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LONDOX:

R. CLAY, SONS, AND TAYLOR, PRINTERS,

BREAD STREET IIILL.

PREFACE

THERE is little to say by way of preface to this book. To explain how it came to be written would lead only to personal details of no interest to the reader. Its defects cannot be extenuated nor its merits enhanced by any statement in this form; and a Preface might as well be wholly dispensed with but for a tribute of thanks which it is alike incumbent and pleasing to pay.

To John Pender, of Manchester, who warmly encouraged my design from first to last, and gave me letters of introduction that proved most valuable-to Robert Dalglish, M.P. for Glasgow, who readily obtained from the Foreign Office a letter commending Her Majesty's Consuls to render me such assistance as they could properly afford—and to all in the United States, too numerous to name, from whom through these and other relationships much information was received—I owe the most cordial acknowledgments. Nor can I omit to express my admiration of the general civility of the American people, from whom, during a sojourn of months among them with all the curiosity of an inquirer, not a word escaped in my hearing unwelcome to a stranger or a British subject to hear.

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This Inquiry has been accomplished without connection with any Association, mercantile or political. The Author alone is responsible for the manner in which it has been performed, and the conclusions to which it comes.

Among the many writers who visit the United States with somewhat similar purposes of observation, one so seldom directs his steps to the South that I am fain to hope there may be found in this circumstance alone an ample warrant of publication.

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Market.- Revolution in Agriculture. - Importance of selected Cotton

Seed.—Large amount of Cotton grown by Small Farmers.-Opinion on

the Negroes.-Augusta Cotton Factory. -Education Act.—Observance

of the Sabbath.

Page 62

CHAPTER XI.

The Country from Augusta to Savannah.—Alleged Poorness of the Soil.

Population of the State.-Competition betwixt the Cotton Lands of Georgia

and the Mississippi “Bottom.”—Probable effects of Good Farming. -

Want of Stock and Grass.—The Central Railroad Company. Page 68

CHAPTER XII.

The “Forest City."-Abundant demand for Labour.—Great increase of

Cotton Exports.-Small proportion of Imports. — Disadvantages to

Savannah of indirect Trade. -Rate of Wages. Relative purchasing
power of Money in England and the United States.-Conclusions of the

British Consul.-State of Public Health.—Mortality of the Negroes.-

Banking in Savannah.-Sylvan features of the City :

Page 74

CHAPTER XIII.

The Railway System of Georgia.—Convenience of the Cars.—The “ Captains”

or Conductors.—Safety of Single-rail Lines.-Greater fertility of the

Soil in the Interior. —Want of facilities of Branch Traffic.—Dilatory

Cotton-picking.–General Characteristics of the various Divisions of

Georgia :

Page 81

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