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had engaged in, that it is said, His delights were with the sons of men, rejoicing in the babitable parts of his earth, even the places where his fick patients
lay. It was not for any pleasure that he took in ** habitable places; nay, it was not places, but persons
in such and such a place : Some of my fick pa
tients lie in this corner of the world, and some of 0:1 them in that corner ; some of them lie among the
illes, and uttermost parts of the earth ; some of ci them lie in yonder ifle of Britain, some of them in
Scotland; and, may I not say, fome of them lie in Fife, and some of them in Dumfermline? He rejoiced in the habitable places of the earth, where he had fick patients to visit and heal; his delights were with the sons of men : For his heart was engaged in his work; he heartily consented to it from all eternity. And though eternity cannot be divided into parts, yet, to speak after the manner of our conception, he spent the rest of that eternity in rejoicing in the thoughts of it.
But more particularly, that his heart was engaged, bo will appear, if you consider, 1. That not only did
he give his hearty consent from all eternity, but fo soon as ever he had created the world by his Almighty arm, then presently he falls about this work and business: For he was sain from the foundation of the world. It is true, he came not personally for the space of about four thousand years from the beginning of the world; but though he came not in Perfon, yet he came by Proxy : The infinite wifdom of God thought fit to order matters fo, that many a sacrifice was sent to be a shadow of this good thing that was to come, and many a servant did he send to assure them that he was a coming. 2. When the fulness of time was come, that he appeared on
the stage of this earth, he newed in the whole course of his life, how much his heart was engaged in his mediatorial work. When he was yet a child, and his parents lost him, and found him in the temple, and began to chide with him: What, says Christ, Luke ii. 49. How was it that ye fought me ? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's buhness ? Never did a hungry man delight more in meat, than Christ delighted in the work of our redemption: It was his meat and drink to do the will of him that sent him. 3. That his heart was engaged in the work, appears from his zeal against every thing that had a tendency to hinder his going on to the hardest and highest part of his work. What can be more expressive of a heart engaged in the work, than that passage you have? Matth. xvi. 22. There Peter began to rebuke Christ, when he spake of his suffering; Be it far from tbee, Lord. One would think, that Christ would have taken this in good part, and that it was love in Peter : But we never read that Christ took any thing so ill. He turned about like a man in the greatest passion, and says, Get thee behind me, satan: Never was such a word heard from the mouth of Christ, and that spoken to a faint. It is Peter's voice, but the devil hath tuned it? What would become of an elect world, if I should stop here? Get thee behind me, Satan. His heart was engaged to the work. 4. It appears from his longing to pay the debt which he had engaged to pay: I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how am I straitned until it be accomplished? He longed to be plunged over head and ears, as it were, in the ocean of divine wrath ; and when it came near to the time of his death, it is noted, Luke xix. 18. He went before
ascending up to Jerusalem, -as a child that is going with his friends to a place where he desires to be, runs out before, as being fond to be forward ; so Christ went before, and all the way he was talking of it to them, as we use to talk of what we pant after : Yea, when it came near to his suffering, he cannot forbear telling his disciples, that with depre be defred to eat that passover, wherein he saw as in a glass how he was to füffer. And when Judas went forth to betray him, he said, What thou dost, do quickly, John xiii. 27. and when he was gone, he rejoiced, and said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him: He reckoned the work done, because the instrument that set all a-work was gone out. And, at the end of the 14th chapter of John, he brake off, as it were, in the midst of his sermon, and says, Arise, let us go bence. Of all works, preaching was most pleasant to him; but behold he breaks off, and goes out, that he might be taken and crucified, that the occasion might not be flipt. And then he does not stay till Judas found him out : No, he goes forth to the place where Judas and his band were, and offered himself a willing facrifice. When they said, We feek Yesus of Nazareth, he answers, I am he, John xviii. 4, 5; and when Peter would have rescued him he bade him put up his sword, saying, The cup which my Father hath given me to drink, Shall I not drink it? Yea, when he was beaten and buffeted, how did he give bis back to the finiters, and his cheeks to them that plucked off the bair? He was led as a lamb to the Naughter, and as a sheep before his fearers is dumb, to be opened not his mouth. Yea, when hanging on a cross, he had enough to provoke so great a fpirit to have rescued himself, when they cried,
Come down, and we will believe thee ; if thou canst save thyself, we will believe that thou canst fave others : Nay, say they, be saved others, but bimself be cannot save. He might, like a Sampson, have broken down the pillars of heaven and earth about their ears; but he bears all patiently. And then, how his heart was engaged,' appears in the very last act: He bowed his bead, and cried out with a joyful heart, it is finished; the work which my Father gave me to do, is finished; the work which I engaged my heart unto, is finished : And so he gave up the ghost, committing his spirit into his Father's hands, as a pledge and token that the engagement was fulfilled. And now, this work being accomplished, shall we not think that his heart is as much engaged to the work of redemption by power, as it was to the work of redemption by price? Yea, He hath entred into heaven, now to appear in the presence of God for us, Heb. ix. 24. if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; how much more, being reconciled, Shall we be saved by his life? He that was dead is alive, and lives for evermore; and he ever lives to make intercession for us. He lives to app power of his spirit, what he purchased by the price of his blood. Thus you see the fingularity of the fact, both as to the matter and manner of it; and how his heart was engaged to approach unto God: And so far is he from repenting of the bargain, that never a repenting thought has been in his heart to this day, with respect to the whole of this work.
4th Head. The fourth thing proposed, was, to give the reasons of the doctrine, why Christ did fo heartily come under this engagement, together with the reasons of our faith about it; or, why it is, that
Nives 10 apply by the
Fehovab's testimony is added in these words, faith the Lord. Who is this, &c. faith the Lord. Now, as to the first of these, viz. the reason why Christ did so cordially engage in this work; there are these four reasons especially that I would offer.
ft, He engaged his heart, from obedience to his Father's command; I delight to do thy will, O my God. God the Father chose him to this service; Bebold my fervant whom I have chosen, mine elect, &c. and he authorized him in it, and caused him to approach. This commandment have I received of my Father. 2dly, He engaged his heart, from zeal to his Father's glory. Tho' the whole creation of men and angels had been offered up as a whole burnt-offering, it would not have repaired. the honour of God for one sin whereby his honour is impaired: But Christ's engagement is what brings more glory to God, than if all mankind had stood. or yet fallen a sacrifice to divine justice; therefore Christ, from a zeal to his Father's glory, did come under this engagement; the zeal of God's house did eat him up. By this engagement all the attributes of God are glorified: God had a mind to set out his love and mercy to the utmost, and herein it is done more than any other way, John. iii. 16. God Jo loved the world, '&c. We may behold here the heighth and depth, and length and breadth of the love of God, in taking his Son out of his bosom, where he lay from eternity, and giving him for us. He looked over all the copies of his love, grace and mercy that he had written in all his former works, and found them short of the thing: therefore it is his will to write his love in letters of blood, upon him who is an infinite spirit with himself: And that this may be done, he gives him a VOL. II.