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Y, stated that short crops and poverty might excuse from doing much, yet could be no just plea for doing nothing, since it was required according to what he hath, and not according to what he hath not.
2, said he never subscribed to any paper; and observed, I am for none of this obligation; if I get any thing to spare I will give it and be done with it.
Moreover, he thought it rather dangerous to give liberally, lest they should make their Minister proud and so hinder his usefulness.
&, rising soberly said he had attended to what had been said on the subject, and was grieved in spirit to hear so many objections to the discharge of a reasonable and just duty; he feared that a spirit of pride and covetousness had disposed them to serve themselves of the good things of God without returning to him one thankful offering; he wondered how Christians could expect the continuance of the blessings of life who were more abusive of and unthankful for them, than the very heathens, who never use any of a new crop, till they have offered the first fruits to the great giver of all good. To the brethren who are so afraid of spoiling the minister by liberalities he said, are your sons and daughters as lovely and their souls as precious in your sight as your minister? If so, why do you not govern them by the same rule, and when the sons request superfines to wear, high priced, gay horses, and fifty or sixty dollar saddles to ride, and the daughters lustring dresses, with trail from three to five feet in length, fine bonnets and feathers and other costly equipage of dress, why do you not say, no, my lovely children, these will make you proud and ruin you?—No, your families can be and appear in all the fashionable elegance of dress, and your boards loaded with the luxuries of life, without adverting to the evil consequence of such conduct. I would, said he, brethren were consistent.
Our preachers are like the camels of Arabia, while they are loaded with jewels and spices, feed on shrubs and busbes; or rather like the colt that was tied where two ways met; surely the Ministers of the Gospel ought to live somewhere between the palace and almshouse; and may God in his mercy save us from all extremes for Christ's sake. Amen.
From Penn's Maxims. There is a troublesome humour some men have, that if they may not lead, they will not follow; but had rather a thing were never done, than not done their own way, though otherwise very desirable.
This comes of an over-fulness of ourselves, and shews we are more concerned for praise, than the success of what we think a good thing.
SKETCH OF LOWER VIRGINIĄ, There is something melancholy in the whole aspect of this region. Plantations settled when our ancestors first occupied this country, are now entirely grown up, chiefly with pines, which east their sombre shade over many a mile of flat sandy roads and utter their melancholy murmurs on the blowing of every breeze. There grow on many places, on ditches thrown up for enclosures, trees which show that they have been standing from fifty to a hundred years.
As one rides along and is presented frequently with objects such as these, he cannot help inquiring in his own mind what has become of the families which once dwelt here, and manifested the old fashioned and generous hospitality to every guest, stranger or neighbour? This question carries the thoughts away to the regions of the West, where many a son of Virginia has wandered in search of a home. But here lies the bones of their fathers! This idea is suggested by the appearance of a once stately and elegant church, now in ruins. The traveller, involuntarily stops his horse at this sight, dismounts, and ties him to the pendant bough of one of the old oaks, under the shade of which the forefathers of the parish used to sit and enjoy friendly converse, while waiting for the coming of their minister. Then with slow and pensive steps, he traverses the church yard, and endeavours to decypher names and dates that now scarcely appear on the old broken grave stones. There is only one cheering thought in all that is before him; it is the reference made, always where Christianity prevails and no where else, to the doctrine of the resurrection, On fragments of marble, once laid with pious tenderness over the ashes of a parent or a child, a husband or wife, one may trace fragments of scripture texts, showing how, in the days of their affliction, they, who once dwelt in this region, sought consolation in the precious truths of the Bible. For instance, *** Resurrect -* the Life ***, ******* Sorrow as
no hope, &c. &c. On seeing such things as these, faith triumphs amid the ruins that surround the spectator; and he looks forward with exultation to the time, when every part of earth and sea that has been made a grave, shall give up its dead; when "this corruptible shall put on incorruption, this mortal shall put on irnmortality, and the saying shall be brought to pass, Death is swallowed up in victory.
With some such feelings as these, on one occasion, I turned from the grave yard to examine the church. The sound " blessed are the dead who die in the Lord," seemed to be echoing in my ears,
As I entered the door, the first object which caught my eye was the remnant of the painting over what was once the altar. Scarcely a trace of this could be perceived except the letters, in Hebrew, of the name Jehovah, which seemed to stand in VOL. VI.
their original freshness, while every thing around them was mouldy and decayed. This object for a few minutes strongly attracted my attention, and filled me with religious awe. This feeling made the whole scene, presented inside of the church, extremely painful. All was ruin and desolation. The altar and the pulpit and the pews were broken down-the beautiful flag stones* with which the aisles had been laid, were for the most part removed; and the floor of the church resembled a farmer's barn-yard, where domestic animals of all kinds are accustomed to make their lodgment! Nor was this a solitary case. The spectacle of churches in ruins, which, as they once were, would have been no disgrace to any of our cities, is quite common. Even the cheerful chirp of the sparrow is not heard in these temples of the Lord of Hosts; but the bat is seen there; and the owl is heard there; and whatever our country produces of evilomened bird or beast nestles and broods there. I thought while beholding this sight, of the beginning of the cxxxvii. Psalm, in which the pious Jews so pathetically bewailed the desolations of Zion. “By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea we wept when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps on the willows, in the midst thereof."
It is impossible to say, how much is added to the gloominess of the country by such objects as these. And while the traveller exults in hope respecting the mouldering tenants of the tomb, who died in the faith; he cannot but inquire, with a mournful spirit, respecting the provision made for the spiritual interests of the present and future generations. This is a subject of very great importance to the well being of this country; and imperiously calls for most serious consideration.
* In one instance I saw the porch of a small tavern at which I was obliged to stop to feed my horse, laid with flags most manifestly brought from a church at no great distance.
Religious and Missionary Intelligence.
WESLEYAN-METHODIST MISSIONS IN SOUTH-AFRICA. We extract from the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine, the following particulars respecting the Mission among the Caffrees of South-Africa, conducted principally by Mr. WILLIAM SHAW :
In compliance with the promise in my last, I transcribe from my Journal an account of our late journey into the country of the Caffrees.
Saturday, Aug. 3d, 1822.-I obtained permission from the Landdrost and Com. mandant, to proceed on a short visit to Caffreland; the Brethren Kay and THRELFALL, with JAN T’ZATZOE an Interpreter, were also included in the passport. It was agreed that Brother Kay and I should proceed forward on the road to Fort Wiltshire to-night, with the view of preaching to the soldiers at that place tomorrow: that MR. TARELFALL should remain at Graham's Town until Monday morning, to preach to the English ; and that MʼZATZoe should remain with him,
and preach to the Hottentot congregation; Brother Kay and I are to wait at Fort Wiltshire, until Brother T. and T’ZATZOE arrived. About sun-set Brother Kay and I commenced our journey; we arrived, very late, at Hermnaan's Kraal, a military post. The serjeant's wife behaved to us with remarkable civility, but she could not furnish us with beds; however, we slept pretty well on the floor with blankets, and had our saddles for pillows. · Sunday, 4th.--I intended preaching this morning to the soldiers, at the post, but, to our great disappointment, found that they all had to proceed, at day-break, to Fort Wiltshire. We therefore saddled our horses, with the view of reaching Fort Wiltshire, in time to preach at night. We rode to the heights above the Great Fish River, took off our saddles to allow the horses to graze, sartook of some refreshment, which we had brought in our haversacks, and spent some time under a bush, in reading the Scriptures, and imploring the divine blessing upon our present journey. We found it “ good to draw nigh to God,” and were much comforted by thinking that, although by ourselves, on the borders of an immense forest, or wood, yet many thousands in our native land were praying for us. We proceeded on our journey through the dismal pass, over the Great Fish River, and saw many evident proofs of the place being much infested by elephants. We arrived safely at Fort Wiltshire; but the distance proving greater than we expected, and having after the sun set missed our way, we arrived too late to hold service; a circumstance which we greatly regretted: but we had “done what we could.” - Monday, 5th.-MAJOR ROGERS, and the Officers of the Garrison, behaved with great politeness, ordering a couple of beds to be made up for us, and otherwise treating us with very great kindness. We breakfasted with MAJOR R. this morning, and afterwards spoke with several of the soldiers, who had been Methodists in England, and who seem deeply to deplore the loss of the means of grace, since they came to this part of the world. They belong to the Sixth Regiment, and were stationed at Leeds and Hull, not long ago. I saw about 200 Caffrees at a pass in the Keiskamma River. These Catfrees belong to the tribe whose Chief or Captain is named BUTMAN; they are a fine looking race of men; their colour varies; but a deep, jet black is the most common. They are well proportioned in their limbs; and appear in general, very agile and expert. They had no covering whatever on their bodies, excepting the kaross, which is made of ox-bide, peculiarly dressed, and bung carelessly over their shoulders. We regretted very much that we could not preach to them, T'ZATZOE and Brother ThreLFALL not having arrived: they came, however, towards night. We dined with the Officers, and I preached to about two hundred of the soldiers, in a long and good building, erected for the stables of the cavalry. The people appeared very thankful for the opportunity; may it be a benefit to their souls ! How painful is it, in going in pursuit of the lost Heathen, to find on the borders of their country su many 6 lost sheep of the house of Israel," for whose souls no man cares. If it were possible, we would visit this place occasionally from Graham's Town, but it has not hitherto been in our power.
Tuesday, 6th.—The whole party, set off for Chumie, a missionary Station form. ed under the immediate patronage of the Colonial Government. I could not avoid a smile, when looking round upon our little company. Persons who travel in Africa need an extraordinary kind of outfit. I and my Brethren appeared with trowsers, made of sheep-skins; jackets we found more convenient than coats; our heads were covered, some with straw hats, and others with caps. Brother Kay carried a fowling-piece; T’ZATZOE, a heavy musket; and we all had haversacks slung over our shoulders, in which we carried our provender, &c. An extra horse bore our heavy great coats, which were needed for night-wear. Thus equipped, we rode on our way, about eighteen miles, and then arrived at a village, or, as it is called here, a kraal of Caffrees, a short distance from our path. Six men ran towards us with their assagays, or spears, in their hands; they begged for buttons, which were given them; and being informed who we were, and what was our design in visiting the country, the Chief asked, why he could not have Missionaries, saying he should be very glad to receive them. We passed several kraals, and saw others at a distance. After dark, we arrived safely at Chumie.
Wednesday, 7th. I was much pleased with the appearance of the congregation here. Last night, about one hundred and fifty, chiefly Caffrees, were present: they
säng melodiously a sort of native air, to some efpressive words of praise to God, said to be composed by a native captain ; and repeated, as with one voices answers to the catechetical examination, which was conducted by MR. BROWN LEE. Considering the short period that has elapsed since the commencement of this Institution, and the peculiar circumstances of the country; much has been effected. The site of the village is well chosen ; it-affords abundance of good timber, pasturage, water, &c.; and, which is of great consequence in Africa, the stream has beed so led out by conduits, as to render irrigation practicable, to a considerable estént. The village is laid out, on a regular plan, to which all the Caffrees submit, on coming to build upon the place. The neighbourhood is very populous. I was surprised at the number of kraals, all full of people, which we passed in the course of an hour's ride from the Missionary station. MR. BENNIE; of the Glasgow Society, has a number of children in his school; he writes out for them Catfree words, which they appear to learn to read with facility. On the whole, I think the Missionaries at this place will, by the blessing of God, produce a great chànge on the mass of the people in their neighbourhood. Mr. Kay questioned some of the candidates for baptism, at the request of the Missionaries; and at night I addressed the Caffree congregation, through the medium of the interpreter, who understands Dutch. A messenger was sent to GAIKA, the King) saying that we wished to speak with him; it is, however, doubtful, whether he will come.
Thursday, 8th.-I spent an hour in prayer this morning with my Brethren, and the three Missionaries on the Station, when many fervent petitions were offered to God for the Caffrees. Human agency was acknowledged before the Lord to be weakness itself, and the abundant effusion of the Holy SPIRIT, to prosper Missionary labours among the Caffrees, was successively solicited in prayer, by all the Brethren present. Othat God may give us the desire of our hearts! We commenced our journey shortly after the prayer-meeting; and in less than an bour arrived at the kraal of Makoo, the eldest son of GÀIKA, whom, with two of his wives, we met on the road, a short distance from his house. He immediately turned back; and we were soon surtouoded by a number of his people. After some conversation respecting an interview with his father, and desiring him to inform the King at what village we intended to sleep to-night, we rode on, and arrived at the intended place about sun-set. Wė sait, a number of kraals, or villages, on the road as we journeyed. The principal inan at this kraal sent off women to the neigbbouring kraals, to say that we intended to preach the Gospel
t his place, and to invite them to attend. We were allowed to take up our abode in their encircled thresbing-floor; and while we were boiling our kettle, a number of Caffrees assembled around us. We desired them to ask us any ques. tions they thought proper respecting the Gospel, when the following conversation with a Caffree took place, to which the rest listened with attention."
Caffree.-God requires men to pray all their lives, even to death ; now this is too hard. If God would be satisfied with two or three days' praying, that might be done ; but to pray all our lives is too hard.
Missionary. Those who pray sincerely will soon find, that it is not a hard work, but a pleasure and delight:- a child finds it very difficult, at first, to attempt walking, but it'sòon takes great delight in running about.
Caffree.--I am now growing old; I have lived long in the world, without God; therefore, it is of no use for me to 'change now.
Missionary. You should consider it a mercy, that How, at the latter end of your 'life, God has sent his word to you; the older you are, the more reason there is for you to change, because you must soon appear before the judgment-bar of God.
Caffree.-But you say God is almiglity, and can do all things: Why does be not change me at onee himself, withont sending teachers to tell me what I must be?
Missionary. God is truly almighty, but he uses means to effect what he de. sigts: it is the same with the soul, us with the body. He can give us corn from beaven; but he give's none, until the women dig, and plant, and sow; then he sends his rain upon it, and we receive corn and pumpkins, for food. Now it is just so with our souls, God sends teachers; you must hear and believe them, repent of your sins, and pray to God, and he will change your heart, and save
Coffree.--Why does not God change the Devil first; he is very wicked; bes