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The sootel season, that bud and bloom forth

With green hath clad the hill, and eke the vale,
The nightingale with feathers new she sings ;
The turtle to her makes hath told her tale.
Summer is come, for every spray now springs.
The hart hath hung his old head on the pale ;
The buck in brake his winter coat he flings;
The fishes fleet with new repaired scale ;
The adder all her slough away she flings;
The swift swallow pursueth the flies small ;
The busy bee her honey now she mings;
Winter is worn that was the flower's balei.
And thus I see among these pleasant things
Each care decays, and yet my sorrow springs.

h Mingles.
i Destruction.

WHEN Windsor walls sustain'd my wearied arm;
My hand my chin, to ease my restless head ;
The pleasant plot revested green with warm ;
The blossom’d boughs with lusty ver yspread;
The flower'd meads, the wedded birds so late
Mine eyes discover; and to my mind resort
The jolly woes, the hateless short debate,
The rakehellk life that longs to love's disport.
Wherewith, alas ! the heavy charge of care
Heap'd in my breast, breaks forth against my will
In smoky sighs that overcast the air.
My vapour'd eye such dreary tears distil,
The tender green they quicken where they fall ;
And I half bend to throw me down withal.

& Mate.

k Careless.-Rakil, or rakle, seems synonymous with reckless.


(Died, 1560 ?]

He was

It is now universally admitted that Lord Vaux, / pieces are found in the Paradise of Dainty Dethe poet, was not Nicholas the first peer, but vices. Mr. Park - has noticed a passage in the Thomas, the second baron of that name.

prose prologue to Sackville's Introduction to the one of those who attended Cardinal Wolsey on Mirror for Magistrates, that Lord Vaux had his embassy to Francis the First. He received undertaken to complete the history of King Edthe order of the Bath at the coronation of Anne ward's two sons who were murdered in the Boleyn, and was for some time Captain of the Tower, but that it does not appear he ever island of Jersey. A considerable number of his executed his intention.

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(Born, 1523 Died, 1566.)

Was a principal contributor to the Paradise able sonneteer, and the most facetious mimic of of Dainty Devices, and one of our earliest dra- the court. In the beginning of Elizabeth's reign matic authors. He wrote two comedies, one he was one of the gentlemen of her chapel, and entitled Damon and Pythias, the other Palamon master of the children there, having the character and Arcite, both of which were acted before of an excellent musician. His pleasing little Queen Elizabeth. Besides his regular dramas, poem, the Ainantium Ire, has been so often rehe appears to have contrived masques, and to printed, that, for the sake of variety, I have have written verses for pageants; and is described selected another specimen of his simplicity. as having been the first fiddle, the most fashion


The mountains high, whose lofty tops do meet My faith, lo here ! I vow to thee, my troth thou the haughty sky ;

know'st too well ; The craggy rock, that to the sea free passage doth My goods, my friends, my life, is thine ; what deny ;

need I more to tell ? The aged oak, that doth resist the force of blus- I am not mine, but thine ; I vow thy hests I will tring blast;

obey, The pleasant herb, that everywhere a pleasant And serve thee as a servant ought, in pleasing if smell doth cast ;

I may ; The lion's force, whose courage stout declares a And sith I have no flying wings, to serve thee as prince-like might ;

I wish, The eagle, that for worthiness is born of kings in Ne fins to cut the silver streams, as doth the fight.

gliding fish;

Wherefore leave now forgetfulness, and send Then these, I say, and thousands more, by tract again to me, of time decay,

And strain thy azure veins to write, that I may And, like to time, do quite consume, and fade greeting see. from form to clay ;

And thus farewell ! more dear to me than chiefest But my true heart and service vow'd shall last friend I have, time out of mind,

Whose love in heart I mind to shrine, till Death And still remain as thine by doom, as Cupid hath his fee do crave.

assigned ;


Was a gentleman of Edward the Sixth’s Chapel, | ful of Honeysuckle," and other godly works. and afterwards master of the boys of Queen He died in 1568. Hunnis was also a writer of Elizabeth's Chapel. He translated the Psalms, Interludes._See Collier's Annals of the Stage, and was author of a “ Hive of Honey,” a “ Hand- vol. i., p. 235.


In search of things that secret are my mated The bending brow of prince's face, to wrath that muse began,

doth attend, What it might be molested most the head and Or want of parents, wife, or child, or loss of mind of man ;

faithful friend ;

the rest,

The roaring of the cannon shot, that makes the Thus Love, as victor of the field, triumphs above

piece to shake, Or terror, such as mighty Jove from heaven And joys to see his subjects lie with living death above can make:

in breast ; All these, in fine, may not compare, experience But dire Disdain lets drive a shaft, and galls this so doth prove,

bragging fool, Unto the torments, sharp and strange, of such as He plucks his plumes, unbends his bow, and sets be in love.

him new to school; Love looks aloft, and laughs to scorn all such as Whereby this boy that bragged late, as conqueror griefs annoy,

over all, The more extreme their passions be, the greater Now yields himself unto Disdain, his vassal and is his joy ;

his thrall.



(Born, 1536. Died, April 19, 1608.)

In a

Was the son of Sir Richard Sackville, and was compose the poetical history of Sackville's life. born at Withyam, in Sussex, in 1536. He was The rest of it was political. He had been elected educated at both universities, and enjoyed an to parliament at the age of thirty. Six years early reputation in Latin as well as in English afterwards, in the same year that his Induction poetry. While a student of the Inner Temple, and legend of Buckingham were published, he he wrote his tragedy of Gorboduc, which was went abroad on his travels, and was, for some played by the young students, as a part of a reason that is not mentioned, confined, for a time, Christmas entertainment, and afterwards before as a prisoner at Rome ; but he returned home, Queen Elizabeth at Whitehall, in 1561.

on the death of his father, in 1566, and was soon subsequent edition of this piece it was entitled after promoted to the title of Baron Buckhurst. the tragedy of Ferrex and Porrex. He is said Having entered at first with rather too much to have been assisted in the composition of it by prodigality on the enjoyment of his patrimony, Thomas Norton ; but to what extent does not he is said to have been reclaimed by the indigappear. T. Warton disputes the fact of his being nity of being kept in waiting by an alderman, at all indebted to Norton. The merit of the from whom he was borrowing money, and to piece does not render the question of much have made a resolution of economy, from which importance. This tragedy and his contribution he never departed. The queen employed him, of the Induction and Legend of the Duke of in the fourteenth year of her reign, in an emBuckingham to the “ Mirror for Magistrates *,” bassy to Charles IX. of France. In 1587 he went

as ambassador to the United Provinces, upon + The “ Mirror for Magistrates" was intended to celebrate the chief unfortunate personages in English history, but, though he performed his trust with inte

their complaint against the Earl of Leicester ; in a series of poetical legends spoken by the characters themselves, with epilogues interspersed to connect the

grity, the favourite had sufficient influence to get stories, in imitation of Boccaccio's Fall of Princes, him recalled ; and on his return, he was ordered which had been translated by Lydgate. The historian

to confinement in his own house, for nine or ten of English poetry ascribes the plan of this work to Sack

months. ville, and seems to have supposed that his Induction and

On Leicester's death, however, he was legend of Henry Duke of Buckingham appeared in the immediately reinstated in royal favour, and was first edition : but Sir E. Brydges has shown that it was made knight of the garter, and chancellor of not until the second edition of the Mirror for Magistrates

Oxford. On the death of Burleigh he bed that Sackville's contribution was published, viz. in 1563. Baldwin and Ferrers were the authors of the first edi

lord high treasurer of England. At Queen tion, in 1559. Higgins, Phayer, Churchyard, and a crowd Elizabeth's demise he was one of the privy counof inferior versifiers, contributed successive legends, not cillors on whom the administration of the kingconfining themselves to English history, 'but treating

dom devolved, and he concurred in proclaiming the reader with the lamentations of Geta and Caracalla, Brennus, &c. &c. till the improvement of the drama the scene, like Dante, in Hell, and makes his characters superseded those dreary monologues, by giving heroic relate their history at the gates of Elysium, under the history a more engaging air. Sackville's contribution to

guidance of Sorrow;

while the authors of the other legends "The Mirror for Magistrates," is the only part of it

are generally contented with simply dreaming of the that is tolerable. It is observable that his plan differs

unfortunate personages, and, by going to sleep, offer a materially from that of the other contributors. Helays

powerful inducement to follow their example.

King James. The new sovereign confirmed him Chamber. As a poet, his attempt to unite allein the office of high treasurer by a patent for gory with heroic narrative, and his giving our life, and on all occasions consulted him with con language its earliest regular tragedy, evince the fidence. In March 1604, he was created Earl of views and enterprise of no ordinary mind; but, Dorset. He died suddenly (1608) at the council though the induction to the Mirror for Magistrates table, in consequence of a dropsy on the brain. displays some potent sketches, it bears the comFew ministers, as Lord Orford remarks, have plexion of a saturnine genius, and resembles a left behind them so unblemished a character. bold and gloomy landscape on which the sun His family considered his memory so invulner never shines. As to Gorboduc, it is a piece of able, that when some partial aspersions were monotonous recitals, and cold and heavy accu. thrown upon it, after his death, they disdained to mulation of incidents. As an imitation of classical answer them. He carried taste and elegance tragedy it is peculiarly unfortunate, in being even into his formal political functions, and for without even the unities of place and time, to bis eloquence was styled the bell of the Star | circumscribe its dulness.



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b Been.






His face was lean and somie-deal pined away,

And eke his handes consumed to the bone, For forth she paced in her fearful tale :

But what his body was I cannot say ; “ Come, come,” quoth she," and see what I shall For on his carcass raiment had he none, shew;

Save clouts and patches, pieced one by one; Come, hear the plaining and the bitter bale With staff in hand, and scrip on shoulders cast, Of worthy men by Fortune overthrow :

His chief defence against the winter's blast. Come thou, and see them rewing all in row, They were but shades that erst in mind thou rollid,

His food, for most, was wild fruits of the tree ;

Unless sometime some crumbs fell to his share, Come, come with me, thine eyes shall them behold.”

Which in his wallet long, God wot, kept he,

As on the which full daintily would he fare. And with these words, as I upraised stood,

His drink the running stream, his cup the bare And 'gan to follow her that strait forth paced, Of his palm closed, his bed the hard cold ground; Ere I was ware, into a desart wood

To this poor life was Misery ybound.
Wenow were come, where, hand in hand embraced,
She led the way, and through the thick so traced,

Whose wretched state, when we had well beheld As, but I had been guided by her might,

With tender ruth on him and on his feres',
It was no way for any mortal wight.

In thoughtful cares forth then our pace we held,
And, by and by, another shape appears,
Of greedy Care, still brushing up the brerese,


His knuckles knob’d, his flesh deep dented in, And first within the porch and jaws of Hell

With tawed hands and hard ytanned skin. Sat deep Remorse of Conscience, all besprent

The morrow gray no sooner had begun With tears; and to herself oft would she tell

To spread his light, even peeping in our eyes, Her wretchedness, and cursing never stente When he is up and to his work yrun ; To sob and sigh ; but ever thus lament

And let the night's black misty mantles rise, With thoughtful care, as she that all in vain

And with foul dark never so much disguise Would wear and waste continually in pain. The fair bright day, yet ceaseth he no while,

But hath his candles to prolong his toil. Her eyes unstedfast, rolling here and there, Whirld on each place, as place that vengeance By him lay heavy Sleep, the cousin of Death, brought,

Flat on the ground, and still as any stone, So was her mind continually in fear,

A very corps, save yielding forth a breath ; Toss'd and tormented by the tedious thought Small keep took he whom Fortune frowned on, Of those detested crimes which she had wrought : Or whom she lifted up into the throne With dreadful cheer and looks thrown to the sky, | Of high renown : but as a living death, Wishing for death, and yet she could not die. So dead, alive, of life he drew the breath. Next saw we Dread, all trembling how he shook, The body's rest, the quiet of the heart, With foot uncertain proffer'd here and there ; The travail's ease, the still night's fere was he ; Benumm’d of speech, and with a ghastly look, And of our life in earth the better part, Search'd every place, all pale and dead for fear; Reever of sight, and yet in whom we see His cap upborn with staring of his hair,

Things oft that tide", and oft that never be ; Stoyn'da and amazed at his shade for dread, Without respect esteeming equally And fearing greater dangers than was need. King Cræsus' pomp, and Irus' poverty. And next within the entry of this lake

And next in order sad Old Age we found, Sat fell Revenge, gnashing her teeth for ire, His beard all hoar, his eyes hollow and blind ; Devising means how she may vengeance take, With drooping cheer still poring on the ground, Never in rest till she have her desire ;

As on the place where Nature him assign'd í But frets within so far forth with the fire

To rest, when that the sisters had entwined Of wreaking flames, that now determines she His vital thread, and ended with their knife To die by death, or venged by death to be. The fleeting course of fast declining life. When fell Revenge, with bloody foul pretence, Crook’d-back dhewas,tooth-shaken,andblear-eyed, Had shew'd herself, as next in order set,

Went on three feet, and sometime crept on four; With trembling limbs we softly parted thence, With old lame bones that rattled by his side, Till in our eyes another sight we met,

His scalp all pill'd', and he with eld forlore, When from my heart a sigh forthwith I fet, His wither'd fist still knocking at Death's door ; Rewing, alas ! upon the woeful plight

Trembling and driv’ling as he draws his breath, of Misery, that next appear'd in sight.

For brief, the shape and messenger of Death. e Stopped, Astonished. e Fetched. f Companions. & Briars,

+ Happen.


1 Bare.

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