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paying wages on Friday is strongly with meritorious pungency and force. enforced, and its advantages shown; The experiment of a shilling quarterly The Social Claims and Aspect of Sci- seems likely to be thoroughly successence, in which there is an excellent ful, and we wish it all prosperity. résumé of recent scientific discoveries, and their bearing on our social condi- Mary Gray; or, Death-Bed Repentance. tion; The Genius and Prospects of

Founded on Fact. London: Wertheim Negroes, a paper of great usefulness and Macintosh. and significancy with respect to the A SORROWFUL story, intended to show future of Africa and the Negro race;

the danger and folly of putting off the The History of the Struggle in Maine, work of repentance to a dying bed. with facts and figures of the highest Incidentally it contains a testimony to interest; and a story about “Caste,"

the usefulness and awakening character bearing on our English class-prejudices

of Methodist ministrations.

Notes of the Month.


NOVEMBER. “Day unto day uttereth speech."-Psalm xix. 2. The regular succession of day and night, and of summer and winter, though it escapes our notice by the frequency of its occurrence, is continually proclaiming to us the wisdom and power of God. And that which prodigiously enlarges the sphere of wonders is, that motion and rest, darkness and light, the change of seasons, the revolutions of the heavenly bodies, which give variety to the decorations of the world, are successive in appearance only, and permanent in reality. The scene that fades upon our view, is painted in brilliant colours for another people. It is not the spectacle that is changed, but the spectator. Thus God has combined in his work, both absolute and progressive duration: the first is placed in time, the second in space. By means of the former the beauties of the universe are one, infinite and invariable : by reason of the latter they are multiplied, finite, and perpetually renewed. Without the one, there would be no grandeur in the creation : without the other, it would exhibit nothing but dull uniformity.

Could we combine in imagination at the same moment the most beautiful incidents of nature; could we represent to ourselves at once all the hours of the day, and all the seasons of the year : a spring morning, and an autumnal evening; a night studded with stars, and a day overcast with clouds; meadowsena

melled with flowers, forests stripped by the frosts, fields glowing with golden harvests—we should then have an idea of the spectacle of the universe, for such in reality is the fact. While we are admiring the sun plunging beneath the western waves, others perceive him rising from the regions of Aurora : and while we are enveloped in midnight darkness, they are surrounded with the meridian blaze. Could we imagine the absence of that infinite presiding Power, or the suspension of those laws which infinite Wisdom has ordained, what confusion and disorder would overspread the face of nature ! The moon either too near or too distant would cease to rule the night: would alternately be invisible, or fill the celestial concave with her disproportionate orb. Seized as it were with madness, she would proceed along an uninterrupted line of eclipses ; or rolling from side to side would expose the other face which the earth has never

The stars would appear to be under the same capricious influence, and nothing would be seen but a succession of tremendous conjunctions. Here they would dart along with the rapidity of lightning, there they would be suspended motionless; sometimes crowding together in groups, they would form a new galaxy; at others disappearing all at once, and rending the curtains of the world, they would expose to view the abysses of eternity.

is Oh Lord, how wonderful are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all."



- Thou hast set all the borders of the end of the month. It will this the earth; Thou hast made summer month therefore begin to form a part and winter !"-R. C.

of our evening panorama. It is now

in Cancer. The Sun rises on the 1st at London The principal constellations visible and Greenwich at five minutes be- at this season are :-Cassiopeia, An. fore seren, on the 15th at twenty dromeda, Pisces, Cetus, Capricornus, minutes after seven, and on the 30th Piscis Australis, Aquarius, Pegasus, at sixteen minutes before eight; and

Aquila, Vulpecula, Delphinus, Her sets on the same days respectively at

cules, Lyra, Cygnus, Ursa Major, twenty-eight minutes before five, nine Ursa Minor, Draco, Taurus, Orion, minutes after four, and seven minutes Aries, Cetus, Perseus, Auriga, Gemini, before four. The day will decrease Camelopardalus, Lynx. in length during the month just one hour and a half. On the 22nd the

NATURAL HISTORY. sun enters the sign Sagittarius or the Archer.

CHANGE passes stealthily, but surely, The Moon is new on the 5th at

over all things month by month twelve minutes before five in the after- through the whole year—more and noon, and full on the 21st at twenty- more rapidly as we approach winter, five minutes after two in the morning. its march being more decided and It sets on the first Sunday before five marked every day. The insects are in the afternoon. Those of our local

gone, the birds are gone, the flowers brethren who have to return on that are gone -all that made spring deevening from distant appointments lightful and summer charming; and as will have a dark November night in we advance to greet the King of Frost, which to plod their weary way home- we are surrounded by the dying and ward. We trust our readers will the dead, and look forward to still remember them before the God of

greater desolations. Providence and grace, especially if the Yet how wisely and kindly every day should be wet and stormy, as is change is to subserve a beneficial frequently the case at this season. purpose. The foliage of the forest, by Should it be fine, however, and the the rough blast of outgoing autumn is sky clear, the splendid appearance of swept from the branches, and settles Jupiter in the constellation of the in thick layers or matted hillocks Bull a considerable height in the over the breadth of the whole forestsouth-eastern sky between eight and land, covering the tender shoots and ten o'clock will almost compensate for shielding from too much cold the herbs the absence of the young moon.

On and plants that thrive in the shade of the second Sunday the moon will tall trees and bushy plantations; and shine until nearly midnight; on the forming thus a natural defence against third Sunday, the whole of the night, the severity of winter. Having perbeing full, and nearly seventeen hours formed this kind office, on the approach above the horizon; and on the fourth of spring, the united effects of moisture Sunday it rises about midnight.

and warmth resolves these into a light Mercury is near the sun and invi- mould every way fitted to supply nusible.

triment for the ensuing summer's Venus is very brilliant, but sets too growth. So admirable are the arrangesoon after the sun to be observed. It ments of the Great Maker. is near the moon on the 8th and 9th. The strawberry tree blows in No

Mars also is nearly beyond obser- vember, and is one of our prettiest vation, but may be noticed near to the ornamental evergreens.

Sometimes Moon on the lith.

it is found growing wild in the south of Jupiter's position is very beautiful, Ireland, and thrives luxuriantly. It observed angularly from Aldebaran has the rare peculiarity in this country and the Pleiades in Taurus and from of having both flowers and fruit at the Capella in Auriga. It shines brilliant- same time; for the blossoms of No. ly the whole of the night.

vember are in due time succeeded by Saturn rises between ten and eleven small green berries which hang on the at the beginning, and before nine at trees nearly twelve months without

increasing much in size or ripening to cork) that covers the vessel, through maturity, the heat of a whole summer which a hole must then be cut to allow apparently exerting little or no influ- of its free passage. This is the stem ence upon them; but when November of the tree, which will shortly be seen comes again they ripen rapidly, and to throw outseed leaves at its extremity, new flowers bloom side by side with and shortly again other leaves, till in the ripe fruit. The berries now resem- the course of a few weeks the tree will ble small strawberries in shape and have grown to the height of several colour, but are dry and insipid to the inches, and be ornamented at the top taste, and only when fully ripe possess with leaves two or three inches long mellowness sufficient to render them and wide in proportion, besides smaller palatable. They will not come to ones at the sides, the root growing maturity in the neighbourhood of Lon- during the same time to a length ex., don without care.

ceeding that of the stem. The acorn As there is little to attract attention selected for this experiment should be in the open garden, a lover of plants fresh gathered. may find interesting employment in- The song of the robin, the shrill pipe doors. The following pretty experi- of the wren, the chirp of the sparrows ment may be attempted in town or the chatter of the magpie, and the caw country :-Fill a common hyacinth- of the raven are familiar sounds in glass about a third or half full of water, November. Larks, seen only in pairs and fit to its opening exactly, so as to at other seasons, now congregate in exclude the air perfectly, a piece of immense numbers, as also do the cord or cork. Fasten a strong piece yellow hammer and chaffinch. The of thread or piece of brass (not iron) snow bunting arrives from the north : wire round an acorn, and suspend it female woodcocks come in successive from the card or cork, or from a small flights, stay a few days, and proceed bar of wood or metal beneath it, so as southwards; the males follow soon to sustain the acorn just above the afterwards and remaiņ with us during surface of the water. In a few weeks the winter. Many species of wild geese the germ of the acorn will burst the migrate, and others put on their winter shell, and in about a fortnight the plumage. That of the ptarmigan unradicle or little root will appear, stretch dergoes a marvellous change, the leg downwards to the water, enlarging by

and foot which in summer is nearly as degrees, and throwing out external bare as those of any barndoor fowl, befibres, until, after a few days more,

the coming so thickly clothed with feathers other member of the germ will rise as to appear more like the paw of the upwards till it comes near the card (or hare than the pedal appendage of a bird.

Mutual-fid Association Reporter.


THE COLLECTING CARDS. a new thing in the Association, as the The interest in this movement we

secretaries well know. They were believe is spreading. Certainly, it adopted soon after the establishment scarcely seems possible to devise a of the Institution, but without organmethod by which the object in view ised plan or arrangement, being issued can be so easily accomplished, at so

to members and friends when required small an expenditure of individual or asked for, in an exceedingly desultory labour and time. We trust, therefore,

The idea of issuing them at the members and friends of the Asso- a specific time to the whole country, ciation will feel it a pleasant and with instructions to return the whole agreeable task that the President has by a given date, is an advance in the asked them to perform, and also that, wise use of means to an end that dein response to his generous donation of serves special record, and we believe the whole cost of the cards, they will will be the harbinger of much improvedeem themselves in honour bound to ment and success in the operations of try the experiment to the utmost. the Association.

Collecting Cards are not altogether What is wanted is the hearty co

is worthy of the most extensive circulation. We beg our readers to lend their copies far and wide, in order that it may be seen by as great a number · of persons as possible.

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operation of one and all to apply the scheme with vigour and effect in every branch. There are still two months in which to work it, and in each branch the active and attentive management of one individual, with ordinary aid from the officers, would be more than sufficient to ensure signal success in less than that time. We hope each of the branches will be blessed with the labours of at least one such willing and diligent manager.

We should like the brethren not to forget the simple calculation made two months ago

of what the cards may be made to produce. By way of reminder we repeat it here. It is anticipated that about TEN THOUSAND cards will be issued. The brethren can easily calculate what sum on each card would produce fifty, five hundred, or five thousand pounds, as follows :

d. 10,000 Cards containing ld. each. 41 13 4 10,000


250 10,000

1s. 500 0 0 10,000


2,500 0 0 10,000

5,000 0 0 There is noť a single friend of the Association so moderate in his expectations as to confine them to one penny each card, and probably none so sanguine as to anticipate ten shillings. But perhaps we may not be set down as very extravagant in hoping that a fair average of the above five classes of contribution might be obtained, that is, an average of about 3s. 4d. on each card, which moderate sum would realise the handsome result of nearly £1,700.

Ás to the number of cards which may be required by the brethren, and used with effect, it may be observed that if each of our 2,500 honorary and benefit members promote the circulation of only four, the number of 10,000 is at once provided for.

We will say no more this monthsave to suggest that while this active canvass is proceeding, our friends will seize every opportunity of speaking a good word for the MAGAZINE, that we may commence the new year with a further large augmentation of readers and purchasers.


To the Editor. DEAR SIR,-Several communications have reached me, concerning the affairs of our Association; some of these are kind and genial, some critical and carping, and others full of lamentations, on account of the apparent apathy of the Methodist churches to the urgent claims of our necessitous poor.

As many of your readers are no doubt inclined to agree with one or the other of my correspondents, I wish to address them through your pages..

Ist. To those friends whose Christianity prompts them to assist in every good work, and who “especially” care for “the household of faith," I would say, “Be not weary in well doing." His eye beholds

your deeds, and His ear listens to your prayers in our behalf, who will say in the great day of reckoning, “ Inasmuch as ye did it to one of the least of these my brethren, ye did it unto me." Should there be among you any who wish also to see and hear something like a reward upon earth,—take it, brethren, to your heart's fill; it comes to you in faltering words of thankfulness from a hundred old fathers in Methodism, who take from you rather less than sixpence a day, and for every penny a heart-prayer rises heavenward in your behalf. Take it; it comes to you in tears of mingled sorrow and comfort from the eyes of the widows and fatherless, as partly with your money they bury their husbands and fathers. Be satisfied, brethren; be happy: ye have not lived in vain. Your work in this Association will be more durable than that of those who built the pyramids of Egypt. Earth will not forget it, and in heaven it is written for ever.

2nd. A word to the critical. You mistake, brethren, in supposing that this is a self-supporting society. It is partly so, but not wholly-just enough so to prevent the blush of honest shame from covering the face of any brother who belongs to it, when he applies for

The following sensible letter is very seasonable. It is an explanation, & defence, and a stimulus, all in one, and


the stipulated sum in sickness; to this uphold the weak, to comfort the dishe is entitled by equity from his own tressed, and to do battle with all that payments, according to the best au- is ignorant, proud, cold and covetous, thorities in statistics;

some small

that opposes itself to the interests of our amount would also remain after this noble institution. towards the expenses of his funeral.

An Ex-PRESIDENT. All out-goings besides these must be obtained from other sources.

It is easy to find fault with some of The General Committee met at Br. the proceedings of the Association, and Bowron's, Churton Street, Pimlico, on with the Methodistic status of its lead- Wednesday Evening, Oct. 13, 1858. ing friends; but if you calmly consider Present, Bros. Dudley, Chamberlain, what troubled times the Association Wade, Mortimer, and Creswell. was born in, has lived through, and Prayer was offered by Bro. Mortimer. survived, you ought surely rather to The minutes of the last meeting wonder that there is so little to find being read and confirmed, the Secrefault with. Talk of the Atlantic Tele- tary reported as follows:-Deaths graph binding continents together! why during the month, 5, for two of this Association, slender as it may ap

which no claim has been made on pear to you, binds together, and has the funds.-Number of sick, 16; bound together, the warring tribes of do. under the New Rule, 28; SuperMethodism: every heart has felt the annuated, 100. Total receiving relief, electric current of brotherly kindness, 144.-Receipts from various sources and responded to its silent voice. since the aggregate meeting, £612. 6s.

Personal feelings, and here and there 3d; Expenditure during the same pethe indulgence of a member's idiosyn- riod, £595. 175. 2d.; Balance in hand, crasies may have disturbed the har- £16. 9s.'ld. mony of the Association for a day; The case of two brethren, late of but with the morrow "cool reflection the M. T. Branch, having been conhas come: and, setting religion apart, sidered,- It was resolved, that they be it is marvellous that "a harp of thou- instructed to join the nearest branch. sand strings should keep in tune so A donation of £10. was thankfully long." Only enter our ranks, brethren, received from G. B. Brown, Esq. of and set yourselves heartily to work in Halifax. "caring for the poor,"and all the difficul- Letters were read from several of the ties that affright you will vanish away. branches stating that arrangements

3rd. As for you, brethren, who la- were being made for holding meetings, ment over the apparent apathy of the &c., on behalf of the Association. Methodist churches towards us, wait Prayer was offered by Bro. Chama little longer; there is doubtless a berlain, and the meeting closed at nine good time coming. Ours is really a o'clock. new thing in Methodism, and as yet it The next meeting will be held at has not the sanction of the Conference; Bro. Creswell's, 5, Albert Terrace, it must therefore stand upon its own Knightsbridge, on Monday Evening, merits. Be it yours to make those Nov. 8th, 1858. merits known. It is a rough diamond;

JOHN WADE, Hon. Sec. be it yours to polish it, and to 'hold it up to the admiring gaze of the fol- SUBSCRIPTIONS, DONATIONS, &C., RElowers of Jesus.

THE TREASURER, TO John Wesley would soon have po- OCTOBER 18, 1858. lished it into shape and brilliancy. hm. Hon. Member; hc. Hon. Contributor. Show the world that his followers Hind Street.--Amount of Chapel colare not all degenerate; that although lection, £7 18s. 6d. they build stone chapels, they are not Southampton.-Miss S. Baverstock, all stony of heart.

hc.., 10s. 6d. There is no benevolent institution Sunderland.--Mr. R. Wrighton, hm., in the land that can compare with ours £1 ls.; Mr. J. Aslin, hm.,£1 -£2 ls. as to its claims upon the churches, - Halifax.-George Buckston Browne, no, not one. Therefore, be of good Esq., don., £10. courage; abate not one jot of effort; Melton Mowbray.--Mr. John Orson, quit you like men; be determined to hm., £1.



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