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that Lamb, takes away the sins of the world-first, by his sacrifice, removing once for all, and on the cross, the obstacle towards the free exercise of divine pardon to sinners; and, then, by this sacrifice, becoming the means, through the grace of God, of making it touch the hearts of sinners, and withdrawing them from iniquity. He then went on to show how this doctrine had raised the island they were treading from its unknown and desolate state, to be one of the most illustrious spots in Western Christendom, during the sixth and some following centuries; and how the abandonment of the doctrine which had thus raised it to distinction, had brought it to the condition in which they now beheld it. Of its restoration to its pristine glory, the Bishop went on to say, a strong belief is entertained in the Highlands; and here, turning to one of the clergy (the Rev. Mr Mackenzie of Durar), the Bishop begged him to recite some Gaelic sayings and explain them to the congregation, which the Rev. Gentleman did with great effect. The Bishop concluded in words to this effect:- -We have come grasping the staff and using the seal of Columba of the Isles, successor to his office and ministry. To this island we have come, as Bishop, Dean, and Clergy of the Isles, to reverence here, at the fountain of Christianity in the West, the glory of God in his saints; and we have come, humbly expecting that the same Divine Power, which was once so abundantly vouchsafed, may again be abundantly poured forth, as in this place and at this time, on those who are successors in the office of the glorious and mighty dead, now lying unknown and undistinguishable beneath our feet, but well known, and, we hope and believe, gloriously manifest in the presence of God.'

A temporary place of worship has been fitted up at Lochgilphead, where the Rev. James Hamilton, M.A. of Baliol College, Oxford, has been appointed to officiate. Proceedings are being taken in reference to the erection of a church, and residence for the clergyman.

At Oban, a subscription has been commenced for the erection of a church. Divine service is at present celebrated in a hall which has been fitted up for that purpose.

The Church here has strong claims upon English visitors, frequenting this village and neighbourhood during the summer season. Subscriptions will be received by the Bishop at Lochgilphead.

The Right Rev. the Bishop of Argyll and the Isles, has appointed the Rev. Samuel Hood, of St Paul's Church, Rothesay, to the office of Dean of that diocese.

A neat chapel has lately been erected without the grounds of the garrison, in the Isle of Cumbrae, off the coast of Ayrshire, wherein, by license of the Bishop, the Rev. F. Clifford, M.A. of Cambridge, has been appointed to officiate as chaplain.


ON Sunday, August 27, the Rev. James Smith, incumbent of Forgue, in Aberdeenshire, celebrated divine service in an upper room' in the very pretty village of Rothiemay, on the banks of the Deveron, in Banffshire, for the first time after the lapse of nearly two centuries; for it does not appear that any clergyman had officiated, even occasionally, in the parish since the Revolution. It is the intention of the reverend gentleman, with the sanction of the Bishop of Moray, in whose diocese Rothiemay is situated, to continue occasional ministrations there from time to time, at the interval of two or three weeks. There are not a few aged people in the neighbourhood, members of the Church, and some young families. These were distant not less than six miles from the nearest churches-a distance too great for regular attendance and the consequence has been, that most of them occasionally attended the Presbyterian kirks, while a few fell away altogether; and this would be the case with many more, were nothing done to place the services of the Church more easily within their reach. This, we think, is a matter worthy' of serious consideration; and we hope to revert to the subject.


ON Sunday, the 10th of September, the kirk was opened in this glen, for the purposes of Divine service, according to the rites and ceremonies of the Church in Scotland, by the Rev. T. Wildman, priest of Kirriemuir, under the license of the bishop of the diocese.

This building is the joint property of the Church and the Establishment, and was erected as a chapel-of-ease during last century, for the Episcopal and Presbyterian incumbents of Kirriemuir, to be used by them on alternate Sundays. At the beginning of this century, as we have been informed on good authority, all the inhabitants of the glen, with the exception of three families, were members of the Church; but, on account of the coldness and apathy of those who ought to have had their spiritual welfare at heart, they have been allowed to wander from their holy mother into the bye-paths of error and schism.

On the day above-mentioned, an attempt was made to bring together the scattered sheep of Christ, and the faithful from various parts of the Lord's vineyard were present at the Divine office. The Church was crowded to excess; and many, we doubt not, of the members of the Establishment were impressed with the awful and solemn rites of our sacred worship. The sermon was preached from the 2d chapter of St Luke, and 14th verse: Glory to God in the highest,' &c. The greatest attention was paid during its delivery; and we trust that the earnest appeal which was made on that occasion, on the necessity of endeavouring permanently to secure the

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services of the Church in the district, will not only long be remembered, but also instrumental in arousing Churchmen to put this proposal into systematic operation. After the sermon the holy eucharist was administered, according to the rites of our national office, to the members of the Church, who lingered after the crowd had dispersed, to partake of the Body and Blood of Christ, and to pledge themselves at His altar to carry out the good work which had that day been begun. It is the intention of the incumbent of Kirriemuir to officiate here on alternate Sundays, at three o'clock P.M., and as soon as possible to procure the aid of another clergyman in carrying out this important object. As this district is eleven miles distant from Kirriemuir, and also in a mountainous country, it will be impossible in the winter season for one person to officiate at Kirriemuir in the morning, and at Glen-Prosen in the afternoon; we therefore earnestly hope that the faithful will not allow this long-neglected spot to be still longer neglected, but that they will assist the present incumbent, not only by their prayers, but also by their offerings, to restore the ark of God and apostolic ordinances in this part of his parish.


A Diocesan Synod was held in St Andrew's Church, Glasgow, on the 30th of August, at which the Rev. W. J. Trower, M.A., Rector of Wiston in Sussex, and formerly fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, and the Rev. Robert Eden, M.A., Rector of Leigh in Essex, and Rural Dean-two clergymen admirably qualified for the sacred office -were proposed for the vacant bishopric. On a division, the votes for each candidate were equal, when Mr Trower was elected by the casting vote of the Dean.

On Thursday, September 21, being the Festival of St Matthew the Apostle, the consecration of the Bishop Elect of Glasgow and Galloway took place in St Mary's Church, Glasgow. There were present the Primus, the Bishops of Edinburgh, Argyll and the Isles, and Brechin, the Bishop Elect, and about forty presbyters, among whom were several of the Church of England, and one (the Rev. G. Thurston Bedell, M.A. of New York), of the American Church.

Morning prayer was said by the Dean of the Diocese, (the Very Rev. W. S. Wilson, M.A.), and the Communion office by the Primus, the Epistle being read by the Bishop of Edinburgh, and the Gospel by the Bishop of Argyll and the Isles.

The sermon was preached by the Rev. Robert Eden, M.A., Rector of Leigh, Essex, from the 15th and 16th verses of the Gospel according to St John. The preacher alluded to the present eventful times of the Church, when so many enemies were thronging around her, particularly an infidel press, which possesses more power against her than the amphitheatre of wild beasts at Rome, or the other tortures invented by heathen emperors. But for the Church,

if true to herself, there was no real fear, as she had the assurance of her Divine Master of His continued protection. He then alluded to the office of a bishop, an arduous one in any season, but particularly so in the present times; and turning to the Bishop Elect, made an exceedingly touching and well-timed address to him. He then proceeded to illustrate three leading points of the ministerial office : the duty of catechetical instruction, enforcing it by quotations from several former prelates of the Church of England; the duty of daily public prayer; and lastly, the frequent celebration of the Holy Eucharist. The preacher then congratulated the Church on the choice they had made-a choice which seemed ordered by God's Holy Spirit; and expressed his joy at being permitted to take part in the solemn proceedings of the day. At the conclusion of the sermon, the solemn service of consecration took place, and afterwards the Holy Eucharist was celebrated according to the office of the National Church of Scotland; the bishops and clergy, and a considerable number of the laity, partaking thereof. The offectory was devoted to the funds of the Scottish Episcopal Church Society.

We regret not having space for more than the above slight outline of Mr Eden's sermon, which we sincerely hope may be published, as it contained a great deal of valuable matter, which Churchmen in Scotland, clerical and lay, would do well to ponder with attention. And we cannot help bearing testimony to the good taste and feeling evinced on this occasion by Mr Eden, who, as our readers are aware, was brought forward at the late election for the Bishopric. We have heard the following anecdote :-When Mr Eden received the offer of being put in nomination, from some of the clergy of the diocese, he sent the letter to Mr Trower, an old and intimate friend, with a request for his opinion and advice. Before that could be given, Mr Trower received a similar application from another portion of the clergy, the result of which has been his election to the vacant See. The exact division of the votes in the diocese (for every qualified presbyter voted) seems to have been an appropriate testimony to the equal merits of the individuals nominated (we do not like to call them candidates), and we may well believe, that the actions of men have here been signally over-ruled by the Holy Spirit, for the benefit of His Church; for the previous conduct of the clergy of the diocese (in part at least), was such as to fill the minds of thinking Churchmen with much apprehension for the result of their proceedings; and it was under this apprehension, now, indeed, happily dissipated, of some rash and fatal indiscretion, that we tendered the advice (in a former number) of referring their choice to the College of Bishops. The recent consecration excited much interest in Glasgow, as well as in the Church generally, as no ceremony of the kind had taken place there since the consecration of John Gordon, Bishop of Galloway, on the 4th of February, 1688.


Discourses on Heavenly Knowledge and Heavenly Love. By FRANCIS GARDEN, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge, and Junior Incumbent of St Paul's Episcopal Chapel. Edinburgh: Robert Grant and Son, 82 Princes Street. London: F. & J. Rivington. 1848.


THESE sermons, we lament to say, have emanated from the pen a clergyman now holding a cure in the Scottish Church. It is therefore with pain that we are compelled to say, that their tendency is to undermine the system of saving truth which God has given to us in His Holy Word, and which has been from the beginning maintained in the catholic Church.

Their author is gifted with an accomplished mind, and possesses talents of a high order; but unhappily for himself and the Church, he has given way to the love of that vain philosophy which the apostle thinks so dangerous. His delight is, not to enforce catholic verities, but to astonish his auditors by new or unusual speculations, which he generally maintains with a skill that makes the devout Christian weep over the sad perversion of intellect. He is unhappily an admirer of that singular philosopher, the Rev F. D. Maurice, and may justly be classed among his disciples. If our memory does not fail us, he spoke, in a recent pamphlet, of this gentleman as the greatest mind of the age, and his works as its greatest treasures; and accordingly quotes him as an authority competent to settle all controversies. The Kingdom of Christ,' a work of this author, which contains the most extravagant theories, may justly claim the parentage of not a few of the speculations in the volume before us.

Mr Maurice considers that, though the Bible and the Church embody the whole truth, it was never discovered by any individuals or bodies until it came under his own vigorous grasp, when, out of the amalgamated mass of catholicity, heresy, and schism, he was able to extract a perfect and orthodox creed ;- an older, simpler doctrine, which excluding 'no form of heresy 'shall embrace all, and exhibit a Church which shall satisfy the whole nature of man, and be a mirror of the glory of God.' Now we shall presently see that this preposterous theory entirely engrosses Mr Garden's mind. The only difference is, that he proceeds to his conclusions somewhat more timidly; which, no doubt, he mistakes for diversity of opinion, or independent judgment. His extreme fear of 'systematizing' leads him into the still more dangerous error of theorizing and working out 'developments.' The following sentence from the first discourse is a specimen of the kind of reasoning which prevades the whole :-'Let us not fancy that a scheme which indicates a decided line of action to ourselves can therefore be judged by us as a whole, or in every one of its bearings on others, who are neither placed in our circumstances nor called

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