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* In coats of armour and bonnets of steel.-h Their legs were chained to the heel. (Probably it means covered with iron net-work).-i Froward was their aspect.--- Some

n He drew them forth in a chain._0 And Belial with

a bridle-rein.--p Ever lashed them on the back. In struck upon others with brands.-_Some stuck others to the hilt With knives that sharply could mangle.

dance they were so slow of feet. They gave them in

the fire a heat.—And made them quicker of apprev. m Followed Envy.—n Filled full of quarrel and hension. felony.--. For privy hatred that traitor trembled.-p Him followed many a dissembling renegado.–9 With feigned

VIII. * Then Lechery, that loathsome body.--u Rearwords fair, or white. And flatterers to men's faces,- ing like a stallion.— And Idleness did him lead.—- WThere * And backbiters in secret places.- To lie that had de

was with him an ugly sort. That had been dead in sin. light.-u And spreaders of false lies.- Alas that courts

- When they were entered in the dance. - Like of noble kings." Of them can never be rid.

torches burning red. VI. * Covetousness.-> Root of all evil and ground of

IX. * Of womb insatiable and greedy.-b To dance vice. Caitiffs, wretches, and usurers.-a Misers, hoard then addressed himself.---- Him followed many a foul ers, and gatherers_b All with that barloch or male drunkard._d Different names of drinking vessels.-e Full fiend went out of their throats they shot on (each) many a waistless sot._I With bellies unwieldable did other._. Hot molten gold, methought, a vast quantity - drag forth.—g In grease that did increase.-h The fiends

Liko fire flakes most fervid. Aye as they emptied gave them hot lead to lap. Their love of drinking was themselves of sbot. With gold of all kind of coin. not the less.

VII. b Then Sloth at a second bidding.- Came like X. į No minstrels without doubt.-_k For gleemen there a sow from a dunghill. Full sleepy was his grunt. were kept out. By day and by night._m Except a minMany a lazy glutton. Many a drowsy sleepy sluggard. strel that slew a man.-n so till he won his inheritance. Him served with care.

o And entered by letter of right.


Thae termegantis, with tag and tatter,
Full lowd in Ersche begowd to clatter,

And rowp like revin and ruke".
The devil sa devit was with thair yello,
That in the depest pot of hell

He smurit thame with smuke".

Than cryd Mahoun for a Heleand Padyanep,
Syn ran a Feynd to fetch Mac Fadyanel,

Far northwart in a nuke",
Be he the Correnoch had done schout',
Ersche-men so gadderit him about

In hell grit rume they tuke:
XI. p Then cried Satan for a highland pageant.--
9 The name of some highland laird. I suppose,' says
Lord Hailes, this name was chosen by the poet as one
of the harshest that occurred to him.'- Far northward in
a nook. By the time that he had raised the Correnoch
or cry of help.- Highlanders so gathered about him.

u And croaked like ravens and rooks.- The devil was so deafened with their yell." He smothered them with smoke.


[Born, 1490? Died, 1567.)

David LYNDSAY, according to the conjecture of have asserted) occasioned our poet's banishment his latest editor*, was born in 1490. He was from court, it is certain that his retirement was educated at St. Andrew's, and leaving that uni not of long continuance ; since he was sent, in versity, probably about the age of nineteen, 1543, by the Regent of Scotland, as Lyon King, became the page and companion of James V. to the Emperor of Germany. Before this period during the prince's childhood, not his tutor, as the principles of the Reformed religion had begun has been sometimes inaccurately stated. When to take a general root in the minds of his countrythe young king burst from the faction which had

men; and Lyndsay, who had already written a oppressed himself and his people, Lyndsay pub- drama in the style of the old moralities, with a lished his Dream, a poem on the miseries which view to ridicule the corruptions of the popish Scotland had suffered during the minority. In clergy, returned from the Continent to devote his 1530, the king appointed him Lyon King at Arms, pen and his personal influence to the cause of the and a grant of knighthood, as usual, accompanied new faith.

In the parliaments which met at the office. In that capacity he went several Edinburgh and Linlithgow, in 1544–45 and 46, times abroad, and was one of those who were sent he represented the county of Cupar in Fife ; and to demand a princess of the Imperial line for the in 1547, he is recorded among the champions of Scottish sovereign. James having, however, the Reformation, who counselled the ordination of changed his mind to a connexion with France, John Knox. and having at length fixed his choice on the The death of Cardinal Beaton drew from him Princess Magdalene, Lyndsay was sent to attend a poem on the subject, entitled, a Tragedy, (the upon her to Scotland ; but her death happening term tragedy was not then confined to the drama,) six weeks after her arrival, occasioned another in which he has been charged with drawing poem from our author, entitled the "Deploracion.” together all the worst things that could be said of On the arrival of Mary of Guise, to supply her the murdered prelate. It is incumbent, howplace, he superintended the ceremony of her ever, on those who blame him for so doing, to triumphant entry into Edinburgh ; and, blending prove that those worst things were not atrocious. the fancy of a poet with the godliness of a re Beaton's principal failing was a disposition to former, he so constructed the pageant, that a burn with fire those who opposed his ambition, lady like an angel, who came out of an artificial or who differed from his creed ; and if Lyndsay cloud, exhorted her majesty to serve God, obey was malignant in exposing one tyrant, what a . her husband, and keep her body pure, according libeller must Tacitus be accounted ! to God's commandments.

His last embassy was to Denmark, in order to On the 14th of December, 1542, Lyndsay wit negotiate for a free trade with Scotland, and to nessed the decease of James V., at his palace of solicit ships to protect the Scottish coasts against Falkland, after a connexion between them which the English. It was not till after returning from had subsisted since the earliest days of the prince. this business that he published Squyre Meldrum, If the death of James (as some of his biographers the last, and the liveliest of his works.

* Mr. G. Chalmers.

Hir kirtill was of scarlot reid',
Of gold ane garland of hir heid,
Decorite with enamelyne :
Belt and brochis of silver fyne.
Of yellow taftaish wes hir sark,
Begaryit all with browderit wark,
Richt craftilie with gold and silk.
Than, said the ladie, quhytei as milk,
Except my sark nothing I crave,
Let thame go hence with all the lave.
Quod they to hir be Sanct Fillane
Of this ye get nathing agane.
Than, said the squyer courteslie,
Gude friendis I pray you hartfullie,
Gif ye be worthie men of weir,
Restoir) to hir agane hir geir ;
Or be greit God that all has wrocht,k
That spuil yie sall be full dere bocht'.
Quodm they to him we thé defy,
And drew their swordis hastily,
And straik at him with sa greit ire,
That from his harness flew the fyre :
With duntis" sa derflyo on him dang,
That he was never in sic ane thrang? :
Bot he him manfullie defendit,
And with ane bolt on thame he bendit.

And when he saw thay wer baith slane,
He to that ladie past agane :
Quhare scho stude nakit on the bent',
And said, tak your abuzlement".
And scho him thankit full humillie,
And put hir claithis on speedilie.
Than kissit he that ladie fair,
And tuiki his leif of hir but mairu,
Be that the taburne and trumpet blew,
And every man to shipburd drew.



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He was bota twintie yeirish of age,
Quehen he began his vassalage :
Proportionat weill, of mid statùre :
Feiried and wichte and micht endure
Ovirset' with travell both nicht and day,
Richt hardie baith in ernist and play:
Blyith in countenance, richt fair of face,
And studes weill ay in his ladies grace :
For he was wondir amiabill,
And in all deidis honourabill ;
And ay his honour did advance,
In Ingland first and synels in France ;
And thare his manheid did assail
Under the kingis great admirall,
Quhen the greit navy of Scotland
Passit to the sea againis Ingland.


And as they passit be Ireland coisti
The admirall gart land his oisti;
And set Craigfergus into fyre,
And saifit nouther barne nor byrek :
It was greit pitie for to heir,
Of the pepilla the bail-full cheir;
And how the landfolk were spuilyeit",
Fair women under fute were fuilyeito.

But this young Squyer bauld and wicht
Savit all women quhairp he micht ;
All priestis and freyeris he did save ;
Till at the last he did persave
Behind ane gardin amiabill',
Ane woman's voces richt lamentabill ;
And on that voce he followit fast,
Till he did see her at the last,
Spuilyeit', nakit" as scho' was born ;
Twa men of weir were hir befornes,
Quhilky were richt cruel men and kene,
Partand? the spuilyie thame between.
Ane fairer woman nor sho wesa
He had not sene in onieb place.
Befoire him on hir kneis scho fell,
Sayand, “ for him that heryeita hell,
Help me sweit sir, I am ane maid ;"
Than softlie to the men he said,
I pray yow give againe hir sarko,
And tak to yow all uther wark.


TALBART ......
Then clariouns and trumpets blew,
And weiriours' many hither drew ;
On eviry side comew mony man
To behald wha the battel wan.
The field was in the meadow green,
Quhare everie man micht weil be seen :
The heraldis put tham sa in order,
That na man past within the border,
i Red

B Adorned.
h Mr. Chalmers omits explaining this word in his glos-
sary to Lyndsay. (The meaning is plain enough: her
sark or shirt was of yellow taffeta.) i White. j Restore.
k Wrought. | Bought.

m Quoth. n Strokes. • Strongly. p Drove. 9 Throng, trouble. ' Grass, or field. • Dress, clothing.

t Took his leave. u Without more ado.

v Warriors w Came.

* But.

b Years. e When. d Courageous. e Active. I Could endure excessive fatigue. & Stood. h Then.

i Cuast. i Host, army. Cowhouse. I Hear.

People. n Spoilt. • Abused. P Where. 9 Perceive. Beautiful. • Voice. Spoiled.

u Naked, She. w War I Before.

Who. 1 Parting. a Than she was.

e Before. Means for him, viz. Christ, who conquered or plundered hell.

e Shift.

b Any.

Nor preissit* to com within the green,
Bot heraldis and the campiouns keen ;
The order and the circumstance
Wer lang to put in remembrance.
Quhen thir twa nobill men of weir
Wer weill accouterit in their geir,
And in thair handis strong burdounisy,
Than trumpettis blew and clariounis,
And heraldis cryit hie on hicht,
Now let thame go-God shaw? the richt.


Than trumpettis blew triumphantly,
And thay twa campiouns eagerlie,
They spurrit their hors with speir on breist,
Pertly to priefa their pith they preistb.
That round rink-room was at utterance,
Bot Talbart's hors with ane mischance
He outterit“, and to run was laithe ;
Quharof Talbart was wonder wraithf.
The Squyer furth his rinks he ran,
Commendit weill with every man,
And him discharget of his speir
Honestlie, like ane man of weir.

That quhen he travellit throw the land,
They bankettit" him fra hand to hand
With greit solace, till, at the last,
Out throw Stratherne the Squyer past.
And as it did approach the nicht,
Of ane castell he gat ane sicht,
Beside ane montane in ane vale,
And then eftir his greit travaillo
He purposit him to repoisex
Quhare ilk man did of him rejois.
Of this triumphant pleasand place
Ane lustie lady' was maistrés,
Quhais? lord was dead schort time befoir,
Quhairthrow her dolour wes the moir :
Bot yit scho tuik some comforting,
To heir the plesant dulce talking
Of this young Squiyer, of his chance,
And how it fortunit him in France.
This Squyer and the ladie genta
Did wesche, and then to supper went :
During that nicht there wes nocht ellist
But for to heir of his novellis.
Enéas, quhen he fled from Troy,
Did not Quene Dido greiter joy :

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The trenchours of the Squyreis speir
Stak still into Sir Talbart's geir ;
Than everie man into that steidi
Did all beleve that he was dede.
The Squyer lap richt haistillie
From his coursouri del erlie,
And to Sir Talbart made support,
And humilliek did him comfort.
When Talbart saw into his schield
Ane otter in ane silver field,
This race, said he, I sair may rew,
For I see weill my dreame was true ;
Methocht yon otter gart' me bleid,
And buirm me backwart from my sted ;
But heir I vow to God soverane,
That I sall never just" agane.
And sweitlie to the Squiyre said,
Thou knawiso the cunning that we made,
Quhilko of us twa suld tyne' the field,
He suld baith hors and armour yield
Till hims that wan, quhairfore I will
My hors and harness geve thé till.
Then said the Squyer, courteouslie,
Brother, I thank you hartfullie ;
Of you, forsooth, nothing I crave,
For I have gotten that I would have.

The wonderis that he did rehers,
Were langsum for to put in vers,
Of quhilk this lady did rejois :
They drank and syned went to repois,
He found his chalmere well arrayit
With dornik' work on bord displayit :
Of venison he had his waills,
Gude aquavitae, wyne, and aill,
With nobill confeittis, bran, and geillb
And swa the Squyer fuiri richit weill.
Sa to heir mair of his narration,
The ladie cam to his collation,
Sayand he was richt welcum hame,
Grand-mercie, then, quod he, Madame!
They past the time with ches and tabill,
For he to everie game was abill.
Than unto bed drew everie wicht;
To chalmer went this ladie bricht;
The quilk this Squyer did convoy,
Syne till his bed he went with joy.
That nicht he sleepitj never ane wink,
But still did on the ladie think.
Cupido, with his fyrie dart,
Did piers him sa throwout the hart,
Sa all that nicht he did but murnit-
Sum tyme sat up, and sum tyme turnit-
Sichandk, with mony gant and grane,
To fair Venus makand his mane,
Sayand', fair ladie, what may this mene,
I was ane free man laitm yestreen,
And now ane cative bound and thrall,
For ane that I think flowr of all.


HOME AND HAS THE FOLLOWING LOVE-ADVENTURE, Out throw the land then sprang the fame, That Squyer Meldrum was come hame. Quhen they heard tell how he debaitit', With every man he was sa treitetu,

* Pressed. y Spears.

z Show. a Prove. b Tried. c Course-room.

d Swerved from the course. e Loth. I Wroth. & Course. h Head of the spear. i In that situation. À Courser. k Humbly. I Made. m Bore, n Joust.

o 'Thou knowest. P Agreeinent or understanding. 4 Which r Lose. s To him. Fonght. u Entertained.


w Toil. * Repose. y Handsome, pleasant. z Whose. * Neat, pretty

b Else. C News. d Then.

e Chainber. i Napery

i Fared. 5 Choice.

b Jelly. i Slept.

m Late. k Sighing.

| Saying.

I pray God sen scho knew my mynd,
How for hir saik I am sa pynd :
Wald God I had been yit in France,
Or I had hapnit sic mischance;
To be subject or serviture
Till ane quhilk takes of me na cure.
This ladie ludgit" nearhand by,
And hard the Squyer prively,
With dreidful hart makand his mane,
With monie careful gant and graneo;
Hir hart fulfillit with pitie,
Thocht scho wald haif him mercie,
And said, howbeit I suld be slane,
He sall have lufe for lufe agayne :
Wald God I micht, with my honour,
Have him to be my paramour.
This was the mirrie tyme of May,
Quhen this fair ladie, freshe and gay,
Start up to take the hailsum P air,
With pantouns a on hir feit ane pair,
Airlie into ane cleir morning,
Befoir fair Phoebus' uprysing:
Kirtill alone, withoutin clok,
And saw the Squyers door unlok.

p Wholesome. 9 Slippers.

She slippit in or evir he wist,
And feynitlie ' past till ane kist,
And with hir keys oppenit the lokkis,
And made hir to take furth ane boxe,
Bot that was not hir errand thare :
With that this lustie young Squyar
Saw this ladie so pleasantlie
Com to his chalmer quyetlie,
In kirtill of fyne damais brown,
Hir golden tresses hingand + doun ;
Hir pappis were hard, round, and quhyte,
Quhome to behold was greit deleit;
Lyke the quhyte lillie was her lyre";
Hir hair wes like the reid gold weir ;
Hir schankis quhyte, withouten hois",
Quhareat the Squyar did rejois,
And said, then, now vailye quod vailye ",
Upon the ladie thow mak ane sailye.
Hir courtlyke kirtill was unlaist,
And sone into his armis hir braist.

r Feigningly

& Pretended. + Hanging u Throat. v Hose, stockings.

w Happen what may.

O Groan.


(Born, 1503. Died, Oet. 1542.]


Called the Elder, to distinguish him from his seems to be no overstrained conjecture. His son, who suffered in the reign of Q. Mary, was poetical mistress's name is Anna : and in one of born at Allington Castle, in Kent, in 1503, and his sonnets he complains of being obliged to was educated at Cambridge. He married early desist from the pursuit of a beloved object, on in life, and was still earlier distinguished at the account of its being the king's. The perusal court of Henry VIII. with whom his interest of his poetry was one of the unfortunate queen's and favour were so great as to be proverbial.

last consolations in prison. A tradition of His person was majestic and beautiful, his visage Wyat's attachment to her was long preserved (according to Surrey's interesting description) in his family. She retained his sister to the last

stern and mild :” he sung and played the about her person ; and as she was about to lay late with remarkable sweetness, spoke foreign her head on the block, gave her weeping attendlanguages with grace and fluency, and possessed ant a small prayer-book, as a token of rememan inexhaustible fund of wit. At the death of brance, with a smile of which the sweetness was Wolsey he could not be more than 19 ; yet he is not effaced by the horrors of approaching death. said to have contributed to that minister's down Wyat's favour at court, however, continued fall by a humorous story, and to have promoted undiminished ; and notwithstanding a quarrel the reformation by a seasonable jest. At the with the Duke of Suffolk, which occasioned his coronation of Anne Boleyn he officiated for his being committed to the Tower, he was, immefather as ewerer, and possibly witnessed the diately on his liberation, appointed to a command ceremony not with the most festive emotions, as under the Duke of Norfolk, in the army that was there is reason to suspect that he was secretly to act against the rebels. He was also knighted, attached to the royal bride. When the tragic and, in the following year, made high sheriff of end of that princess was approaching, one of the

Kent. calumnies circulated against her was, that Sir When the Emperor Charles the Fifth, after Thomas Wyat had confessed having had an

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the death of Anne Boleyn, apparently forgetting illicit intimacy with her. The scandal was cer the disgrace of his aunt in the sacrifice of her tainly false ; but that it arose from a tender successor, showed a more conciliatory disposition partiality really believed to exist between them, towards England, Wyat was, in 1537, selected


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