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if you would be rich. Is it not worth Father John is a' believer in what' while to strain a point ?" Or, there is for want of a better term, calls a higher and more influential station spiritual instinct. There are high and in society to be attained, and from mighty purposes, plans, and methods thence it will be possible to reach in Divine providence, in relation to hundreds and thousands to whom at which we play a peculiar part as instrupresent we are unknown. “Surely it ments in the hands of God. In addiis lawful,” suggests the unseen enemy, tion to the chief end to be effected by “to acquire such a valuable position, our lives, and which it is our privilege although a little duplicity—(I beg par- to know and to secure, others of a subdon, simulation is the word)—a little ordinate, but mysterious and remote simulation, a little subserviency, and character are unconsciously attained a clever little trick or two, be necessary in the service of God. The poverty, to secure it.” Or, there is influence the loneliness, the sorrow, the afflicto be exerted in society by oratory or tion, or the temptation which tries us, by literature; and if a man can arouse and the common-place duties in which the public by a little folly, if he can we engage may, in certain respects, tickle them into a good humour by appear to us useless; but of such things going or only seeming to go with the we are utterly incapable of judging, stream, until at length that many- “God is his own interpreter," and headed and many-tongued public shall when he pleases, and so far as he listen to what he says or read what he pleases, he will make them plain. writes with respect, if not with avidity, But even if, in reference to some points, may he not bribe the blind trumpeter he withhold such knowledge from us, Fame to sound his name abroad, and either because it must be throughout may he not work the many-mouthed all ages “too high for us,” or because Press to advertise his skill in a high- such an arrangement is best in his sounding strain ?

estimation, should we complain? Obedience :-Do we really like that Let us rather work on at his command, word ? Undoubtedly we shall like offering all our works to Him; being both the name and the act if we truly assured that although to a great extent love the Being to whom our allegiance we are unconscious agents, building is due. “I want a suitable sphere,” for ourselves and for others an unseen cries the aspirant after sublunary great- Present, and an unknown Future, an ness. He consults the divine oracle unerring Providence causes all things and finds, not a plaything, but a re- to work together for the best for us quirement-obedience. He finds human while we love God. By and by, a life a course appointed, not an excursion higher spiritual reason will dawn upon invented. He finds human destiny an us, and our spiritual instinct will be of award judicially allotted, not a prize a loftier kind; but to know, as God or a blank in a lottery. To “obey" knows, why I am a native of a Chrisand to “hearken,” to “labour" and tian country, and why millions of my to “wait"—these are the proper busi- fellow men are born in heathendom,ness of man: his sphere, present and why I am placed in my present circumfuture, is with God.

stances rather than in others, is a pro“ But is there not a place for every blem I cannot solve. As the bee conone, and should not every one be in his structs its cell ignorant of geometry, place ?" Certainly; but the place for as the beaver builds its dam and forms the soul is not like the coffin we make its abode, untaught in hydrostatics and for the dead body, nor yet like the mechanies, and as the spider suspends house made for the living one, nor even its web without knowing the science of like the town or city in which we live. engineering, so does the man who has It is simply a path in which God con- faith in God produce results, while descends to lead, and in which it is our under divine control, in relation to happiness to follow. Hence the words which his conduct may be described as of the apostle John—"Be ye followers spiritual instinct of God as endeared children."

HUMILITY is a virtue all preach, none practice, and yet every body is contented to hear. The master thinks it good doctrine for his servants, the laity for the clergy, and the clergy forthe laity.-Selden.

Children and their Teachers.


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shopkeeper's goods, the farmer's crops, The following capital illustration of an the trees, shrubs, and flowers of puboral lesson on Law, which was given lic parks, and property of all kinds. by the teacher to the elder boys of an

From these illustrations they were elementary school, has been published able to answer the following quèsin the Educational Record :

tions : Each time I come to school I pass a

Now tell me, as clearly as you can, watchmaker's shop; inside the window what is the principal use of law ? are several gold watches, while outside The chief use of law is to protect there are many people passing, all of property, both private and public. whom, no doubt, would like to have We have spoken of material property some of these watches; the only thing only ; are there any other kinds of that separates them from the people is property that need protection? a thin piece of glass, yet no

Yes, sir; our lives, and our characattempts to break through this to get ters, and our peace. at the watches ; can you tell me why ?

And it does this, as you all know, Because they know it is wrong.

by punishing those who commit murIs it the fear of doing wrong that der; and those who maliciously speak keeps all from trying to steal them ? cvil of us; and those who make rows.. No, sir.

A better word than rows ? Then what does keep those from Disturbances. doing wrong who do not mind doing Now use the word "wealth " instead what they know to be wrong?

of material property,” and tell me They are afraid of being caught more fully what are the uses of law ? and put into prison.

The uses of law are to protect perWhat do you call such a fear ? sons, wealth, lives, and character; and Feur of punishment.

to keep order. Right; but who have the power of And how does it do this ? punishing thieves ?

By punishing those who break the The magistrates and judges.

laws, and so making others afraid to And what gives that power ? The law.

What people are those who require If there were no law for punishing

to be restrained from doing wrong theft, could there be any fear of by fear of punishment ? punishment ?

The bad people. No, sir.

We have been speaking of law only And we have seen that it is this fear as a means of protection; is there no only which keeps some from stealing. other way of protecting our rights ? Now if that fear were removed, could Every man could protect his own. the watchmaker's property be as safe

What! even if a man were attacked as it is now?

by one stronger than himself ? Vo, sir.

Men could join together to protect And what makes it safe now? each other's rights. The law.

That is sometimes done, when there What word may we substitute for is no constitutional law, and I will tell makes safe?

you how the plan succeeds. Protects.

I then gave a short account of the And what is anything called that state of things as they existed at the protects ?

diggings of California and Australia, A protection.

showing how insecure life and property By means of several inductive ques- are in the absence of law. From à. tions, the boys were then led to see few illustrations, gathered chiefly from that the law is as effectually a protec- the newspaper, I showed how frequenttion to property as if it were a material ly offenders escape punishment, and barrier; that it thus protects the how often too, when caught, the

do so.

punishment is disproportionate to the In this way the children were led offence. From such illustrations my to see that national prosperity is class deduced the truth, that constitu- as dependent on the goodness of the tional law is better than individual or laws, as on any of the sources of mutual protection, because with it wealth. (when properly executed) there is a We have now seen that property of far greater probability that the offender all kinds is secured by the laws; tell will receive just punishment.

me what benefits arises out of this You all know that men labour to

security ? obtain wealth; what do some hope to We are prosperous and happy. do with it when obtained ?

Do you think you derive any benefit To enjoy it.

from the goodness of the laws ?-(No And others ?

answer.) Think a little ; how do your To increase it.

fathers get money to buy food and In which cases they convert part of clothing, and to pay rent for you? their wealth into capital. Name some By working kinds of capital.

Out of what part of their wealth Houses, land, ships, railways, canals, do masters pay their men ? fäctories, machinery, raw materials. Out of their capital.

Would men change their money into And we have seen that capital canthese things if they had no security not exist, unless protected by law; for keeping and using them?

therefore, without this protection there Vo, sir.

would be no factories to work in, no And what gives them this security ? machinery to work with, no raw The law.


to work upon, and no money If in England there were no such to


for labor. security, what would the industrious, Now tell me whether you skilful, and economical men do, to benefit from the laws ? whom the capital of the country Yes, sir. belongs ?

How ? They would not work so hard, or We get food, clothes, and shelter, suse.

that we could not get without. But there are some men who must And therefore we say you have an from their very nature be industrious interest in the existence of the laws; and saving, and who could not live in so have I; so has every one. This such a state of things, what would being the case, what is it every one's thev do?

duty to do, when the laws are in danGo to other countries where property

ger of being broken ? is safe.

To do all they can to prevent their And what would prosperous, happy being broken. England then become ?

Why? Very poor and miserable.

Because law is for the good of all.

derive any

Religious Incident and Experieuce.

“OLD BEN ROPER.” BENJAMIN Roper, or rather, "dear old Ben,” as he was most familiarly called, was a preacher among the Primitive Methodists. Ben had not been regularly ordained as a minister, for he was a bricklayer by trade, and followed his work to within a few days of his death ; but, having “been called to be a partaker of grace," he had almost from the day of his conversion “taken to preachin'z," as he used to say, ex

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old man,

little village two miles distant from he prayed; she also took the trouble the town in which he lived.

to teach him verse after verse, until It was a cold winterly day, the snow he had committed to memory several lay on the ground, hard and crisp, and chapters. But Ben's wife was now Ben, staff in hand, trudged cheerfully dead, and this was the first sermon to his “appointment,” arriving at the he had preached since his sad loss. village a few minutes before the time The sermon, we must say, was not fixed for service. The “chapel” had learned, nor clever, nor replete with been used as a cow house, the manger illustrations borrowed from a variety had been taken away, the rafters in the of sources; but it was good, earnest, roof and the sides whitewashed, and a and simple; there could be no misfew benches put in as seats. The take about the doctrine inculcated“pulpit,” as it was called, resembled it was sound. And, perhaps, it was more an oblong box set upright, with its simplicity and earnestness which the top end and lid removed, than caused it to sink so deeply into the anything else; there was a ricketty hearts of his hearers, and to bring board in front, on which the Bible lay, forth such good fruit after many days. and a shelf inside, about a foot from The sermon over, Ben got out of the the ground, on which the preacher pulpit, and was instantly surrounded stood. A few tin slides containing by the children, whom be patted on lighted candles, were stuck against their heads. the walls, and a huge fire in a grate, “ The Lord be praised !” said an round which a number of children

extending his trembling hand were grouped, warmed the place. Yet to Ben, as he spoke; " the Lord souls had been converted to God in be praised for what we've heard to that primitive-looking meeting-house, night!' and if it had bcen built of marble and • Bless the Lord !” said Ben, graspthe roof spiked with gold, it could not ing the hand-Ben had got into a have been invested with more endear- habit of saying, “ Bless the Lord !” ing associations in the hearts of those very frequently—“bless the Lord, His who were wont to assemble within its name be praised !” walls.

Ben was somewhat exhausted with Ben arrived while the people were his labour, so he accepted the old man's singing, “just practising a bit” they invitation to have a dish of tea," called it; and though the man who with him and his wife, before he went gave the hymn out did so in a husky home, and Ben passed out of the little voice, and with a strange addition and meeting-house, with many a fervent subtraction of the “h's," and though “God bless you !” from the poor the tune might have been a little louder people who had heard him. than was appropriate for so small a Jacob Harper was only a poor man, place, yet there was such a degree of but he had a heart rich with grace, and earnestness about the whole—no strain- as the preacher and his host trudged ing after effect, but a singing in which to the dwelling of the latter, their all joined, from “dear old Ben," after conversation was simple but heavenly, he had got into the pulpit, to “little “I kept the kettle boiling,” said Janey," the youngest of the children Harper's wife to Ben; “I know'd who were sitting by the fire, and whose you'd be coming. So, Janet's gone, childish voice could sometimes be heard aye-(Janet was old Ben's wife)chiming in at the conclusion of a verse

hoo's better off now, Ben.” -that the most stoical might have Bless the Lord ! hoo is," said been deeply impressed.

Ben; “but it's wearying without her. Ben chose for his text 2 Tim. iv. 7,8. Hoo says, a bit afore hoo died, “Ben,' The sermon was an extempore one

thee'l not be long after necessarily, for Ben could neither read me;' and then hoo says, 'Ben, Ben,' nor write, though he could recite whole says she, ‘tell us about Jacob's lather;' chapters, and seemed never at a loss so I told her, and then hoo says, 'Ben, for an appropriate verse to quote on Ben,' hoo says, "the lather's coming all occasions. His knowledge of the down, Ben;' and then hoo died. Five Scriptures Ben attributed to his wife, and thirty years hoo'd been my wife, who read at their daily devotion, and and its lonesome like now to be with

hoo says,

out her, for I'm an old man ye sees, and my work's nearly done, bless the Lord! I've tried to serve him more years than I served the devil-forty years this very night I first know Him, and He's been very good to me ever since-" his pent up feelings overcame him, and the old man stopped to give them way.

“Many and many a mile,” he added, after a pause, “ I've walked to speak about him to the people; twenty miles and more I've walked on the Sunday, and preached three times--bless the Lord! but my journey's nearly over now—the harvest always was great, but the labourers always was few; Lord, Lord, send more labourers into the harvest !” The old man again burst into tears.

It was a solemn scene, those two poor old creatures, out of their poverty, ministering to the bodily and spiritual comfort of "dear old "Ben.” (Oh!

ye rich in purse, but needy in heart, ye are poor indeed-poverty stricken --compared with some of those who give their cups of water and crusts of bread to fellow disciples.) The "dish of tea” was drank; and then, kneeling on the cold, bare floor, Ben prayed. -It was the last prayer he offered up in the presence of others, for three hours later he was found, with his head resting on a stone by the roadside, dead; a smile had overspread his rigid features, and his face was turned upward, as though he, too, had seen the ladder coming out of heaven, and the angels descending to beckon him away. His friends, of whom he had many, though they were very poor, raised a stone over his grave, and had engraved upon it these words :-“The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few.”—J. B. M., in the Primitive Methodist Magazine.

Notices of Books.

Lays, Melodies, and National Airs. The words The Wicket-Gate entered, and the Bridgeless

written expressly by the Rev. E. D. Jack- River Crossed. The Early Experience and son, B.C.L. Arranged in a familiar style Peaceful Death of Mr, Thomas Wilson. with an accompaniment for the Piano Forte, Fruit in Old Age. A Journal of Visits to by R. Andrews. London : Partridge & Co. the Dying Bed of John Payne. Parts I. and II.

Jesus revealed to a Babe. The remarkable Many of the best airs popular in this Conversion and Happy Death of William country are here prettily arranged, Devonshire. and adapted to words against which

Grace in the Young : An Account of Emily very little exception could be taken by

D-, London : W. H. Collingridge. the most scrupulous parents who wish

SMALL biographies, exemplifying vatheir children to learn and practice rieties of Christian experience, of the music. Part I. consists entirely of

true stamp of genuine piety, though solos with accompaniments, arranged related with considerable mannerism, with simplicity and care; and besides and so made somewhat distasteful to presenting the music in a pleasing and

minds of a different school to that of attractive form, such as would gratify the writers. any family circle, it furnishes excellent practice for a very numerous class of

Meliora : a Quarterly Review of Social Sciperformers, who, without professing to

No. 3, October 1858. London: be proficients, love to cultivate and en- Partridge & Co. joy good music. Part II. advances This excellent periodical maintains its farther into the intricacies of fingering character well. Several of the articles (though there is nothing that might are of special interest, and all are prenot be attempted by any pupil of six pared with ability and care. The submonths with a fair prospect of success), jects are-Life in Arcadia, that is, and is arranged for part singing. Se- condition of the English peasantry; veral of the pieces are of a sacred Recent Travels in Norway, a land not character, and the whole of the words much known to the ordinary reader, are moral in tone and correct in sen- yet full of interest; The Philosophy timent.

of Wages, in which the importance of


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