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[Observe.- In order to make the quotations from my great pilot in the Sea of Prophecy, Gibbon, answer to every edition of the inestimable Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, I have given bim out by chapter and note, while I have retained, at the same time, the number of the volumes of the twelve volume edition; n. n. therefore, will signify near the note to which those letters are affixed, the middle numerals will signify the chapter, and the others the volume.]
ABADDON.— The Devil, the murderer from the beginning, put for Muhammed, and the Khalifs bis successors, the Conmanders of the faithful. Rev. ix. 11. They had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon (Destroyer). An angel means, in general, a succession of angels, i.e. ministers or priests, as a king means a succession of kings. See King. So also Abaddon signifies a succession of Abaddons, i.e. Generals or Commanders. Muhammed and his successors the Khalifs were Kings, Priests, or Angels, and Commanders or Abaddons, at the same time. “ The sword,” says Muhammed, is the
key of heaven and of hell: a drop of blood shed in the cause of God, a night spent in arms, is of more avail than two months of fasting or prayer : whosoever falls in battle, his sins are forgiven : at the day of judgment his wounds shall be resplendent as vermilion, and oderiferous as musk; and the loss of his limbs shall be supplied by the wings of angels and of cherubim." Gib. ix. L. n. n. 126.
ABOMINATIONS.-1. Rev, xvii. 4, 5. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthinesso f her fornication; and upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. The woman was carried by the ten horned beast, i.e. was supported by it; and the ten horned beast is the regal decemvirate, of which the Latino or Franco-Greek Cæsar is the head. We may easily, therefore, perceive that she is the Church in the Cæsariate or Roman Empire, supported by the ten states or allied with them; or rather, according to the more forcible language of prophecy, the harlot of them, with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication. And what has more of the nature of an abomination than the prostitution of the Church of Christ to state purposes, the election of its heads according to their state principles, the acquisition of the highly responsible office of the cure of souls by dint of money, interest, courting of the great, and all sorts of obsequiousness? Or what more abominable than the support of it by the sword; and the maintenance of it by contributions extorted from those whom she has pronounced to be excommunicate ?
The kings, the merchants, the ship-masters, and all the company in ships, and sailors, or, in other words, the civil heads of the Church, the lay-holders of benefices, the large share-holders of the clergy, and the whole company of the beneficed, are represented as bewailing her approaching fall; but fall she must: and God grant that there may be plenty of wheat to separate from the chaff when she does; or rather God grant that they may hear his voice, Come out of her, before hand, that they be not overwhelmed with her. xviii. 21. Thus, with violence shall that great city, Baby'on, be overthrown, and shall be found no more at all. Dan. ix. 27.
2. Infidel nations, in the primary sense of the prophecy. Dan. ix. 27. See 1.
3. Abomination of Desolation. a) The Roman armies which overthrew and desolated Jerusalem. Mark xiii. 14. But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains. Compare Luke xxi. 20. b) The ten-horned or decemviral Cæsar of of the Romans, the German Cæsar of the Romans, and the Pope, who desolate the spiritual Jerusalem or ChristoJudaic Church, and scatter the power of the holy people by the sword and by flame, by captivity and by spoil, for from 1260 to 1290 years; the opponents of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, the three-one Antichrist or Man of Sin, who sitteth in the temple of God shewing himself that he is God, that is, usurpeth the seat and authority of God, by making himself head of the Church, and shaping out a creed for its observance, which he defends by fire and sword, and by giving that portion of the Church who will submit to his dictation exclusive privileges in the ten kingdoms of the Roman Empire,
to the detriment of the rest who will not. Dan. ix. 27 ; xi. 31; xii. 11.
Abyss, or BOTTOMLESS Pit.-The world, whatever in it is earthly, sensual, devilish. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life is not of the Father but of the world. Jalkut Rubeni, fol. 37. 2. Qui circumcisus est, dignus habetur liberatione inferna et superna, et eripitur nnw nap ex fonte perditionis qui est mundus. Schættgen Hor. Hebr. et Talm. on Apoc. ix. 1. He who is circumcised, say the Rabbins, is snatched from the fountain of perdition which is the world. Rev. ix. ]]. The angel of the bottomless pit. xi. 7. The beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit. xvii. 8. The beast shall ascend out of the bottomless pit. Muhammedanism and Antichristianism are the offspring of the world. John xviii. 36. “But my kingdom," says our Saviour, “is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world then would my servants fight; i.e. my gospel is connected with no political establishment; it is not to be enforced by the civil sword, nor to make a part of any worldly government as hitherto happened in my Jewish polity; in this kingdom every man is his own king and priest, the enforcer and teacher of his own Christianity : if it had not been so, I should have myself set the example now of enlisting the civil power in my service. The priestly office is no longer to be confined to any particular body of men as it was to the Levites, nor does my religion want the power of kings to keep it up. My Church is built upon the confession of the Son of God, who am its sole. upholder, and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it. I am with it to the end." Though the Moslems acknowledge the apostleship of Issa, or