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Originally, the Bishops of Galloway were suffragans of the Archbishop of York: afterwards, together with the other Scottish Prelates, of St Andrews; but on the erection of the See of Glasgow into an Archbishopric in 1491, they, together with the Bishops of Argyle, Dunkeld, and Dunblane, were transferred to the province of that Archi-episcopal See.
The revenues of the See of Galloway fluctuated much. Originally small, they were greatly augmented by grants in the early part of the 16th century. Again, having been greatly diminished in the
interval between the Reformation, and the restoration of the Church by James VI., they were increased by fresh grants, and at the Rcvolution, the clear rental was £5634, 15s. Scots, or about £470 sterling. More than half of this income must have been granted away, or surreptitiously plundered, for the sum now paid into the Exchequer is only £228, 12s.
The diocese of Galloway was, perhaps, the worst and most turbulent of any, in the history of the Church previously to the Revolution, insomuch that the Bishops were not able to live within the limits of their See, and had license to reside in Edinburgh or Glasgow. The district also, over which it extended, has been the last to awaken at the voice of the Church, but the good work has begun, and let us hope that it may be carried on to complete
Arms of the See of Galloway: Argent, St Ninian clothed in a pontifical robe, Purpure, on his head a mitre, and in his dexter hand a crozier, both Or, his sinister hand across his breast.
(To be continued.)
LETTER REGARDING TRINITY COLLEGE, GLENALMOND.
As a letter from Major Jelf Sharp, containing charges against the system of discipline and education pursued at Trinity College, Glenalmond, has already been widely circulated in newspapers, we think it unnecessary to be inserted here; but we subjoin a letter from Mr Sandford, expressing entire confidence in the system, as well as the judgment and discretion of the Warden, which has been concurred in by the parents of boys now placed in the College, and this confidence, we have no doubt, will be participated in by all members
of the Church throughout the country. We shall probably return to this subject in an early number.
'TO THE MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL OF TRINITY COLLEGE, GLENALMOND.
My Lords and Gentlemen,-Mr Jelf Sharp having sent me a copy of his Letter to you, I have thought it my duty, both as a subscriber to Trinity College, and as a parent whose son is at that Institution, to make some enquiries into the statements made by him. The result has been to increase my confidence in the high character of the Warden; and to confirm my reliance upon his judgment, his prudence, and his ability.
The only charges with which I have any concern are those of inculcating Tractarian principles and Monastic habits; and introducing a system of tyrannical discipline into the College. With regard to the first of these the religious teaching of the College-I can speak with the more certainty, from the circumstance of my own son and two of my nephews being amongst the pupils who are at present members of it.
The Boys are instructed in the principles of the Church of England. Every attention is paid to their religious and moral education; and I believe that, under the superintendence of Mr Wordsworth, and with God's blessing upon his exertions, they will become religious and devout members of the Church to which they belong, and untainted either by bigotry or intolerance. As to Tractarianism, they do not know what it means: and I cannot discover, after the most rigid inquiry, that a single principle so called, has ever been spoken of in their presence.
I visited Trinity College several times during last Autumn. I considered the arrangements of every kind admirable. I found the Boys contented and happy; fond of their Masters; looking up to the Warden with affection and reverence, and enjoying every rational liberty and indulgence.
I attended the Service one Sunday, by permission of the Warden. I certainly did not abuse that permission, by either standing or sitting during the Service, when the Boys are taught to kneel; and as I am a member of the Episcopal Church, and therefore attended the Episcopalian Chapel at Perth, during my residence in that neighbourhood, and not the Independent,' I partook of the Holy Communion. I left the Chapel delighted with the whole scenee-with the devotion and heart with which the Boys joined in the Service, and took their
part in the chants; and I shall long remember with pleasure, the solemn and affecting manner in which the Service was performed by the Master who officiated.
I went home with a mind full of thankfulness to Almighty God, that my dear boy was under such charge. I felt that he was being 'trained up in the way he should go,'-that I could fully confide in the wisdom, the piety, and the Christian virtues of his admirable Master; and humbly trust, that the culture of his youth will produce fruit in due season.
As to the discipline of the School; I think that a parent is much to blame if, having confidence in the Master, he attempts to interfere with it. I, and many other parents, have been at much expense in sending our sons to the great English public Schools, because we approved of the systems and discipline of teaching. We have now the opportunity afforded us of obtaining all these advantages, combined with sound religious education, at a comparatively small expense. We have at the head of Trinity College, one of the most experienced teachers England can prodnce. He is an amiable and accomplished gentleman, a profound scholar, and learned Divine; and we are told he is unfit for his situation, because the Boys of the highest form are named Præfects, and have sticks. If this emblem of office be any cause of offence, it is now removed. The sticks, or wands, have been given up for some time; and as to the question of the Præfects having authority to maintain order among the younger Boys, the Warden approves; but MR JELF SHARP disapproves.—I leave it to the common sense of any parent to determine, which of the two is likely to be right.
My son, who is one of the younger boys, has no complaint to make; but if he had, I should certainly not be disposed to prefer his opinion of what is best for him, to the judgment of the Warden and his coadjutors.
I need only add, that I look upon MR WORDSWORTH's acceptance of the office of Warden as a blessing to Scotland; and I greatly lament that he should have been annoyed or interfered with, in the discharge of his duty.
I have the honour to be, my Lords and Gentlemen, your faithful servant,
11, RANDOLPH CRESCENT, EDINburgh,
27th December, 1847.
E. D. SANDFORD.
We whose names are subscribed, have much pleasure in expressing our cordial concurrence in the sentiments contained in the foregoing Letter; and, so far as our experience as Parents or Guardians of Boys, who are now Members of the College, enables us to judge, we adopt them as our own.
C. LOTHIAN, Newbattle Abbey, Dalkeith.
H. CECILIA SANDFORD, Wyndham Cottage, Bute.
JOHN GUTHRIE, of Guthrie, Guthrie Castle.
J. TORRY, Dean of Dunkeld, and Cupar Angus.
CHAS. J. LYON, M.A., Minister Episcopal Church,
HENRY T. BOASE, Claverhouse, Dundee.
CHRIS. KERR, Writer, Dundee.
JOHN KERR, Writer, Dundee.
MARY BELL, Rosemount, Portobello.
JOHN FERME, Agent for the British Linen Co.,
JOHN G. B. MONSELL, Rector of Ramoan, Bally
castle, and Chancellor of Connor.
P. SAUNDERS, Civil Engineer.
Although I am myself a Member of Council, I am desirous, as one who has sent a Boy to Trinity College, to express my full concurrence in Mr Sandford's observations.
W. P. DUNDAS.'
We have the satisfaction now to add, that communications have been received from the Parents and Guardians of all the Boys now at Trinity College, expressing their approval of Mr Sandford's Letter to the Council, and their entire satisfaction with the present administration of the College.
PORCH OF AMIENS CATHEDRAL.
There, in the hollow, the old town lay,
There rose the Cathedral in massive grey,
As it points to the sky with its strange thin spire, Looking no larger than twisted wire;
And we thought of the strange thin tangled thread,
We sought that Cathedral's open door;
We stood in silent awe, and gazed
At the Porch, with many a form emblased;
For it seemed, as we stood, that Porch displayed
Saint over saint rose up to heaven,
Holy and grave, with no earthly leaven,
In wondrous depth, the Circle rose,
In wondrous height, it deepening goes;
Height and depth, depth and height,
While far away, in solemn gloom
And then we looked, and looked again,
And thought of the glories of holy men,
Till our hearts seemed filled with many a niche,
Each with a holy statue rich :
And all together a Porch had grown
Lofty and deep, not standing alone,
For a gentle light seemed to glimmer through,
And a distant choir we seemed to view,
Tinged with the colour of many a gem,
Set in a threefold diadem.
Was that Porch the entrance to Heaven gate,