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occasioned by the dispnites between France and England concerning their American settlements, 1755-1763. This was the era of Louis XIV. Marlborough, Charles XII. of Sweden, Peter the Great, Frederic III. of Prussia, and Pitt. As the last vial was characterized by the wars of religion, this is marked by the wars of ambition. A.D. 1700_1763.

3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon

the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man : and every living soul died in the sea.


Third Stage of the Session or Republication of the


: The effect of the last vial was upon the Empire in general; the effect of this is upon the kingdoms or peoples, which compose that Empire, in particular. In the former, kingdom waged war against kingdom to please the ambition of princes: in this the kingdoms are divided against themselves—it is the war of the peoples with their princes. The war of England with her American Colonies, or Anglo-American Revolution, A.D. 1775– the FRENCH REVOLUTION, A.D. 1789, in which France loses 1,500,000 of her children-revolution in Poland, A.D. 1791, after many civil wars, and its dismemberment by the king of Prussia, Emperor of Germany, and Emperor of Russia, A.D. 1772--civil war in Geneva, A.D. 1782—revolution in Holland, A.D. 1795—revolution in Venice, A.D. 1797.-revolution in Switzerland, A.D. 1798-revolution and insurrections in the Milanese, and institution of the Cisalpine Republic, 1796, 1797—the cession of the Papal states to France, their union with the Cisalpine Republic, and revolution of Rome, 1796, 1797, 1798-revolution of Genoa, and establishment of the Ligurian Republic, 1797-civil war and rebellion in

Ireland, 1798, 1799–insurrection in Malta, 1798—revolution in Egypt, 1798—revolution in Tuscany, 1798 revolution of the Vaudois and institution of the Lemanic Republic, 1798-revolution in Naples and Parthenopean Republic, 1799–Syrian expedition, 1799-insurrection and anarchy in the Seven Ionian Islands, 1801. In the French Revolution all orders of Christians, ecclesiastics as well as lay, recognize the just punishment of God on a wicked and atheistical generation for the crimes of their bigoted forefathers, who, under the first vial, for more than a hundred years deluged France with the blood of the Huguenots, 60,000 of whom were massacred on the eve of St. Bartholomew, at the instigation of Charles IX. and 400,000 compelled to seek refuge in foreign countries, after a twentieth part of their body had been put to death, and others had been hunted down like wild beasts on the mountains, on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.

4 And the third angel poured out his vial upon

the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became 5 blood. And I heard the angel of the waters say,

Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast,

and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and

prophets, and thou hast given them blood to
drink; for they are worthy.

And I heard
another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God
Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.


Fourth Stage of the Session or Republication of the


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Since the fall of Constantinople, the Sun of the LatinoGreek Empire shone by the glory of the kings of France;

but Napoleon, besides his right to the inheritance and title of the Eastern Emperors of the Romans by his usurpation of the seat of the French Monarchs, might have possessed some claims to their throne through the family of Calomeros, i.e. Buonaparte in Greek, of the Comnena dynasty, with whom it is imagined he was connected. In the execution of the two plans, by which this tyrant endeavoured to erect an universal monarchy of his own, viz. the Federative and Continental Systems, he subverted most of the existing dynasties of Christendom, and deluged Europe with blood. France alone lost 5,500,000 of her children under his military despotism. By the former system, he placed his own family or his generals on the thrones of Holland, Naples, and Spain, and made the princes of the German Empire his vassals; by the latter system he endeavoured to dry up the resources of the only state which preserved its independence against him, viz. Great Britian and Ireland, by shutting out its commerce from the rest of Europe. During his fifteen years usurpation, he and his agents cost the French Empire 944,760,467 francs, independently of military expences, which made an annual deficit of 55 millions. But 6 the rest of the men' in the two Præfectures of the Gauls and Italy, who smart under his tyranny, do not yet perceive the finger of God in these judgments--the remnant are not yet affrighted, nor give glory to the God of heaven. Their iniquity has not yet come to the full by the three and a half years' slaughter of the witnesses of the truth.

8 And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon

the sun; and power was given unto him to 9 scorch the men with fire. And the men were

scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues; and they repented not to give him glory.


Fifth Stage of the Session or Republication of the


The fifth period of the republication of Christianity by the Reformed Churches, brought the subversion of the Imperial throne of Buonaparte by the battle of Waterloo, 1815, and the termination of the 1260 years' tyranny of Antichrist over the church, 1813, when in 1814, equal toleration was accorded to all religions in the kingdom of the successors of the Eastern Cæsars of the Romans, by the grand charter of Louis the Desired. With the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty the glory of France was turned into darkness. “Beside new restrictions of boundary, it was stipulated, that Condè, Valenciennes, and sixteen other frontier-posts, should be occupied for five years by the troops of the allies, amounting to 150,000 men, and that 700 millions of francs should be paid by the French government, in addition to the supplies necessary for the support of those troops. The Allies also obliged the French to restore the pictures, statues, and manuscripts which they had seized from Italy, and other countries, some of which were carried off from the French capital amidst irrepressible bursts of indignation, and resentment. In consequence of these proceedings, France was troubled with commotions for some time. The presence of a foreign army gave great offence not only to the admirers of Napoleon, but even to the king's friends, as the realm seemed thus to be rendered a dependent province. However, the allied princes, having attentively watched the conduct of the French, were disposed to believe that the peace would be permanent, or, at least, would not for • some years be disturbed. They therefore consented (by a convention signed on the 9th of October, 1818.) to subtract two years from the terms specified in the last treaty, and to withdraw their troops without further delay. This concession allayed the animosity of the French, but did not sufficiently conciliate their good-will to our countrymen, whom they still seem to view with unfriendly eyes.” Thus the remnant of the men were not yet affrighted, nor repented of their deeds.

10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon

the throne of the beast: and his kingdom became

darkened: and they gnawed their tongues for 11 pain, and blasphemed the God of heaven because

of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.


Sixth Stage of the Session, or Republication of the


The dissolution of the Ottoman Empire now presents a wide field to the exertions of the enlightened and zealous Missionary, who may here learn, that the way to the kingdoms of the East is prepared solely for him. But we would advise him to take care, that he does not substitute the traditions of men for Gospel truth; or mar his work by attempting to make the metaphysical Mahometans believe in the Babylonish jargon of the false church, an eternally begotten Son." Let him also ask himself, why the way to the Eastern kingdoms was not prepared before ? and if he be a sensible man he will answer, Because they who would have wished to teach, had much to learn themselves. Men want a great deal of drilling by the vials of God's wrath, before they can be brought to see the truth; and God will not suffer any Pagan or Infidel nation to be incorporated with the temple of his church, before all the plagues are sent upon the men who already compose it, to make them fit by being flogged into the truth themselves, to make others go into it. Rev. xv. 8.

12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon

the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way to the Eastern kings might be prepared.

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