« السابقةمتابعة »
489 NEW CHURCHES.-No.XXVIII. multangular and unusual appearance. CHRIST CHURCH, DONCASTER.
There are six windows to each aile,
and a seventh at the north-east and Architects, Woodhead and Hurst.
south-east' vestrics. Each of these is TH THE Town of Doncaster has been
divided horizontally by two cross-mullong celebrated for its beauty and
lions, and thereby formed into twelve cleanliness, for its striking approach lights; the centre three are square from the south, its magnificent Grand
quatrefoils ; and the tracery at the head Stand and celebrated Race Course, ils
forms three other quatrefoils. The public buildings, its venerable Gothic
east window is of six principal lights, Church, and stately tower; and latterly and the upper part 'spread out in by the erection of a beautiful Gothic
tracery. Church, with an elegant spire, giving
The principal entrance is through a an additional feature to the town froin spacious octangular porch, the whole every approach.
size of the tower, which is groined This new Church was founded and
in imitation of stone. The entrance to endowed by a benevolent individual of
the galleries and side-ailes 'is by the the name of Jarrett, whose ancestors doors on the north and south sides of had for a number of years been con- the Church. nected with the town of Doncaster.
The size of the Church from the A monument in the old church states
lower to the chancel, in the interior, is that a brother of the founder was an 94 feet long, and 52 wide, with galleAlderman of this borough. John Jar- ries at the south and north sides and relt, esq. the founder of Christ Church,
west end. The accommodation is for was in early life a manufacturer at
1000 persons, of which 300 seats are free Bradford; subsequently, during the
and unappropriated. The ceiling above war, he became a pariner in the ex- the nave is divided into square comtensive iron works carried on at Low
partments by bold ornamenied beams, Moor near Bradford, under the firın of with bosses at the intersection, which Jarrett, Danson, and Hardy, where he are painted in imitation of oak. The acquired a very large fortune. Retiring side-ailes are groined in imitation froin business some years ago, he re- of stone, having bosses at the intersecturned to his native town to enjoy the tion of the ribs, with corbels for the fruits of his honest industry, and, dur- ribs to rise from. ing a period of several years he by acts The pulpit, reading, and clerk's of kindness and benevolence acquired desks, accord in style with the buildthe respect and esteem of his fellow
ing, and are placed in the centre of townsmen. It pleased the Great Dis- the middle aile, which is 10 feet poser of events to terminate his life
wide; a handsome stone font is placed before the completion of this his last in front of the west entrance. pious work. The first stone of the .: We cannot conclude this account Church was laid on the gth of October without expressing our admiration of 1827; and the founder died ou, the . this beautiful specimen of modern ar15th of January 1828, at the age of ehitecture, which, although not free eighty-three. The sums he gave were from desects, possesses architectural 10,000l. for the building, and 3000l. merit in a very high degree. The for the endowment.
uniform correctness of style in the deThe site of the Church, at the point tail, the beautiful and finely proporwhere the Thorne road branches from tioned spire, the chaste and elegant the great North road, is particularly tracery of the windows, the light or. fine and open, occupying about two namental buttresses and pinnacles, all and a half acres of ground, surrounde combine to give a character to the ed by wide and spacious public roads. building pleasing and satisfactory, and The style of architecture adopted is reflect great credit on the architects, that which prevailed in the 14th cen- Messrs. Woodhead and Hurst of Dontury. The stone used is from the ce- "caster. lebrated quarries of Roche Abbey. 1 The building was consecrated by
The plan of the Church comprises his Grace the Archbishop of York, on a tower, nave, two side-ailes, and a
the 10th of September, 1829; and the chancel; the latter, together with two Church opened for Divine Service on vestries, forms a semi-octagonal pro- the 1st of November following. jection, which gives the east end a The Rev. Henry Branson is appointGent. Mag. December, 1830.
ed the first Minister to this Church,
[Dec. « In the book of Knights' fees, 24 Ed. I.
237, col. i. J. 51), and is, I presume, 1295, Henry de Clinton was certified to hold the Ellington near Silthorp of the preone fee in Solegrave,' of William de Pinke- sent day.- (iv.) Cliton, Clinton, ney; and in 9 Edw. II. William de Glinton and Atheling, the same. Ducange was certified to be Lord of Sulgrave. Jo (v. Clilones) quoting Simeon of Dor30 Edw. III. (1356) Henry de Elington ham, says, ann. 860, “ Elfredus id was found to hold lands in Sulgrave and
est Clito Adeling,” ubi emendat Siresham of the manor of Morton Esc. 30
Somnerus, “ Elfredus Clito id est Edw. III. p. 2, n. 45). William de Elinglon,
and Ætheling is rendered probably his son, enfeoffed John de Stoles
Clito, for a prince of the blood, in bury in the manor of Sulgrave," &c. &c.
Lye. Orderic Vitalis says (L. xi. p. Now Glinton, Clinton, Elington, 838), as quoted by Ducange (ubi supra), and Cliton, were synonymous terms, Robert begot William the bastard, Glinton being only a Saxon ortho- who begot Robert the father of Wilgraphy of their C(which, Hickes says, liam Cliio; and again, William Clito answered to the Greek gamma in figure was son of Robert Duke of Normandy and power, and their G to Y, whence (L. 12, p. 854). This Cliton the yat, i. e. gate). Clinton only a French French historians converted into Clipperversion of Cliton, and Elington only ton, for Pere Anselme (Histoire Geneaan abbreviation of Athelington, and at logique &c. de Maison Royale, tom. ii. the same time convertible into both
P: 87), says, that Stephen Count of Ylinton and Clynton ; all having the Aumale, solicited by his wise, revolted same allusion to a Cliton or Atheling, and went with many Normans to Wilthe terın for a Sason prince. Nothing liam Clinton, son of Robert the third can be more clear than the evidences Duke of Normandy, and again (p: which prove this.- (i.) Glinton and 876), he says in the year 1138, WilElindon. In the Taxatio of Pope Ni- liam the first Clinton, called the Gros, cholas (p. 53), the Abbot of Peterbo- after the death of Henry the First, had rough is said to have in Elinton alias many differences with the Count of Glinton, in terr,8c.–(ii.)4thelinton Lincoln, Simon Senlis. And the same and Elindon the same. Mr. Hunter identity of Clyton and Clynton was says (South Yorkshire, i. p. 90)“ the extant in England; for in the Harl. name of Edlintone is evidence of some MS. 853 (written about the year 1580), former consequence; æþeling tun, the we have “ Clynton, a Saxon, was in town of Alheling, a generic term for the Conquest time earle of Wincester," the younger offspring of the Royal &c.; bui in the Harleian MS. in 1584, Sason Houses. It may appear to be an fol. 4, we have a transcript of the pasobjection to this etymology, that in sage last quoted, beginning with "CliDomesday book it is written Ellintone, ton, a Saxon, &c.; and furiher, in the which is also the pronunciation still Harleian MS. 4754, fol. 1, 6, we have used by the common people. But this “ Clinton, or Clyton, a Saxon, was at objection will be removed, if we ob- the Conquest Earl of Winchester, and serve how these syllables were used in- for that he took part with Edgar Etheldifferently by our early scribes. Thus ing, against the Conqueror, he was Adlingflete is written in old charters banished England, and died in ScotAthelingflete, but also Allyngflete, land." Ethelwald, in the Scriptores and what is now Ellenthorpe was an- p. Bed. shows, that there was a Clylon ciently Edelingthorpe ; and thus Ed- or Prince of the blood, Earl of Winlingham in Northumberland was the chester, but that is not to our purpose. demezne of King Ceolwulf, to whom All we mean to show is, thai Clyton Bede inscribes his history."--(ii.) and Clynton were synonymous; and in Athelington and Clinton, the same. a blazonry of arms of the Nobility, - In the “ Historia Ramesiensis," made temp. James and Charles I. (Gale's XV. Scriptores, p. 441) it is (Har). MS. 1426, f. 21), we have Cly. stated, that there is in the county of lon (sic) Earle of Lincolne, &c. As Huntingdon, a vill, to which long an- to Clinton, a place, the Saxons give tiquity gave the name of Athelinton, their own names to vills, the Normans and out of which theric Bishop of took theirs from them. Dorchester, cheated a Dane, by making It is very true, that Camden, in his him very drunk, and then gave it 10 Remaines, makes (p. 117) Glin a deriRamsey Abbey. Now this
Alhel- vative from Glen, Welsh, a dale, but inion, in the confirmation charter of that cannot apply to a place also King Edward the Confessor, is called called Elindun.
iton (see Dugdale's Monasticon, i. Dugdale, therefore, had no right to
493 presume, that Clinton implied an ig. from these it appears, that Henry de noble name, for the contrary was pre. Glinton, or Clinton, or Elindon, men. cisely the fair inference, and history tioned by Mr. Baker, was the chief supports such an inference. This very Lord of a “ Baronia de Clinton, de Henry de Elington (Clinton or Glinconquestu," says the record; but evilon), whom I have nientioned above denily the remains of one much larger from Mr. Baker, was the representative in preceding times. In the Plea-rolls of the first ancient family in North- of 1274, as appears by the record, (inisamptonshire.
quoted in the Calendar, p. 187) the In Weever's “ Funeral Monu- Barony de Clinton was only in the cusments,” copied in your vol. xcvii. i. tody of Roger de Hingoldby, it was not 414,503, isan Anglo-Saxon inscription, his own; and a presumed son of this formerly at Leominster Church, re- Henry, viz. a Williain de Glenton, is citing that Kynelm was a benefactor of returned 28 Edw. I. as one of the mili. royal blood, and that his relative was tary tenants who held Cs. lands, co.
Reynelmbald æt Clinton." This was Linc. (MS. Harl. 1192, f. 30, b.)-He first published by Warburton the He is the William who is returned by Mr. rald, from a copy by Hackluyt, a na- Baker as Lord of Sulgrave, 9 Edw. II. Live of Leominster, but was pronounced, A.D. 1315, and is called in the Rethrough prejudice from Dugdale, a cord itself,(see Palgrave's Parliamentary forgery by Warburton, who had a light Writs, ii.389) William deClinton. That character. Now this must be erroneous, the present noble family of Clinton, for in the Harleian MS. 4029, fol. 65, Lords Clinton, Earls of Lincoln, and written a century before the birth of Dukes of Newcastle, were descended Warburton, is a pedigree of Clinton, from the same family, is evident-1, where the ancestry is ascribed to a Reo from Geffrey de Clinton having had an nebald [de Tankerville), a factitious estate at Siresham, where, two centuorigin as to the Tankervilles, to be ries afterwards, Mr. Baker shows us found in Rous's Roll (MS. Ashmol
. that the Glintons, Clintons, or Eling6504, or G. 2, fol. 96, b.), who, by the tons had also estates, besides others in way, does not say a word of the præ- the immediate vicinity; 2, from the nomen Renebald, so that it must have early Clinton arms having in the hebeen an interpolation from another raldic indexes been the same as those source, i. e. Warburton's copy or ori- borne by Glinton; and 3, from the ginal. Now where was this place register of St. Andrew's Abbey, NorthClinton? At Clinton or Glinton, co. ampton, (MS. Cott. Vesp. E. xvii.) Northampton, for there Beorred, King where the name Gaufridus de Glynton of Mercia, did settle some of his sti- appears, fol. 13, 15, 16, and never pendiaries and relatives (see Bridges's Ciynton (as if his origin from vicinity Northamptonshire, ii. 575, &c. In- was known); and in the register of gulph. ini. Scriptor. p. Bed, p. 494, a. Kenilworth, the family call themselves lin. 41, 42, ed. 1596, &c.), and their Glynton and Clynton indifferently, in representatives are mentioned in Domes- the very same charters. day Book, fol. 221, b., and were utterly Such are the evidences, concisely distinct from the Abbot of Peterbo- abstracted, which show that Dugdale, rough's knights or seodaries, who were upon the weak authority of a corrupt first enfcoffed by Abbot Thorold, temp. historian, who never set foot in EngWill. Conq. (Chronic. Petroburgense land after the age of eleven years, has MS. Cott., Claud. A. v. f. 7, a.; Gun. degraded the origin of one of the most ton's Peterborough, 266, 267.) Among ancient and splendid families of the these Knights was a Ralph, son of realm. With the Testa de Nevill, Arconbi de Glynton (Gunion's Peter. which mentions the “ Feudum de borough, p. 279), from whom de. Clinton," and the Bittlesden Abbey scended this Henry de Glynton, or Register, he most certainly was acClinton, or Elington, who held the es- quainted; yet he suppresses the one, tates in Sulgrave and Siresham, men
and alters the text of the other. It is tioned by Mr. Baker. That this family not that Dugdale has not the highest was one of very high consequence, is
claims of merit. I only state matters of certain from inquisitions taken in the fact, with the intention of disproving time of Edw. I. the Plea-rolls, and misrepresentations, which have been Testa de Nevill. There are three seve- copied into all the Peerages; and, as ral copies of these Inquisitions still ex- affairs of history, ought not to exist a tant; viz. Harl. MSS, 3875 and 5804, moment beyond the proof of their and Lansdowne, 207, vol. ii. f. 1; and
Yours, &c. T. D. F.
[Dec. by the Water of Ness, which is here a Next day we proceeded to the Falls shallow but extremely rapid stream, of Bruars. Close adjoining is a cotand the whole district wore an appear- tage, the inhabitants of which have the ance of cheerfulnesh and hilarity." The keys of the walks, and act as guides to barley was in sheaf, and seemed strangers. The grounds are adorned abundant. As we entered Inverness by iwo or three moss-houses, from the inhabitants were returning from whose windows the Falls appear to kirk, and both men and women bore advantage. In one of then we were the most primitive appearance. The shown the verses of Burns, wherein he old men with their bonnets and staves, complains to the Duke that the Falls -the gude wives with their gay and are bare of trees, and neglected, though plaided cloaks,- the maidens, with worthy of a better fate. The appeal iheir snooded tresses, powerfully ar- very deservedly inet with success; and rested our attention; and our garb and the banks of Bruars were instantly general appearance seemed io cause shaded with trees, which do not, howe. equal astonishment to them. We ever, appear very flourishing. Indeed, marched into Beonett's Hotel at four, the whole place even now wears an and found it worthy of all commen- aspect of neglect. The road onwards dation. Pedestrians as we were, we increased continually in interest; the were treated like princes ; and we noted hills became well wooded and pictuit down as the very best quarters it had resque ; the ground on each side rising ever been our good fortune to enter. into the most agreeable undulation;
Inverness, throughout ils whole ex and finally we came in view of Blair tent, has an appearance of the greatest Atholl. While the horses were baitneatness and comfort. Some of the ing, we wandered, by the pale moon, buildings, such as the Town Hall, and under the deep dark shade of the rethe principal church, are upon a large nerable trees, in every direction ornascale, handsome and highly orna- menting the park ; while the far-off mental. We also noticed the large landscape seemed to us almost a scene school-room, in which, I believe, is a of enchantment.
With the appear. tolerable library. But the greatest or- ance of the house we were disappointnament to the town is its bridge, over ed; particularly when we called to the Water of Ness; at this place broad mind the sieges and the battles which and handsome, and dividing the town it had witnessed. It is now considerinto two parts. With this inspection ably and not very tastefully modemwe were much gratified, and regretted ized, and glared through the moonlight that our sojourn was to be so short. an unsightly and uninteresting mass of In the evening we had a most delight white-wash. It was at this iime unful walk through the corn-felds lead- der repair, and closed to the public. ing to the Caledonian Canal, which The surrounding country is truly beauwe crossed, and arrived at the foot of tiful, the hills superb, and covered with the celebrated hill Craig Phadric. wood to an immense extent. Imme. This we meant to have ascended for diately on quitting the village of Blair, the purpose of inspecting the vitrified
we passed under an arch which crossed forts to be found on its brow. But the
the road; the lofty and tufted trees shades of evening were fast gathering cast around a solemn and chequered around; and we were compelled to shade, and I shall ever remember the relinquish the attempt.
pleasure the scene afforded me, The From Inverness homewards there Pass of Killicrankie, further on, has are comparatively few objects of curi- been much altered in appearance osiig; we therefore took a carriage. within a few years, from the plantaThe weuther was delightful, the roads tions and improvements of the Duke good, and the country exceedingly of Atholl. It is extremely narrow, pleasant. In the distance Fort George rising on the left into lofty hills, is visible. Soon after this the road crowned with trees to their very sumbecomes dreary and uninteresting; 10- mits, and exhibiting a most pleasing thing but heath and mountain; but and noble appearance.
Below, on we pleased ourselves not a little by our the right, was the noble river Tay, its now luxurious mode of travelling, and banks also clothed with wood. Alioarrived at Aviemore Inn to diuner at gether, the scenery is most magnificent, five. After the usual rest, we pro- and our ride delighted us. ceeded a twelve or fifteen mile stage to the next inn, Pitmain.
(To be continued.)