804, of the fatal epidemic fever that raged there, and

been observed, will glance over a short was by his own direction buried in the con

essay, who are too occupied or too invent chapel without military honours. He

dolent to read a long and regular trea. was Major-General of his Majesty's forces,

tise,-and many more, it might have second Major of his Majesty's third regi- been added, are more attracted by short ment of foot guards, and second in command and pithy sentences, than by the comin that garrison. His civil and military paratively bulky essay. Under this imvirtue has been amply acknowledged and pression, and, it is confessed, stimulated recorded."

by the praiseworthy example of your In the chancel, near to the altar, excellent and acute correspondent, are several monuments to the family of A.C.C. (disguised under which inithe Barnetts, who have for some time tials, I think I can recognise a characbeen sealed at Stration. The followe ter not unknown in the world of let. ing inscriptions are copied from the ters,) the writer proposes to transmit monuments :

occasionally a selection of extracts “ Io the grave beneath are deposited the from his note-book, on interesting loremains of Elizabeth Barnett, who died at cal, lingual, and literary subjects, for Stratton on the 30th of July, 1775; she the centenarian pages of the oldest was twenty years the wife, and thirty years Magazine of the day. the widow of Curtis Barnett, Esq. who died at Fort St. David's, on the Coast of Coro- The French termination ism seems, mandel, on the 29th of April, 1746, and in our language, lo be generally apwas then Commander-in-Chief of his Ma- plied to denote something sparious or jesty's squadron in the East Indies.

false ; for instance, philosophism, for On the same monument,

a pretended philosophy; liberalism, for “ Io the grave beneach are deposited the

an affected liberaliiy, &c. Our neighremains of Amelia Barnett; she deceased

bours do not themselves seem to obe, on the 8th Feb. 1808.”

serve this difference, if we are to judge Another has :

from their word for Christianity-Chre

tianisme. “ la the grave beneath are deposited the remains of Charles Barnett, Esq. son of

May not the word lipsy be satisfacCurtis and Elizabeth Barnett, born in the torily said to be derived from the tencity of Gibraltar, May 17th, 1733. De- dency of the person affected to tip ceased at Stratton, July 27th, 1871." over? The deduction is quite legiti.

In the north aile of the Church is a neat tablet, which is

I am glad, as a citizen and an Eng“ Sacred to the memory of Barbara Do

lishman, that the late wretched atrothea Lewis, the sister of Richard Lewis, tempt to inclose Hampstead Heath has Esq. of Lantrillio Grosseny, in the county

been defeated.

The formerly open of Moomouth, by whom this tablet is dedi- spaces around the capital have been cated. She departed this life the 3d day of 100 much inclosed - 100 much for the June, 1823, aged 77.

health and recreation of the public, if Iu ibis aile are memorials to several

not for the avarice of adjoining proof the Rudd family, who were formerly prietors; but Hampstead Heath is really resident in this town; but as I have ioo lovely a spot io be resigned to the already trespassed upon the space as- spoiler. signed for topographical communica. Residents in London often complain Lions in your valuable Miscellany, I that they can see nothing without pay..




Scraps from a Note-Book.

(July, ing for it; and many comparisons, dis- resque, only a few months ago,-is advantageous to their own country, are already replaced by a modern crection, made with the practice on the Conti. with nothing remarkable about iis nent. This is especially the case with staring new brick front (alas! for the regard to exhibitions of pictures and chubby cherubs at the corners, and works of art; yet what is the fact? To the strangely carved old porch that say nothing of the numerous noble col- used 10 grace its predecessor!) except lections which may be viewed with a bust of the “maiden queen,' the very slight trouble of calling for a the top, with the now counterfeit inticket before the visit, there is the scription, “ The Old Queen's Head." National Gallery, at No. 100, Pall

It is pleasant, just before the begininall, always open, with a matchless ning of' hay-harvest in the environs, 10 collection of pictorial gems, amongst observe the monotony of some long which the productions of our own

dull street” of dingy houses, broken by countryinen, Hogarth and Wilkie, dis- the simple music of the pipe and tabor, playing, in addition to exquisite exe- and the ringing of bells on the legs of cution, a profuse store of that quality the morris-dancers. It tells of the so unattainable to a foreigner, hu

country and its delights to the dull ear mour, are proudly pre-eminent over the

of the Londoner, while, moreover, masterpieces of the artists of Italy and

there seems a patch of old-time merriHolland. In addition to this the

ment in the active but not mincing Bourgeois Gallery at Dulwich is as

motions of the ruddy and sun-burnt easily accessible; and the most curious

countrymen who thus endeavour to specimens of ancient art, and the most gain a few pence by the exhibition of exquisite pieces of sculpture ever exe

iheir own peculiar pastines 10 those cuted, are freely shown to any one who may choose to see them at that generally perform three (perhaps more)

“pent up in populous city.” They unequalled repository the British Mu- different dances, one with sticks, thé

rauling of which, struck against one It may seem hypercritical, but I another, keeps time to the music ;cannot help thinking that the effect of another with handkerchiefs, which Wordsworih's affecting little piece, are gracefully waved in various direcPoor Susan,” is injured, in the tions; and a third, in which the hands minds of Cockneys at least, by the are clapped in unison with the pipe making of bright volumes of vapour and tabor. All are pleasing, when down Lothbury glide," since it is im- executed with precision. possible, from the corner of Wood- I have often wondered that Mr. street (the scene of the ballad) to Hone never devoted a plate and one catch a glimpse of that place, espe- of his own heart-warming descriptions cially if" a river" is to be seen Aow. to this custom of morris-dancing in ing ihrough the vale of Cheapside" at spring, in his delightful volumes of the the same tiine. Does not Lothbury Every Day Book and Table Book, 100, sound in unaccustomed ears as work's which, from their amiableness something pleasant and countryfied ? of feeling, interest of contents, and -I know of nothing so exquisitely richness of illustration, deserve a place pathetic as the short piece in question in the heart and on the shelves of every in the whole range of British poetry, lover of literature. except a song in the “ Lise of Mausie Wauch," entitled “ There's nae hame ephemeral race of " light” Magazines,

It is customary with the present like our ain hame.” I would rather o despise what they call their heavy", be the author of that one little poem, predecessors, especially on the ground than of all the fashionable novels that

ihat the latter, instead of being excluhave followed one another into obli- sively devoted 10 the entertainment of vion for the last fifty years.

the passing moment, also contained The Old Queen's Head at Islington, articles of " dry" information. Yet it (engraved in your Vol. for 1794, p.513,) is now found that periodicals all froth by far the most complete and inte- will not do, and numberless works of resting specimen of an ancient hostelry a more solid character, “ Family Lilately remaining in the suburbs, which braries," “Cabinet Cyclopædias, Lic was pulled down, to the regret of every braries of Voyages and Travels,' &c. lover of antiquity and of the piclue &c. &c. are nonthly sent forth 10 supo

Mr. URBAN, Yorkshire, May 3.

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On Church Bells.

25 ply the deficiency. Their contents angular capped, open gables at the being precisely the same as those of west end, the same two bells, the smal. the articles sneered at in the old ma- ler of which, on the authority of your gazines, and carefully excluded by learned correspondent in vol. LxxVI. their conceited successors ! Truly P: 525, and note, was evidently, the " Truth will prevail !"

Saint's Bell; of this description are the Lord Byron, it appears, was so puz

churches in your vols. for 1797, p. 377, led at the verb “read" being spele pre. 1789, p. 772, 1804, p. 113, 1805, p. cisely the same both in its present and 793, and 1820, p. 113; to which I past tenses, although pronounced difo may add the church of Crossthwaite, ferently, that, in his journals, &c. he in Cumberland, where one bell rejorariably spells the latter "redde." mains, but the other has disappeared. This is very ridiculous, and there is But besides these there are churches no precedení for the innovation. As having towers, in which the “ Saint's an alteration is certainly required, I Bell” has formerly hung. Of this think it would be much better to sub. we have a fine instance in Tong stitute "seed” in the present tense, Church, Shropshire, mentioned in which would answer the purpose quite your Magazine for 1800, part ii. p. as well.

J. W. 934, and more especially in your vol.

for 1763, p. 162. A church having

six bells, besides a very large and a Morley, near Leeds, small one in another chamber; certainly

the Saint's Bell, and possibly the pass'NCOURAGED by the favour of ing bell. Another instance occurs at lar bells laiely inserted in your Maga- your vol. for 1819, p. 297. These rezine, I venture to enlarge a little upon ferences make good the quotation in the subject, in order to make the com- Nares's Glossary: munication more perfect. My object, it “Whose shrill Saint's Bell hangs in his may be remembered, is to show the louverie, oses to which these bells were appro- While the rest are damned to the plumpriated in ancient times, and the sta


Hall, Sat. v. 1. iions they occupied.

Indeed, I am rery credibly informed Your Magazine abounding in plates that in Catholic countries, upon the of our old churches, (especially since Continent, the Saint's Bell always about 1787) discover to us some very hangs in a solitary or separate recess. curious structures, the peculiarities of of these bells in the interior of a which, as I before hinted, deserve church, see a very singular account in more comment than has been bestowed vol. xcv. p. 525. upon them. For the present I shall Bells, it is well known, were a great confine myself to the bells and their object of superstition with our ancesTeceptacles.

Each of them was represented In your volume for 1800, p. 25, for to have its peculiar name and virtues. 1803, p. 305, for 1804, p. 9, for 1806, Your Magazine for 1818, p. 307, and p. 793, for 1826, p. 393, and for 1820, Hone's Every Day Book, vol. ii. p. P. 577, we have five instances of the 136, have much general and enter. Greater “ Saint's Bell,” once sus- taining information respecting them, pended in its little open gable imme- but my thoughts are now directed 16 diately over the Roodloft, but which points which have been less frequently in every plate appears to have been re- noticed. moved. Again, in other instances, as It has been remarked that we selat Skelton church, co. of York, and dom or never find the Saint's Bell in Bishopton, co. of Warwick, engraved its proper recess, and I have further to in your Magazine for 1810, p. 313, we observe, we seldom find more than one perceive it once hung with another in bell of higher antiquity than Charles, separate recesses over the roodloft; and of James the First's reign, (in any here it is worth remarking that the country church, at least,) and that is Saint's Bell is gone, while at Bishop- generally the smallest bell in the new ton one of the two remains.

peal. The singularity of this discovery Another class of churches (as regards architecture), discovers to us in similar * See Gent. Mag. vol. xciv. p. 580, GENT. MAG. July, 1830.


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