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BOSTON AND NEW YORK
HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND COMPANY
Che Riverside Press, Cambridge

1899

HARVARD
UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY

Copyright, 1841, 1843, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, 1855, 1858, 1863, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, 1871.

1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1882, 1883, 1886, 1891, and 1894,
BY HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW AND ERNEST W. LONGFELLOW.

Copyright, 1882 and 1883,
BY HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN & CO.

All rights reserved.

The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Mass., U. S. A.
Electrotyped and Printed by H. 0. Houghton & Company,

PUBLISHERS' NOTE.

The present Household Edition of Mr. Longfellow's Poetical Works contains his three long poems in dramatic form, The Divine Tragedy, The Golden Legend, and the New England Tragedies, which were formerly published in a separate volume under the general title of Christus : a Mystery. All of his other verse which he cared to preserve is included in this volume, with the exception of his translation of Dante's Divina Commedia, which is published separately.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.

HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW was born in Portland, Maine, February 27, 1807. He was a classmate of Hawthorne at Bowdoin College, graduating there in the class of 1825. He began the study of law in the office of his father, Hon. Stephen Longfellow ; but receiving shortly the appointment of professor of modern languages at Bowdoin, he devoted himself after that to literature, and to teaching in connection with literature. Before beginning his work at Bowdoin he increased his qualifications by travel and study in Europe, where he stayed three years. Upon his return he gave his lectures on modern languages and literature at the college, and wrote occasionally for the North American Review and other periodicals. The first volume which he published was an Essay on the Moral and Devotional Poetry of Spain, accompanied by translations from Spanish verse. This was issued in 1833, but has not been kept in print as a separate work. It appears as a chapter in Outre-Mer, a reflection of his European life and travel, the first of his prose writings. In 1835 he was invited to succeed Mr. George Ticknor as professor of modern languages and literature at Harvard College, and again went to Europe for preparatory study, giving especial attention to Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries. He held his professorship until 1854, and continued to live in Cambridge until his death, March 24, 1882, occupying a house known from a former occupant as the Craigie house, and also as Washington's headquarters, that general having so used it while organizing the army that held Boston in siege at the beginning of the Revolution. Everett, Sparks, and Worcester, the lexicographer, at one time or another lived in this house, and here Longfellow wrote most of his works.

In 1839 appeared Hyperion, a Romance, which, with more narrative form than Outre-Mer, like that gave the results of a poet's entrance into the riches of the Old World life. In the same year was published Voices of the Night, a little volume containing chiefly poems and translations which had been printed separately in periodicals. The

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