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glorieth only in the Lord; he rejoiceth. in Chrift Jesus, and hath no confidence in the flesh; he does joy in God through Jesus Christ, by whom he receives the atonement, and grace reigning through righteousness, to eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord, Rom. v. II, 21. This death is a pleasant parting, when the man is brought to a parting with all his own rags for a glorious robe. 5. It is an bonourable death. To be dead to the law, is a death that brings honour to God, to Christ, to the law, and to the believer. It brings honour to God's boliness, which is now fatisfied by Christ's doing; and honour to God's justice, which is now satisfied by Christ's dying. It brings honour to Christ; for now the man values the righteousness of Christ, as being indeed the righteousness of God, and a full, fufficient, perfect righteousness. It brings honour to the law, when, instead of our imperfect obedience, we bring to it an obedience better than men or angels in their best estate could give it, even the la wgiver's obedience; which indeed doth magnify the law, and make it honourable. It brings honour also to the believer himself ; he is honoured and beautified with a law-biding righteousness, truly meritorious, and every way glorious ; this is the honour of all the saints. 6. It is a profitable death; it is a happy death, and a holy death; profitable both for happiness and holiness, profitable both for justification and fanctification. Our legal righteousness is unprofitable, Isa. Ivii. 12. I will declare thy rightecufness and thy works, for they shall not profit thee. It is unprofitable for justification ; for by the deeds of the law no Aeth living can be justified: It is unprofitable for "fanctification; for his filthy rags do rather pollute him than purify him.
À But the righteousness of Christ is profitable every
way; they are happy that have it, for they are juftified from all things, from which they could not be justified by the law of Mofes. They are holy that have it, as will appear in the sequel of our difcourse. Being dead to the law, is the way to live unto God.
Fourth thing here proposed, is the means of this death, I through the law am dead to the law : The mean of death to the law, is the law. Question, How can this be, seeing the law is the cause of no good thing in us, and is the ministration of death and condemnation ? 2 Cor. iii. 7, 8, 9. I answer, though the law is not the cause of this death to the law, and so of death to fin; yet it is an occasion thereof, for it accuses, terrifies, and condemns us, and thereby occasions and urgeth us to flee to Christ, who is the true cause that we die to the law, and to fin': As the needle goes before, and draws the thread which sews the cloth; so the needle of the law goes before, and makes way for the grace of the gospel, that it may follow after, and take place in the heart. To be dead to the law, and married to Christ, is all one in scripture sense. Now to be dead to the law by the law, is, by means of the law, to be led to Christ for justification by faith in him, without the deeds of the law, Gal. jii. 24. The law was our schoolmaster to lead us to Christ, tbat we might be justified by faith; where the law may be taken either for the ceremonial or moral law. . If we take it for the ceremonial law, then it is true that the ceremonial law pointed out Christ to us truly: But then the ceremonial law was gospel in the substance of it, tho' vailed over with types and shadows, which were to continue
till the body was come. But if we take it for the moral law, then it brings us to Christ only occa fionally; for to bring us to Christ, is no proper work of the law, only it is the occasion thereof, infomuch as it drives us from itself, and makes us : to fee that by it there is no hope of life; so it curses all finners, and gives hope of life to none: It is the gospel only that Thews us the salvation to be had in Christ. Now the law, by the severity of it, is an occasion to us of seeking life, where it is to be found; like a child knowing the tenderness of his father's love, and finding his schoolmaster to be yery fevere' and sharp, runs from the severity of the master, to hide himself under his father's wings; yet not his master's teaching, but his severity is the occasion of it; even so it is through the law and its severity, that the believer is dead to the law: It is then by a law-work, in some measure, a work of legal conviction and humiliation, that a man comes to be dead to the law.
Here I'll name to you a few pieces of law-work, which are the occasion of the man's being dead to the law, when the spirit of God makes use of the law for that end. 1. Through the law a man gets the conviction of the holiness of God, and of the holiness, spirituality and extent of the law itself; the spirit of God inlightens the mind, to see the conformity of the command unto the will of God, and to the holy nature of God: This is called the coming of the commandment, Rom. vii. 9. For I was alive without the law once, I thought I was holy enough; I found the life of my hand, while I was, touching the law, blameless; but when the commandment came, fin revived, and I died. When I saw the holiness and spirituality of God's law,
lin revived, and I died; I saw that I was a sinner indeed, and I died to the law, and to all conceit of my own works, and obedience to the law. This conviction makes a man have a doctrinal approbation of the law as holy, just and good, holy in its precepts, just in its threatnings, and good in its promises; I consent to the law, that it is good. By this conviction, a man sees not only the holiness and spirituality, but the extent of the law : thy commandment is exceeding broad, it is extended to all my thoughts, words and actions; to all my affections, designs, desires, and inclinations. Now, when a man sees this, it kills his confidence, and makes him see he hath no righteousness conformable to the law. 2. Through the law, the man gets the conviction of sin. By the law is the know, ledge of sin, Rom. iii. 20. Conviction of fin is the conscience of our transgressing of this holy law, This conviction makes a man see fin in its nature, that it is the transgression of the law, i John iii. 4. and so a contrariety to the holy nature and will of God. This conviction makes a man see the kinds of fin. It may be the spirit of God begins with some actual, grievous fin. Axtual fin is the swerving of our actions, either in thought, word or deed, from the law of God, either by omiffion or com mission. From thence the conviction goes to original fin, letting the man see, that not only is his nature destitute of all righteousness, and conformity to the law, but that it is wholly corrupt, that he is just a hell of fin and enmity against God; and from thence the spirit of God by the law convinces the man of the originating fin, even of Adam's fin, and says to him, as it is, Isai. xliii. 27. Thy firft father bath finned, and thou in him. This
conviction makes the man see also the aggrava: tions of fin, how much light, and how many mercies he hath finned against; and also the power and dominion of fin, what a slave he is thereto, and that the law is so far from freeing him therefrom, that it but exasperates corruption, and so is the strength of sin. Now, when the man comes thus to see fin in its nature, kinds, aggravations, and dominion, what can more tend to kill his conceit of righteousness by the law ? 3. Through the law the man gets conviction of guilt as well as fin, that he is bound over to punishment according to the law; for guilt is properly an obligation to punishment. As by the precept of the law, the man comes to get the knowledge of the intrinsical evil of fin in its nature ; so by the penalty of the law, he comes to get the knowledge of the consequential evil of sin, as binding him over to hell, death and damnation; that the curse of God, the wrath of God, the vengeance of God is the retinue and train of attendants that accompany fin; and so the man is put in 'fear of hell and damnation. It may be, when he goes to bed, he fears he shall never risé again : when he goes out, he thinks he shall never come in again; he is afraid his meat choak him, or the house fall above his head, or the earth open and swallow him up: Sense of wrath haunts him like a ghost; the man is put in prison and concluded under fin, Gal. iii. 22. Sin is the prison, the finner is the prisoner, God is the judge, and the curse of the law is the bond by which the prisoner is tied neck and heel; and from this prison there is no escape, without the mercy of God in Christ, who can command. this prisoner to come forth, The law cannot do it, it is weak through the flesh;