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thereto ? These things may make it evident: I think that it is necessary that a man be dead to the law, and brought from under it, before he can have true fanctification, or live unto God.

Secondly, Whence it is necessary, that a man be dead to the law in point of justification, in order to his living to God in point of sanctification : These particulars already mentioned, afford so many reasons of the necessity thereof : Yet some things more may be said, for the further clearing of this point, namely, the influence that dying to the law hath upon our living to God. Here two questions occur, 1. What influence living to the law hath upon a man's living in fin.

2. What influence a man's dying to the law hath upon his dying to fin, and living unto God.

First, What influence a man's living to the law, or being alive to the law, hath upon his living in sin. This is a strange doctrine, fome may think ; but it is as true as strange, that the law, and our works of obedience to the law, while we are under it, is the cause of destruction, instead of fal. vation, Rom. ix. 32. There you see it destroyed the whole Jewijs nation; Israel missed righteoufness, because they fought it by the works of the law. Now, a man's being alive to the law, hath influence upon his living in fin, and so upon his destruction, in the following ways, 1. Because hereby he becomes more hardened in sin and security, while he thinks he hath some good work to bear him out, Prov. vii. 14. What made the filthy wbore, there, impudent and hardened in her fins? Why? I have peace-offerings with me, this day I have paid iny vows. Thus the Pharisees for a pretence made loira prayers, and hereupon were hard


ned in their sinful courses, fearless of wrath: Why? I have done so and fo. 2. Hereby they are kept from Christ, who only saves from fin. The works of the law step in betwixt them and Christ, and the man takes Christ's bargain off his hand, promising the same that Christ promised, even obedience to the law.' I delight to do thy will, says. Christ; nay, I will do it myself, says the man that is under the law; he makes himself his own saviour: What! Will not God accept of my good and honest endeavours? Here is what he sets up on Christ's throne ; but if Christ be pulled down from his throne, will it be sufficient that we set up an honest pretence in his room? They have some things to say for themselves, which, they hope, will bring them off before God. Thus they reject Christ the lamb of God, that takes away the sin of the world, and how then can they but live unto fin, whatever they may think of themselves ? 3. Hereby their pride and boasting is cherished, Rom. iv. 4. To him that worketb, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt ; and the man expects his due for his work which he glories in ; for boasting is not excluded by the law of works, Rom. iii. 27. and therefore the man is loath to part with his own righteousness, which is by the law; because of his pride, he will not stoop to live upon another, while he can shift for himself. Self-love will not suffer a man to think the worst of himself, so long as he is alive to the law; nay, I hope I have a good heart to God, and I'll do something that will please God; and so it is no little thing will bring him to submit to the righteousness of God, Rom. x. 3. Thus the law cherishes his pride ; and sure the proud man was



never a holy man. But, 4. Hereby fin is strengthhed and encreased, as I said before : The motions of fin are by the law, Rom. vii. 5. The law entred, that for might abound, Rom. v. 20. Not only as to the knowledge of it, which is by the law, but as to the actual out-breaking of it from the heart; like a river being bounded and damm'd up by the law, it swells and breaks out the more violently. The wicked nature of man, being reproved, swells and rises like a fnake brought to the fire. 5. Hereby the man becomes desperate, for the law says, there is no hope without a perfect obedience; and the man having wearied himself in doing nothing answerable to what the law requires, comes at laft, perhaps, to fee there is no hope, and so be dies in despair ; I mean, he dies in fin, faying: There is no hope, and therefore after idols I will


He flees away from God, as Adam did.

, 6. Hereby he becomes flavish also; the fear, torment and wrath, which the law brings along with it, when the penalty of it is seen, weakens the man's hands; and thefe lying like heavy loads upon the soul, it is thereby fettered and bound in prison, hence said to be beld in the law; that being dead wherein we were held, fays the apostle. The man is held, and shut

up in the prison of the law, and so out of case for service while his bands are not loosed, or at best his feryice is favish, and not free; the law holds him in prifon, he cannot serve God freely, The free spirit of the gospel is what the world cannot receive, while under the law. may

see what influence living to the law may have upon men's living in fin, so as they cannot live unto God.

Thus you


Secondly, What influence a man's dying to the law hath upon his living unto God, or upon holiness and fanctification ? Answ. It hath efpecially a twofold influence, both a physical and a moral influence, And,

1. It hath a physical influence upon a man's fan&ification, in regard that a man that is dead to the law, is married to Chrift, Rom. vii. 4. and fo necesfarily the man must be holy, being disjoined from the law, and joined to the Lord Jesus, who hath fatisfied the precept of the law by his obedience, and the penalty of the law by his death ; and in him, not only have they thus a full discharge of all the demands and commands of the law; but also, by the implantation and inhabitation of his fpirit, are created to a conformity to the image of God; and they cannot but live unto God.' For, 1. In Christ they have life: Though, while under the law, they were dead in lins and trespasses, now in Christ they have life, and have it more abundantly; they are quickned by virtue of their union to this everlasting head; because he lives, they live also, A dead person can produce no living action, but Christ is the life of his people. He that hath the fon, hath life; and then, and never till then, is he in case for spiritual action and living unto God. He that hath not the son of God, hath not. life : Vain men fancy within themselves, that they have not lost their life, and so they think they can do something that will please God, and profit themselves for justification and fanctification, even before ever they think of coming to Christ; but we may as well expect, that a dead corps will rise of itself, and do the natural actions of life, as to expect that you should rise, and act fpiritually, be

fore fore you


be in Christ. The natural conscience in deed may be roused a little, and prevailed with to set about this and that duty; but there is no living unto God, till you get Chrift: In him the believer hath life, even in his head ; as a man cannot live without his head ; but, being joined to this new head, and disjoined from the law, he cannot but live. 2. In Christ his new head and husband, he hath light as well as Life ; as you know, the eye is in the head, so the believer's eye is in Christ his light, whereby he sees fin and duty, fees to work, so as he may live to God. The man that is under the law, is in the dark, and cannot see to work the works of holiness, which is a living unto God. He is blinded with self-conceit; he sees not the vanity of his old covenant obedience, and he sees not the way of the new covenant gospersobedience, till he get the spirit of wisdom and reyelation in the knowledge of Christ, who is the light of the world, a light to lighten the Gentiles ; by whose light the believer sees how to walk in a way well-pleasing to God. 3. In Christ his new head he hath strength : The man that is under the law, jcined to it as his head, hath no strength for his work, and the law gives him none, and so he cannot live to God; but the believer can say, In the Lord bave I righteousness and strength; whereas others have no strength to produce fpiritual actions ; fin domineers over them, and they have no power to shake off the yoke of fin, their strength being but weakness. The believer hath strength in his head; all things are possible to them that believe, they can do all things through Christ strengthning them; they can overleap a wall, and break bows of Ateel in pieces. O believer, be frong in the grace


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