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master man, to lay his, goatish disposition to the That he suspects none; on whole foolish honeliy charge of a itar ! My father compounded with My practices ride easy!—I see the business. my mother under the dragon's tail; and my nati- Let me, if not by birth, have lands by ws: vity was under urja majur ; so that it follows, 1 All with me'mmect, that I can falhion fit. (Er!. am rough and lecherous.--Tut, I should have been that . am, had the maidenlieft star in the firma
S CE N E 111. ment twinkled on my battardizing. Edgar
The Duke of Albany's Palace.
Enter Goneril, and Steward.
Gon. Did my father strike my gertiernan for figis like Tom o' Bedlam.---0, these eclipses do chiding of his fool? portend these divisions ! fa, fol, la, mi
Siew. Ay, midam.
[heer Edg. How now, brother Edmund ? What se. Gon. Ey day and night! he wrongs me; every rious contemplation are you in?
He flashes into one grois crime or other, Edm. I am thinking, brother, of a prediction I That sets us all at odds: I'll not endure it : rend this other day, what thould follow there His knights grow riotous, and himself upbraids us eclipses.
On every trifle : When he returns from hunting, Evg. Do you busy yourself with that?
I will not speak with him : say, I am fick :Edm. I promise you, the etiećts he writes of, If you come Nack of former services, fucceed unlappily; as of unnaturalness between You shall do well; the fault of it I'll answer. the child and the parent ; death, dearth, diliolutions Stew. He's coming, madam ; I hear him. of ancient amities, divifions in stale, menaces and
[licras ciebie malcdictions against king and nobles; needless Gon. Put on what weary negligence you pleale, diffidences, banishmeat of friends, dissipation of You and your fellow's; I'd have it come to queition : cohorts, nuptial breaches, and I know not what. If he dinike it, let him to my fifter,
Edg. How long have you been a fećtary aftro- Whose mind and mine, I know, in that are ope, nomical ?
Not to be over-ruld. Idie old man, Edm. Come, come ; when faw you my father That itill would manage thote authorities, lalt?
That he hath given away !--Now, by my life, Idy. Why, the night gone by.
Old fools are babes again ; and must be us 'd Edm. Spake you with him?
With checks as flatteries when they are scen abus d?. Edg. Ay, two hours together.
Remember what I have said. Edm. Parted you in good terms > Found you no
Stew. Very well, madam. displeasure in him, by word, or countenance ? Gon. And let his kmghts have colder locks Edg. None at all.
among you; Eam. Bethink yourself, wherein you may have What grows of it, no matter; adı ife your fellons offended him: and at my entreaty, forbear his pre- I would breed from hence occafions, and I hall, fence, until some little time hath qualified the heat That I may speak : --I'll write ftraight to my of his dit pleasure ; which at thiş inft:int fo rageth|
fifter, in him, that with the mischief of your person it to hold my very course :--Prepare for dinner. would icarcely allay. Eids. Some vllan hatlı done nic wrong.
SCENE IV. E.m. That's my fear. pide you, baie a continent forbearance, 'ul the speed of his rage goen
Ans": Plar, before tóe Pulti. Rower; and, as I say, rciire with me to my lodg
Fra Kari, das wred. ing, from whence I will filly bring you to hear my Xt. If but as well I other arcents bonos, lord speak : Pray you, go; there's my key :- Thi can my speech diffuse?, my gount intent you do (tir ah.cd, go armu.
May carry through itself to that fuil flue Edg. Arn', brother!
For which I raz'd my likeness. Now, hann? Ex%. Brother, I advise you to the beít; Sol
(Jemr', arm'd; I am no honet: mai, if there be any good If thou can it serve where thou doft stand conmeaning towards you: I have told you what I (So may it come!) thy master, whom tirou lovit, have seen and heard, lut faintly; nothing like the Shall find tree full of labours. inage and hoinar of iş : Pray you, away. llons within. Enter Lear, Kaizlés, und 90:
Edg. Shall I hear from you mno:1?
Lear. Let me not stay a jot for dinner ; So, get (7x:Edger.
it ready. A credulous father, and a brother noble,
what art tlou ? Whofe nature is so tar from doing harms,
Kent. A man, iu.
The sense, according to Dr. Johnson, is this : “O men muß be treated with checks, when as tår sre feen to be dicentes uzty peteries: or, when they are werk enough to be seen abused by flatteries, the are then weak enough to be :£: i with checks. There is a play of the words used and atzied. Toet, is, in our anthor, very frequently the same as to decerve." 2. That is, It I can change my perin as well as I have changed my dress . To di que ípcech, signifies to di lor ier it, and so to take in
Lear. What doft thou profess? What would'It appears, as well in the general dependants, as in thou with us?
the duke himself also, and your daughter. Keni. I do profess to be no less than I seem ; to Lear. Ha! fay'it thou so ? serve him truly, that will put me in trust; to love Knight. I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, if him that is honest; to converfe ' with him that is I be mistaken ; for my duty cannot be filent, when wife, and says little; to fear judgment; to fight, I think your highness is wrong d. when I cannot choose ; and to eat no fih?.
Lear. Thou but remember'it me of mine own Lear. What art thou ?
conception : I have perceived a moft faint neglect Kent. A very honeft-hearted fellow, and as of late ; which I have rather blamed as mine own poor as the king.
jealous curiosity,than as a very pretence 3 and purLear. If thou be as poor for a subject, as he is pose of unkindneis: I will look further into't. for a king, thou art poor enongh. What would'it But where's my foul? I have not seen him these thou?
two days. Kent. Service.
Knighe. Since my young lady's going into France, Lear. Whom would'ft thou serve ?
fir, the food hath much pin'd away. Kont, You.
Lear. No more of that; I have noted it well. Lear. Doft thou know me, fellow ?
Go you, and tell my daughter I would speak with Kint. No, fir; but you have that in your coun- her.--Go you, call hither my fool.tenance, which I would fain call matter.
Rocriter Steward. Lear. What's that?
O, you fir, you fir, come you hither : Who am Kent. Authority.
Siew. My lady's father.
[1, fir? Luar. What services can'îl thou do?
Lear. My lady's father ! my lord's knave : you Kent. I can keep honett counsel, ride, run, whoreson dog ! you slave! you cur ! mar a curious tale iu telling it, and deliver a plain Sieru. I am none of these, my lord ; I beseech meisage bluntly : that which ordinary men are fit you, pardon me. for, I am qualify'd in; and the best of me is di Lenr. Do you bandy looks with me, you raical? ligence.
[Striking -19. Lear. How old art thou ?
Stw. I'll not be struck, my lord. Kina. Not so young, sir, to lore a woman for Kini. Nor tript neicher; you bare foot-ball finging ; nor so old, to dote on her for any thing :
[Tripping up his beets. I have years on my back forty-eight.
Lear. I thank thee, fellow; thou ferv'it me, Lear. Follow me; thou shalt serve me; if I and I'll love thee. like thee no worse after dinner, I will not part Kent. Come, tir, arise, away ; I'll teach you from thee yet.-Dinner, ho, dinner !-Where's differences ; away, away: If you will measure my knave my tool? Go you, and call my fool your lubber's length again, tarry : but away: go hither :
to; Have you widoin ? so. Enter Stewa.d.
[Pushes the Steward oui, You, you, furali, where's my daughter?
Lear. Now, my friendly knave, I thank thee : Stew. So please you,
[Exit. there's earneit of thy service. [Giving Kent money. Lear. What says the follow there - Call the
Enter Fool. clotpole back.-- Where's my fool, ho ?--I think Fool. Let me hire him cov; -Here's my coxthe world's alleep. - -How now where's that comb.
[Giving Kent his cap. mungrel ?
Lear. How now, my pretty knave? how dost Anigbe. He says, my lord, your daughter is not thou ? well.
Food. Sirral, you were best take my coxcomb. Lear. Why came not the Nare back to me, Kent. Why, fool? when I call'd him?
Toot. Why, for taking one's part that is out of Knight. Sir, he answer'd me in the rounden favour : Nay, an thou can'ít not smile as the wind manner, he would not.
fies, thou'll catch cold shortly: There, take my Lear. He would not !
coxcomb 4: Why, this fellow has banith'd two of Knight. My lord, i know not what the matter his daughters and did the third a bleiling against his is; but, to my judgment, your highness is not en- will; if thou follow him, thou must needs wear teitain' with that cerenvonious affection as you my coxcomb.----How now, nuncle ? 'Would I were wont; there's a great abatement of kindness had two coxcombs s, and two daughters!
I To converse fignifies immediately and properly to keep company, not to discourse or talk. His meaning is, that he chutes for his companions men of reserve and caution; men who are no taulers nor tale-bearers. 2 In Queen Elizabeth's time the Papilts were eitecmed, and with good reafon, enemies to the government. llence the proverbial phrale of, He's an honest man, and cats no fijh ; to lignify he's a friend to the government, and a Protektant; the eating fish, on a religious account, being then eiteemed such a badge of popery, that when it was enjoin'd for a season by act of parliament, for the encouragement of the lith-lowns, it was thought necessary to declare the reafun; hence it was called Ceil's fuft. 3 Fretenie for design. 4 Meaning his cap, callca lo, because on the top of the fooi or jefter's cap was fewed a piece of red cloth, resembling the comb of a cock. The word, afterwards, was used to d note a vain, conceited, meddling fell w. s Two tools caps, in:ended, as it leeins, to mark double folly in the man that gives all to bis daughters.
obe fools among
- Lear. Why, my boy?
Lear, What two cron'ns shall they be? Fool. If I gave them all my living, I'd keep my Font. Why, after I have cut the egg is the coxcombs myself: There's mine ; beg another of middle, and eat up the meat, the two crowns of thy daughters.
the ege. When thou clovest thy crown in the Lear. Take heed, firrah; the whip.
middle, and gaveft away both parts, thou horeft Fool. Truth's a dog that must to kennel ; he thine afs on thy back over the dit: Thou haft must be whipp'd out, when the lady brach' may little wit in thy bald crown, when thou gavett the stand by the fire and stink.
golden one away. If I speak like myself in this Lear. A peftilent gall to me!
let him be whipp'd that first finds it so. Fool. Sirrah, I'll teach thee a speech. (To Kent. Fools we'er had lefs grace in a gears; (Singiag. Lear. Do.
men are grown foppil; Fool. Mark it, nuncle :
And know not bow their wies to swear,
Their manners are so ap: 6.
Lear. When were you wont to be so full of
songs, firrah ? Ride more than thou goeft,
Fool. I have used it, nuncle, ever since thou Learn more than thou trowest?, mad'st thy daughters thy mothers : for when ttou Set less than thou throwest;
gavest them the rod, and putr'it down thine own Leave thy drink and thy whore,
breeches, And keep in a-door,
Then they for fudden joy did weep, [Singing:
And I for jorrow fung,
That such a king frould play bo-peep,
And Fool. Then it is like the breath of an unfee'd Pr’ythee, nuncle, keep a school-master that can Jawyer ; you gave me nothing for't :--Can you teach thy fool to lie; I would fain learn to lie. make no use of nothing, nuncle?
Lear. If you lie, sırrah, we'll have you whipt. Lear. Why, no, boy ; nothing can be made out Fool. I marvel, what kin thou and thy daughters of nothing.
are : they'll have me whipt for speaking, true, Fool. Pr’ythiee, tell him, so much the rent of thou'lı have me whipt for lying; and, sometimes, ḥis land comes to; he will not believe a fool. I am whipt for holding my peace. I had rather
[To Kent. be any kind of thing, than a fool : and yet I would Lear. A bitter.fool!
not be thee, nuncle; thou hast pared thy wit o' Fol. Dost thou know the difference, my boy, both sides, and left nothing in the middle: Here between a bitter fool and a sweet fool ?
comes one o' the parings. Lear. No, lad, teach me.
Lear. How now, daughter? what makes thi Fool. That lord, that counsel'd thee
frontlet 6 on?
Methinks, you are too much of late i' the frown.
Fool. Thou wast a pretty fellow, when thea Or do thou for him stand:
had'It no need to care for her frowning ; now The sweet and bitter fool Will presently appear :
thou art an O without a figure : I am better than
thou art now; I am a fool, thou art notning -The one in motley here, The other found out there.
Yes, forsooth, I will hold my tongue; [T, Gosti]
so your face bids me, though you say nouns Lezr. Doft thou call me fool, boy?
Mum, mum, Fool. All thy other titles thou hast given away ; He that keeps nor crust nor crum, that thou wast born with.
Weary of all, shall want some Kent. This is not altogether fool, my lord. That's a sheald pearcod 7. [Pointing to Lear.
Fool. No, 'faith, lords and great men will not Gon. Not only, sir, this your all-licens's fool, let me ; if I had a monopoly out, they would have But other of your insolent retinue part on't 4 : and ladies too, they will not let me Do hourly carp and quarrel; breaking forth have all fool to myself; they'll be snatching. In rank and not-to-be-endured riots. Sir, Give me an egs, nuncle, and I'll give thee two I had thought, by making this well known unto you, crowns.
To have found a safe redress; but now grow fearful,
i Prach is a bitch of the hunting kind. 2 That is, do not lend all that thou haf. To care, in old English, is to poffefs. 3 To trow, is an old word which fignifies to believe. 4 A fatire on the gross abuses of monopolies at that time ; and the corruption and avarice of the courtiers, who commonly went shares with the patentee. Monopolies were in Shakspeare's time the common obje&s of Tacire. 5 The meaning is, There never was a time when fools were less in favour ; and the reason is, that they were never fo little wanted, for wise men now supply their place. Both the quarto editions read-lefs wie for less grace. 6 Lear alludes to the frontlei, which was ancitnily part of a woman's dress.
71. e. now a mere busk, which contains nothing.
By what yourself too late have spoke and done, Is it your will ? speak, fir-Prepare my horfes.-
Lear. Detelted kite! thou liest : [To Goneril.
My train are men of choice and rarest parts,
That all particulars of duty know ;
That it had irs head bit off by its young. The worships of their name.--O most small fault,
Which, like an engine o, wrench'd my frame of
From the fixt place; drew from my lieart all love,
Striking bis bead,
And thy dear judgment out Go, go, my people. Fool. May not an ass know when the cart draws Aib. My lord, I am guiltless, as I am ignorant the horse? --Whoop, Jug! I love thee 2. Of what hath mov'd
[eyes? Hear, nature ! bear; dear goddess, hear!
And from her derogate 7 body never spring
A babe to honour her! If the mult teem,
Let it stamp wrinkles in her brow of youth ;
With cadent 9 tears fret channels in her cheeks;
Turn all her mother's pains and benefits
How Tharper than a serpent's tooth it is
Within a fortnight!
Lear. I'll tell thee ;--Life and death! I am
alham'd Lear. Darkness and devils !.
That thou hast power to shake my manhood thus : Saddle my horses; call my train together.
[To Gmeril. Degenerate bastard! I'll not trouble thee; That these hot tears, which break from me perforce, Yet have I left a daughter.
[rabble Should make thee worth them.--Blatts and fugs Gon. You strike my people; and your disorder'd
upon thee! Make servants of their betters.
The untented 10 wonindings of a father's curse Enter Albany.
Pierce every sense about thee !--Old fond eyes,
And calt you, with the waters that you lose,
2 Mr. Steevens has been informed, that this is a quotation from the burthen of an oid long 3 A palace grac'd by the presence of a fovereign. 4 Depend, for continue in service. 5 Mr. Upton oblcrves, that the tea-monfter is the Hippopotamus, the hieroglyphical symbol of impiety and ingratitude. Sandys, in his Travels, says so that he killeth his lire, and ravitheth his own dam." o By an engine is meant the rack. ? Derogate here means degruded; bduld. Difaatur'd is wanting in natural afte Etion. 9 i. e. falling tears.
10 Uniested wounds, means wounds in their world itate, not having a 16»t in them to digeit them.
To temper clay.--Ha! is it come to this? ters: acquaint my daughter no further with a
[Excunt Lear, Kent, and Attendants. not in danger of kibes? Gon. Do you mark that, my lord ?
Lear. Ay, boy. Alb, I cannot be to partial, Goneril,
Fool. Then, Lprythee, be merry; thy wit 1 To the great love I bear you,
not go hip-thod. Gon. Pray you, content. What, Oswald, ho! Lear. Ha, ha, ha! You, sir, more knave than fool, after your master, Fool. Shalt see, thy other daughter will use thee
(To the font. kindly ; for though she's as like this as a crab s Fuel. Nuncle Lear, nuncle Lear, tarry, and take like an apple, yet I can tell what I can tell. the fool with thee.
Leur. Why, wliat can'lt thou tell, boy?
Fool. She will taste as like this, as a crab dres
to a crab. Thou can'ft tell, why one's note itads Should sure to the Naughter,
i' the middle of one's face?
[Exit. Fool. Why, to keep one's eyes on either site Gon. This man hath had good counsel : -A one's nose; that what a man cannot smell out, he hundred knights !
may ipy into. 'Tis politic, and safe, to let him keep [dream, Lear. I did her wrong 4:At point ', a hundred knights. Yes, that on every Fool. Can't tell how an oyiter makes his fhell? Each buz, each fancy, each complaint, diflike, Lear. No. He may enguard his dotage with their powers, Fool. Nor I neither ; but I can tell why a fnal And hold our lives at mercy. Oswald, I say !-- has a house. Alb. Well, you may fear too far.
Lear. Why? Gon. Safer than trust too far :
Fool. Why, to put his head in ; not to give it Let me ftill take away the harms I fear, away to his daughters, and leave his horns without Not fear still to be taken. I know his heart : a cale. What he hath utter'd, I have writ my sitter ; Lear. I will forget my nature. -So kind a fa If the sustain him and his bundred knights, ther Be my hories ready? When I have thew'd the unfitness, -How now, Fool, Thy asses are gone about 'em. The reason Oswald ?
why the seven stars are no more than lever, is a Enter Steward.
Fool. Yes, indeed : Thou would'st make a good
Lear. To take it again perforce 5 ! - Monster, inand thereto adel such reasons of your own,
gratitude ! As may compact it more 2,
Get you gone;
Foal. If thou wert my fool, nuncle, I'd have And halten your return. No, no, my lord, thee beaten for being old before thy time.
[Exis Steward. Lear. How's that? Tois milky gentleness, and course of yours,
Fool. Thou should'st not have been old, before
heaven! Keep me in temper; I would not be
How now? Are the horses ready ?
Lear. Come, boy.
(departure, A pour-Yard before the Duke of Albany's Palace. Fool. She that's a maid now, and laughs at my Enter Liar, Kent, and Fool.
Shall not be a maid long, unless things be cut Lez, Go you before to Gloster with these let
1.4t point, probably means completely armed, and consequently ready at appointment or command on ihe flight it notice.
? That is, Unite one circumftance with another, to as to make a confiftent 3 To be at lok, is to be liable to reprehenfion and correction.
4 He is muling on Cadelia s He is meditating on his daughter's having in fo violent a manner di prived nim vi those privileges which belore the had agreed to grant him.