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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, BY W. CARY, STRAND,

From Aug. 26, to Sept. 25, 1830, both inclusive.
Fahrenheit's Therm.

Fahrenheit's Therm.

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8 o'clock
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Noon.

Weather.

11 o'clock

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Night.

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Morning
Noon.

Day of

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80 82 pm.

82 80 pm.

27 219 914 2915 1004 100 1058 191

78 79 pm. 28

80 79 pm. 92 2913 100% 1003 1 105] 191 239 99 993 41044 194

83 82 pm. 30219 91 903 90 90

79 78 pm. 31 219 903 1903

8 999999104 190 237 80 81 pm. 905 76 77 pm. 1 219 913904 904 90 9999104 194

76 77 pm. 2 2185 905 90 99% 994 1053 193

76 pm..

74 76 pm. 3219 904891

998; 1043 195 77 75 pm. 89$ 76 74 pin. 4 217 89% 71 99

74 70 pm. 98% 74 19%

74 70 pm. 6216 87.6 974 63

60 50 pm.

234 72174 86% 7978 96$ 75

230 52 53 pm. 878 54 60 pm. 8 87% 8g 97% 975

234 69 65 pin.

68 73 pm. 884 9

99
981
235 63 65 pm.

69 71 pm. 10 88£ $ 98 $ $

69 71 pm. 884 95 985

71 69 pm. 88 $ $ 983 2344

68 69 pm. 88% 8 14

984 73

233164 61 pm. 69 67 pm. 15 883 84 97% 84

67 68 pm. 16 884

68 66 pm. 8

98} 8 17 87$ 84 9789

65 66 pm. 18 1884 78

98 73 20

65 67 pm. 885

98% 8 885

65 67 pm. 98 885

98 23 885 983

66 68 pm. 884 24

9848
234

70 69 pm. 25 986 8

69 70 pm.

63 pm. 65 pm.

13

61 pm.
61 pm.
60 pm.
59 pm
61 pm.

67 pm.

21 22

67 pm.

60 pm. 61 63 pm.

62 pm. 62 64 pm.

883

Old South Sea Ann. Sept. 1, 91.
J.J. ARNULL, Stock Broker, Bank-buildings, Coruhill,

late RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, and Co.

J. B. NICHOLS AND SON, 95, PARLIAMENT-STREET.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

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London Gazette

Heref. Herts. Hull3 Timies.

Hunts...Ipswich M. Chronicle - Post

Keut 4.. Lancaster M. Herald -- Ledger

Leamington. Lincoln M.Adver.-- Courier

Leeds 3.. Leicester 3 Globe --Standard

Lichfield.Liverpool? Suo-Star-Brit Trav.

Macclesfield Maidste Record. Lit. Gaz.

Marichester8. Monm. St. James's Chron.

Newcastle on Tyne ? Weekly Review

Norfolk.. Norwich Commer. Chronicle

N.Wales. Northamp Pocket--- Even. Mail

Nottingham3..0x1.2 English Chronicle

Plymouth2.Prestone Courier de Londres

Reading... Rochdale 8 Weekly Papers

Rochester..Salisbury 20 Sunday Papers

Sheffield 4. Shrewsb.? Bath Berks.-Berw.

Sherborne...Stafford Birmingham 2

Staffordsh. Potteries Blackburn-Bolton

Stamford2 Stockport Boston--- Brighton 3

Suffolk...Sussex Bridgwater-Bristol 4

Taunton...Tyne Bury !--Cambrian

Wakefield .. Warwick Cambridge-Carlisle

West Britop (Truro) Carmarth.Chelmsf.

Western (Exeter) Chesterfield

Westmoreland 2 Chelten. 2.-Chest. 2

Weymouth Colchester Cornwall

Windsor Coventry3 Cumberl.

Wolverhampton Derby 2 -- Devon

Worcester 2..York 4 Devonport --Devizes

Man...Jersey 3 Doncaster-Dorchest.

Guernsey 3 Dorset -Durham 2 OCTOBER, 1830. Scotland 37 Essex.Exeter 5

Ireland 58 Gloucest. --Hanis 3

[PUBLISHED NOVEMBER 1, 1830.] Original Communications. Sir W. Gell's Pompeiana .....

.......331 MINOR CORRESPONDENCE....

290 Grimaldi's Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris,&c..334 On the Clothing of the Ancient Britous..... 291 Soames on the Anglo-Saxon Church.........336 On Ancient Sepulture in Ireland..............294 D'Israeli's Commentaries on Charles I.......337 Circulation of Irish Halfpence in England...295 Coleridge on the Greek Poets........... Queen Elizabeth's Statue at St. Duastan's..296 Chronicon Vilodunense........

.......342 Epitaph on D. Hookham by Isaak Walton....ib. The Neighbourhood of the New Post Office.344 New Church of St. James, Bermondsey......297 Sir W. Scott on Demonology & Witchcraft..346 Of the Nobility and Golden Book of Genoa..299 Miss Mitford's Village Sketches.......... Mr. Owen's Projects exposed-Machinery.. 302 Edinburgh Cabinet Library.......

Penzance Chapel, Cornwall.....................304 Britton's Dictionary of Architecture .........349 Memoir of Wm. Bulmer, Printer..............305 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE-New Publications..ib. Walk through the Highlands.................310 The Auduals.-Fine Arts, &c......

.............350 Strontian, 311.-Fort William................312 Liverpool and Manchester Railway...... 351 Ascent to Ben Nevis.........

........313 ANTIQUARIAN RESEARHCHES.....................352 Defence of Clergymen farming their own SELECT POETRY Glebes ..... ..........314-317

Historical Chronicle.
Classical Literature.

Foreign News, 358.--Domestic Occurrences.361 Dr. Bloomfield's History of Thucydides......318 Promotions, &c. 363.-Marriages.........364 On the Codex Montforcianus, and the Au- OBITUARY; with Memoirs of Mr. Huskis

thenticity of 1 Joho v. 7.......................323 son ; Adm. Hanwell; Messrs. Hazlitt, KipClassical Works written in extreme old age..380 Jing, Ferrers, Bryan, Milward, Barrymore, On Macaronic Poetry........

...ib.

Isaacs, and Sherwin, &c. &c...................366 Beview of Dew Publications. Bill of Mortality.–Markets, 382.-Shares 388 Goldicutt's Anet Decorations from Pompeii..331 Meteorological Diary.—Prices of Stocks.,384

Embellished with a view of St. James's Church, BERMONDSEY, Surrey ;

And a Portrait of WM. BULMER, Esq. the celebrated Printer.

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.........340

........348 ................ib.

.....356

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Priated by J. B. Nichols and Son, Cicero's HEAD, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ;

where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, Post-PAID.

[ 290 )

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

A SUBSCRIBER would be glad to know it is common in Italy, France, England,
where to find a paper called " Smith's Pro- Germany, and the northeru states of Eu-
testant Intelligencer, Domestic and Fo- rope. I remember well it used to be the
reigo," of Feb. 8, 1680; and any person common subject of the raree shows that
having one to dispose of, would be hand- were exhibited in Moorfields before the al-
somely remunerated. It contains the fol- terations there, as early as the year 1795;
lowing extract, which the present Lord and these exhibitions are still carried about
Grimston, Member for St. Allan's, is the country in cases, and shown at the doors
anxious to possess :-"We learn from St. of houses in Essex and other counties."
Alban's, that the town having notice that J. F. in an account of Lord Temple's
their two late Members designed to come family, finds mentioned the name of a Mr.
down from London thither, and judging it Dayrell as being " the Counsel at Stowe,"
might be some expence and trouble to them, and requests information as to the family
called a Hall the day before, and imme- and connections of that gentleman.
diately proceeded to elect them, at which An Old SUBSCRIBER says, “In book 7th
time some of the principal persons in the of Pollok's Course of time, the following
Borough collected about 401. wherewith line occurs :-'From those who drank of
they treated the poorer sorts of the inha- Tenglio's stream.' Where is this stream?"
bitants, and then sent word to their two Any information respecting the Rev. Wil-
Burgesses that they had already chosen liam Howell, who in 1760 was appointed
them for the succeeding. Parliansent, and Chaplain to his Majesty's ship Dragon of 74
would not put them to the inconvenience guns; and who resigned a living in North-
of a journey thither.” The Members were amptonshire, or one of the neighbouring
Thos. Pope Blount, esq. of Tittenhanger, counties, when so appointed, will oblige a
and Samuel Grimstou, esq. of Gorhambury. Constant Reader.

H. H. G. says, “ The Thos. Frank, in- Mr. J. F. RUSSELL is referred to our vol.
quired after in p. 194, appears to have been xciv. ii. 519, 602, for memoirs of Sir Phi-
the Rector of Cranfield, co. Bedford; he was lip Meadows, K. B. and his family.
also Archdeacon of Bedford, and Preb. of The letter of R. S. Y. in our next; also
Langford Manor ia Lincola Cathedral. He MATRETES, but not his severe remarks on
was succeeded in the above-mentioned Rec- a recent edition of Aristophanes, if unac-
tory in 1781, by his son.-It is probable companied by proofs.
the register in question was a transcript Vol. C. part i. p. 634, for Lambert read
made by Thomas Frank; for the gentleman Lambart.-P. 642, Lady Kilwarden's name
alluded to above was only 68 years of age wis Ruxton, not Buxton.
at the time of his decease in 1731. He Part ii. p. 92, for Firkios read Filkins;
was buried in Cranfield Church."

for Caulfield read Caulfeild. J. T. says, “In your Magazine for De- P. 159. The total produce of Mr. Higgs's cember last, p. 508, is the weight of some books was 1,8381. Is. 6d.; and of his coins, of the heaviest bells now rung in peal,' and 1,1661. 45. 60. among them the tenor of St. Mary, Red- P.176. for Lord J.O'Brien read O'Bryen; cliff (aot Radcliff), Bristol, which church the y is peculiar to the Inchiquin branch of is there stated to have a peal of eight. Be- the family (now Marquises of Thomond). ing at Bristol lately, I had much pleasure The excinct Earls of Thumond were in renewing my acquaintance with that ve- O'Briens; as is also Sir Edward O'Brien nerable pile, the pride of Bristowe and the of Dromoland, the heir to the Barony (but western land,' and on inquiry found the not Earldom) of lochiquin, after the pretower contains a peal of ten bells, two hav- sent Marquis and his brother Lord James ing been added about seven years since.- O'Bryen. Your Currespondent also states York Mins- P. 179, read Sir James Stratford Tynte, ter peal at ten. The Encyclopedia Metro- Bart. (not Tuite) ; the Baronetcy of Tynte politana, under the article Bell, says it has created in 1778 is extinct. The family was twelve ; and mentions three other peals of founded in Ireland by Sir Robert Tyote, twelve besides those noticed, namely, St. Knt. fifth son of Edmund Tynte, esq. of Bride's, Fleet-street, London ; Cirencester, Wrexhall in Somersetshire. He died in and Paynechurch, Gloucestershire." 1663, and was buried at Kilcredan Church,

S. S. A. R. would be obliged by any ac- co. Cork, where there is a monument erectcount of the origin of the little farce of ed to his memory. Ballycrenane Castle, in Punch and Judy. He observes, “I find it the neighbourhood of Kilcredan, was the is under some modifications acted, not only seat of the Tyntes. in our streets, but in those of nearly all Eu- P. 189. Lady Grey Egerton was daughter rope. I am told it is exceedingly ancient, of Josias Dupre, esq. and is to be found in India ; at all events,

1

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MR. URBAN, Lambeth, Oct. 22. land), and the Celtic of the CYMRY

N the year 1783, some particulars (Welsh). Nor shall I despair of adof Antiquaries by the Countess of cords of classic history, in support of Moira, and published in the Archæo those truths which our native histories logia, vol. vil. p. 90, relative to a Hu- afford us, so far as the limits of my man Skeleton, and the Garments that cursory paper will allow. were found thereon, dug out of a Bog

One of ihe first circumstances that in the County of Down, in the au- occurs to my mind, in perusing the tumn of 1780.

particulars of this communication, is This circumstance was inostas

ihe assumed idea that the vestments suredly of a very extraordinary nature,

being composed of hair instead of wool, and was calculated to excite much at

must point to a period long anterior 10 tention. But I am not aware that the the use of wool, and consequently to public have yet been led to appreciate the introduction of sheep into Ireland. ihis discovery in its true light, or to the

In my work on British Quadrupeds, full extent of its importance. I think

published a few years ago, I have ennot. And it is under this impression

iered into the history of that useful ihat I take up my pen to offer you a

animal the sheep; and had the intendfew remarks, which I am inclined 10

ed Supplements to those works appearhope may be acceptable.

ed, the world, I conceive, would not

have now remained in doubt as to the In order that the circumstances may be distinctly understood, I will first sheep being an aboriginal or indigenous transcribe a statement which has lately

quadruped of the British isles, and conappeared in the public prints, and then

sequently that it did not owe its ex

istence in Ireland, or in Britain, to proceed with my remarks.

any foreign introduction. Among the “ The Countess of Meira, in a letter Isles of Britain, I comprehend the land published in the Archæologia, mentions of Ireland on the west, and Great Bri: that a human body was found under moss lain eastward, with many other lands eleven feet deep, in an estate in Ireland, be- once connected with them, that exist Jonging to the Earl. The body was com- no longer, the remembrance of which pletely clothed io garments made of hair,

is preserved, however, in the historical which were quite fresh, and not at all de- memorials of the ancient Britons, and cayed; and though hairy vestments evidently

the Irish as well as Saxons. point to a period extremely remote, before che introduction of steep and the use of

It is not likely that those researches

which I have now in manuscript, will wool, yet the body and clothes were in no way impaired.”

be ever published ; and if therefore the

following observations, selected there. I regard this discovery as one of from, should be the means of dissipating manisest importance, because it tends, errors, or misconceptions, yourself and and in a most remarkable degree, to the public are perfectly welcome to establish the veracity of those moulder- them, and the object of my writing ing remnants of the records of the an- will be fully answered. cient inhabitants of Britain, that are I should imagine it could be no now rapidly hastening to decay. I matter of difficuliy to define the animal mean the scattered remnants of the of whose fur these vestments of hair Scythio-gaelic manuscripts of Eri (Ire- is composed; and this known, would

292
On the Clothing of the Ancient Britons.

[Oct. assist conjecture, if not conduct to facts. and carpets, and articles of bedding, The catacombs of Egypt furnish the among the Romans, and we have resremains of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, timony enough of the use of woollen, and insects, all wbich at this remote as articles of dress among the Britons. distance of time enable us at once to Nor is Grecian history altogether sispeak with certainty as to the identi- lent as to the fabrication of felis made cal beings to which they have belong- by the Britons, and to other circumed; and a more explicit inention of the stances of far more importance to the kind of hair of which these vestments character of polished lise. I cannot are composed, would io like manner now enter upon quotations, or I assist us in the elucidation of this re- should be under no difficulty in showmarkable object of curiosity. I have ing that a kind of cloth or felt, comsaid enough to show that, if composed posed of hair, and hardened by being of the wool of sheep, these vestments, steeped in sour wine, was usually in my opinion, might be nevertheless worn under the armour of brass or of very ancient date, and even ante: other metal by the Grecian heroes, and rior to any fabrication composed of we have something like evidence that other materials the growth of Britain. such selts were fabricated by the Bri

It may be remembered i hat a writer tops. I further think I should be voof the last century, the celebrated Mr. der no great difficulty in proving, that Pendant, in accordance with popular in very early ages, anterior to the invaprejudice, has advanced that ihe an. sion of Britain by the Romans, there cient inhabitants of Britain, if not ab- were marts for the sale of woollen solutely destitute of clothing, had no cloths, as well as lin, at a point of Ireother dress than a sheep's skin hung land far more south ihan exists at preupon their shoulders ; the Aleecy side sent, and also in the western pari of of which was worn next to the skin of the principality of Dun-ma-njac, a the wearer in winter for the sake of track of land once situated to the west warınth, and for coolness the reverse of the Lizard's Point, the present exside in summer.

tremity of Cornwall, both which in Whence ideas so humiliating to the the lapse of ages have been lost in the character of that hardy race of men, sea. Anıl something of the same kind who were our forefathers, have arisen, may be identified froin record to have it would be beneath us to inquire. I existed on the Gaulish coast, the anshall be content to say that the asser- cient Armorica, the Lower Brittany tion is wholly destitute of truth. And of our days (Basse Bretagne of the if Mr. Pennant, the assertor of such French); a track inhabited in anabsurdities, and who either did pos- cient times by the Celtic Britons, or sess, or is believed to have possessed, an as now called, the Welsh, and which ample knowledge of the Greek and country was governed by the Welsh Latin writers, had read them with al- princes, as the ancient Cornwall was tention, he would have discovered by those of Ireland. Thus in those abundant reason for withholding such remole days the Greeks and Romans assertions.

were accustomed to resort to our shores of classic history will as- for the sake of traffic, and this could sure us, that at the very period to not be for the purchase of sheepskins, which such remarks allude, as to the since the sheep was an inhabitant of destilute condition of the ancient Brio Greece and lialy as well as Britain, tons, the classic writers were reproach- as every classic reader must be aware. ing the effeminacy, of their own war. Perhaps it may be less generally known riors for their indulgence in British and that the arfang (or broad-tailed aniGaulish luxuries. And we have a mal) of the Celtic Britons, the beaver distinct reference to this fact in the of our days, was formerly an inhabitwoollen cloths or mats of British ma- ant of this country, and that the felt nufacture introduced by the Romans of the true beaver was among the aninto their camps, because before that cients an article of much request, period it was said the Roman warrior as it is ainong ourselves for hats to was contented to rest bis limbs stretch- this day. The furs also of other quaded out upon the bare ground, or upon rupeds were in use as articles of dress, a few dried leaves. We have thus a

as appears from the ancient laws of decided indication of the woollen the Cymry, or Welsh ; but the rank cloths of British fabrication, as mats and condition of the wearer was to be

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