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The short notices which follow are taken principally from Wheatly, from Butler's Lives of the Saints, and from Mr Stephens's edition of the Prayer Book.

January 8. Lucian is said to have been a disciple of St Peter, to have been sent by him into Gaul with St Denys, and to have suffered martyrdom at Beauvais about the year 290. Another Lucian, mentioned by Eusebius, (Hist. IX. 6), was a learned Presbyter of Antioch, who suffered martyrdom under Maximinus.

January 14. Hilary was born at Poictiers in Gaul, of which place he was afterwards bishop. He was an eloquent champion of the Catholic faith against the Arians of the Western Church, who procured his banishment into Phrygia; but as he gave no less. trouble to the Arians in the East, they persuaded the emperor to send him back, and he died at Poictiers in 368,

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The first Law Term is called from him, Hilary Term.' And it may here be remarked

our Prayer Book as the abbreviation for Saint, is according to the Latin mode of representing a word or name by its initial letter, as M. for Marcus, &c. St. is rather in conformity with the English mode of taking the first and last letters, as Mr., Wm., Cr., &c.

that the Law Terms were originally regulated by the canonical constitution of the Church, which, by exempting certain seasons, namely, Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, and the harvestseason, from forensic litigation, divided the year into four periods, or terms, called, from the festivals immediately preceding their commencement, Hilary, Easter, Trinity, and Michaelmas terms.

January 18. Prisca was a Roman lady, converted to Christianity in the reign of Claudius; but refusing to abjure her religion, and to offer sacrifice, she was horribly tortured, and afterwards beheaded, a. D. 47.

January 20. Fabian was bishop of Rome from A.D. 239 to 253, and suffered martyrdom under Decius.

January 21. Agnes is said to have suffered martyrdom at Rome, with great resolution, at the age of thirteen, in the persecution of Diocletian, A.D. 303. She was regarded as a special patroness of purity, and her praise is celebrated by Prudentius, St Jerome, St Ambrose, and St Augustine. Her feast was kept with particular honour by the English women, as appears from the council of Worcester', in 1240. Two lambs are blessed by

1 Butler's Lives of the Saints.

the pope on this day, and set apart, that holy palliums may be made of their wool, to be presented by his holiness to the archbishops. January 22. Vincent was a deacon of the Church in Spain. He suffered martyrdom in 303, and underwent horrible tortures. Some of his relics were conveyed into France in 855. Others were carried by some Christians, when persecuted by the Saracens, to the promontory which from these relics was called Cape St Vincent's: they were translated to Lisbon with great solemnity in 1148. Prudentius has a spirited hymn, of which this martyr is the subject.

February was among the ancient Romans the month of purification and atonement. The feast of Juno februata on the first day was superseded in Christian times by that of Maria purificata on the second.

February 3. Blase was bishop of Sebaste in Armenia, and suffered martyrdom in 316. During the crusades his relics were dispersed over the West, and were reputed to have miraculous virtue, especially in curing sore throats. He is represented in old pictures as holding in his hand a comb of iron, which was, perhaps, an instrument of his torture, but which gave occasion to the wool-combers to

take him as their patron. The wool-combers in Yorkshire and in Norfolk have been accustomed to keep their festival on his day.

February 5. Agatha, a Sicilian virgin. Quintianus the governor of the province, having made many unsuccessful attempts upon her virtue, caused her to be cruelly tortured and put to death, A. D. 253.

February 14. Valentine suffered martyrdom at Rome in 270, A. D. Among the youths of ancient Rome it was the custom to draw the names of girls in honour of Juno februata on the festival of the Lupercalia, which took place on the 15th of this month.

March 1. David, son of a Welch prince, was a great founder of monasteries in South Wales, and a strenuous opponent of the Pelagian heresy, for the suppression of which he held a synod at Brevy in Cardiganshire, in the year 519. He became bishop first of Caerleon, and afterwards of Menevia, which from him is now called St David's. He died at a great age (the native historians say 146) in 544.

March 2. Cedde or Chad was the fifth bishop of the Mercians, and first fixed that see at Lichfield, which was so called from the great number of martyrs slain and buried there under Maximianus; the name signifying

the field of carcases. He was so strongly affected with the fear of the Divine judgments, that as often as it thundered he went to the church, and prayed prostrate all the time the storm continued, in remembrance of the dreadful day when Christ will come to judge the world.

March 7. Perpetua suffered martyrdom, after being tossed by a wild cow, in Mauritania, in the reign of Severus, A. D. 205.

March 12. Gregory the Great was born at Rome of noble parents in the year 540. When thirty-four years old he was made chief magistrate of the city; but shortly afterwards yielding to his early tastes and studious habits, he retired to a monastery. He is said to have projected the conversion of the Anglo-Saxons before his advancement to the see of Rome, upon seeing some of that nation exposed in the slave-market. He was sent as a nuncio to Constantinople, and in 590 was made pope by universal consent. In 596 he sent Augustin, the abbot of one of the monasteries which he had founded, with a numerous train of followers to England, and he continued to watch over that mission with peculiar care. He disclaimed the title of universal bishop (papa universalis); but by his vigour, learning, and high character,

B. C. P.

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