The Teachings of the Church Fathers

الغلاف الأمامي
John Randolph Willis
Ignatius Press, 01‏/01‏/2002 - 496 من الصفحات

ÊThe Fathers of the Church have been a vital source of wisdom and inspiration for countless saints, popes, peasants, and converts throughout the history of the Church. In this powerful one-volume library, Father Willis presents more than 250 selected doctrinal topics in an exhaustive selection of writings from the major sources of the Fathers. He lets the Fathers speak for themselves on a wide variety of spiritual themes.

من داخل الكتاب

ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة

لم نعثر على أي مراجعات في الأماكن المعتادة.

الصفحات المحددة

المحتوى

Revealed Religion
1
1 The notion of religion
4
2 Natural religion exists in man
5
3 Revelation merits the assent of human reason
7
4 Revelation is morally necessary for us in the present order
9
one and four
12
6 The genuineness of the four Gospels was acknowledged by Christian antiquity
15
7 The witnesses who assert the genuineness of the Gospels are worthy of belief
21
IX Habitual Grace
277
118 Among the gifts which God has bestowed on His creatures some are natural others are supernatural
279
119 In justification there is infused a permanent supernatural gift habitual grace
280
120 Sins are truly blotted out
282
121 Man is renewed internally
284
122 The Holy Spirit dwells in man
286
123 Man becomes a sharer of the divine nature
288
124 Man becomes the adoptive son of God
289

8 The four Gospels contain true history
23
9 Jesus Christ truly came into the world as a divine legate
25
10 The prophecies prove this divine mission to be fulfilled in Christ
28
11 Christs miracles prove His divine mission
30
12 Christs prophecies prove His divine mission
32
13 The resurrection of Christ rests on arguments that are certain
33
14 The wonderful propagation and perpetuity of Christianity prove its divine origin
34
15 Christian virtues versus pagan vices
38
16 Martyrdom is a testimony of the truth of the Christian religion
42
17 The internal nature of Christian doctrine proves its divinity
44
The Church
47
18 Jesus Christ instituted a society which was to last forever which He called His Church
49
19 The Church was to continue Christs own life on earth
51
21 Heretics and schismatics are not members of the Church
56
22 The Church is necessary for all men to attain their salvation
58
23 The true Church of Christ can be recognized by certain notes
61
24 Sanctity of principles and members belongs only to the true Church of Christ
62
25 Unity of faith and government belongs only to the true Church of Christ
63
26 Catholicity belongs only to the true Church of Christ
67
27 Apostolicity belongs only to the true Church of Christ
68
28 Among the apostles Peter received the primacy of jurisdiction in the Church from Christ
70
29 Peter founded his chair at Rome and instituted a Roman bishop as his successor in the primacy
72
30 The Roman pontiffs have always attributed the primacy to themselves
74
31 Bishops were the legitimate successors of the apostles
75
32 The Church is infallible in transmitting Christs doctrine
77
34 The bishops assembled in ecumenical council have always been recognized as infallible judges of the faith
78
Sacred Scripture and Tradition
81
35 There are sacred books written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit that have God as their author
83
36 Inspiration consists in Gods action moving the mind and the will of the hagiographer to the mode of the instrument
85
37 The primary object of this inspiration is things pertaining to salvation
87
39 The writer the revelation and the divine assistance
88
40 No error can be found in the sacred books
89
41 Sacred tradition is also a true font of revelation
91
42 This tradition completes Scripture through an authentic interpretation
96
44 All progress in dogma however is not to be rejected
99
One God
101
45 The existence of God can certainly be known through the natural light of reason
103
46 Man can draw knowledge of God from the order of the visible world
107
47 Man can draw knowledge of God from the governing of providence
112
48 Man can draw knowledge of God from the dictates of conscience
113
49 This knowledge is somehow inborn in all men
114
50 The essence of God is His very existence His name is Yahweh
116
51 God is per se independent existence
118
52 The divine attributes are really the same as the divine substance
120
53 God is utter simplicity and admits of no composition whatever
121
54 God is omnipotent
125
55 Creatures can be elevated to the vision of God and this is done for the angels and the blessed
128
56 God knows all things in a single gaze not only those things which are but those things which will be
130
57 God foreknows everything which is future in the free will of man
131
58 God has providence for all of His creatures
134
59 God wants all men to be saved
135
60 God predestined some to eternal life most merciful Dispenser of grace
136
61 Predestination for faith and justification is completely gratuitous
138
V The Triune God
143
62 From the first three centuries it is clear from tradition that God is triune
145
63 Against Arianism the later Fathers appealed to this constant tradition
152
64 Father Son and Holy Spirit are distinct and yet One
153
65 There are three Persons in the unity of one nature
158
66 The most holy Trinity is a mystery
163
67 The Father alone does not proceed
166
68 The Son was not made
169
69 The Son was truly born of the Father
172
70 The Son is coeternal with the Father
175
71 The Son is consubstantial with the Father
179
72 The Holy Spirit is God
186
73 That the Holy Spirit is God is proved by His operation
187
74 The Holy Spirit is consubstantial with the Father and the Son
188
76 The divine Persons are distinguished among themselves only by relations
190
77 Operations outside are common to the three Persons
192
78 Creation takes place through the Word
193
79 Sanctification takes place through the Holy Spirit
197
80 The Son is sent by the Father
198
VI Creation
201
82 God created all things
203
83 God created all things out of nothing
206
84 God creates freely
210
85 God created out of His goodness
212
86 The world matter is not eternal
213
87 There exist angels created by God
215
88 Many angels having attained eternal beatitude have already been confirmed in the good
217
89 Many angels however having committed grave sin rushed into eternal damnation
218
90 The good angels are ministers of God and aid men in the business of salvation
219
91 Man is composed of body and soul
220
92 The human soul is immortal
222
93 Man is free see under heading 102
224
94 The human soul is created by God
226
original justice
227
96 Our first parents were free from concupiscence
229
97 Our first parents were immune from the necessity of dying
230
Sin
233
98 Sin is a turning from God and a conversion to creatures
235
100 Death is the effect of Adams sin
236
101 Through sin Adam lost the other free gifts
239
102 Adams sin has passed on to all men
240
103 On the fate of infants dying without baptism
244
104 For every good salutary work grace is absolutely necessary
249
105 Without grace man can place certain acts naturally good
255
106 Without grace man cannot keep the Law for any length of time
256
108 Without grace man cannot resist for long concupiscence and grave temptations
261
109 No one can be completely immune from concupiscence and small sins without a special privilege of grace
263
110 Final perseverance is a great gift of God
267
111 There is some grace which truly suffices to produce its effect but nevertheless does not actually produce it gratia sufficiens
268
112 However there is another grace which efficaciously moves the will gratia efficax
269
113 Grace does not destroy free will
271
114 God infallibly knows beforehand in what way free will is to make use of the aid of grace
272
115 Grace surpasses all the exigencies of nature
273
117 To no one not even the unfaithful does God deny grace sufficient for faith and for salvation
275
125 Man must dispose himself for justification through faith
291
126 Man also disposes himself for justification through the acts of the other virtues
293
127 Habitual grace is lost by mortal sin
294
129 The just can have true merit
295
130 The just can merit eternal life
297
X The Incarnate Word
299
131 The anteNicene tradition testifies that Christ is true God see under heading 71
302
132 Only the Son of God is incarnate nor is He other than Jesus Christ
307
133 Jesus Christ assumed a true human nature not one that was merely apparent
309
134 Therefore Christ has a true body formed from the substance of Mary
316
135 Christ also has a rational soul
320
136 And so Christ is consubstantial with us being of Adams race
322
137 What is not assumed is not healed
323
138 The incarnation is a mystery
324
139 The Word assumed a human nature so that there are two natures truly distinct
327
140 The two natures are somehow united
329
141 The two natures of Christ are united by a personal union
332
one divine the other human
335
143 In Christ there is a true communication of idioms
337
144 The man Christ is the natural Son of God not the adopted Son
339
145 Christ completely f1lled with grace had complete sanctity
340
147 Christ was free from personal sin
341
148 Christ had a body capable of suffering
343
149 Christ freely suffered and died
345
150 On the question of ignorance in Christ
346
151 The purpose of the incarnation and passion of Christ is the salvation of men
348
152 The purpose of the incarnation and passion of Christ is a manifestation of love towards men
349
154 Christ offers Himself by way of true vicarious sacrifice
350
155 Christ ascended into heaven according to His human nature
352
Mary Mother of God and Virgin
355
157 Mary was truly the Mother of God
356
158 Mary was a virgin in conceiving
357
159 Mary was a virgin during Christs birth
360
161 Mary was conceived immaculate
361
The Sacraments
363
163 The sacraments are sensible signs which signify and at the same time confer grace
368
164 Physically the sacraments are constituted of things matter and words form
371
165 Among the sacramental rites the imposition of hands signifies in a special manner the conferring of grace
372
166 The sacraments confer more abundant grace on the recipient who is better disposed to receive
375
169 And so these sacraments of baptism confirmation and orders can never be repeated
376
170 The sacraments confer grace from the power of the Holy Spirit which is in the rite
378
171 Christ is the author of the sacraments and instituted all of them immediately
379
173 The worth of the sacraments does not depend on the faith of the minister
380
174 The worth of the sacraments does not depend on the probity of the minister
382
175 To receive the sacraments licitly and with fruit certain dispositions are required in an adult
383
177 Baptism is a true sacrament instituted by Christ
384
178 The remote matter is natural water
386
179 The proximate matter however is the washing with the water
387
181 In the form of baptism it is essential that there be a distinct expression of God as One and Three
388
182 The minister of solemn baptism is the bishop and the priest or in case of necessity a deacon
389
183 Any man using the right matter form and intention baptizes validly even licitly in case of necessity
390
184 And so even heretics may validly baptize
391
185 Baptism is necessary for all for salvation both children and adults
392
186 For adults the baptism of desire can take the place of the baptism of water
394
188 The Church has always recognized that even infants are capable of receiving baptism
396
189 The effect of baptism is a spiritual regeneration which consists in the remission of every sin and punishment and the infusion of the first grace
397
190 Confirmation is a true sacrament
399
192 The proximate matter is the unction of the chrism made on the forehead in the form of a cross
400
195 The effect of confirmation is a more abundant effusion of grace and of the gifts of the Holy Spirit
401
48 ff Christ promised that He would give Himself flesh and blood in a real sense in food and drink
404
198 Christ is really present in the Eucharist under the species of bread and wine
406
199 The truth of the real Presence is evident from the words of institution
409
200 This Presence of Christ does not depend on the faith and disposition of the receiver
411
201 The bread and wine through the words of consecration are converted into the body and blood of Christ
412
202 The matter of the Eucharist is bread and wine
413
203 The minister of the Eucharist to be confected is the priest
414
204 For licit and fruitful communion the state of grace is required
415
205 The Mass is a true sacrifice
416
206 The Mass is a representation of the sacrifice of the cross
417
207 Christ is the victim offered in the sacrifice of the Mass
418
209 This power of remitting or retaining sins extends to all sins committed after baptism
420
210 Of all sins the greatest were adultery homicide and apostasy or heresy
423
211 In the early Church a public penance was imposed for the most serious external crimes
424
212 However reconciliation was made by the imposition of hands ordinarily by the bishop
426
213 Penance is necessary to obtain the remission of sin
427
214 Some confession not made only to God but external is required for the remission of sins
428
215 Because of the intercession of martyrs some of the canonical penance could be remitted
430
218 Holy Orders is a true sacrament
431
219 In the Church the clergy constitute a distinct order from the laity
432
220 Episcopacy priesthood and diaconate constitute major orders
433
222 The deacons are assistants of the bishops and priests in holy functions
434
224 In the early Church women could be consecrated to God in a special manner as deaconesses or widows however they received no order properly...
435
226 The form of orders is the prayer which is conjoined with that imposition
436
228 The purposes of matrimony are the generation of children mutual conjugal help and a remedy for concupiscence
437
229 Christian matrimony is a true sacrament
438
230 Matrimony effects a bond which is completely indissoluble
441
231 The sacrament of matrimony effects an exclusive bond
445
233 Matrimony is licit and good
446
234 Celibacy and especially virginity are however preferable to marriage
447
The Last Things
449
235 Death is a separation of the soul from the body
451
236 After death there is no possibility of meriting or dementing
452
237 The soul undergoes a particular judgment when it leaves the body
454
239 Purgatory exists where the soulsfor whom something more must be expiatedundergo temporary punishments
456
240 The souls of the dead detained in purgatory can be helped by the suffrages of the living
457
241 Those who die in mortal sin are cast into hell
458
a damnationthe privation of God
459
244 The punishments of the damned will be eternal
463
245 Various signs precede the end of the world
468
246 The dead shall rise
469
247 The dead will rise with their same bodies
474
248 Afterwards the general judgment will be given
476
249 The object of beatitude is God alone
477
250 Perfect beatitude in heaven consists in the vision and the love of God
478
Enchiridion Patristicum
481
Index to the Church Fathers references are to marginal numbers
489
حقوق النشر

طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات

عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

معلومات المراجع