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through these fine gardens," said he, “I have only to fancy. myself the owner of them, and they are mine. All these gay crowds are my visitors, and I defy the Grand Seignior himself to display a greater variety of beauty. Nay, what is better, I have not the trouble of entertaining them. All Paris is my theatre, and presents me with a continual spectacle. I have a table spread for me in every street, and thousands of waiters ready to fly at my bidding. When my servants have waited upon me, I pay them, discharge them, and there's an end : I have no fears of their wronging or pilfering me when my back is turned. Upon the whole,” said the old gentleman, with a smile of infinite good humour, “when I think upon the various risks I have run, and the manner in which I have escaped them; when I recollect all that I have suffered, and consider all that I at present enjoy, I cannot but look upon myself as a man of singular good fortune.”
Such was the brief history of this practical philosopher, and it is a picture of many a Frenchman ruined by the Revolution. The French appear to have a greater facility than most men in accommodating themselves to the reverses of life, and of extracting honey out of the bitter things of this world. The first shock of calamity is apt to overwhelm them, but when it is once past, their natural buoyancy of feeling soon brings them to the surface. This may be called the result of levity of character, but it answers the end of reconciling us to misfortune; and if it be not true philosophy, it is something almost as efficacious.
There is, however, no calculating on human happiness. Since the foregoing was written, the law of indemnity has been passed, and my friend restored to a great part of his fortune. I was absent from Paris at the time, but on my return hastened to congratulate him. I found him magnificently lodged on the first floor of his hotel. I was ushered, by a servant in livery, through splendid saloons, to a cabinet, richly furnished, where I found my little Frenchman reclining on a couch. He received me with his usual cordiality: but I saw the gaiety and benevolence of his countenance had fled; he had an eye full of care and anxiety.
I congratulated him on his good fortune. “Good fortune!" echoed he—“bah! I have been plundered of a princely fortune, and they give me a pittance as an indemnity.”
Alas! I found my late poor and contented friend one of the richest and most miserable men in Paris. Instead of rejoicing in the ample competency restored to him, he is daily repining at the superfluity withheld. He no longer wanders in happy idleness about Paris, but is a repining attendant in the ante-chambers of ministers. His loyalty has evaporated with his gaity; he screws his mouth when the Bourbons are mentioned, and even shrugs his shoulders when he hears the praises of the king. In a word, he is one of the many philosophers undone by the law of indeinnity, and his case is desperate, for I doubt whether even another reverse of fortune, which should restore him to poverty, could make him again a happy man.
THE AFFLICTION OF MARGARET.
Where art thou, my beloved son,
O, find me, prosperous or undone ;
Why am I ignorant of the same?
Seven years, alas ! to have received
To have despaired, have hoped, believed,
Sometimes with thoughts of very bliss !
He was among the prime in worth ;
Well born, well bred; I sent him forth
If things ensued that wanted grace,
Ah ! little doth the young one dream,
What power is in his wildest scream,
He knows it not, he cannot guess ;
Neglect me! no, I suffered long
Said, “ Pride shall help me in my wrong; Kind mother have I been, as kind .
As ever breathed ;” and that is true;
My son, if thou be humble, poor,
O, do not dread thy mother's door!
I now can see with better eyes ;
Alas! the fowls of heaven have wings,
They mount-how short a voyage brings The wanderers back to their delight;
Chains tie us down by land and sea;
Perhaps some dungeon hears thee groan, Maimed, mangled by inhuman men;
Or thou upon a desert thrown,
My apprehensions come in crowds ;
The very shadows of the clouds
I question things, and do not find
Beyond participation lie
If any chance to heave a sigh
Then come to me. my son, or send
THE BENEFITS OF COMMERCE. There is no place in the town which I so much love to frequent as the Royal Exchange. It gives me a secret satisfaction, and, in some measure, gratifies my vanity, as an Englishman, to see so rich an assembly of countrymen and foreigners consulting together upon the private business of mankind, and making this metropolis a kind of emporium for the whole earth. I must confess I look upon High 'Change to be a great council, in which all considerable nations have their representatives. Factors in the trading world are what ambassadors are in the political world; they negotiate affairs, conclude treaties, and maintain a good correspondence between those wealthy societies of men that are divided from one another by seas and oceans, or live on the different extremities of a continent. I have often been pleased to hear disputes adjusted between an inhabitant of Japan and an alderman of London, or to see a subject of the Great Mogul entering into a league with one of the Czar of Muscovy. I am infinitely delighted with mixing with these several ministers of commerce, as they are distinguished by their different walks and different languages. Sometimes I am jostled
among a body of Armenians, sometimes I am lost in a crowd of Jews, and sometimes make one in a group of Dutchmen. I am a Dane, Swede, or Frenchman at different times; or rather fancy myself like the old philosopher, who, upon being asked what countryman he was, replied that he was a citizen of the world.
Though I very frequently visit this busy multitude of people, I am known to nobody there but my friend Sir Andrew Freeport, who often smiles upon me as he sees me bustling in the crowd, but at the same time connives at my presence without taking any further notice of me. There is indeed a merchant of Egypt who just knows me by sight, having formerly remitted me some money to Grand Cairo; but, as I am not versed in the modern Coptic, our conferences go no further than a bow and a grimace.
This grand scene of business gives me an infinite variety of solid and substantial entertainments. As I am a great lover of mankind, my heart naturally overflows with pleasure at the sight of a prosperous and happy multitude, insomuch that at many public solemnities I cannot forbear expressing my joy with tears that have stolen down my cheeks. For this reason, I am wonderfully delighted to see such a body of men thriving in their own private fortunes, and at the same time pronioting the public stock ; or, in other words, raising estates for their own families, by bringing into their country whatever is wanting, and carrying out of it whatever is superfluous.
Nature seems to have taken particular care to disseminate her blessings among the different regions of the world, with an eye to this mutual intercourse and traffic among mankind, that the natives of the several parts of the globe might have a kind of dependence upon one another, and be united together by their common interest. Almost every degree produces something peculiar to it. The food often grows in one country, and the sauce in another. The fruits of Portugal are corrected by the products of Barbadoes ; the infusion of a China plant is sweetened with the pith of an Indian cane. The Philippine islands give a flavour to our European bowls. The single dress of a woman of