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mained without. At a quarter to eleven, the Bishop of Aberdeen, the Bishop of Oxford, and the Clergy, walked in procession from the house, preceded by Sir John Gladstone, the founder, and others, bearing wands, as is, we believe, the custom in England. When the Bishop of Aberdeen arrived at the altar rails, the Petition for Consecration was presented to him by Sir John Gladstone, and duly read and accepted. The very solemn service then commenced; the Bishop and Clergy having issued from the west door, reentered, and proceeded slowly up the nave, the Bishop repeating the twentyfourth Psalm, and the Clergy and people responding in alternate verses. The Primus then took his place at the altar, which was duly prepared for the Holy Communion, and was also hung deeply with black crape, in memory of Bishop Moir. After the sentence of Consecration had been read and signed, the Primus proceeded with the residue of that service. The Right Reverend Prelate also preached a very able and impressive sermon from Psalm cxxxii. 14, 15, and celebrated the Holy Communion. The Warden of Trinity College read the Morning Prayers. The Canticles were chanted in the grand and simple strains of the ancient music of the Church, to the organ. The metrical Psalms sung, were part of Psalm lxxxiv. and Psalm c. The Sanctus (of Jomelli) was chanted before the Communion Service; and the responses to the Commandments were likewise chanted. The alms were collected during the Offertory Sentences: they amounted to about fifteen pounds, and were to be devoted to the purposes of the Episcopal Church Society.
At three o'clock, the Primus, accompanied as before, went to the Vault, at the east end of the Chapel, and dedicated it as the burial place of the family of Sir John Gladstone, with benediction and prayer. His Lordship performed this service standing on the steps of the Vault, after having been within it. Part of Psalm xxxix. was sung by the congregation standing around in the open air. When this office was closed, the congregation repaired to the Chapel for even song or afternoon prayers. The Rev. W. M. Goalen, Incumbent of Laurencekirk, read the prayers, and the Rev. C. Wordsworth, Warden of Trinity College, preached from 1 Cor. xiv. 26, (this discourse has since been published.) The metrical Psalms sung, before and after sermon, were portions of Psalm xxiv. and Psalm cxxxii. On Sunday, in the morning, the Warden of Trinity College read prayers, and the Rev. D. A. Irvine, minister of the Chapel, preached, with fervour and ability, from Kings ix. 3. The alms were collected by Sir J. S. Forbes, Bart., who has undertaken the office of Chapel Warden. The amount, between five and six pounds, was dedicated to the ordinary purposes of the Chapel, as fixed by the constitution. The Bishop of Oxford celebrated the Holy Communion. At three in the afternoon the Chapel was again extremely crowded by a generally devout and attentive congregation. The Rev. Mr. Irvine read prayers, and the Lord Bishop of Oxford then ascended the pulpit, and delivered a most eloquent and powerful sermon from Daniel ix. 25, (since published.) made, as was evident, a very deep, and, it is to be hoped, lasting impression on the congregation. The Right Rev. Prelate then delivered the blessing, and thus brought to a close the services connected with this solemn and delightful occasion.
The Chapel is in the early English style, and was erected from the designs of Mr. Henderson of Edinburgh, the architect of Trinity College. It is externally of simple but appropriate character. It stands about 150 yards east of the House of Fasque, and is seen from all those parts of the country from which the house itself is visible.
It has been endowed with the sum of Seventy Pounds a-year, besides a Parsonage, a Garden, and small Glebe, and a moiety of the weekly Collections to be made in the Chapel.
The following is an outline of some of the more important of the regulations which have been embodied in the Deed of Constitution of the Chapel, with a view to the management of its internal affairs; it being specially provided by that deed, and also by the Disposition or Deed of Endowment,
that the Incumbent, the Chapel, and the Congregation, shall be in perpetual connexion with the Scottish Episcopal Communion :
There are to be two Chapel Wardens, one of whom shall be the Proprietor of the Estate of Fasque for the time being, provided he be in communion with the Church; and the other is to be chosen by the Incumbent from among the Male Communicants of the Congregation. In the event of the Proprietor of Fasque not being thus qualified, an election shall take place from among and by the Male Communicants themselves-a list of whom is to be kept by the Incumbent for these purposes; and the election of such Chapel Warden shall be either from year to year, or without any limit as to the duration of the office, as may be judged most expedient.
The proceeds of the offertories and collections are to be divided into four equal parts; two whereof are to go to the Incumbent-one towards the maintenance of the Chapel-and the remaining fourth to the poor; but should the requisite funds be otherwise provided for keeping up the Chapel, which is expected to be the case for the present, then the entire one-half of the above proceeds shall be distributed to the poor. There is to be a collection every Sunday over and above the collection made on any other occasion of the administration of the Holy Communion; and the distribution of the alms is to be made by the Incumbent, in conjunction with one of the Chapel Wardens-the poor connected with the congregation being, in the first instance, preferred, and a discretion given as to those pious objects and uses to which the remaining amount shall be devoted.
A week's notice is always to be given of such special collections as may be enjoined by Canon, the proceeds of which are to be applied irrespectively of the ordinary collections; and there may be also other special collections "made in behalf of objects sanctioned by the Bishop, but not more than four in the year. Any person may, also, by a written notice, given in along with his contribution, have it devoted to any special object. The Incumbent is also directed, in conjunction with the Chapel Wardens, to keep an account of the amount received from the offertories and collections, and of the mode in which such amount has been applied; and, finally, all questions regarding the right of occupation to seats in the Chapel (for which no payment is to be received), are to be decided by the Proprietor of Fasque, if qualified as above-mentioned, otherwise by the Chapel Wardens, and if they shall differ in opinion, the matter is left to the Incumbent.
ST MICHAEL'S CHURCH, CRIEFF.
On Wednesday the 22nd Sept. the Right Rev. Bishop of St. Andrews, Dunkeld, and Dunblane, attended by the Very Rev. Dean Torry and the Rev. A. Lendrum, as his Chaplains, and by the Rev. William Palmer, as his Deacon, consecrated this Church by the name of St. Michael, for the worship of Almighty God according to the rites and ceremonies of the Church in Scotland. Besides those already named, there were present of the Clergy of the Diocese, the Rev. John Macmillan, the Rev. T. Walker, the Rev. J. C. Chambers, the Rev. J. P. Alley, the Rev. T. Wildman. The Bishop robed in the small sacristy on the north side of the chancel, and the Clergy in the Mason's Lodge which is contiguous. The latter walked in procession to the Church, and at the entrance of the chancel were met by the Bishop, when the trustee of the Church presented the petition for consecration, which his Lordship handed to the Rev. A. Lendrum to read. He then bowed assent, and the procession returned to the Porch, when the Bishop commenced the 24th Psalm, the Clergy responding as they walked along the nave. At the entrance to the chancel, the Clergy moved on to the kneelings prepared for them, and the Bishop took his place at the north side of the altar where he proceeded with the consecration service, signed the deed of consecration, and handed it to the Dean to read. Morning
Prayer and the Litany were then chanted by the Rev. J. C. Chambers of Perth, in a most impressive and solemn manner, the other Clergy, the choir and people making the appropriate responses; the Psalms and Canticles were sung antiphonally to the Gregorian tones. The mode in which the service was celebrated gave great satisfaction to all present, many of whom then for the first time heard a Cathedral service; in fact, none such had been performed in Crieff since the Reformation. In the Communion Service the Bishop was assisted by the Very Rev. the Dean and the Incumbent. The Rev. A. Lendrum preached from Micah vii. 8; after which the Bishop delivered an eloquent address, in which he earnestly directed the attention of the faithful to the proper duties of the sanctuary, as pointed out by its designation the House of Prayer.'
When the Bishop had concluded his address, the Dean began the offertory by saying in the words of the National Communion Office of Scotland, 'Let us present our offerings to the Lord, with reverence and godly fear,' and while he read the appointed sentences of Scripture, the Deacons collected the oblations of the people, which the Dean received from them, and placed upon the holy table, saying the appointed words of oblation, Blessed be Thou, O Lord God, for ever and ever: thine, O Lord, is the greatness and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty; for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is Thine; Thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and Thou art exalted as Head above all; both riches and honour come of Thee, and of Thine own do we give unto Thee. Amen.' The Non-communicants then retired, and the Holy Eucharist was then administered to the Clergy and about thirty of the laity. When the service was concluded, the Clergy knelt down, one by one, and received the venerable Bishop's benediction, followed by all the members of the Church who had remained to partake of the Holy Communion. This was a very affecting and solemn scene, and most of those who were present were affected to tears. One could not help feeling that the blessing would follow wherever it was devoutly received, when he saw the hands of this venerable servant of God lifted to Heaven in supplication for a blessing and then descending on the head of each one as he came forward and knelt before him while he pronounced these impressive words, 'the blessing of Almighty God, and the comfort of His Holy Spirit be upon you, and abide with you for ever.' The Offertory amounted to £13. 128., and is destined to supply a font, the only thing now wanting to make this Church complete in its furniture.
The plans for this neat little Church were supplied by James Gillespie Graham, Esq., of Orcheil, and do credit to his taste. Externally there is not much to attract the eye; but the interior is very neat, and even elegant in its fittings up. The benches are all low, open, and moveable, and in the provision for the external manifestation of devotional feeling cannot be surpassed. Provision is made for the worshippers kneeling by a board ten inches wide, and four inches elevated from the floor, which is covered with a cocoa-nut matting. This board forms part of the bench, and greatly adds to its solidity, while the architect has beautifully adapted the ornamental ends of the bench to this arrangement. We are the more particular in noticing this, because the idea is, we believe, new, and was greatly admired by all who observed it. It has all the propriety of kneeling on the floor, and, at the same time, has the advantage of raising the knees above the effects of damp, while, from its manifest purpose, it invites all to kneel.
Prayers are said from a moveable desk, supported by a pillar, placed on the first step of the chancel, and near to the northern side of the arch. Opposite to it stands the substitute for the eagle; the Fald or Litany stool occupies its proper place between 'the Porch and Altar.' The chancel is separated from the nave by an elegant rood screen, light and open, which is surmounted by a Maltese cross placed in the centre of a carved canopy. On the second step within the screen are placed the sedilia; the platform formed by the third step is laid with encaustic tiles, and in the centre stands the altar. This last is a beautiful piece of workmanship, being formed of solid
stone, and the execution in every way perfect. The front is divided into three compartments: on the right is the Lamb and banner; on the left, the Pelican in her piety; and in the centre, the sacred monogram, all engraved on the stone. The two ends have severally a decorated Maltese cross. the step at the back of the altar, there are engraved these words, ‘I am the light of the world,' in allusion to our Saviour's teaching; and on the superfrontal, which is of the richest crimson velvet, there are wrought in needlework, with gold-coloured thread, the words, I am the bread of life,' in allusion to the Atonement, and the proper service of the altar. end of the back step is placed a large oak candlestick, which will be used in lighting the chancel at Evening Service. On the north side of the chancel, there is an elegant niche, to serve as a credence table; and on the front of the third step, there is a facing of encaustic tiles, with the text, 'I will wash mine hands in innocency, so will I compass thine Altar, O Lord.' At the east end of the chancel there is a triple window filled with stained glass, and arranged very tastefully by Warrington of London, at very little more than the price of plain quarries. In the centre window, at the top, is the emblem of the Blessed Trinity, and, at the bottom, the arms of the Diocese of Dunkeld.
On Friday, the 24th, the Bishop held an Ordination in St James's Church, Muthill, when the Rev. Thomas Wildman, Deacon, was admitted to the Holy Order of Priests.
On Sunday, the 26th, the Bishop held a Confirmation in St James's Church, Muthill, when nineteen candidates were admitted to the privileges of the Apostolical Sacramental rite of 'Laying on of hands,' of whom onehalf were converts. The solemnity of this sacred rite was greatly increased by its being administered according to the Scotch Use, thus, I sign thee with the sign of the Cross, and I lay mine hands upon thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Defend, O Lord, this thy servant,' &c., as in the English form.
On the 15th ult. an Ordination was held in St. James's Church, Leith, by the Right Reverend the Bishop of Glasgow and Galloway, when the Rev. Archibald Wilson, of Queen's College, Cambridge, and incumbent of the united charge of Maybole and Girvan, was admitted to the priesthood.
On the 21st ult., being St. Thomas's day, the Right Reverend the Bishop of Brechin held his first Ordination in St. Paul's Church, Dundee, when the Rev. L. Morse, B.A., presently officiating at Montrose, was admitted to the priesthood.
NOTE TO THE ACCOUNT OF ST MARY'S, HAMILTON.
We shall endeavour to procure for a future Number of our Magazine an architectural description of this church, which, we understand, is much admired for the correctness of its details, as well as the beauty of the general outline.
Printed by GRANT & TAYLOR, Albany Street, Edinburgh.
POSITION OF THE CHURCH,
AN enquirer into religious truth has two problems to solve-First, whether the gospel be from God; and next, what is the gospel. Is Christianity itself a divine revelation? Which is the genuine form of Christianity?
To persons who have reached or inherited conviction on the former question, but who have no very definite ideas on the latter, this sheet is addressed. And its aim is rather to suggest materials for reflection than the means of final judgment.
The religious aspects of our own country, were we not familiarized to it from infancy, could hardly fail to strike us with surprise. A professedly Christian population of two millions and a-half, is parcelled out, in varying proportions, among ten or twelve religious Societies, all laying claim to the name of Christian, yet all differing from each other, more or less, on the constituent ideas of Christianity.
And it may be worth our while just to reckon up the chief of these rival communions, and to indicate, in a rude and general way, their relative and numerical strength.