« السابقةمتابعة »
Bishop of this See, January 18, 1662, translated to that of Orkney in 1678, and died at Kirkwall in the beginning of the year 1688.
James Aiken or Aitkens, born at Kirkwall, educated at Edinburgh and afterwards a student at Oxford, became chaplain to the Marquis of Hamilton while his Majesty's Commissioner to the Assembly in 1638. By his interest he was presented to the Church of Birsa in Orkney, where he was generally esteemed. In the year 1650, when the Marquis of Montrose landed in that country, Mr Aiken was appointed by his brethren to draw up a declaration in their and his own name, containing strong expressions of loyalty and allegiance. This, with their consent was published, and drew down the wrath of the General Assembly, which deposed the whole presbytery. Mr Aiken was excommunicated for having conversed with the Marquis of Montrose; and an order was issued by the Council for apprehending him. But having received private intimation of this, he fled to Holland, where he remained till 1653, when he returned to his native country, removed his family from Orkney to Edinburgh, and resided. there privately until the restoration of King Charles II. He then went to London in company with the Bishop of Galloway (Thomas Sydserf), the only surviving prelate in Scotland, to congratulate the King on his restoration; and at this time the Bishop of Winchester presented him to the living of Winfrith in Dorsetshire, where he continued till 1678, when he was elected and consecrated Bishop of Moray; and translated thence to the See of Galloway in 1680.
Colin Falconar, the next successor, was born in 1623; studied at St Leonard's College in St Andrews, and became first, minister of Essil in the diocese of Moray; thence removed to Forres, where he continued till his promotion to the bishopric of Argyle, on the 5th of September 1679. Thence, in the following year, he was translated to that of Moray. The King's letter directed to the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Moray, bears date at Whitehall, February 7, 1680. He is reported to have been a pious, hospitable, and peaceable prelate, happy in reconciling differences, and in removing discords and animosities in his diocese. He died at Spynie Castle, November 11, 1686, in the 63d year of his age, and was buried in the south aile of St Giles's Church in Elgin.
Alexander Rose, descended from the family of Kilravoch, commenced master of arts at Aberdeen, and studied divinity at Glasgow under Dr Gilbert Burnet, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury. He was minister at Perth: then professor of divinity at Glasgow in 1686,
appointed Principal of St Mary's College in St Andrews, promoted to the See of Moray early in the following year, and translated to Edinburgh, before he had taken possession of his former See. (Vide Edinburgh Diocese.)
William Hay, born in 1647, educated at Aberdeen, was ordained by Bishop Patrick Scougal of that diocese. He was first minister at Kilconquhar in Fife, and made Doctor of Divinity by Archbishop Sharp. He then went to the city of Perth, and was consecrated Bishop of Moray in 1688. At the Revolution, he was deprived with his brethren, and died at Castle Hill near Inverness, March 17, 1707.
We now come to the list of dis-established Prelates.
William Dunbar, who had been incumbent of Cruden, in Aberdeenshire, was elected by the Presbyters of Moray to be their Bishop, in pursuance of the wish entertained by most of the clergy to restore diocesan superintendance; and was consecrated at Edinburgh on the 18th of June, 1727, by Bishops Gadderar, Millar, and Rattray. He was first appointed to the district of Moray and Ross, and afterwards on the death of Bishop Gadderar, to that of Aberdeen. He died in 1746.
William Falconar, minister of Forres, was consecrated at Alloa, in 1741, by Bishops Rattray, Keith, and White. He was in the same year appointed to the charge of Caithness, and in the following year, to that of Moray, which in 1776 he resigned to Bishop Petrie, who had recently been consecrated as his assistant. About the same time he was elected Bishop of Edinburgh, where he for some time constantly resided. He had been elected Primus in 1761, and died in 1784.
Arthur Petrie, minister at Meiklefolla, was consecrated at Dundee, Bishop-coadjutor of Moray, as abovementioned, by Bishops Falconar, Rait, Kilgour, and Rose. In 1777, he succeeded to the sole charge of Moray, and died in 1787.
Andrew Macfarlane, presbyter at Inverness, was consecrated at Peterhead, March 7, 1787, by Bishops Kilgour, Petrie, and Skinner, as coadjutor to the second of those prelates, then in a declining state of health. Bishop Petrie died in the following month, when Bishop Macfarlane succeeded him in the diocese of Moray, as well as those of Ross and Argyle, then recently united. Of these, he resigned the See of Moray to Bishop Jolly, in 1798. He died in 1819.
Alexander Jolly. This eminent prelate, whose pure and aposto
lical character will transmit his name to posterity reverenced by all good men, as one of the brightest ornaments of the Church, was born at Stonehaven, in the County of Kincardine, on the 3d of April, 1755, of pious and respectable parents, who implanted in his mind those principles of religion and piety, which afterwards produced such abundant fruit in maturity. He was educated at the school of his native town, and by his diligence, distinguished himself even there for classical attainments. His subsequent education was completed at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he took the degree of master of arts. From the earliest period he seems to have considered himself devoted to the service of the Church, and directed all his studies with a special view to qualify himself for the duties of the sacred profession. At that time, the Church in Scotland was still under legal proscription, although the penal laws were seldom enforced after the succession of the great and good George III., and never with the same rigour, as during the occupation of the regal power by his two detestable predecessors.
Mr Jolly was admitted to the Diaconate by Bishop Kilgour, at Peterhead, on the 1st of July, 1776, and to the Priesthood, by the same Prelate, on the 19th of March, 1777. The same year he was inducted to the pastoral charge of Turriff in Aberdeenshire. He remained there somewhat more than ten years, and in April, 1788, removed to Fraserburgh in the same county. In both these situations, he pursued his studies, as well as discharged his duties, with unabated assiduity, rising, both in winter and summer, at four in the morning, and dividing his pursuits, so that one might relieve the weariness of another, until eleven at night. Devoted to the duties of his office in his remote residence, modest in his nature, and unpretending in his deportment, he thus pursued the even tenor of his way, until his faine, which extended to a much wider circle, pointed him out as most fitly qualified for a higher position. He was elected coadjutor to Andrew Macfarlane, Bishop of Ross, Argyle, and Moray; and on the 24th of June, being St John the Baptist's day, 1796, consecrated at Dundee, by Bishops Abernethy Drummond, Macfarlane, and Strachan. It does not appear that he ever acted in his capacity of coadjutor Bishop, but in 1798, he became Bishop of Moray, on the resignation of that diocese by Bishop Macfarlane, who retained the Sees of Ross and Argyle. In this capacity, he realized the character of a truly apostolical Bishop. In a sermon, preached at Elgin after his decease, by the Rev. W. Mac
laurin, it is observed of him, that 'his holy simplicity and charity made him, of all men, the most humble. Constantly occupied with thoughts of good to others, he fell into the most uncommon fault of greatly undervaluing himself. . . . His consciousness of sin, as a descendant of Adam, was so deep, that no sense of official honour was sufficient to overcome it; and he contented himself with individually exhorting the inferior pastors, more in the language of the most affectionate equal, than in the authoritative tone of one to whom they had solemnly vowed obedience.' 'I had once,' says Bishop Walker, 'the high satisfaction of attending Bishop Jolly through his diocese as his chaplain, when I saw as fine a specimen of a Christian Bishop as the most vivid imagination could well picture. There was no pomp. There were no adventitious circumstances to excite attention or to demand respect; but wherever and whenever the holy and humble man appeared, he was received by all, old and young, by persons of every rank and degree, with an evident fervour of reverence, respect, and regard. In performing the duties of his high office, particularly on this occasion, the simple and impressive ordinance of confirmation, there was in his whole manner a sinking of self so evident, and an unaffected fervour of devotion, so attractive and so impressive, as seemed to carry every heart along with him to the promised and special presence of the Divine Mediator.'
In 1823, Bishop Jolly published 'A friendly address to the Episcopalians of Scotland on Baptismal Regeneration; shewing, that it is the doctrine of Scripture, of the earliest and purest Christian antiquity, and of the Reformed Episcopal Church, as expressed in its Liturgy; attention to which is earnestly recommended, as the best guard against the dangerous deviations of modern times.'
In 1828, he published Observations upon the several Sunday Services prescribed by the Liturgy throughout the year; being an humble attempt to illustrate the doctrinal as well as devotional tendency of each; furnishing matter of devout reflection to the sincere Christian.'
This was reprinted in 1839, with a brief memoir of the author by Dr Walker, late Bishop of Edinburgh.
In 1831, he published The Christian Sacrifice in the Eucharist considered, as it is, the doctrine of Holy Scripture, embraced by the Universal Church of the first and purest times, by the Church of England, and by the Episcopal Church in Scotland.'
Bishop Jolly died on the 29th of June, 1838, in the 84th year of
his age, having remained at Fraserburgh to the last. He had been for some time decreasing in strength, but on the night of his death, had appeared rather better, and at his own desire, had been left alone but on the next morning, was discovered lifeless, but recently departed, lying in a placid posture, with his hands folded across his breast, as having left this life in the act of prayer. On his death, the diocese of Moray, according to a determination of the Bishops assembled in synod at Edinburgh, August 9th, 1837, became again united to Ross and Argyle, then under the superintendence of the Right Reverend Bishop David Low, and still remains vested in that Prelate.
(As this notice is already too long, we postpone a notice of the Palace and Cathedral of the See of Moray till our next.)
As we briefly intimated in the last number, a Synod was holden at Glasgow on Wednesday, the 10th of May, for the election of a successor in that diocese to the lamented Dr Russell, when several candidates were proposed, but ultimately, the Very Rev. E. B. Ramsay, dean of Edinburgh, was elected by a majority of votes. Mr Ramsay, however, having declined to accept the appointment, a new election became necessary; and accordingly, the Clergy again met for that purpose on Wednesday the 7th of June. At this meeting, where much difference of opinion prevailed, several names were brought forward, but with no satisfactory result, and as there appeared no probability of agreement, a motion was made, that no election should then be carried out, but that an address be presented to the Primus, requesting him to place the diocese under the superintendence of some existing Bishop for six or twelve months,-which was carried by a majority of 9 to 1, three presbyters declining to vote, and one being absent.
Under the circumstances, this, perhaps, was the best arrangement which could be adopted; and we trust, not only that the Primus will accede to this request, but that good will also eventually arise from the time thus afforded for calm deliberation.
Meanwhile, we beg to offer a few observations, disclaiming, as beseems our lay character, any attempt at dictation, or more than the suggestion of a few topics for the consideration of the Clergy. We