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tendants are slain by Callinicus, the son of Laodice, at her instigation, B.C. 246; and her father, Philadelphus, who defended her, dies, B.C. 247.

6 And in the end of years they shall join them

selves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm ; neither shall he stand, nor his arm : but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and whom she brought forth, and he that strengthened her in these times.

Ptolemy Euergetes, Berenice's brother, slays Laodice in turn, makes war upon Callinicus, takes from him Phænicia, Syria, Cilicia, and several of his Eastern provinces, carries back into Egypt 40,000 talents of silver and 2500 images of gods, among which were the gods of Egypt carried away by Cambyses ; survives Callinicus

four years.

7 But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand

up in his stead, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of

the north, and shall deal against them, and shall 8 prevail ; and shall also carry captive into Egypt

their gods, with their molten images, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and

he shall continue more years than the king of the 9 north. So the king of the south shall come into

his kingdom, and shall return into his own land.

Seleucus Ceraunus and Antiochus Magnus, the sons of Callinicus raise a great army against the revolted king of Pergamos, B.C. 225. Seleucus being poisoned by two of his generals, Antiochus Magnus, B.C. 223, carrying on the war and having recovered almost all Asia-Minor, Media, Persia, and Babylonia, invades and recovers a great part of Cole-Syria, B.C. 221. In the year following, B.C. 220, he returns, marches to the frontier towns of Egypt, and beats the army of Ptolemy Philopator, who in B.C. 222, had succeeded his father Euergetes in Egypt.

10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assem

ble a multitude of great forces : and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through. Then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress.

But Ptolemy Philopator coming out of Egypt with an army of 75,000 men, fights and routs Antiochus Magnus with his 78,000 men at Raphia near Gaza, between Palestine and Egypt, and recovers all Phænicia and Cele-Syria.

11

And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with them, even with the king of the north : and he shall set forth a great multitude ; but the multitude shall be given into his hand.

Philopator, after his victory, lifted up by pride and presumption, visits Jerusalem, offers sacrifices in the temple, attempts to enter into the sanctuary, and, while passing through the inner court, falls speechless to the ground, and is carried off half dead. Departing with heavy displeasure against the Jews, his own subjects, he commenced, B.C. 216, a cruel and impolitic persecution against them, in which, according to Eusebius, 40,000 of them, or, according to Jerom, 60,000 were slain.

12 And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands : but he shall not be strengthened by it.

Antiochus Magnus 12 years afterwards, after the death of Philopator, comes against his son, Ptolemy Epiphanes.

13 For the king of the north shall return, and

shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches.

About the same time the Egyptian provinces rebel against Ptolemy Epiphanes; Egypt itself is disturbed by seditions ; Philip, king of Macedon, enters into a league with Antiochus to divide Ptolemy's dominions between them. The refractory Jews affect independence, but fall by Scopas the Egyptian general.

14 And in those times there shall many stand up

against the king of the south : also the revolters of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall.

So Antiochus Magnus 12 years afterwards, after the death of Philopator, comes against his infant son, Ptolemy Epiphanes, seizes Phoenicia, Judea, and Cele-Syria, B.C. 203, and though he loses them again to Scopas the Egyptian general, B.C. 199, yet in the following year, B.C. 198, he recovers them, and takes Sidon, a fortified city, so that neither Scopas, nor the choicest troops sent against Antiochus, can prevail against him. His authority also becomes established in Judea, which flourishes under him. But desirous of seizing the whole kingdom of Egypt he gives his daughter, Cleopatra, to Ptolemy, B.C. 192, that she might betray her husband's interests to him ; but she is more attached to Ptolemy than her father, and joins her husband in an embassy to Rome next year to congratulate the Romans on driving her father out of Greece. After this he proceeds westward, subdues most of the maritime towns of Asia-Minor, Thrace, and Greece, and several islands, Samos, Eubea; is vanquished by Acilius, the Roman Consul, B.C. 191, and again by Scipio, principally by the assistance of Eumenes king of Pergamos, B.C. 190; flies to Antioch, and is afterwards slain in plundering the temple of Jupiter Belus, at Elymais in Persia.

15 So the king of the north shall come, and cast up

a mount, and take the most fortified city; and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither

his chosen people, neither shall there be any 16 strength to withstand. But he that cometh

against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him; and he shall

stand in the glorious land, which shall prosper 17 in his hand. He shall also set his face to enter

with the strength of his whole kingdom, and make an agreement with him; and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her ;

but she shall not stand on his side, neither be 18 for him. After this shall he turn his face unto

the isles, and shall take many; but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered

by him to cease ; without his own reproach he 19 shall cause it to turn upon him. Then he shall

turn his face towards the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found,

Seleucus Philopator son of Antiochus Magnus, B. C. 187, raises taxes to pay tribute to the Romans, and is slain by his wicked and ambitious treasurer Heliodorus.

20 Then shall stand up in his stead a raiser of taxes

in the glory of the kingdom: but within a few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.

Antiochus Epiphanes, the younger brother of Seleucus Philopator, notwithstanding the opposition made to him by the Syrians, who set up Heliodorus, succeeds peaceably to the kingdom, B.C. 175, by flatteries to Eumenes, king of Pergamos, the Syrians, and Romans, in the place of Demetrius, the rightful heir; breaks up the conspiracy of Heliodorus and his partizans, who are vanquished by the forces of Eumenes and Attalus; removes Onias III. from the high priesthood, sells the office to Jason, his younger brother, for 440 talents of silver, ejects Jason, B.C. 172, for 300 talents more, in favor of a still younger brother. From being a hostage at Rome, and possessing few attendants, obtains without resistance Cæle-Syria and Palestine, expends his riches in public shows and largesses; makes his first expedition against Egypt, B.C. 171, his second, B.C. 170, and subdues Ptolemy Philopator, son of Epiphanes, who is betrayed by Eulæus, his tutor, and Macron, governor of Cyprus, and delivered up into his hands; pretends friendship with him ; returns with the spoils of Egypt; besieges Jerusalem and slays 40,000 Jews, enters Egypt a third time, B.C. 169; and a fourth time, B.C. 168; but is deterred by an embassy from the Romans under Popilius Lænas from making war; on his return slays the Jews, plunders Jerusalem, sets fire to it in many places, and consecrates its temple to Jupiter Olympius, with the concurrence of Menelaus and other apostate Jews, and the temple on mount Gerizim to Jupiter Xenius, by consent of the Samaritans, B.C. 168.

21 And in his stead shall stand up a vile person, to

whom they shall not give the honour of the king

dom; but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain 22 the kingdom by flatteries. And the arms of the

overflower shall be overflown from before him,

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