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PART 11.] Monuments of the Earls of Litchfield.
583 Sleep then, sweet soule, we'l not injure thee ters. Tho' they were both framed for the
honors and graces of the court, they chose As wisla chee here againe with us in woe." very young to retire from the splendor of it.
There is likewise the following in. Great in a private life, and disengaged from scription beneath the canopy :
pomp and magaificence, to obtain more lei“ Henricus Lee, Eq. Auratus et Baro
sure for charity and religion. The Earl nettus, filius natu maximus Roberti Lee, dyed the 14th July, Anno Salutis 1716, Eq. Aurati, unus ex deputatis Limitaneis
ætatis suæ 54. The Countess dyed the 17th præfectis in Comitat. Oxon et ad pacem
Feb. Aono Salutis 17ii, ætatis suæ 55. justitiarius, in utroque officio integritatem On the south side of the chancel is exercens, judicioque excoleos. Per viginti fere also an elegant monument to the meannos, quibus in domo sua de Ditchly vixit, mory of George Henry, third Earl of rarum sc sane Hospitalitatis et Misericor- Litchfield, and his Countess. The base diæ in pauperes exemplum præbuit, quorum
or pedestal is of grey marble, on the quotidie magnum numeruin ad ostia cibare solebat; cultum Dei et religiosa esercita top of which is a neat medallion of his imprimis frequentavit ; parochiæ huic de Lordship's arms, impaling Frankland; Spelsbury certam pecunire summam in usum
and in the front two tables, with inpauperiorum legavit. Tandem dierum satur scriptions. Crossing the medallion is pie et quiete in Domino obdormivit. Oxo- a Chancellor's mace and High Stewrem duxit dominam Elenoram Wurtly, Ri- ard's rod of brass gilt. The upper chardi Wurtly, Eq. Aurati in Comit'u Ebo- part of the monument is a pyramidal rac. Giliam natu quartam, ex qua tres cepit slab of dark grey marble, in front of filios, Henricum, Franciscum, Henricum, which is a sarcophagus, somewhat reAntonium : et quatuor filias, Briggittain, sembling a grotto, whose opening in Anpam, Loysam, Elizabetham. Coniux exi- front, of a true oval, is encircled by a mia in liberos pietatis piique in maritum snaké, the emblem of eternity, and in adfectas hæc inscribi curavit. Obiit April. v1. which, on a pedestal, partly concealed Apno Christi MDCXXXI. ætatis suæ lx."
On the south side of the chancel is by a drawn-up curtain, stand iwo urns a monuinent of grey and white marble,
of spotted grey marble. From behind surmounted by a shield, Argent, a bar the sarcophagus rises a young oak, and three crescents Sable, Lec, im- bearing acorns, its top rifted, and on a
branch of which stands a beautiful paling Fitzroy, with the Earl's crest, coronet, and supporters; also two boys
a boy angel, fastening to the
stem a scroll, on which is inscribed weeping; and on it the following in
the Earl's abilities and virtues. The scription:
“M. S. Here lye interred Edward Henry whole is a display of much taste, and Lee, Earl of Litchfield, Viscount Quaren is inscribed, “ H. Keene, Arch', inv', don, Baron of Spelsbury; and Charlotte W. Tyler, Sculpi.” Fitzroy, his dear consort. He was sop and On the scroll is an inscription, the heir of Sir Francis Henry Lee, of Ditchly, authorship of which has been attriBart. and of the Lady Elizabeth Pope, buted to the celebrated Dr. Thomas daughter and heiress of Thomas Earl of Warion : Downe: She daughter of King Charles the “ Sacred to the memory of George Henry, Second by Barbara Duchess of Cleveland. third Earl of Litchfield, whose eminent atiThis Lord merited the titles with which he lities, elegance of manners, and liberality of honored his family, as well by his military miud, conspired to form a character which as civil virtues, appearing very young in at once attracted our esteem and affection. arms a volontier; raised by succeeding merit He cultivated every species of polite literato the command of a regiment, and from ture with equal solidity and sagacity, with a thence presented by his Sovraiga's hand as judgment strong, yet refined, and a peculiar Colonel to the First Regiment of Guards ; felicity of taste. Skilled to blend dignity for his politeness and breeding beloved and with ease, to unite affability with propriety: favoured by two Kings, and by them suc- and to embellish good sense with all the cessively appointed of their Bedchamber. graces of wit, he became a conspicuous pas This Lady adorned the eminence of her tern of those amiable accomplishmenti birth by the virtue of her life, and possessed which enliven cooversation and adorn soall those perfections which in her sex are ciety. These shining talents were accomgreat, lovely, exemplary. It was justly ob- panied by virtues which, as they exalt humaserved, that at their marriage they were the nity, reflect the strongest lustre on pobimost gracefull bridegroom and most beau- lity—unbiassed integrity, unblemished hotifull bride, and that till death they remain'd and those uoshaken principles of true the most constant husband and wife. Their religion, which cnabled him to sustain the conjugal affection was blest by their oumer- slow but visible advances of death with unous offspring, thirteen sons and five daugh- affected fortitude. To such distinguished
Monuments of the Earls of Litchfield. [vol. c. merit the University of Oxford, of which he ment, and constitute the respectable chawas elected Chancellor, bore ample testi- racter of the true English nobleman; he mony, and will ever acknowledge and re- died as sincerely regretted, as he lived justly member with what unwearied attention he beloved, on the 4th of November, 1776, protected and promoted her real interest, as aged 71. He married Catherine, second a friend, a guardian, a patron, and a bene- daughter of St John Stonehouse, of Radley, factor."
in the county of Berks, Bar!. by whom he The following inscriptions are on
left no issue." two tablets in front of the pedestal :
In the chancel are also the following “ George Henry Lee, third Earl of Litch- memorials.-On a brass plate : field, Visct. Quarendon, Baron of Spilles- George Pickering, gentleman, having bury, and a Baronet, married Diana, daugh- been xxx years a servant to the honble fater and heiress of Sir Thomas Frankland, milie of the Lees of Ditchly. About the Bart. of Thirkelby, in Yorkshire, by whom he Lxx1 yeare , of his age, the xul day of had no issue. He was twice returned to re- March, Ao D'ni 1645, departed this life, present the County of Oxford in Parliament,
and lyeth here buried. A.D. 1740 and 1741 ; appointed High Steward of the University of Oxford A.D.
Not to prophane (by a rude touch) the dust 1759 ; one of the Lords of the Bedchamber
Of his great Masters, do we bouldly thrust to King George the Third, 1760 ; a Privy
This aged Servant's bones: whose humble
love Counsellour, Captain of the Band of Gen
An innocent ambition did move, tlemen Pensioniers, and Chancellor of the University of Oxford, A.D. 1762. He died
By creeping neere their tombe's adored side, September 17, A.D. 1772, aged 54."
To shew his body, not his duty dy'de."
On a stone slab: “ Diana, Countess of Litchfield, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Fraukland,
“ Hic sepultus erat Gul. Child, Art. MaBaronet, of Thirkelby, in Yorkshire, wife gist et hujus Parochiæ Vicarius, qui morto George Henry Lee, third Earl of Litch- tem obiit 2do die Junii, Anno Dom. 1712, field. Died January ye 8th, 1779, aged sixty,
et ætatis suæ quinquagesimo secundo. Hic universally lamented by all ranks of people, etiam sepulta fuit Katherina, dilectissima being possessed of every moral, benevolent,
sui conivx, anno 1727, ætatis suæ 61. and social virtue, derived from those true Obiit Martij 10, beatæ resurrectionis spe." Christian principles, which now receive their On another stone slab: full reward."
“ Here lyeth the body of Robert, third On the north side of the chancel is son of Robert Rich, esq. and grandson of a handsome monument, by Tyler, Sr William Rich, of Sonning, in Berkshire, to Robert fourth Earl of Litchfield. who died Feb, the 27th, 1701." The base on which is the following On a brass lozenge, inserted in the inscription) is of grey marble, and in tombstone: the centre of it a white marble medal
“ Dame Dorothy Bathurst, late wife of lion, with the Earl's armis impaling Sir Edward Bathurst, of Lechlade, in ye those of Stonehouse (three eagles Pro County of Gloucester, Baronet, died the per, with a bar Argent, a leopard's head 18th day of March, 1683, and lyeth here between two etoiles), beveath which buried, waiting for a blessed and joyfull reare branches of laurel. Behind the surrection." base rises a pyramidal slab of black On brass plates : marble, with gold veins, in front of
“ Robert Welch, who was born the fifth which is a large cenotaph of light cor
day of September, in the year 1611, and nelian-coloured marble, standing on dyed the 20th day of June, in the yeare lion's feet of while marble. On the 1680, and was borne at Clardon, in the cenotaph stand two beautiful figures of County of Warwick.” boy-angels twining a wreath of flowers, “ Here lieth the body of Ann Welch, the of white marble, about an urn of a wife of Richard Welch, and daughter of deep cornelian colour.
Thomas Orton, of Clardon, in Warwick
shire, who died the 25th of January, 1677, “ In memory of Robert, Earl of Litch
aged 60 yeares." field, whose social disposition, amiable condescension, and unaffected benevolence, en
On stone slabs : deared him to all who had the honor of his “ Here lieth the body of William Canacquaintance. He was a firm friend, a ning, Gen'. Steward to the Earl of Litchpleasing companion, an affectionate hus- field. He departed this life June the hand, a liberal apd disinterested benefactor. Anno Dom. 1721, aged 71." Polite with sincerity, hospitable without ostentation, uniform in conduct, and unbi
“ Thomas Kerry, of Deane, Jan" 21, · assed in principle; an exemplary pattern of
1699, aged 85," those neglected virtues, which adorn retire
PÁRT 11.] Norman Church at Langford, Esser.'
585 Modern Window.
with only a chamfered impost moulding. The south door is 7 ft. 10 in. high, by 3 ft. 4 in. wide, and has plain Norman hinges. The north door is 6 st. 10 in. by 2 st. 8 in. The Church is low, and without any tower, having only a small wooden spire upon the roof. There are some modern win. dows on the south and east sides. The Church withinside is about 184 yards long by 5 wide. The walls are nearly a yard in thickness; the east end (which is square and not round) is the same.
The walls being covered with composition, only three of the original windows, wbich are at the west end, can be discovered.
Perhaps some of your Correspondents 'could point out any other church which has ihe semicircle at the west end.
Upon carefully examining the inside of the Church, the semicircular end is certainly not the remains of a round tower.
J. A. R.
AVING been reading in your
servations on the farming of glebe land by Clergymen, I beg to add the result of a pretty long experience, in
confirmation of the opinion that such Norman CHURCH AT LANGFORD. moderate farming agrecs very well with Mr. URBAN,
clerical residence. near Chelmsford. When I came to my living about THE The following account of a Nor. 40 years ago, I found a miserable house
man Church at Langford, near and premises, and a glebe of nearly 70 Maldon in Essex, may be interesting acres. My family being larger ihen to many of your readers. It is remarks than the house would contain, it was able that the semicircular part of the necessary that I should add to it, which building is at the west end instead of I did under Gilbert's Act. The house, the east, containing three small nar- &c. being finished, I came to reside, row windows, or rather loop-holes, be- and entered on the glebe land. This ing 2 feet 1 inch long by only 8 inches I found a most agreeable amusement wide, and nearly 10 feet from the sill for my horæ subsecivæ (for I never safe to the pavement of the Church. The fered it to intrude on my graver pure north and south doors are very plain, suits), I never felt it necessary to re. Gent. Mag. Suppl. C. Part II.
Clerical Farming of Glebe Land defended. (VOL. c. sort to hunting or shooting to banish rish advanced in faith and practice ? ennui, nor did I ever attend a market, Not the worse for my incumbency. though I have constantly sold stock of It is impossible for a regular family various descriptions.
to have lived 35 years in a parish with Though I' entered on this cul- out improving it. Nevertheless, if a ture of my glebe with as little know- strict inquiry should be made into my ledge as a well-educated Clergyman habits by what I have heard denomí. may be supposed to possess, yet I nated a truly religious eye, I have no gained skill in some degree by observ- doubt but some bole might be picked ation well directed, and by some occa- in my coat, -—'tis true I have regularly sional but not severe study of the agri- read prayers to my family, but I may cultural writers of the time.
have played some sixpenny rubbers at I had also a rising family, to whose whist' with my children, since they education I found it necessary to at- have grown up, when they have occatend. This served to keep alive my sionally visited me. This I know is a classical recollections. But though | crying sin among certain religionists. might have walked over my fields with But let the rigid exactor of underiating a small Virgil in my pocket, I by no holiness recollect, that besides the means guided my farming by the many sins that fill bis catalogue, there Georgics. I cannot say I escaped en- may be some he is not aware of, and tirely the sneer of the old farmer (so that in his aim at unattainable perfecdreaded by one of your Correspondenis) tion, let him take care that he make at my ignorance and incompetence. not shipwreck of his charity, the very One of that description passing me one bond of peace and all righteousness. day, as I was inspecting the mixture of Soame Jenyns, in his “ Defence of a compost, said, “Parson, you are Christianity,'' observed that it was a remaking a pye for sixpence that will ligion of perfect good breeding, teachbe one day worth a groat;” and yet I ing us al ways to prefer another to ourlived to see that old man's son follow- selves. It is certainly a religion of pering my practice through his farm. Se- fect common sense, which does not veral other things my neighbours do load the attainment of it with unnenow from observing what I did with cessary difficulties. success, for I never preached out of I agree with Balguy in his “ Divine church, but suffered what I learned Benevolence," that on the whole of the from better masters to work its way si- ways of Providence, præpollent good lently.
is evident, yet the paih of life, as too Among other things, many to this many know, is not so smooth and even day of the small holders of land mow but ihat the traveller may be allowed their grass for their cows (instead of to pick a flower as he goes along, as a turning them out), as I have done for solace for the rough ways he must ocmany years, having taken the hint, I casionally encounter. Let not then think, from Anderson's Essays. And the well-meaning but mistaken reliI take this opportunity of recommend- gionist encumber these rough ways ing to iny brethren to
mow their with unuecessary obstructions; let him churchyards, instead of turning in not strive to enlarge the catalogue of their horse to break the grave-stones sins; a heathen poet will inform him and his own knees.
it is against his own interest so to do. Some of my Evangelical friends will
“Quam temerè in nosmet legem sancimus perhaps say,-You speak only of the
iniquam, improvement of your glebe, how has Nam vitiis nemo sine nascitur; optimus ille your parish advanced in faith and prac. Qui minimis urgetur." rice? To this supposed question, I must
You will not fail to observe, from the make the same reply as was made by Wollaston, who wrote the “ Religion that I write in character, when I sub
garrulity exhibited in this long letter, of Nature delineated," to an objector that he had said nothing of the Chris. scribe myself, as I really am,
AN OLD RECTOR. tian Religion,-“It made (he replied) no part of my plan." So say I now I am only defending farming, and there- Mr. URBAN, fore say nothing of spirituals : they are nothing to the iheine. But out of
REGRET that any expressions of I
inine in the remarks respecting complaisance, I will answer to the clerical farmers, should have subjected
sed question, How has your pa. Mr. Urban to the implied sarcasm of
587 any of your correspondents (see p. 314), its favour, has the effect of withdrawor that those principles of unshaken or- ing these clerical persons (there is anthodoxy which, during a whole cen- other word which, if the “Occupier tury, have strongly marked your even of his Glebe" will abstain froni Latinand liberal course, should not have izing it, is, I hope, unobjectionable), been sufficient to exempt you from the from their duty. "I did not conlend for imputation of having given counte. a total abstraction from all secular af. nance to an insidious or evil disposed fairs. My opponent does not find writer, engaged in a plot to bring them prohibited in the Scriptures. Religion into contempt, and to wound But does he find secular concerns reher through the sides of her minis- commended to the clergy, or counteters." To convince your correspond. nanced by the 75th Canon? Have ents, “ An Occupier of his Glebe,"- . not feeding hegs, or foddering cows, “CL. R.”—and • Clericus," that I am or ploughing, or filling dung-carls, neither afraid nor ashamed to meet been accounted servile in all ages? either or all of them upon the question They were the services performed by at issue, I will briefly reply to each. bondmen to their lords : and even in
First, then, let me request “The the time of the Jews, and before, were Occupier of his Glebe” to reperuse my deemed servile; and in every nation remarks, to quote fairly, and to let nie excepting this (and in this only in the speak in my own words; and not in present age, contended for as becoming the language which he seems inclined and suitable to the functions of the to put in my mouth. Where have I clergy), thought degrading to those deplored the passing of the Act of Par- who minister about holy things. Yet liament respecting the cultivation of in these I see some of the clergy enland by the Clergy? Where have I gaged ; and so may the bishops too, if entered into the motives or intentions ihey will open their
eyes. of the framers of the Bill? Where The admission of " CL. R." that have I denounced as sinful or shame- country overseers squander parochial ful, the cultivation of a garden, or the funds in a manner injurious to the poor, necessary occupation of a few acres of seems a very strange mode of explainland ? True it is, that in the Acts of ing the manner in which, as he says, the 17, 21, 43, 55, and 56 Geo. III., they do their duty; and his confidence and the 1, 4, 6, and 7 of Geo. IV., it of the order coming out from the or. has not been my fortune to discover deal of investigation with triumph, the intention or the tendency of either has no more to do with the question, of them to circumscribe the agricultu- whether the clergy should become sal pursuits of the Clergy. They ex- farmers, than whether they may not press no such thing: and they have trim their horses, or milk their cows, been followed by a direct contrary or feed their swine, without soiling effect; as since their enactment, more
their clothes. But upon the subject of of the Clergy have become farmers whether the parson's land be not in than before. Whatever " obliquity of worse condition generally, than that of perception,” in regard to
his neighbours, even if he will deny a justice," that correspondent may cen- fact capable of abundance of proof' in sure in me, I have not such an obliquity numerous instances, quite sufficient to of vision, as to make any mistake when justify the remark which I made; it I see a parson engaged in foddering his would only prove too much, viz. that cattle, or filling his dung-cart. The word ignorance, which he acknowledges in “ parson” I used, and now repeat; not the practice, is quite as advantageous in the mode of vulgar sarcasm, or with as experience! a contemptuous allusion; but because That “Clericus," or any man in his it conveys my correct meaning, as it did sober senses, should impute to any when I adopted the term farming par. writer of whom he knows nothing, a sons—for farming parsons, not farming design to bring Religion into contempt, curates, I certainly meant. I do not by wounding her through the sides of believe that there are many of the late her ministers, is both astonishing and ter class of the clergy engaged in such absurd. And for what?-because he pursuits : nor many of them who have has ventured to admonish the clergy much glebe to farm. I have hinted at of the duty which they owe to their the probable consequences of continuing country, themselves, and the religion a system which, whatsoever is said in they profess to teach? Because he de