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The power of self-control is the thing perhaps more than any other that raises man above the animals. It is important to gain control of one's self, especially of one's tongue and one's temper. and hold control, otherwise the work of many days may be destroyed in a few minutes. A man is not rational when he is angry; in this condition he should not try to deal with other people. The sooner he gains complete control over himself the better. There is majesty in self-control. Most of the development and progress in a man's life depend upon his power to act in harmony with his judgment.

Temperance. Intemperance is frequently responsible for the loss of self-control. The use of intoxicating liquors is decidedly harmful to the system and renders one unfit for every kind of business. It might be argued that there is no harm in the moderate use of intoxicants, but it must be admitted that one step leads to another in the same direction, and that a young man is on dangerous ground when he takes his first glass. Many a young man of highest promise has had his career shattered by the acquaintance of this treacherous enemy. It has ruined more men and homes than any other thing in the world. If it were one's main ambition in life to fail, to bring misery to his family, to disgrace himself in the eyes of the public and to become a burden upon others, then he could select no safer and surer course than to enslave himself to these hellish drinks.

To a lesser degree the use of tobacco is injurious to the body and a hindrance to the progress of those who use it. Though many of our useful men and highly respected citizens are users of tobacco, yet there are probably none of them who do not regret the habit and who would not advise strongly against it. The use of tobacco often leads to drink.

Moreover, temperance in its relation to success must go farther than intoxicants and tobacco, and include moderation in dress, sleep, food, exercise, work and the other items requiring moderation.

Ideals. "Hitch your wagon to a star." Our ideals are our dreams of success and of what we would like to be. Dreaming is essential to success. It is the magic light that leads us on and on until we accomplish the ambition of our lives. Our dreams of today should be our realities of tomorrow. "Ideals are just realities that lie off the main traveled road." Our ideals should give full recognition to our aim or purpose in life and encourage it, and in fact they should run along the line of our life's work. Do not be afraid to dream noble dreams. If you never build a castle in the air, the chances are that you will never build one on the ground.



The need of a VOCATION was the subject of our first letter. In

that letter we pointed out the fact that the last fifty years has brought about a big change: Our social and industrial life has become more complex. Present requirements for a livelihood, demand that a person be able to do one thing well. This means that he shall select some one thing to do, and then become proficient in that thing-in other words, that he shall choose a vocation and specialize. The twentieth century will be pre-eminently the age of specialization. How can a man then hope to earn for himself and family a good living unless he is prepared to give, in return for what he needs, such services as are needed by his fellows and demanded by the century in which he lives? A vocation is as necessary to success as a track is for a railroad train. It is the track on which our main energy is to run.

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The three most important events in a man's life are conceded to be his birth, his MARRIAGE and his death. Over two of these things he has no control, except that he may postpone the day of his death by living a sound and sober life. Over the other event he has approximately one half control, though the final word must be spoken by another person. The necessity of this most important step of marriage is recognized by every right-thinking man. Success cannot be complete without it. A man's foremost mission in life is to get married and rear an honorable family. It is the highest calling of man and the means by which he can render the greatest service to the world. To disregard marriage means not to recognize the most important and basic of all institutions the home, the source of man's greatest happiness and profit. The choosing and following of your life's work, though of inestimable importance and consequence, must always be placed second in magnitude to your getting married and rearing a family.


A SETTLED FAITH, like marriage, is essential even to a successful business carcer. By a settled faith we mean at least the recognition of a standard code of morals and action, and the acceptance of those broad principles of religion that teach faith in God and encourage the importance of living a clean and decent life and of rendering helpful service to mankind. Whatever his sect may be, it is an advantage for a young man to engage in religious activity, for the teaching and the inspiration that it gives to him and the guide that it furnishes for his life. Moreover, to be thus settled, and to give some service to one's church, is beneficial, just as it is desirable to be settled in married life; for it places the mind at case and in the best working condition to handle efficiently the industrial problem of life, adding stability to one's actions and

satisfaction to one's employer. All sects agree on the fundamental principles of conduct and in the urging of a well-spent career in preparation for the bigger and better life to come.


The next question in our judgment for you to consider is this: "How do I stand with reference to each of the above items of success, and what am I doing to improve?" To go on in life without this SELF-ANALYSIS, followed by an honest effort to advance, is like attempting to run a business without studying it carefully and changing its methods and policies from time to time to increase the efficiency of the institution. "To know thyself" has been declared for ages to be the foundation of success. There is no question but that success hinges very largely upon this vital study of oneself, accompanied by an earnest, consistent effort to improve. The task is by no means an easy one, and for this reason we have presented and discussed briefly the outline of our subject, "Conditions of Success."


The Spirit of Freedom

say can you see, with a Patriot's eyes,.

Our country's vast Union from ocean to ocean?
Our glorious land, where our freedom we prize

And love in our hearts, with true, loyal devotion?
'Tis the land of the free, where people can see
The plan Heaven gave for the world's liberty:—
And the Spirit of Freedom, from her lofty shrine,
Shall light all the world with her message divine!

Our country has grown and extended afar,

Its progress becoming the world's revelation:
Our sages of Peace and our heroes of War

Alike have renown in the courts of each nation.
Let prejudice cease, let our portals increase,
And Liberty give her endowments of Peace,
And the Spirit of Freedom, from her lofty shrine,
Shall light all the world with her message divine!

No tyrant shall rule on American soil,

But Freedom shall ever extend her dominion.
The years shall bring peace, and intelligence foil
The errors of strife and of selfish opinion.
Through the trials we've passed have our virtues been cast,
And our country, safe-guarded, forever shall last;
And the Spirit of Freedom, from her lofty shrine,
Shall light all the world with her message divine!



Photo furnished by Miss Ida Wetherill, Cayenta Trading Post, Arizona
At the Oljato trading post. The method of drying skins is here shown.

Discoveries on the Colorado


VII-Episodes and Characters in American Exploration of the Southwest

American exploration of the Southwest began long before it became a part of the United States. In fact, actual occupancy by Americans, through a gradual commercial invasion, was in progress for many years before the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Trappers, adventurers and traders early broke paths into a wilderness which had been but slightly developed through three centuries of Spanish and Mexican rule. During these centuries the few settlements were confined to California and to the country south of the Colorado River, in New Mexico and Texas. The American trappers and traders were the true pioneers. Pushing the frontier line ever further forward, they were followed by the villages, towns and cultivated lands of their own countrymen.

The names of the heroes who did great deeds in winning the Southwest would make a long list. A narration of the thrilling

experiences and daring achievements connected with the exploration of that vast wilderness would fill many volumes. Only a few episodes typical of many others may here be considered.

Of the many heroes of southwestern exploration, a few stand out in bold relief, and their names have become household words in the West. Among these are the almost forgotten Patties, Zebulon Pike, General W. H. Ashley, Jedediah Smith, Kit (Christopher) Carson, Buffalo Bill (Wm. F. Cody), John C. Fremont, "Uncle Dick" Wooton, Jim Bridger, Stephen W. Kearney, in general command of the "Mormon Battalion," Jacob Hamblin, John Wesley Powell and R. B. Stanton. The trail-breakers who made good and who will be remembered for their efforts in redeeming the wilderness, were uniformly strong char

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acters who met the rigid requirements of the western wilds. Only the fittest could survive. Big-heartedness, honesty, bravery, calm and ready judgment, skilful leadership and hospitality were characteristics which marked explorers and scouts of the best type: ZEBULON PIKE.-Pike was one of the first to penetrate the Southwest as far as New Mexico. The story of his explorations is well known. As early as 1806 this dauntless pathfinder had crossed the plains and, after a terrible winter in the mountains, approached Santa Fe and was taken prisoner by the Spaniards. Charged with trespassing on Spanish territory, Pike and four companions were taken to Chihuahua, Mexico, for trial. The evidence brought out the fact that Pike had been exploring the Red River, unaware that he had crossed into Spain's domain. Still suspicious, however, General Salcedo decided to deport the trespassers, not by way of Santa Fe, but through Texas, over a long,

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